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Review.Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

675 gium upon him in his funeral sermon; account, with all its faults, of no small and especially that he was for years the use. confidential friend of Dr. Lardner. The In a History of Dissenling Churches list of his publications is enough to we did not expect an account of a faprove both the impartiality and the ac- natical Deist who delivered lectures tivity of his mind.' His theological sys- at Carpenters' Hall [11. 290, 292). lem was of his own framing from the This was Jacob Ilive, a printer and Scriptures. He was the zealous advo- letter-founder. He published several cale of revealed religion, of Protestant: pamphlets, for one of which“Remarks ism, of nonconformity, and of some on the Bishop of London's (Dr. Sherdocirines which are accounted ortho- lock's) Discourses" he was imprisoned dox, such as the inmortality of the in Clerkenwell Bridewel two years. soul, the sancuity of the Sabbath, and During his confinement he appears to the liberty of the will

. His Unitarian, have written "The Book of Jasher," ism only' was against him. But for which he procured to be privately that, the present historian, who reports prinied, and which purported to be a the opinion and feeling of a large body translation from the original of Alcuin, of theologians, would not have termed a British monk. It is a small folio. his “specimens of divinity" “ wreich- live died in the year 1763. There is ed," or his interpretations of Scripture an account of him in Gough's British perverse ; nor would he in a virtual Topography, l. 637. comparison of himn with “ Mr. John 'The Old Jerry is rich in Dissenting Dove, a member of Mr. Pike's con- biography, having been always cele gregation," who was known by the brated for the number and respectabiliiy name of “The Hebrew Tailor," have of its congregation and the eminence given the seemiug preference to that of its ministers. At the beginning of learned artificer. Mr. Wilson has, this article, the historian notes duron, however, made some amends to Dr. what from the specimens lately given Fleming, by inserting in his work a the reader might not have observed, handsome engraving of him, from a that “the words Calvinist and Arian Portrait in Dr. Williains's library, and he uses as terms neither of honous nor a full and tolerably correct list of his reproach, but for the sake of convenipublications. The number in this list ence" (11. 305). is sixty, and there are several in our We cannot even enumerate all the possession not included.

ministers that as pastors, assistants or A life of Dr. Fleming was looked lecturers have rendered the Old Jewry for at the hands of the late Dr. Towers, so distinguished a Dissenting station, who came into possession of his papers, but must content ourselves with a few including, according to Dr. Kippis notices and remarks. (Life of Lardner, p. xcvi.)," a series of Mr. Wilson relates a

very stri. letters written to Dr. Fleming by Dr. king anecdote" (11.322—390), of

Lardner, in which he freely disclosed John Rogers, one of the Bartholomew I his thoughts concerning, men and confessors, and father of Timothy Ro

things." Why will not the represcn. gers, niivister at the Old Jewry. "The Talive of Dr. Towers, who is so capable anecdote is, in substance, that Mr. of doing justice to the characters of the Rogers was on the point of being sent friends of truth and freedom, gratify to jail for his Nonconformity, by Sir our wishes ? ' If he had not considered Richard Cradock, a persecuting' Jus. this gentleman as the proper biogra- tice of the Peace, but was delivered by pher of Dr. Fleming, the late Dr. Sir Richard's grand-daughter, a headToulinin would have commouicated a strong girl of six or seven years of age, menoir of this decided, intrepid, zealous who took a liking to The Puritan and laborious Unitarian teacher, to the preacher and threatened to drown Monthly Repository. Notices of him herself if he were ill-used. Mr. Timoare scatiered through this work (III. thy Rogers once related this story at 485–487. IV.151. VI. 44. VIII. 339. the house of a Mrs. Tooley, where lie X. 28.3], which we refer to in the hope was dining in company with Mr. 'T. that they may excite suitable attention Bradbury; when the hostess revealed to a neglected character. It is right to that she was the grand-daughter of Sir add that should a complete menoir of R. Cradock, and the person to whom Ds. Fleming be prepared for the press, the story referred. Her guests were aire compiler will. liud. Mr. Wilson's anxious to learn her religious bistari,

Tous.

and she proceeded to narrate by what and, as I'think, with yery good reason, means she had been converted'; these that it is an infringement of Christian lie were the artifices of a religious apothe- berty, to use compulsive methods, to oblige cary who laid her imder an involun- meu to do even what they take not to be tary obligation to read the New Testa- sinful, or to subscribe all that they believe : ment, and a dream eventually realized forasunuch as this is confining where God in a Serinon from Mr. Shower at the has left at liberty, and making necessary

what be has left indifferent.'- Hors bap. Old Jewry. The story is ".striking" enongh, this method of suhscribing, had never

py bad it been for the church and world, if and may also be true; but Mr. Wil come into the mind of men, more than into son has omitted his authority for rela- the mind of God! If, af' that holy man, ting it. We read it in our boyish Mr. Baxter, expresses it, the devil had days in the Spiritual Magazine, the dever put on his gown, stept into the inwrapper of which was rendered awful fallible chair and in a fit of reverend zeal, in our eyes by the head of John Cal- taken upon him to preserve and perfect the rin, in a wood-cut. It is in the Num- faith of the church! This was opening ber for March, 1784, and is thus Pandora's box. Had not Satan turned headed, with an appearance of autho- orthodox, and tempted Christian ministers rity, “The substance of a letter from to 'makc, and meud, sind enlarge creeds, Mr. Davidson, of Braimtree, to Mr. and prevent and core heresy by subscrip Archibald Wallace, Merchant, in tion, to their own ternus and forms, peace

and truth had been much better preserved Edinburgh, dated 12h Oct. 1767." A very interesting account is given, the engine of the devil, as that wise and

than they bare been, or erer will be, till (II. 338-358,) of Simon Browne, good man called it, be orerthrown." whose peculiar malady has procured il. 340, 341. hini a degree of fame which his talents and virtues, though great, would

Brownie's publications were numenot alone have obtained. Dr. Hawkes

He was one of the authors of worth has describes the case with all

“ The Occasional Papers," and also his usual fascination of style in No. 88,

one of Matthew Henry's Continyof the Adventurer. Browne imagined the first Epistle

to the Corinthians.

ators; the part assigned to him was ihat Almighty God had annihilated his thinking substance; yet whilst he

The life of Chandler must occupy a was under this melancholy delusion large space in any history not merely he composed works which discovered

of ihe Old Jewry but likewise of the remarkable strength and acuteness of

Dissenters. His fame as a preacher mind. There are various accounts of has not yet died away ; and his writhe origin of his disorder. Dr. Per-tings will be ever valued by the biblicira! suggests [Works, II. 80.] that cal student. He possessed extensive it might be owing to his study of the and correct learning, a penetrating Platonic writers, who represent the

and comprehensive intellect and a most perfect worship of the Deity as

sound judgment. The memoir of consisting in self-annihilation.

him, which is here given, is crediIt is recorded to the honoar of Sic table to Mr. Wilson's liberality. The mon Browne that he was oite of the following notice may be useful to fu. non-subscribing ministers at the Sal- ture translators and commentators op ters' Hall synod. He appeared before

the Scriptures : the public and encountered present

“ Dr. Chandler left in his interleaved reprouch as their advocate. Mr. Wil- bible, a large number of critical notes, son has furnished us with two admis chiefly in Latin. They arc drawn up in rable extracts from his pamphlet on

the manner of Raphelius, Bos, Elsaer, that occasion :

and other writers of the like kiod. Those

on the Old Testament are thinly scatter. “ Upon the subject of subscribing heed, excepting in a few particular places. expres-es himself thus : ' For my own "But tbose on the New Testament are very part, I always took it, that subscriptions of copious aod display a close study of the all kinds, whether to liturgies or articles, Holy Scriptures, and an extensive acquainhad been a grievance to our fathers, as tance with ancient authors. They were well as to us; though ratber than be ren- purebased for a small consideration by dered utterly incapable of public useful- Dr. Amory, Mr. Farmer, Dr. Furneans, liess, they and we have submitted to the Dr. Price, Dr. Sarage, and Dr. Kippis, hardship, and subscribed to some of the 39 with an intention of committing them to articles.--But there are many that judge, the press, if any, bookseller could be found

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Review. Dr. Wults's Last Thoughts on the Trinity.
who would be willing to run the risk of of describing this and kindred parties;
publication. But it was not judged that but we would remind himn that no-
thie taste of the age would afford sufficieut thing can absolve a Christian from
encouragement for the prosecution of the the duties of truth and justice and
design. Dr. Furneaux employed much candour; that any appearance of arti-
labour upon the manuscript; baring tran- fice or unfairness towards such as
scribed some of the nutes, and examined throw out large accusations against
the anthorities on which they are founded their fellow Christians, only confirms
Dr. Kippis, the last trviving proprietor,
deposited the work in Dr. Williams's Li. them in their surmises and ill-will;
brary, Redcross-street. It is in the quarto and that, in reality, the filtest objects
form, very fairly written, and the Hebrew of fair-dealing and charity are those
in particular, remarkably correct and beau- that know not how to contend with-
tiful."--II. 381.

out animosity or to differ without re

sentment.
The article “ Free Thinkers" (II.
523) savours of bigotry. The people Art. III.-A Faithful Enquiry after
referred to denominate theinselves

the Antient and Original Doctrine of
“ Free-Thinking Christians." What-

the Trinity, taught ly Christ and his ever be thought of the name, whether

Apostles. By Isaac Watts, D.D.
it be considered impolitic, or quaint,

1745. 8vo. Up. 56. Eatou. 1816.
or arrogant; or, in the present instance,
misapplierl
, it is the appellation of the DR WATTS's last sentiments

have been frequently and fully
and as such ought to be adopted discussed in our pages (VIII. 683,
by their historian. « Free-thinkers" 714, 715-723, 768–770); and it is
is, Mr. Wilson knows, synonimous,

we think quite clear that he died in
io common acceptation, with Sceptics the disbelief of the Trinity. The tract
or Unbelievers; and for that reason, before us is a record by his own pen
probably, he uses the term, for he of his misgivings, doubts and inqui-
says, somewhat unintelligibly," they ries. It was printed in 1745, but
meet to discuss suljects, connected in- carefully suppressed. One copy al
deed with theology, but intended to least escaped and fell into the hands
undermine the doctrines of revelation, of the Rev. Gabriel Watts, of Frome,
and erecte sceptical indifferco uport who re-published it in the year 1802,-
the ruins of the Christian faith.” This with a Preface explaining the manner
is sitting in judgment upon men's' in which it came into his possession.
motives, and pronouncing sentence The edition had been long out of
upon them not according to their print, and therefore the presem Edi-
professions or actions, but according to

tor has, with the loave of the forajer!
the censor's 'suspicion or illenatore. Editor, issued a third impression.
The “ Free-thinking Christians" al.

Dr. Watts's Solenin Address to the
ways declared themselves believers in Trining is prefixed ; a striking modu-
Divine Revelation, and since Mr. ment of the distracting' tendency of
Wilson wrote this part of the history, the doctrine upon an intelligent and!
they have published a very valuable

conscientious niind. pamphlet on the Evidences of Christ

This liule publication is better ianity, (See Mon. Repos. X. 515.) adapted than any other with which Unfortunately for Mr. Wilson, he re

are acquainted to dissolve that
collected thai this liule party met in

persuasion of infallibility which pres -
a room contiguous to that in which fails amongst Trinitarians, and which
another party still less, the Haldanites, renders them inaccessible to argu-
were accustomed to meet, and called
to mind some lines of De Foe's, and ment; and on this ground we car.
was unable to resist the temptation to

nestly recommend its distribution,
laugh, though at the expenee of cha- Art. IV. - lleresics Considered, in
rity: he assails the “ Free-thinking

Connerion with the Character of the
Christians," with these couplets ;

Approred. A Sermo, preached at
*“ Wherever God erects-a House of Prayer, the Opening of the Unitarian Cha.
The Devil always builds a chapel there; pel, in Thome, on Friday, 28th of
And 't will be found, upon examioation, June, 1816. By Nathaniel Phi-
The latter has the largest congregation." lipps, D. D). 8vo, pp. 40. Hunter.
We are aware of the defence which

Heleen, but Unitarians have sens
the author would set up for his mode

VOL, XI.

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dered it innoxious, as children are " The general and popular creed, taught to make nettles, by bold and which maintains that God exists in three forcible handling. It is now retoried Persous, combining three intelligent and will probably hereafter fix alone minds, each of which is perfectly God, on those that make separation in distinctly and alone, while yet the three the church by imposing unscriptural united constitute but one Deity, appears

to us to teach a palpable contradiction ; and unwarrantable terms of com

because an omnipresent spirit and a per. munion. Dr. Philipps's text is i Cor. xi. 19; whole cannot be a part, nor a part equal

fect mind cannot be divided-because a He first states the proper meaning and to the whole. To divide is to destroy. use of the term Heresy ; 2ndly explains who can divide a thought? or the intelthe reason and scope of the expres- lectual principle which is the parent of sion, “ Heresies must be ;” and 3rdly that thought : Various as are the powers shews the effect of Heresies upon vir- of mind, the existence of mind is identified tuous and independent ininds, and with its unity.”—P. 24. the ultimate good, which such cor

In an Appendix, Dr. Philipps to ruptions and abuses, (though a great lates the rise and progress of Unievil in themselves) by the firm and tarianisin at Thorne'; which exhibits excellent example of those who expose another of those cases, now becoming and reject them, may be made the numerous, in which plain men with means of producing.

the help only of their Bibles discorer The following argument on the the error of the popular creed and Unity of the Divine nature and per

worship son is well stated and is unanswerable.

POETRY.

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Translation of some Latin Lines of The beauteous stars, when morning brings Jortin's.

the day, Sir,

Fainter and fainter shinetben fade OU are no doubt acquainted with away :

the beautiful Latin lines of Jortin, But night draws out ber beaming bosts in which a very striking contrast is Which shine as bright and splendid 20

once more, drawn between the renovations of nature, and the hopeless dissolution of Earth's lowly children, berbs which drink

before. man. They are given in a note to

the show.rs, Mr. John Kenrick's eloquent sermon, And all the fragile race of colour'd flow'ns, « On the Necessity of Revelation to Tbat give their beauty to the verdant teach the Doctrine of a Future Life."

vales, I here send you an attempt at a trans. And shed their fragrance on the summer, lation of those lines, which, if they gales ; meet your approbation, you are at li- The cruel blasts of winter sweep away, berty to iasert thein in your valuable And wither all their blossoms in a day. Repository.

But spring returns-on every naked plain
The radiant sun, bright regent of the day, At Zephyr's call the dow'rs resume tbeir

The living verdure spreads its hues again,
Pursues a áx'd, undeviating way;
To night you trace bis beaming chariots And rise more fragrant from their wintry

bloom, wbeels

tomb. Roll slowly down the purple western hills;

But man ! the vaunted lord of all below, To morrow he shall climb the eastern

On whoin the Gods their choicest gifts besky, And all the world his rising beams descry. Vain man! who boasts of reason's purest : The silver moon, mild empress of the

ray, night, Changes her form, and oft withdraws her And seems in thonght to tread the realms .

of day; light, Yet beams again within the ev'ning sky,

Alas! when his short spring of life is oʻer, : And sheds å milder radiance from her Fades like the grass, and dies for ever.

stow :

more; eye:

.

679

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Poetry.--Translations from the Portuguese, No second spring revives his mould'ring. Who to the sky where'er his footsteps frame,

roam, It mingles with the dust from which it - Does not look up as to his native bome ?

But lo! the sage of wisdom's words posAdditional lines occasioned by the above.

sess'd,

Confirms the hope in ev'ry human breast,
Is such, my soul, thy melancholy fate? Whilst round bis form the list'ning throng
Most wretched then is man's exalted state ! attend,
Rais'd 'bove the brutes bis misery to know, And on his beaming face their eyelids
And pine in vain for happiness below.
O child of woe! thy wisdom is a curse, Inspir'd by lear'n he lifts his hand on high,
Reflection makes thy sad condition worse.

And promises the good a home within the
The beast that wanders o'er the flow'ry

sky. vale,

Ob! kind Instructor, still be thou my And thoughtless bites the grass or snufis guide, the gale;

May sophistry ne'er draw me from thy The bird that o'er the plains extends its side : wings,

Support me when the vale of death I tread, Pe careless on the bush delighted sings;

And mingle with the shadows of the dead. The bee that wanders still from dow'r to Then 'midst the gloom bid nobler prospects Aow'r,

rise, And joyful bums within the fragrant And burst witb glory on my longing eyes ; bow'r,

Beyond the tomb reveal the glorious way, Is happier far than man in all bis bloom,

That leads to realms of everlasting day. If death awaits him in the silent tomb :

J. B. M.
That fate ouce koown his happiness de-
stroys,

TRANSLATIONS.
And threat'ning death blasts all his earthly

From the Portuguese of Ferreira.
joys.
lo rain the cheerful seasons round him Pilgrim of untired spirit! who dost tread
smile,

Unerring, unappalled, life's wearying

road,
And playful wanton o'er the fields awbile ;
In rain the spring on winged zephyr flies,

And seest the brightness of the throne

of God And paints the landscape with her verdant

Its smiles of insitation o'er thee shed:
In rain hot summer flings bis golden I wake, dear traveller! from my slothful

hed
beams
On saving harvests and on glitt'ring

To follow where thy holier feet have streams;

trod, In vain the Tear'ns with brightest colours

Thro' paths that lead to beav'ns sublime

abode,
glow,
And on tlie' earth's fair bosom swéctest (Veil'd from my eyes till now)—The hours

are fled,
roses blow;
In vain the 'charms of nature court his

When sad and solitary,-woe-begone

Midst rain desires, and beart-consueye, What are they all to him, if he must die ?

ming cares, Was man then made the lord of reason's

I saw the stream of my existence

roll;
ray,
More wretched than the beasts to pine Now comfort beams upon th? awakened.

one,
away?
Was he created in the form of God,

And, full of joy, my liberated soul,
To lose that form beneath the mould'ring.

Recalls (but to forget) life's wasted years.

A.
clod?
Were all the faculties bestow'd in rain,

From the Portuguese.
Or but to aggravate bis mortal pain?
This faith let sceptics preach, who will be- Every promise of hope is gone-
lieve,

Joy is interred in the grare beneath;
Yet prompting nature cannot sure deceire. Life, unen vied lingers on-
Who does not feel within his breast arise

And there's nought but solitude in

death.
Hopes that aspire and look beyond the
skies?

o this world is a world of woe,
Where is the savage, in what realms of Shunned by peace and slighted by love;
night,

And darkness reigns like a tyrant below; Thongh thíckest clouds obscure his mental Say is there brightness or bliss abore? sigbt,

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