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Dr. Astruc a Physician and Theological Writer.

713 perfect faith, that God knoweth all servations on Man attracted so much the thoughts and actions of men. attention out of his own country as to

11. I believe, with a firm and per- have been translated into French, not fect faith, that God will reward the long after its first publication in 1749. works of all those who perform his I lately met with an account of an commandments, and punish those eminent French physician, who had who trangress his laws.

also pursued his inquiries beyond his 12. I believe, with a firm and per- own profession. fect faith, that the Messiah is to This was Dr. Astruc, who died at come; although he tarrieth, I will Paris in 1766, aged 83. In “ Letters wait and expect daily his coming: concerning the Present State of the

13. I believe, with a firm and per- French Nation,” 1709, p. 230, is a fect faith, the resurrection of the list of his numerous publications, dead shall happen when God shall nearly all medical except the followthink fit. Blessed and glorified eter- ing, of which perbaps some of your nally be the name of the Creator. readers may be able to give an acAmen.

Conjectures sur les mémoires I hope some liberal-minded and originaux dont il paroit que Moyse s'est learned son of Israel will favour us servé pour composer le livre de la Genese, through the medium of your Reposi- 12mo. 1753. tory, with a brief historical account of Conjectures concerning the original the compilation of this creed and records from which Moses appears to the prayers in use amongst the wor- have compiled the Book of Genesis. shippers of Jehovah in the Synagogue Dissertation sur l'immatérialité, l'imat this day.

mortalité, la liberté de l'ame, 12mo." It is I think more than probable 1756. that the writer of the Athanasian Dissertation on the immateriality, Creed had never been a Jew, for in the immortality and the freedom of such creeds as the above there is

per

the soul. spicuity and no tincture of illiberality. Whatever opinions Dr. Astruc. Notwithstanding all that the enemies maintained, they do not appear to of Athanasius have advanced against have brought into question his faith him, historical evidence acquits himn in revelation, though he could scarcely of having written the creed which is have held the common notion of passed on the world under his name. inspiration in connection with the If the writer had drunk deep of the first of these publications. In the streams of Polvtheism, and acquired Nov. Dict. Histor. Par. 1772, (I. 238,) a smattering of the learning of the both works are mentioned, and the schools, it is not difficult to account author is immediately commended as for the singularity of the composition. displaying l'ardeur et le zele d'un medeSome persons on the supposition that cin, ami de l'humanité et d'un philosophe the author is unknown, have consi- Chretien The ardent zeal of a phydered it as a jeu d'espril to shew what sician, the friend of humanity and of consequences were fairly deducible a philosophic Christian. from the doctrives of the 'Trinity. Not 'In the Lellers which I have quoted, however to treat lightly what is con- there is also a list of the numerous sidered by some Christians as solemnly works of Calmet. Among them I religious, I apprehend there can be observe Dissertation sur les apparitions neither levity nor heresy in according des esprits, 12mo. 1746, and Dissertawith Archbishop Tillotson, who did tion sur les vampires ou revenans de Hon. not hesitate to say, “ I wish we were grie. 12mo. 2 vols. 1749. It'would well rid of it."

be a gratification to curiosity to know I remain,

how a learned father of the Romnish Your's respectfully, Church had treated those subjects at MELANCTHON. so late a period as the middle of the

last century. Froni a note to one of

Lord Byron's poems it appears that NEVERAL professors of medicine Hungary is famous for spectral creknown as writers on theology and vampires. metaphysics. Among these Dr. Hart

OTIOSUS. ley is justly distinguished, whose Ob

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SIR, Clapton, Dec. 1, 1816.

SIR,

9, 1816. LLOW

few words Dr. Bekker, that

pository for October, [p. 621], case may be left as correctly stated as froin Mr. C. Saint, calling on Mr. B. possible in your present volume.

Travers, or soine of his friends, for the There are several general biogra- publication of a statement of the sumns phies under the same title of Dic collected for the Southampton Chapel. tionaire Historique, &c. published at It is surprising that Mr. Saint's respect different places in France. That con- for the feelings of an afflicted family sulted by Mr. Flower, (p. 65+,) for should not have led him to the more his account of Bekker, appears to delicate mode of a private application. describe “ the ecclesiastical synod," He well kuows that Mr. Travers is by which he was “ deprired of his incapacitated, by a heavy affliction, functions," as having continued his for making any reply to his inquiries.

“ , salary as minister." This lenity the He, and every one acquainted with Dictionaire which I quoted (p. 656,) that gentleman, must also know that as well as the Biographical Dictionary, he was by no means cold or backward expressly ascribes to “ the magistrales in expressing his gratitude to those of Amsterdam.” The words are les who by exertions or contributions magistrats lui en conserverent la pension, seconded his own strenuous and well and I am sure no one will be more meant efforts to introduce Unitariandisposed than Mr. Flower to allow the ism at Southampion. Illness alone importance of the distinction. frustrated his intention of inaking in

From a passage in a letter of Locke the course of this year such exertions to Limborch subsequent to that I quo- as would have freed the chapel from ted, and which I then overlooked, it its incumbrances ; after which it was appears that he was not a little inte- his design to publish in the Repository rested in the fate of Bekker. Mr. a complete statement with his acLocke thus inquires in his letter of knowledgments to the donors. He 29 Feb. 1692.

had drawn up a list for this purpose, Quid tandem devenit paradoxorum ille which will be forwarded for your inde angelis auctor scire cupio, si evasit sertion. Had Providence seen fit 10 mirum est, quanquam co res inclinare preserve his health and powers, it is videbatur quo tempore scripsisti, farente not improbable that the ability and etiam Amstelodamensium prædicatorum perseverance with which he was condesidiâ, vix tamen reniam er datam credo. ducting the cause at Southampton Hujus modi orthodoxiæ propugnatores non would have been attended with a sucsolent errantibus ignoscere.f

cess that would have satished all the There can be no doubt that among contributors and been the most elothe ministers of Amsterdam Le Clerc quent thanks for their liberality. and Limborch, at least, would have skreened Bekker if they had vot the

W.J. FOX. courage to share his lot; but these, as

List of Collections and Subscriptions Temonstrunts, had little influence, if indeed they could belong to the synod,

for the Chapel al Southampton, from which is scarcely probable.

a, paper drawn up ly Mr. Travers, duted July 15, 1816, and inscribed

To be inserted in the Repository." P.S. In the note

p. 656, the second line should have been printed

By B. TRAVERS. “there never was really a possessed or Southampton

London a sorcerer."

Bridport + I wish to know what is at last to be. Portsmouth and Portsea

27 come of the author of the paradoxes con- Bristol cerning angels. It will be wonderful if Bath . he escape, although things looked that St. Albans way when you wrote ; for however favour

Chichester

10 able to bim may be the dilatory proceed. Poole....

16 4 0 ings of the preachers at Amsterdam, he Taunton

13 0.0 will scarcely be acquitted. These cham- Plymouth and Exeter

12 06 pions of orthodoxy are not accustomed thus Isle of Wight

1 1 0 to excuse the erroneous.

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Newchurch, Russendale. Unitarian Baptists, York.

715 Brought up

6 to seule down into their present conSheffield

0 victions. These letters will form a Birmingham .

o pamphlet of considerable size, and may Sherborne.

consist probably of about sixty thickly Romsey..

printed octavo pages. I am unable Yeovil

definitively to fix the price, but I Dorchester

hope it may be afforded for about nineReresby. Crewkerne

pence to subscribers.

Profit is not an Ilminster

object in its publication, but indemnity

from loss is desirable. Kidderminster Ringwood

o posed therefore to publish very few Beaminster

1

more copies than are previously sub

scribed for. With this view. I Rochdale

address myself more particularly to the Manchester

secretaries and committee-members of By C. N. ŞAINT.

our tract societies, and should be glad Southern Fund..

to receive orders from them for as Birmingham

many copies as their local exigencies Bewdley

may require, on or before the first of Dudley

Filruary, 1817; as on that day the Coventry

o pamphlet will be put to press, and Warwick

ihe number of copies will be deterShrewsbury

o mined by the previous orders. Chester..

This pamphlet it is presumed will Liverpool

be peculiarly well adapted to promote Gateacre

O the leading object of the tract societies,

viz. to disseminate amongst the lower classes of society, and in a form level to the humblest capacity, plain state

ments of the Unitarian doctrine and Proposetl Publication of an Account of Scriptural arguments in its support.

the Rise, Progress and Present State of Doub'less there are at this moment a Society of Unitarian Christians at many knots of inquirers, many small Newchurch, in Rossendale.

bodies of Christians, connected or SIR,

scarcely connected with other religious OME of your readers may remem- denominations, who are dissatisfied

ber Unitarian church at Rossendale, in do not clearly see the way out of their Lancashire, Mon. Repos. X. 313, I doubts and difficulties. This pamphlet expressed a hope that the brevity and affords a clue to lead them out of the deficiences of that account would be labyrinth, by detailing the doubts and supplied by an enlarged narrative from difficulties in which others similarly the pen of Mr. John Ashworth, the circunstanced were involved and the resident minister at Newchurch, and means by which they were ed step by I engaged that such detailed narrative step to the light, truth ind liberty should somehow or other be laid be- which they at present enjos: fore the Unitarian public. That hope

I am, Sir, has been realized, and that pledge I

Your's &c. am about to redeem. Mr. Ashworth

JOHN THOMSON. has drawn up a series of letters to a All orders may be sen, post paid, friend containing a particular account to Dr. Thomson, Halifax, on oi bé of the rise, progress and present state fore the 1st of February, 1817. of the religious societies with which he is connected, and more especially

SIR,

Nov. 15, 1816. of the manner and order in which the N a late Number of your Reposidoctrines of reputed orthodoxy came tory, (p. 684) I observed an apinto discussion and were relinquished peal from the Unitarian Baptists at by them; and has stated minutely the York to the Unitarian publis, solicitarguments from Scripture and from ing donations in aid of purchasitig a common seuse which led them to new chapel. I have been gveri to relinquish their former sentiments and understand that by this chirebe at

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OF GENERAL READING.

York, baptism is held as an essential No. CCLXXXVIII. pre-requisite to communion. If so, Matt. Henry's Continuators. I think this ought fairly to have been It is well known that Matt. Henry stated. It is no part of my present was taken away by death in the midst object to inquire how far such a term of his great work, the Commentary. of church communion is Scriptural or He had proceeded no further than the not. I believe it is rejected by a very Acts of the Apostles. The following great majority of the Unitarian body, is a list of his Continuators : and it is for the inembers of that body Rev. John Evans, Rom. to determine how far they are called

Siinon Browne, 1 Cor. upon to assist in purchasing a place of

Daniel Mayo, 2 Cor. and 1 meeting for a church, which what

and 2 Thess. ever opinions it may hold in common

Joshua Bayes, Gal. with that body, maintains a principle

Samuel Rosewell, Ephes. which is one of exclusion to all Uni

William Harris, Philipp. tarians who have not submitted to

and Coll adult baptism. I shall be glad to find

Benjamin Andrew Atkinthat I have been misinformed in this

son, 1 and 2 Tim. particular; and if so, will send you

Jeremiah Smith, Tit. and a donation for the baptists at York.

Philem. I am, Sir,

William Tong, Heb. and A. F.

Rer.

Samuel Wright, James. GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND

Zechariah Merrill, 1 Pet. REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE

Joseph Hill, 2 Pet.
John Reynolds, 1,2, and 3

John.
No. CCLXXXVII.

John Billingsley, Jude.
Unitarian Martyr.
Francis 1. King of France, had a

No. CCLXXXIX. bastard son by Madame Cureau, of A Singular Orthodox Preacher. Orleans, who was 'brought up and Acosta the Spanish author, who was sent to college by the name of Stephen born about the year 1539 and died in Doei. He published Commentarii 1600, published a celebrated work, Linguæ Latinæ, in two volumes folio, highly praised by Dr. Robertson, De which were beautifully printed at Natura Novi Orbis

. In this work he Lyons in 1536. He also wrote De acknowledges the cruelties of the Re Narali, and a poem on his father's Spaniards in their conquest of Amegests. Unfortunately he got acquaint- rica ; but represents them as the agents ed at Lyons with the celebrated Ser- of heaven in the conversion of the veto, became a zealous propagandist natives, supported in their mission by of his opinions, sent heretical books various miraculous attestations. He to Paris, ncurred first an imprison- says, however, that a curious orthodox ment, and after relapsing, the con- preacher had preceded them: his demnation to be burnt alive. This words are, “ That which is difficult horrible sentence was executed at in our law to believe, has been made Paris in 1548, and was the model and easy among the Indians ; because the precursor of that which Calvin in- Devil had made them comprehend even Hicted on Serreto at Geneva.

the self-same things, which he had stolen Calvin meitions Dolet in the same from our Evangelical law,-as, their phrase with Agrippa and Serveto, of manner of confession, their adoration Villanova, a follows :- Agrippam, of three in one, and such like; the Villanovanum, Doletum, et similes vulgo which against the will of the enemy, notum est tanquam Cyclopas quospiam have holpen for the easy receiving of evangrlium semper fastuose sprevisse. the truth". This is a singular figure of vituperative This extract is taken from the oratory, to represent the Unitarians as English Translation of the History, one-eyed and to call them Cyclops. published at London, in 4to. in the

Monthly Mag. year 1604.

(717), BIBLICAL CRITICISM.

I ,

Mr. Jevans on the Levitical Sacrifices. his trespass offering. And he shall SIR,

bring his trespass offering unto the HOPE it was proved in my Lord, a ram without blemish out of X. p. 646), that the patriarchs offered trespass offering unto the priest: and such sacrifices to God, and that the the priest shall make an atonement real design of them was pointed out for him before the Lord: and it shall I shall now endeavour to‘shew what be forgiven him, for any thing of all is said on the same subject in the Le- that he hath done in trespassing vitical law.

therein. Also Nunıb. v. 5-8. 1. It appears that a sin offering was From hence it appears that atoneoffered to God, and atonement made ment was made for the wilful sins of with its blood for Aaron and his sons lying, fraud, theft, dishonest traffic, when they were consecrated, or set attended with perjury; which are apart, to the priest's office. Levit. vii. breaches of several of the laws con14-17. For the altar, Exod. xxix. tained in the decalogue. 36. For the sanctuary and tabernacle, Hallet says, “ it is certain that there Levit. vii. For the Levites, Numb. were sacrifices under the law appointed viii. 11, 12, and 21. For Aaron and to make atonement for moral evil, and his sons, and all the people of Israel, for moral guilt ; particularly for lying, when the whole congregation of Israel theft, fraud, extortion, perjury, as it was at one and the same time, set is written, Lev. vi. 1, 2, &c."-Notes apart for God, Levit. ix. 1-11. And and Dis. Vol. II. p. 277, 278. for a woman who had been in child- It is said, Levit. xix. 20—23, Whobed, Levit. xii. 8. For a leper, Levit. soever lieth carnally with a woman xiv. 20–24. For a Nazarite, Numb. that is a bondmaid betrothed to an vi. 13, 14.

husband, and not at all redeemed, II. Sin offerings were offered for all nor freedom given her; she (LXX. sins of ignorance, though sometimes they) shall be scourged: they shall there must have been a considerable not be put to death, because she was degree of guilt attached to them. not free. And he shall bring his tres Levit. iv. 2. 23. 26. v. 1-15. Heb. ix. pass offering unto the Lord, unto the 22. Acts viii. 1-3. comp. 1 Tim.i. 13. door of the tabernacle of the congre

III. A sin offering was offered to gation, even a ram for a trespass God, and atonement made with its offering. And the priest shall make blood for certain wilful transgressions. an atonement for him with the ram of

It is said, Levit. vi. 1-7, And the the trespass offering before the Lord, Lord spake unto Moses, saying, if a for his sin which he hath done: and soul sin, and commit a trespass against the sin which he hath done shall be the Lord, and lie unto his neighbour forgiven him. Comp. Deut. xxii. 24. in that which was delivered him to Here is another wilful crime of no keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing small magnitude, for which alonetaken away by violence, or hath de- ment was appointed to be made. It ceived his neighbour ; or have found is also evident that soine of these that which was lost, and lieth con- crimes would often be committed, and cerning it, and sweareth falsely; in therefore atonement not unfrequently any of all these that a man doeth, be made for them. sinning therein : then it shall be, be- IV. All the males of the children cause he hath sinned and is guilty, of Israel, who were of a proper age, that he shall restore that which he were required to appear before God took violently away, or the thing at the city of Jerusalem every year, at which he hath deceitfully gotten, or the three great feasts; at other seasons that which was delivered him to keep, they probably might go or not as they or the lost thing which he found, or pleased. Exod. xxiii. 14-16. xiií

. all that about which he hath sworn 17. xxxiv. 23. Deut. xvi. 6. At each falsely; he shall even restore it in the of these feasts a sin offering was apprincipal, and shall add the fifth part pointed to be offered to God for the more thereto, and give it unto him to sins of the congregation in general. whom it appertaineth, in the day of 1. The feast of the passover and

VOL. XI.

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