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Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches.
723 sudden and untimely, in the year 1705, should be able, with any semblance and the 49th of his age. Amidst of justice, to taunt them with the some common place reflections upon paucity of attendants at their oldest this occurrence, Mr. Wilson relieves place of worship, and on one of their the reader by relating that Mr. Grove most able and eloquent preachers. published a serion, on the fear of Thomas Doolittle, M. A. one of the death, in which the subject was treated Bartholeniew sufferers, was the first in so masterly a manner, that a per- minister at Monkwell Street, the son of considerable rank in the meeting-house being, indeed, of his learned world declared, that after own erection. In the “ troublous reading it he could have laid down times" in which he lived it was not his head and died with as much satis- likely that he should escape persefaction as he had ever done any thing cution: the following extract shews in his life (III. 171).
the dangers to which he was exposed We have an interesting account and the temper of the age, both for (III. 185--190), of the meeting-house good and for evil.. in Monkwell Street, the first that was built after the fire of London, 1066, of the trained bands, canze at midnight to
“ A king's messager, with a company and probably the oldest in London. seize Mr. Doolittle in his house; but while Here, however, the author has been
they were breaking open the door, he got betrayed by his prejudices into a very over the wall to a neighbour's house, and impertinent remark. Fie says, of this made his escape. He purpused to bave place, " at present the number of preached the next morning, but was prepews greatly exceeds that of the vailed upon to forbear; and the minister hearers, who are so few that the ends who supplied bis place, narrowly escaped of public worship seem scarcely answered being taken. For while in his sermon, a ly ther meeting together.'
Has Mr. company of soldiers came into the meetingWilson iten authority to determine house, and the officer who led them eried the exact number of persons in a con
aloud to the minister, “I command you gregation that make public worship minister answered, “I command you in
in the king's name to come down.' The effectual ? He may perhaps have the name of the King of kings, not to heard of high sanction being given disturb his worship, but let me go on.' to the mecting together of two or
Upon which tbe officer bade his men fire, three" in the name of Christ. A The minister, undaunted, clapt bis hand sarcastic reader might ask whether he upon his breast, and said, “Shoot, if you would have been better pleased if he please, you can only bill the body, and had been obliged to record that Presby- after that can do no more.' Upon which, terian congregations were much more the people being all in an uproar, and the numerous than they really are? In assembly breaking up, the minister got the present instance he is, we believe, away in the crowd, unobserved, and withmistaken in point of fact. The con- out burt. * After this, Mr. Doolittle was gregation at Monkwell Street is accus absent from home for some weeks, and tomed to take the lead, and to set an
on Lord's-days, guards were set before the example that is scarcely ever equalled, meeting-house, to prevent the worship of in congregational collections, which God being carried on there. At leogth is a presumption that the place is not pulled down, and the doors fastened, with
the justices came, and had the pulpit quite deserted; and we are informed the king's broad arrow set upon them. that the congregation has been of late The place being convenient, was soon years on the increase. That the ac. after used as a chapel for the Lord Mayor, tual number of members and hearers without any allowance to the owner. is matter of surprize when the talents Thus liberty and property were invaded and character of the present minister by tyrants, and Christ's faithful servants, are taken into account, we readily by the heat of persecution, driven into acknowledge ; and we will add that it corners.”—III. 193, 194. is not creditable to the Presbyterian
We cannot refrain from quoting an body that an unfriendly observer extraordinary relation of a rhetorical
The same reflection occurs with re- " The minister abore alluded to, was gard to two other heretical places, Princes Mr. Thomas Sare, the ejected minister of Street, Westminster (IV. 59), and St. Redford, in Gloucestersbire, concerning Thomas's, Southwark (IV. 2:15,
whose history no particulars are preserved."
artifice practised by Mr. Doolittle for office of afternoon preacher so early as the sake of winning a soul.
1803, nor till two years after that “ Being engaged in the ustral service on period; and the place was not “ shut a certain occasion, when he had finished up" on his resignation. Mr. Barbauld his prayer, he looked around upon the was then morning preacher, and Mr. congregation, and obscrved a young man
Thomas Rees was chosen for the just shut into one of the pews, who dis. afternoon. When Mr. Barbauld recovered much uneasines, in that situation, signed, Mr. Rees undertook the mern. and seemed 10 wish to go out again. Mr. ing service, and the afternoon service Doolittle feeling a peculiar desire to detain was dropped. On Mr Rees's removal him, hit upou the following expedient to St. Thomas's in the Borough, Mr. Turning towards one of the members of Gilchrist became morning preacher, his church, who sat in the gallery, he and still continues to exercise that asked him this question aloud, Brother, office along with the pastorship of do you repent of your coming to Christ?'
the General Baptist afternoon congre No, Sir, the replied), I never was bappy till then; I only repent that I did not gation at Worship Street. come lo him sooner.' Mr. Doolittle then
The history of “ Paul's Alley, Bar. turned towards the opposite gallery, and lican, General Baptist, extinct," inaddressed himself to an aged member in cludes inemoirs of the three most the same manner. •Brother, do you re
eminent men whom the General Bappent that you came to Christ?'. No, tists have had in their denomination, Sir, (said he) I bare known the Lord viz. John Gale, Joseph Burroughs, and from my youth up. He then looked down Dr. James Foster. The life of the upon the young man, whose attention was last preacher was before given; those fully engaged, and fixing his eyes upon of Burroughs and of Gale here inserted bim, said, “ Young man, are you willing are drawn up in a truly liberal spirit. to come to Christ?' This unexpected ad- In the list of the Works of Burroughs dress from the pulpit, exciting the obser- there is mentioned, “ A Latin Disvation of all the people, so affected him, course on the Holiness of Places, that he sat down and hid his face. The from Isaiah lxvi, 1–3; delivered at person who sat next him encouraged him the annual meeting of the Dissenting to rise and answer the question. Mr. Ministers at Dr. Williams's Library, Doolittle repeated it, Young man are you willing to come to Christ? With a
Red Cross Street." Was it formerly tremulous voice, be replied, “Yes, Sir," the custom for the London Ministers * But when, Sir ?' added the minister, in to have annually a concio ad clerur? a solemn and loud tone. He mildly an- Why was it dropped? We can couswered, “Now, Sir.' "Then stay (said ceive that it would be of great use to he) and hear the word of the Lord, which revive the custom. The three Deyou will find in 2 Cor. vi. 2. Behold now nominations might select in turn one is the accepted tûne; behold now is the of the ablest elders of the body to day of salvation. By this sermon God deliver a discourse on some one of the touched the heart of the young man. He
many points in which they have an came into the restry, after service, dis- cqual interest. The true Dissenting solved in tears. That unwillingness to
principle would thus be kept alive; stay, which be bad discovered, was occasioned by the strict injunction of his
and the yearly meeting would be much fatber, who threatened, that if ever be
more interesting and attractive than it weut to hear the fanatics, be would turn
now is, being convened for the sole him ont of doors. Having now heard, and purpose of passing resolutions whicha unable to conceal the feelings of his mind, are matters of course, and which every he was afraid to meet bis father. Mr. one knows beforehand and expects. Doolittle sat down, and wrote an affection- Mr. Wilson has given a good engraving ate letter to him, which had so good an of Mr. Burroughs from a painting in effect, that both father and mother came the Red Cross Street Library. (III. to hear for themselves. The Lord gra- 228 et seq.). ciously met with them both ; and father, Paul's Alley was given up by the mother, and son, were together received General Baptists in 1777, on the with universal joy, into that church."- erection of the new meeting-house in III. 198, 199.
Worship Street, and fell into the There are some mistakes in the in- hands of the Sandemanians, of whose cidental account of the congregation tenets and of whose leaders, John Glas at Newington Green (III. 215). Mr. and Robert Sandeman, there is a good (rrow Dr.) Lindsay did not resign his account (IIL 261 et seq.). The pecu
Heiew-Wilscu's Dissenting Churches.
793 liar Sandemanian tenet is well ex- as he said a little before his death, a pressed in the epitaph on the tonb- man might be as effectually murdered stone of Sandeman, who died at as at Tyburn. This event took place Daubury, in the United States of January 19, 1685. The martyr, as he America, 1771, aged 53 years, viz. is truly' styled in the inscription on his “That the bare work of Jesus Christ, tomb, was aged 72 years. His friends without a deed or thought on the part buried him with great honour in Bunof man, is sufficient to present 'the hill Fields; his remains being attended chief of sinners spotless before God." thither by at least one hundred and If any thing be necessary in explana- fifty coaches. His daughter who was tion, it is only that the simple belief a high-spirited woman, gave mourning of this truth is saving faith. With rings at her father's funeral, with this this notion the Sandemanians unite motto : Mr. William Jenkyn, murdered many of the ceremonies and customs in Newgate.
A nobleman having of the primitive church, and a most heard of his happy release said to the rigid and formidable discipline.
May it please your majesty, We have mention (Ill. 289), of Jenkyn has got his liberty." Upon Mr. Willian Manning, who in the which Charles asked with eagerness, beginning of the last century was mi- "dye ! who gure it kim ?" The nonister of a nonconformist church at bleman replied, “ A greater than your Peasenhall, in the county of Suffolk or majesty, the King of kings," with which Norfolk, and who was distinguished the king seemed greatly struck, and in his day for his zeal on what Mr. remained silent (Ill. 328-335). Wilson calls “the Socinian side of The “Non-Jurors" are introduced the question." He is said to have (III. 358 et seq.), with questionable been instrumental in changing the propriety into a “ History of Dissentviews of Mr. Emlyn, whilst that cele ing' Churches.". They would have brated Unitarian confessor was minis. esteemed it the lowest degradation to ter at Leostoff. Can any of our readers have taken shelter under the Tolerarefer us to any further account of Mr. lion Act. The author shews them Manning?
no mercy; brit he may justly plead The history of William Jenkyn, that they were on some occasions disM. A. is a striking excinplification of posed to be merciless. We are more the baseness and cruelty of the reign of inclined than he to allow to some of Charles the Second. This gentleman them the praise of integrity and piety had been always a royalise, and had as well as of learning. We are innearly perished with Christopher Love debted to them for some of the best in the undertaking, 1651, io bring in devotional hooks in the English lanPrince Charles. The prince was at guage. Collier was quite a Puritan in length brought in and the noted Bar- his inorals; and few English primates tholomew Åct followed, by which have lived or died more irreproachJenkyn with hundreds of others was ably and exemplarily than the deprived thrown out of the church, and exposed Archbishop Sancroft. Some interestat tiines to unrelenting persecution. ing anecdoies are told of his simplicity, He was cast into Newgate, September frugality, meekness and charity in his 2, 1684, for asseinbling with other village retirement of Scarding. On friends to spend a day in prayer, and his death-bed he said to one of his for refusing ine Oxford oath of passive chaplains who had conformed by obedience and non-resistance. At taking the oaths 10 the revolution this time he was in an ill state of government, “You and I have gone health, and his physicians represented different ways in these late affairs; but tu the king that his life was in danger I trust heaven's gates are wide enough from close imprisonment: nothing to receive us both. What I have could move Charles's iron heart; he done, I have done in the integrity of replied sternly, “ Jenkyn shall be a my heart-indeed in the great inteprisoner as long as he lives." The grity of my heart." threat was fulfilled, and the confine- After some of the preceding stric. ment made more rigorous than ever; tures we are bound in justice to como insomuch that he was not suffered to mend Mr. Wilson's impartiality in his pray with his own daughter who memoir of Thomas Emlyn, (III. 398 went to ask his blessing: As was et seq.), which is quite as full as the intended, he died in Newgate, where, plan of the History admitted, and not VOL. XI.
accompanied by a single unbecoming absence of better evidence, that Mr.
The account of the “ United Breposed the iestimony of a contemporary,
thren" or Moravians (III. 420-420), Leslie, who says (Socin. Controv. gives a just and pleasing picture of 6 Dial..p. 40), that ihe place used by this once enthusiastic and now deMr. Emlyn was Cutlers' Hall. His clining, but always amiable sect. words are, “ The Socinians have now The article “ Essex Street, Unitafor a long time had an open meeting. tarians” (III. 479—491). is entitled to house in Cutlers' Hall, in London, great praise. The anecdote of Mr. their preacher one Emlyn, formerly a Lindsey contained in the following Dissenting preacher in Dublin.” Mr. extract is quite new to us; the whole Wilson brings the history of Cutlers' passage will shew Mr. Wilson's can Hall no lower down than 1697, when dour: it was quitted by Beverley the Prophet “ The character and sentiments of Mr. (II. 03 et seq.), after which it might Lindsey are so well known to most of our be occupied by Mr. Emlyn's congre- readers, that they require but little illusgation. This supposition is counten- tration from our pen. By the admirers of anced by a passage in another of his theological system, the highest euLeslie's work's less known, which logium has been passed upon both, and its fixes t'ie date of Mr. Emlyn's ministry most strenuous opposers cannot but subin London. We refer to “ A View scribe to the general excellence of his of the Times, their Principles and character. He appears to bare set ont in Practices, in the Rehearsals, by Phila- life under strong impressions of the value lethes," in 6 vols . 12:00.' The Re- and insportance of the ministerial office,
and his conduct as a parish priest, while le hearsal was a jacobite paper
had the superintendance of a parish, was appeared twice a week. In the con- truly exemplary. That late excellent miclusion of No. 279, published Satur. pister, Mr. David Simpson, of Macclesfield, day, January 17, 1707, (Vol. IV.
as we find in his life, owed his first attention 235, 2nd ed.), the writer says, “there to sacred things, to the care of Mr. Lindsey. is one Einlin who was a Presbyterian Soon after his entrance at St. John's Col. preacher in Dublin, but spewed out lege, he spent part of a vacation at the by them for his Socinianisın, and (10 ricarage of Catterick. 'Before the risit their honour I speak it) they, prose- elused, Mr. Lindsey took occasion to in. cuted him also at the law for it, and quire of the young collegian concerning he was fined and imprisoned. But he the nature of his studies, and the manner found means to escape and came over
in which he employed bis time. From tbe hither, and for these several years has nature of the reply, he soon perceived that kept a publick meeling-house
' in Londan, attentive to the study of the Sacred Scrip
his young visitor bad been altogether inas he still does. And one of his con
tures. After expressing his surprize, Mr. gregation (I was told his name) is
Lindsey, in a very emphatical and pointed gone over to the Camisars, but still address, urged him to turn his attention to keeps his Socinianism. And I have his hitherto neglected Bible. His remarks a book generally said to be written by and advice produced a very serious effect this Emliu since he came over hither, upon Mr. Simpson's mind, which was which is reckoned a master-piece of filled with conviction and remorse, and Socinianism.' And I know where he henceforward be became an altered pan. lodges, if any body has a mind to This simple anecdote will tell a thousand speak with him. In the Life of Mr. times stronger in favour of Mr. Lindsey's Thomas Firmin it is told to his honour characte“, than the most laboured pane that he had a design to have a Soci- gyric. If some of our readers should nian church or meeting set up in lament the change that afterwards took London, and now'we see it brought to place in the theological opinions of so pass by way of moderation." This exemplary a person, and wbich went to the furious author's zeal against Socinians will at the same time admire that noble
full extent of moderu Socinianism, they must have made him eager to find out, disinterestedness, and integrity of conduct, and his wish to bring them into trou- which induced him to resigo a situation, ble must have disposed him to make public, their true place of assembly. *“ Life of Simpson, arred Theol. Mas, We may conclude, therefore, in the for Nov, 1801."
Review.--Wilson's Dissenting Churches.
727 But only of ease, but of affluence and persecution, and that I shall be called to honour, for the possible alternative of suffer in a like cauze.' The Bishop, who porerty and contempt. Men who have was himself equally zcalous in the Prothe courage and principle to make this testant cause, endeavoured to quiet his sacrifice upon the altar of conscience, fears; told him that the Queen was very whatever may be their individual sen- ill; that she was given over by her phytiments, deserve to be enrolled amongst sicians, who expecied every hour to be her those illustrious confessors, whose nazes last; and that he was ihen going to the court impart dignity to the human character." to inform himself as to the exact particuIll. 486, 487.
lars. He moreover assured Mr. Bradbury We are a little surprised that the that he would dispatch a messenger to him author did not furnish a more com
with tbe earliest intelligence of the Qdeen's plete list of the publications of Dr. in the pulpit when the messenger arrived,
death; and that if he should happen to be Disney. He has not mentioned the he should be instructed to drop a handvery valuable memoirs published by kerchief from the gallery, as a token of this gentleman of Sykes and Jortin. that event. It so happened that the
This is the more singular, as the Life Queen die wbile Mr. Bradbury was of Sykes is quoted 111.385. There is preaching, and the intelligence was coma siinilar imperfection in the notice of municated to bim by the signal agreed Mr. Belsham's works. The author upon." It need hardly be mentioned has been more careful in his cata- what joy the news gave him; be, logues of the publications of some of hoxerer, suppressed his feelings during our.“ Orthodox" contemporaries. (See the sermon; but in his last prayer reparticularly the articles George Burder, tnrned thanks to God for the deliveranco III. 469-471, and Robert Winter, of these kingdoms from the evil counsels D. D. III. 544, 545).
and desigus of their enemies, and implored The reader will be much amused George, and the house of Hanover. He
the Divine blessing upon his majesty, King with the lives of those Orthodox" wits, Daniel Burgess and Thomas collection, which was strikingly appropri
then gave out the 89tb Psalm, from Patrick's Bradbury, who were both pastors for ate to the occasion. Mr. Bradbury ever many years of the respectable Inde- afterwards gloried in being the first man pendent congregation, New Court, who proclaimed King George the First. Carey Street. Burgess once assigned, " This bold and unexpected proclamawe suppose in the pulpit, a curious tion could not but greatly surprize Mr. reason why the people of God, wlio Bradbury's congregation, and excite their descended from `Jacob, were called alarm for his safety. Accordingly, when Israelites ; it- was because God did not he came down from the pulpit, some of his choose that his people should be called friends expressed their apprehension on his Jacolites (111. 498, Note). The fol- account; he, however, soon convinced lowing, with other anecdotes of Brad- them that he was upon safe ground, by a bury, are still related by his respectable relation of what had bappened. The sen
timents of joy which were diffused throughdescendants :
out the nation by the Queen's death, will “The gloomy state of public affairs, in be better conceived than expressed ; and consequence of the intrigues that were from what has been already related, it may carried on in favour of the Pretender, ex- be supposed that Mr. Bradbury partouk cited in all true Protestants the most dis- largely in the public rejoicing. This, he mal apprehensions for the safety of the was not backward to declare, both froin the nation; when to their unspeakable joy, pulpit and from the preus ; end it is comthe storm suddenly blew over by the death monly reported, that he preached soon after of the Queen, after a short illness, on that event upon the following text: Go, Sunday, August the 1st, 1714. On that see now this cursed woman, and bury her ; very morning, as we arc informed, while for she is a king's daughter. I Mr. Mr. Bradbury was walking along Smithfield, Bradbury was one of the Dissenting miin a pensive condition, Bishop Burnet hap- pisters who carried up the congratulatory pened to pass through in his carriage; and address to George I. upon bis accession to abserving his friend, called out to him by the throne. As they were dressed in cloaks name, and inquired the cause of his great thoughtfulness. I am thinking,' replies * “The messenger employed upon this Mr. Bradbury, 'wbether I shall bave the occasion, is said to bave been his brother, constancy and resolution of that noble Mr. Jolin Bradbury, who followed the company of martyrs, whose ashes are de- medical profession." posited in this place; for I most assuredly " Private Infirmation." <xpect to see similar times of violence and “2 Kings, ix. 31."