Imatges de pÓgina


Heiew-Wilscu's Dissenting Churches.

793 liar Sandemanian tenet is well ex- as he said a little before his death, a pressed in the epitaph on the tonb- man might be as effectually murdered stone of Sandeman, who died at as at Tyburn. This event took place Daubury, in the United States of January 19, 1685. The martyr, as he America, 1771, aged 53 years, viz. is truly' styled in the inscription on his “That the bare work of Jesus Christ, tomb, was aged 72 years. His friends without a deed or thought on the part buried him with great honour in Bunof man, is sufficient to present 'the hill Fields; his remains being attended chief of sinners spotless before God." thither by at least one hundred and If any thing be necessary in explana- fifty coaches. His daughter who was tion, it is only that the simple belief a high-spirited woman, gave mourning of this truth is saving faith. With rings at her father's funeral, with this this notion the Sandemanians unite motto : Mr. William Jenkyn, murdered many of the ceremonies and customs in Newgate.

A nobleman having of the primitive church, and a most heard of his happy release said to the rigid and formidable discipline.

May it please your majesty, We have mention (Ill. 289), of Jenkyn has got his liberty." Upon Mr. Willian Manning, who in the which Charles asked with eagerness, beginning of the last century was mi- "dye ! who gure it kim ?" The nonister of a nonconformist church at bleman replied, “ A greater than your Peasenhall, in the county of Suffolk or majesty, the King of kings," with which Norfolk, and who was distinguished the king seemed greatly struck, and in his day for his zeal on what Mr. remained silent (Ill. 328-335). Wilson calls “the Socinian side of The “Non-Jurors" are introduced the question." He is said to have (III. 358 et seq.), with questionable been instrumental in changing the propriety into a “ History of Dissentviews of Mr. Emlyn, whilst that cele ing' Churches.". They would have brated Unitarian confessor was minis. esteemed it the lowest degradation to ter at Leostoff. Can any of our readers have taken shelter under the Tolerarefer us to any further account of Mr. lion Act. The author shews them Manning?

no mercy; brit he may justly plead The history of William Jenkyn, that they were on some occasions disM. A. is a striking excinplification of posed to be merciless. We are more the baseness and cruelty of the reign of inclined than he to allow to some of Charles the Second. This gentleman them the praise of integrity and piety had been always a royalise, and had as well as of learning. We are innearly perished with Christopher Love debted to them for some of the best in the undertaking, 1651, io bring in devotional hooks in the English lanPrince Charles. The prince was at guage. Collier was quite a Puritan in length brought in and the noted Bar- his inorals; and few English primates tholomew Åct followed, by which have lived or died more irreproachJenkyn with hundreds of others was ably and exemplarily than the deprived thrown out of the church, and exposed Archbishop Sancroft. Some interestat tiines to unrelenting persecution. ing anecdoies are told of his simplicity, He was cast into Newgate, September frugality, meekness and charity in his 2, 1684, for asseinbling with other village retirement of Scarding. On friends to spend a day in prayer, and his death-bed he said to one of his for refusing ine Oxford oath of passive chaplains who had conformed by obedience and non-resistance. At taking the oaths 10 the revolution this time he was in an ill state of government, “You and I have gone health, and his physicians represented different ways in these late affairs; but tu the king that his life was in danger I trust heaven's gates are wide enough from close imprisonment: nothing to receive us both. What I have could move Charles's iron heart; he done, I have done in the integrity of replied sternly, “ Jenkyn shall be a my heart-indeed in the great inteprisoner as long as he lives." The grity of my heart." threat was fulfilled, and the confine- After some of the preceding stric. ment made more rigorous than ever; tures we are bound in justice to como insomuch that he was not suffered to mend Mr. Wilson's impartiality in his pray with his own daughter who memoir of Thomas Emlyn, (III. 398 went to ask his blessing: As was et seq.), which is quite as full as the intended, he died in Newgate, where, plan of the History admitted, and not VOL. XI.

5 A

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accompanied by a single unbecoming absence of better evidence, that Mr.
reflection. He conjectures that Mr. Emlyn preached at Cutlers' Hall : it
Emlyn's small society of Unitarians was on the south side of Cloak Lane,
assembled in a meeting-house in the Upper Thames Street.
Old Bailey. To this conjecture is op-

The account of the “ United Breposed the iestimony of a contemporary,

thren" or Moravians (III. 420-420), Leslie, who says (Socin. Controv. gives a just and pleasing picture of 6 Dial..p. 40), that ihe place used by this once enthusiastic and now deMr. Emlyn was Cutlers' Hall. His clining, but always amiable sect. words are, “ The Socinians have now The article “ Essex Street, Unitafor a long time had an open meeting. tarians” (III. 479—491). is entitled to house in Cutlers' Hall, in London, great praise. The anecdote of Mr. their preacher one Emlyn, formerly a Lindsey contained in the following Dissenting preacher in Dublin.” Mr. extract is quite new to us; the whole Wilson brings the history of Cutlers' passage will shew Mr. Wilson's can Hall no lower down than 1697, when dour: it was quitted by Beverley the Prophet “ The character and sentiments of Mr. (II. 03 et seq.), after which it might Lindsey are so well known to most of our be occupied by Mr. Emlyn's congre- readers, that they require but little illusgation. This supposition is counten- tration from our pen. By the admirers of anced by a passage in another of his theological system, the highest euLeslie's work's less known, which logium has been passed upon both, and its fixes t'ie date of Mr. Emlyn's ministry most strenuous opposers cannot but subin London. We refer to “ A View scribe to the general excellence of his of the Times, their Principles and character. He appears to bare set ont in Practices, in the Rehearsals, by Phila- life under strong impressions of the value lethes," in 6 vols . 12:00.' The Re- and insportance of the ministerial office,

and his conduct as a parish priest, while le hearsal was a jacobite paper


had the superintendance of a parish, was appeared twice a week. In the con- truly exemplary. That late excellent miclusion of No. 279, published Satur. pister, Mr. David Simpson, of Macclesfield, day, January 17, 1707, (Vol. IV.

as we find in his life, owed his first attention 235, 2nd ed.), the writer says, “there to sacred things, to the care of Mr. Lindsey. is one Einlin who was a Presbyterian Soon after his entrance at St. John's Col. preacher in Dublin, but spewed out lege, he spent part of a vacation at the by them for his Socinianisın, and (10 ricarage of Catterick. 'Before the risit their honour I speak it) they, prose- elused, Mr. Lindsey took occasion to in. cuted him also at the law for it, and quire of the young collegian concerning he was fined and imprisoned. But he the nature of his studies, and the manner found means to escape and came over

in which he employed bis time. From tbe hither, and for these several years has nature of the reply, he soon perceived that kept a publick meeling-house

' in Londan, attentive to the study of the Sacred Scrip

his young visitor bad been altogether inas he still does. And one of his con

tures. After expressing his surprize, Mr. gregation (I was told his name) is

Lindsey, in a very emphatical and pointed gone over to the Camisars, but still address, urged him to turn his attention to keeps his Socinianism. And I have his hitherto neglected Bible. His remarks a book generally said to be written by and advice produced a very serious effect this Emliu since he came over hither, upon Mr. Simpson's mind, which was which is reckoned a master-piece of filled with conviction and remorse, and Socinianism.' And I know where he henceforward be became an altered pan. lodges, if any body has a mind to This simple anecdote will tell a thousand speak with him. In the Life of Mr. times stronger in favour of Mr. Lindsey's Thomas Firmin it is told to his honour characte“, than the most laboured pane that he had a design to have a Soci- gyric. If some of our readers should nian church or meeting set up in lament the change that afterwards took London, and now'we see it brought to place in the theological opinions of so pass by way of moderation." This exemplary a person, and wbich went to the furious author's zeal against Socinians will at the same time admire that noble

full extent of moderu Socinianism, they must have made him eager to find out, disinterestedness, and integrity of conduct, and his wish to bring them into trou- which induced him to resigo a situation, ble must have disposed him to make public, their true place of assembly. *“ Life of Simpson, arred Theol. Mas, We may conclude, therefore, in the for Nov, 1801."


Review.--Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

727 swt only of eage, but of aBuence and persecution, and that I shall be called to bonour, for the possible alternative of suffer in a like cause.' The Bishop, who porerty and contempt. Men who have was bimuself equally zcalous in the Prothe courage and principle to make this testant cause, endeavoured to quiet his srtcrifice upon the altar of conscience, fears; told himn that the Queen was very whatever may hu their individual sen- ill; that she was given over by her phytiments, deserve to be enrolled anongst sicians, who expected every hour to be her those illustrious confessors, whose names last; and that he was ihen going to the court impart dignity to the human character." to iniorm himself as to the exact particuIII. 486, 487.

lars. He moreover assured Mr. Bradbury We are a little surprised that the that he would dispatch a messenger to him author did not furnish a more com

wilh tbe earliest intelligence of the Qáeen's plete list of the publications of Dr. in the pulpit when the messenger arrived,

death; and that if he should bappen to be Disney. He has not mentioned the he shonid be instructed to drop a landvery valuable memoirs published by kerchief from the gallery, as a token of this gentleman of Sykes and Jortin. that event. It so happened that the

This is the more singular, as the Life Queen died while Mr. Bradbury was of Sykes is quoted III. 385. There is preaching, and the intelligence was coma sinilar imperfection in the notice of municated to bim by the signal agreed Dir. Belshain's works. The author upon, It need hardly be mentioned has been more careful in his cata- what joy the news gave him ; be, logues of the publications of some of howerer, suppressed bis feelings during

Orthodox" contemporaries. (See the sermon; but in his last prayer reparticularly the articles George Burder, turned thanks to God for the deliverance III. 469-471, and Robert Winter, of these kingdoms from the evil counsels D. D. III. 544, 545].

and desigus of their enemies, and implored The reader will be much amused

the Divide blessing upon his majesty, King with the lives of those Orthodox"

George, and the house of Hanover.+ He wits, Daniel Burgess and Thomas collection, which was strikingly appropri

then gave out the 89tb Psalm, from Patrick's Bradbury, who were both pastors for ate to the occasion. Mr. Bradbury ever many years of the respectable Inde- afterwards gloried in being the first man pendent congregation, New Court, who proclaimed King George the First. Carey Street. Burgess once assigned, " This bold and unexpected proclamawe suppose in the pulpit, a curious tion could not but greatly surprize Mr. reason why the people of God, who Bradbury's congregation, and excite their descended from Jacob, were called alarm for his safety. Accordingly, when Israelites ; it- was because God did not he came down from the pulpit, some of his choose that his people should be called friends expressed their apprehension on his Jacobites (111. 498, Note). The fol- account; be, however, soon convinced lowing, with other anecdotes of Brade them that he was upon safe ground, by a bury, are still related by his respectable relation of what had happened. The sen

timents of joy which were diffused throughdescendants :

out the nation by the Queen's death, will “ The gloomy state of public affairs, in be better conceived than expressed ; and consequence of the intrigues that were from what bas been already related, it may carried on in favour of the Pretender, ex- be supposed that Mr. Bradbury partouk cited in all true Protestants the most dis- largely in the public rejoicing. This, he mal apprehensions for the safety of the was not backward to declare, both from the nation; when to their unspeakable joy, pulpit and from the press ; and it is comthe storm suddenly blew over by the death monly reported, that he preached soon after of the Queen, after a short illness, on that event upon the following text : Go, Sunday, August the 1st, 1714. On that see now this cursed woman, and bury her : very morning, as we are informed, while for she is a king's daughter. I Mr. Mr. Bradbury was walking along Smithfield, Bradbury was one of the Dissenting miin a pensive condition, Bishop Burnet hap- nisters who carried up the congratulatory pened to pass through in his carriage; and address to George l. upon his accession to observing his friend, called out to him by the throne. As they were dressed in cloaks name, and inquired the cause of his great thoughtfulness. “I am thinking,' replies “The messenger employed upon this Mr. Bradbury, whether I shall have the occasion, is said to have been his brother, constancy and resolution of that noble Mr. John Bradbury, who followed the company of martyrs, whose ashes are de- medical profession." posited in this place; for I most assuredly 十 + Private Information." expect to see similar tiines of violence and “2 Kings, ix. 34."

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according to the fashion of the court, upon Unitarians ? The extension of the that occasion, a certain nobleman* accost- term was never debated with regard ed him with, ' Pray, Sir, is this a funeral' to them, but in reference solely to the -"Yes, my Lord,' replied Mr. Bradbury, Arians, to whom the majority of the - it is the funeral of the schism bill, and Unitarians of the preseni day are in the resurrection of liberty'."--III. 519, the habit of applying it. Encouraged 514.

however by Di. Kippisis example, We are told (IV. 32), that on the Mr. Wilson proceeds seriously to adlease of the meeting-house in Peter rise the “Socinians" to drop a name Street, Soho, expiring, the landlord which will always be withheld from refused from pure bigotry to allow the them by intelligent "Anti-Socinians." use of it any longer to the Dissenters: This reininds us of the old practice this scrupulous churchman was no of re-baptizing heretics. With subother than Mr. Horne, a poulterer in mission, we venture to pronounce Newport Market,t the father of the that the name Unitarian will not be late celebrated John Horne Toke, always withheld from those that claim who inherited his father's high church it by Anti-Socinians, whether “ intelprinciples, though they did not make ligent” or “unintelligent." A mass of him religious, and frequently spoke of books must be destroyed in order to the Dissenters with bitterness.

eradicate the term, and amongst them Princes Street, Wesloninstei, şives Mr. Wilson's History, in the third occasion to some of the richest pieces volume of which the running title for of biography in the work (IV.57 twelve pages together is “ Essex Street -118). The author has done justice - Unitarian." to the able Nonconformist historian, We are indebted to Mr. Wilson Calamy. As this eminent divine was for a better biographical account than engaged in controversy with the we had before seen of John Cene, French prophets, his biographer pro- the Puritan annotator.

He was a periy traces the history of those extra- thorough reformer and upon the ordinary cothusiasts, whom he doss whole a very interesting character. not with Messrs. Bogue and Bennett There is a statement here of the charge survey with any feeling of doubt or against him (see Mon. Repos. X. 418, wonder. (See Mon. Repos

. IV. 634. 547] of designing a Bible “ without Also III. 467.) With the memoir of note or comment. Canne emigrated Mr. Samuel Say, of whom and his from England to Holland, with other papers there is a full account in our Brownists

, to avoid persecution. He fourth and fifth volumes, we have a settled at Amsterdam, and there folgood portrait from a painting in the lowed the art of printing for a livelipossession of the Rev. S. S. Toms, of hood: his name appears as printer to Framlingham. In the biography of a 410. tract before ns (which is reDr. Kippis

, which is well drawn up. ferred to by Mr. Wilson) entitled there is a piece of advice to “ Soci- “ Man's Mortallitie, &c. by R. O. nians," founded we apprehend upon a 1643."* His being accessary in any mistake. It is allowed that the Dr. degree to the appearance of a work “inclined to the distinguishing tenets designed to explode the common noof Socinus" (there was more than tion of the human soul, is a proof of inclination), but it is added to his praise his being at least a friend to free that he disapproved of the conduct inquiry. of the modern Socinians, in assuming Canne preached whilst he was in to themselves the exclusive appellation of Unitarians." Did then Dr. Kippis • There is a large account of this book wish that Trinitarians should be called in Archdeacon Blackburne's Hist. View of

the Controv. concerning an Intermediate “Said to bave been Lord Bolingbroke." State, ch. ir. It is there stated by mis+ The humble calling of his father gave take that the date of the first, Canne's, occasion to one of the earliest sallies of edition was 1644. The Archdeacon is John Horne Tooke's wit. His class- also in error with regard to the date of tbc fellows at one of the public schools were 2nd edition at London. He assigns the one day boasting of their families. Horne year 1655 ; but the year in a copy in our was silent, but being pressed on the sub- possession is 1674. This edition is (not ject of his parentage escaped contempt by as Blackburne says 24to. but) very small a well-timed pun: his father, he said, was 8vo. The title is altered to Man wholly T'urkcy merchant.

Mortal, &c.


Review.-1Vilson's Dissenting Churches.

729 England at Deadman's Place, South Presbyterian churches without specuwark, where he was succeeded about lating upon the causes of their decay. 1633 by “Cobler How," principally He insinuates a charge against this known by a sermon againsi a learned congregation of “an approximation ministry, which has passed through to the world.” Can the reader guess several editions, some of which have the reason it is because the people at the following lines in the title-page St. Thomas's call their place of wor(IV. 138):

ship 'an “Unitarian chapel.” The What How? How now? hath How such worldliness is not, we presume, in the learning found,

former of these terms; but what new To throw art's curious image to the superstition would the writer introground;

duce, by thus dividing the nonconCambridge and Oxford way their glory formists into worldlings or saints,

according as they denoininate their Veil to a Cobler, if they know but How, houses of prayer chapels or meetingThis lay-preacher was much perse

houses? cuted, and dying under the sentence This change, too, as well as the of excommunication, was buried in institution of Unitarian Lectures in the highway, in a spot where many of the chapel, is attributed to the passing his people afterwards directed their of the Trinity Bill; whereas both the ashes to be laid.

Lectures and the inscription were, if A good story is related (IV. 155, we remember rightly, set up before 160), of Richard Barler. Villiers, that wise and just legislative measure Duke of Buckingham, and Wilmot, had been adopted. Earl of Rochester, wits and debauchees

There is the error (p. 296 and 319) of the court of Charles II. meeting of Thomus for John Kentish; and Mr. the old nonconformist teacher as they Kentish is represented as having beca were riding in the country, and wish afternoon preacher at St. Thomas's ing to have a little merriment at his from the time of his reinoval from expence, accosted him gravely, “ Pray Plymouth, to his settlement at Bir. Mr. Baxter, which is the nearest road mingham, whereas he was for several to hell ?" The good man replied, it years the afternoon preacher to the may be supposed to their surprise and Gravel-Pit congregation, Hackney. confusion,

The author is inistaken also with « Rochester some say,

regard to Mr. Edmund Butcher's leav. But Buckingham's the nearest way."

ing Sidmouth and being “now (1814)

at Bridgwater" (IV. 405). Mr. ButIt is reinarked (IV. 225), as a sin- cher is and has been for many years gular fact with regard to the Baptist the much-respected pastor of the Preschurch, Carler Lane, Tooley Street, byterian congregation at Sidmouth. that during the ninety-four years that We have an interesting memoir it has existed, it has had but two pas- (IV. 408—410) of John Humphrey, tors, Drs. Gill and Rippon, of whom one of the ejected ininisters, who is the latter is still living, and, it may be said to have survived all his brethren, added, actively performing his minis- living 10 nearly his hundredth year. terial duties.

Calamy relates that when he was The introduction to the account of writing his account of the ejected miSt. Thomas's, Southwark (IV. 294 et nisters he sent to Humphrey for a list meq.), contains some reflections un- of his writings : “The good old

gencalled for by the subject. The decline tleman," says he, “sent me word for of the congregation since the time of answer, that he desired no more than its having Calvinistic ministers is to go to his grave with a sprig of rosecharged direcıly to its departure from mary." He complied, however, with “the old Protestant doctrines;" but the request, and communicated with how many declensions has the histo- the account of his publications some rian recorded in churches that have anecdotes of his life, which may be never swerved from the Assembly's seen in Calamy. Catechism ? He has not accounted We might extend our remarks, and for these, nor was it his province; and multiply our extracts, but we have his work would have been fully an. already exceeded the limits of our swerable to its title if he had contented review and must desist. himself with giving the history of Our opinion of this work has been

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