Imatges de pÓgina


Plans recommended to Unitarian Dissenters. form agreed upon by his congregation, tention was excited to this subject, but according to his own good plea- by a remark in Hall's publication on sure, which sometimes introduces a Terms of Communion,” page 129, little politics into his religion. where it is said that, “ the Lord's Sup

Most sincerely therefore do I wish per is a positive and arbitrary instituthat Unitarians would adopt the li- tion, in consequence of which the turgic form of prayer, as a mean the right to it, is not to be judged of by most probable of inducing the mem. moral considerations and general reabers of the establishment to join them. soning, but by express prescription In a Liturgy, consisting of as many and command. Now then, I wish services as you please, the Trinita- to know from honest men and Chrisrian would see-that you had kept tians, how it happens, that the moclear of all his objections--all the dern disciples of Christ, eat leavened world would have the clearest evi- bread, contrary to express prescripdence that Unitarians are not the tion and the example of their Masters atheistical or deistical persons they are Who can claim a right to alter a tittoo generally supposed to be and, to tle of a positive and

arbitrary instituname no further advantage, in the tion? This is Antichrist in the only event of the minister's absence or ill- true sense of that word ; and he who ness the devotional part of the ser- can claim a right to alter one part of vice need never be omitted. This I a positive institution, has the same am sorry to see, by the last number right to alter any other part, or to of the Christian Reformer, has been alter the whole. A few words are the case lately at such a place at Nor- sufficient for the wise, and the thinkwich; and, in the present dearth of ing part of mankind. ministers, is too frequently the case

Yours, &c. elsewhere.

F. In fine, Mr. Editor, I beg leave very respectfully to propose, that the Birmingham, Jan. 2, 1816. term Meeting-house he entirely dis

Sir, carded, and that of Unitarian Church CONGRATULATE you and the be substituted throughout the country friends of uncorrupted Christiani. -that a Liturgy of two or more ser ty on the proposal for publishing a vices be universally adopted—that the uniform and complete edition of Dr. churches every where be kept in the Priestley's Theological Works. The best possible condition, and comforta- editor (our much-respected friend, bly warmed in cold weather-and, the Mr. Rutt) is richly entitled to the road being thus made both straight thanks of the Unitarian public. It is and pleasaut, lam satisfied we should evident, from the proposed mode of much more frequently see the serious publication,* that the only objects he and respectable members of the es. can have in view in entering upon so tablishment in our churches than we laborious an undertaking are the prohave hitherto done, or are at all like- motion of the great cause of rational ly to do under the present system; Christianity, and of erecting an hothe golph between the Church and nourable and lasting monument to the Meeting-house being so great, that the memory of one of the best Chrisfew there be who attempt to pass it. tians and greatest philosophers of the

L. age. P. S. Although we have lately Looking forward to this publicaheard nothing of the plan for forming tion with much pleasure (though, I Unitarians into a more compact body, confess, not altogether unmixed with 50 important an object is, I trust, in auxiety, lest the expense of the unprogress.

dertaking should prevent many warm

friends to the cause from giving it Royston, Dec. 10, 1815.

their support) I beg leave particularly Sir,

# A friend of mine, conversant with SHOULD not have sent this let. the expenses of publishing, tells me that I ter to your Repository if I had

a volume of the same bulk with that pronot known, that your readers are posed for the Works (which will cost the generally reckoned among the think. subscribers about 135. 6d.) could not be ing part of the religious world. The sold tn the public by a bookseller for less subject is the Lord's Supper. My at- than 188,



to recommend it to the managers of Miscellaneous Works, or any incidenour different Congregational Libraries, tal passages in them, where he has which are now pretty generally scat- declared or defended his theological tered throughout the kingdom; and opinions. This enumeration cannot as three or four hundred subscribers fail to comprehend several repetitions will, I conceive, be sufficient to en- of subjects, first hastily sketched, and sure the appearance of the Works, afterwards more elaborately detailed. these Libraries would certainly go a The proposed Editor is, however, degreat way in making up that number. sirous of ascertaining whether per

It would be too much to expect sons may not be found, to encourage that, in addition to the gratuitous la- the projected edition, who may wish to bour of such an undertaking, the possess all these Works of Dr. Priestworthy Editor should also be subject ley, to observe, for themselves, the to loss; it is therefore highly desira- progress of such a mind, and to disble that those friends, who are able cover the first bints of those opinions and willing to countenance the pub- which subjected their author to so Hication should do so without delay, as much evil as well as good report. the carrying so large a work through It is designed to accompany the the press must necessarily occupy a edition with Notes, some of which considerable portion of time.

appear to be required from the lapse I am, Sir,

of years since Dr. Priestley became Yours, &c. known as a theological

writer. These A SUBSCRIBER. notes to be as concise, as the purpose

of conveying useful information will Bromley, Feb. 19, 1816. permit ; and generally employed to SIR,

notice such inconsistencies or variaSHALL thank you to give a place tions of opinion as could scarcely have

in the Repository to my Proposals been avoided in publications which for publishing Dr. Priestley's Theolo- extended through vearly forty years gical Works. I am, of course, unable to correct any errors which may be to ascertain, at present, whether the discovered in dates or references, such projected edition will be sufficiently as the considerate will readily excuse encouraged by subscriptions. I wish, in a writer who was so often urged however, whatever may be the result, by the ardour of his mind and an to leave recorded among your pages impulse of incumbent duty to a rapid an account of the nature and extent employment of his ready pen—to supof the design. I remain, Sir, ply additional authorities, where such


&c. can be discovered, and especially to

J. T. R. quote the passages from authors whose Proposals for publishing by Subscrip- works have become less accessible

tion, in Medium, 8vo., Dr. Priest- than when Dr. Priestley alluded to ley's Theological Works. To be their opinions. By these notes it is edited by J. T. Rutt.

also intended to form a connexion It may be fairly presumed that ma- between the author's works, to reny persons, disposed to religious in- mark what strictures they at first exquiry, especially amongst the now cited, or the more extended controincreasing number of Unitarians, will versies to which they gave occasion. be inclined to encourage an edition of In the arrangement of such an ediDr. Priestley's Theological Works, on tion, it is proposed to make the conan economical plan.

tents of each volume succeed in the To accommodate such persons, it order of time as nearly as a proper is proposed, (under the general title connexion of subjects will allow. The of Theological Works,) to reprint first volume is intended to include the such of Dr. Priestley's publications as Institutes, which will be preceded by are classed, in the Catalogue annexed a Life of the Author, compiled, with to his Memoirs, under the following a particular reference to the projected heads :-Metaphysics - Religious Li- edition, chiefly on the authorities of berty - Ecclesiastical History - Evi- his own Memoirs, incidental notices dences of the Christian Revelation in his Works, the Continuation by Defences of Unitarianism and Miscel- Mr. Priestley, and the Memoirs of laneous Theology; including his Pa- Mr. Lindsey by the Rev. T. Belsham, pers in the Theological Repository, on whose approbation and concurand the Prefaces to his Scientific and rence the proposed Editor is happy

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Yalden's Character of Milton. to be allowed to rely. Should any Birmingham-Rev. J. Kentish ; Mr. friends to the memory of Dr. Priest- J. B. Toulmin. ley, and to this design, be in posses- Bristol-Rev. Dr. Estlin. sion of unpublished letters or papers, Chichester-Rev. W. J. Fox. which they would commit to the Cranbrook-Mr. S. Dobell. Editor's discretion, he would be much Crewkerne-Rev. W. Blake. obliged by such communications. He Derby Row_Rev, — Higginson. begs leave, also, generally to solicit Dorchester-Rev. B. Treleaven. the readers of Dr. Priestley's

works, Exeter-Rev. Dr. Carpenter. to give him any information, through Glasgow Rev. James Yates; Mr. the medium of the Monthly Reposi- George Harris, College. tory, or otherwise, which may assist Kidderminster-Rev. R. Fry, him in rendering the projected edition Leeds-Rev. T. Jervis. a tribute, uot altogether unworthy of Lewes—Mr. Ebenezer Johnston. the well-earned reputation of the au- Lincoln—Rev. Hawkes. thor, whose memory will be always Liverpool—Rev. John Yates; Mr. F. cherished by the friends of civil and B. Wright, Printer.

religious liberty, of free inquiry and Manchester-Rev. J. Grundy. of evangelical simplicity and truth.

Newcastle-Rev. W. Turner. In the edition now proposed the Norwich—Rev. T. Madge. types of the text and notes are intend- Nottingham - Rev. James Tayler ; ed to be the same as those of Lard- Mr. E. B. Robinson, Bookseller. ner's Works, in the late Mr. John- Portsmouth_Rev. R. Scott. son's octavo edition, with an equally Southampton-Mr. B. Travers. full page, which will contain more Stockport-Rev. Samuel Parker. than two of the usual octavo pages. Warrington-Rev. W. Broadbent. The typographical execution, espe

Wisbeach-Rev. R. Wright. cially as to correctness, will be, de- Wolverhampton_Mr. Joseph Pearson. servedly, an object of peculiar atten- Yarmouth--Mr. W. Alexander, Booktion,

seller. It is expected that sixteen volumes, York-Rev. C. Wellbeloved. each containing from 500 to 600 pages,

The friends to this undertaking who will complete the intended publica- design to encourage it by their subtion, or at most eighteen such vo- scriptions are requested to give their lumes, should the proposed notes ex- names immediately, as the first votend further than at present appre- lume will be prepared for the press, hended. These volumes will include, as soon as the number of subscribers under the general title of Dr. Priest appears sufficient to defray the mere ley's Theological Works, what are expenses of publication. One volume now extended into nearly forty octavo will be delivered, if possible, every volumes, and more than fifty pam- three months. phlets of various sizes.

Should it unexpectedly appear, afTo accomplish this design, a sub- ter a fair experiment, that this design scription of Two Guineas is proposed has failed for want of even a moderate to be paid on subscribers giving their encouragement, the sums subscribed names, and Half a Guinea on the de- shall be punctually returned to the livery of each volume. Only a small subscribers. number of copies, beyond those sub- Bromley, Middleset, Dec. 27, 1815. scribed for, to be printed. The following friends to the pro


Nov. 27, 1815. posed undertaking have obligingly

of ONE of the four Poets whom fered to promote its success by receiv- for insertion in his Collection, was ing subscriptions :

Dr. Yalden. I lately discovered a London-Rev. R. Aspland, Durham powerful reason for the choice of Yal

House, Hackney Road; Mr. R. den, who, in the following lines, an-
Hunter, Bookseller, St. Paul's ticipated the malignity of the Biográs
Church Yard; Mr. D. Eaton, pher towards the principles and cha-
Bookseller, No. 187, High Hol-racter of Milton.
born ; and Messrs. Stower and On the re-printing Milton's Prose Works,

Smallfield, Printers, Hackney, 1698. Written in his Paradise Lost. Bath-Rev. Joseph Hunter.

These sacred lines with wonder we peruse, Bilston-Mr. S. Bussford, Bookseller. And praise the lights of a seraphic Muse,


Till thy seditious prose provokes our rage, Princes may have their names easily And soils the beauties of thy brightest inscribed within the compass of one page.

ring." He, however, advises the peoThus here we see transporting scenes arise,

ple“ to desire the best, and give God Heav'n's radiant host, and opening para- thanks for the middle sort, and bear

dise ; Then trembling view the dread abyss be- with the worst, for the doctrine and neath,

example of Christ."

PLEBEIUS. Hell's horrid mansions, and the realms of

death. Whilst here thy bold majestic numbers

Bromley, Feb. 4, 1816. rise,


- A, 1810 And range th' embattled legions of the skies,

viii. p. 110, a curious “ Quaker With armies fill the azure plains of light, Creed" is given with some judicious And paint the lively terrors of the fight,

remarks on it by “ N. C.," in order We own the poet worthy to rehearse Heav'n's lasting triumphs in immortal to shew your readers “ what sort of

a Trinity it is, which at least some verse : But when thy impious mercenary pen

highly accredited members of this Insults the hest of princes, best of men,

Society profess to believe." He was Our admiration turns to just disdain,

furnished with it" by a Friend," who And we revoke the fond applause again. had, it seems, questioned his right to Like the fall'n angels in their happy consider himself a Christian, “because state,

he was understood not to believe in Thou shar'dst their nature, insolence and the Divinity of Christ." fate :

Your correspondent replied, "that To harps divine, immortal hymns they if by divinity was meant, divine com

, As sweet thy voice, as sweet thy lyre was as firmly as any

person”—but that if

mission and authority, he believed it strung As they did rebels to th’ Almighty grow,

this term meant, “ essential Deity, So thou prophan’st his image here below equality with the Father," he did not Apostate bard ! may not thy guilty g’list, conceive that any person could Discover to its own eternal cost,

prove such a doctrine from the scripThat as they heaven, thou paradise hast turës." The friend “ declined enterlost !

ing into any explanations," observing,

" that it was not the practice of their The “impious and mercenary pen" Society to engage in theological conof Milton, and Charles, “the best of troversy. But in return for Dr. princés, best of men,” are poetic fan- Priestley's Appeal, and Elwall's Trial, cies, equally amusing. Yalden, who he furnished * N. C." with the said died in 1736, aged 65, had been a * Quaker Creed," which the latter contemporary, at Magdalen College, sent for insertion in your Journal. It Oxford, with Addison and Sachever does not, as he remarked, even hold ell, adhering to the political princi- the doctrine of “ a mere model Triniples of the latter. In the heaven of ty,” explicitly disavowing the idea Court-Divines and Poets, Kings, or of “three persons, or ésserices," in the Protectors, when Kings could not be Deity. That in short, like other mofound, have always shone as stars of difications of the Sabellian scheme it the first magnitude. Thus Sprat, only supplies “ a pretence for the who, as a young collegian, in 1658, (partialj use of orthodox language, while hopeless of the return of royalty, while the real doctrine is strictly Unichaunted the praises of the deceased tarian.” Cromwell, “ the subject of the no- Yet has this Creed been lately reblest pens and most divine phansies," published, verbatim, by an accredited was ready, as a grateful Bishop, to Elder in the Society of Friends, Wilcelebrate, in a mournful Pastoral, the liam Alexander, of York, in his “AnApotheosis of Charles II. How dif- nual Monitor, for the year 1816," with ferent a place was discovered by the this commentatory preface : The foluncourtly Quevedo, in one of his Vi- lowing explanation of the Unity of the sions, for “ all the Kings that ever Divine Being was found in MŠ. a few reigned.” Grotius too, in his Votum years ago, hearing the marks of not pro pace, as translated in 1652, quotes being a very modern production; but

true saying,” that“ all good without any clue by which to disco.


for a

Mr. Gilchrist in Reply to A. A.

89 ver the author. Its coincidence with Son, and Holy Spirit," are essentially the sentiments of the Editor induced and identically one and the same, each him to request a copy of the indivi- signifying the true God, my reverence dual among whose papers it was for the authentic records of the Chrisfound, and he trusts it will not be tian Revelation induces me to withless pleasing to many of his readers. hold my assent. I cannot find that

“ The words, in the general, are they contain any such doctrine. placed in brackets, being an addition And although the author of this which he has ventured to insert; as Creed, like other Sabellians, uses he does not conceive by the tenure such very incorrect language, it is (tenor) of the whole piece, that the obvious he felt the necessity of disauthor intended so unqualified a re- tinguishing those “different appellastriction of the several appellations as tions" from each other, and that he bis words may otherwise possibly im- exclusively ascribed the creation and ply."

existence of all things both animate To enable your readers to judge of and inanimate “ to God the Father.” this singular piece of conjectural cri. The first part of this Creed is pureticism, I will subjoin the paragraph ly Sabellian. If the second part con'to which it relates, with the intended cerning the Son is pure Quakerism, amendment, viz. The different ap- N. C.'s correct observation that not pellations of Father, Son, and Holy a word is used under this head “ that Spirit are, nevertheless, not to be can be supposed to have the remotest used indifferently or indiscriminately reference to the history, doctrine, one for another, because [in the gene- death or resurrection of the Lord Jeral] they are properly and consistent- sus Christ,” is well worthy the serious ly used only, as this one Supreme, attention of its members, and espeSelf-existing Essence is considered in cially of Wm. Alexander, the publisher different points of view."

and, patron of this Creed. RecomI have put the above word only in mending it to their notice, italics, as Wm. Alexander seems to

I am, sincerely yours, have overlooked its import, and be

THOMAS FOSTER. cause the passage is absolutely incompatible with the construction he would Newington Green, Feb. 6, 1816. put upon it. His criticism reminds Sir, the


animadversions on a Sermon of ly orthodox divine, who being closely 'mine, to which I deem some reply pressed with scriptural proofs, that necessary. Such animadversions may prayer should only be offered to God. not be unprecedented, but they are the Pather, admitted that in the gene- rather unusual, and I conceive hardly ral, such was the duty, and had al- justifiable. Is it not enough that auways been the practice of Christians; thors be subjected to the judgments but nevertheless contended for the and decisions of anonymous reviewers propriety of sometimes addressing pray- without the privilege of appeal or reer to Christ in cases of peculiar emer- ply? Must they also be exposed to gency!

the attacks of anonymous letter-wri. The above and every other modi. ters? fication of the Sabellian bypothesis, There are several circumstances that I have seen, asserts that there is connected with the indictment in “ but one true God," as all Christians question not very creditable to him agree, and also that this Supreme who drew it up. He is an officious Being does not consist, as all Trinita- accuser. For the same reason that rians affirm, of “ three distinct per- he writes reprehensively of me or of sons," and is so far sound and scrip- my publications a thousand others tural. As it is also, in representing might do so; but I do not suppose this one true God, as the “ first Cause that he has an ex-officio commission of all things, from whence the whole to put himself forward as accuser-geuniverse derives its origin and exis- neral. He says that “ there can be tence," the proper Author of all tem- but one opinion” respecting my Serporal and spiritual blessings.

mon; but for that very reason the When, however, it declares that publishing of his opinion was uncal" the different appellations of Father, led for and unuecessary. I would,


tion of a worthy man, and a reputed Y Winlast number (p. 16,) contains

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