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Review.-Imperial and Royal French Almanacks.
95 Emperor; the other two chosen by the lated to the Established Church of General Consistory. (P. 267.)
Scotland, and even of England, raExcepting two ministers at Paris, (p. ther than to the Churches of the En. 854,) a General Consistory at Mentz, glish Nonconformists, who, however and one for the departments of the denominated, are all, in practice, IndeRhine and Moselle, in which no pendents. Thus their late commendchurches are named, the Lutherans able zeal against persecution could appear to be all included in the Ge- not be excited by sectarian similarineral Consistory of the Departments ty. They felt, we trust, that far noof the Upper and Lower Rhine, es
bler motive, with which Tillotson tablished at Strasburgh. There they would have inspired a rigid doctor in have two churches, and one at each his day, even the commanding inof the following places: Petite-Pierre, fluence of Charity, which is above Wissembourg, Bouxviller, Colmar, Rubrics. Montbehard.
Excepting Paris, there appear to The Protestants of the Confession of vinists in Imperial France, divided
have been 140 Churches of the CalAngsburg have an academy or seminary, at Štrasburg, for the instruction of mi- among 46 departments, here arranged nisters.
alphabetically. As an historical docuThey profess there theology, philosophy, ment not easily procured from any belles-lettres, and the ancient, modern, other quarter, we subjoin the catalogue apd oriental languages.
of names. A Gymnasium, or College, forming school of primary instruction, is attached Aisne, Seine and Marne, Moineaux and subordinate to the academy. (P. 268.) near Château-Thierry. Higher Alps, Gap. The next division is occupied by Ardèche, Lamastre, Privas
, Vernoux, La the Reformed Protestants or Cal. dan. Ariege, Maz-d'Azil. Aveiron, Saint vinists.
Afrique. Calvados, Caen. Charente, JarThe Reformed Protestants have pastors, pac. Lower Charente, Saintes, Rochelle, consistories and synods.
la Tremblade. Cher, Sancerre. Dordogne, The consistories of every reformed Bergerac, Montcarret. Doubs, Besançon church are composed of one of the pastors Drome, Crest, Dic, Lamotte, Dieu-le-Fit, attached to each cburch, and of elders or Valence. Dyle, Brussels. Scheld, Sluys, eminent laymen, (notables) chosen from Isendike, Axel. Gard, Alais, Saint-Ain. the citizens who are rated the highest in broise, Vezenobre, Saint-Jean-du-Gard, direct contributions.
Anduze, Uzés, Ste-Chaptes, Nismes, Vau. The consistories maintain discipline, vert, Aigues-Vives, Calvisson, Sommieres, and take charge of the property of the Vallerauque, Vigan, St. Hyppolyte, la church and of the interest aceruing from Salle, Sauvé. Upper Garonne, Calmont, charitable donations.
for Toulouse. Gers, Mauvesin. Gironde One half of the elders are replaced by Chartrons, F. B. de Bordeaux, Sainte-Foy, new elections, once in two years.
Gensac., Herault, Latt, F. B. de Montpel. The elections of the pastors are made by lier, Montagnac, Massilargues, Ganges. the consistories and confirmed by the Em. Isere, Mens. Leman, Geneva, Carouge peror.
and Perney. Upper Loire, Saint-Voy. The synods have the charge of superin- Lower Loire et Vendée, Nantes. Loiret tending all that concerns the celebration Orleans, Chatillon. Lot et Garonne, Tonof worship, the doctrine taught (l'en- neins, Clairac, Castelmoron, Lafité, Né. seignement de la doctrine) and the con- rac. Lozere, Florac, Meyrueis, la Barré, St.duet of ecclesiastical affairs.
Germain-de-Colberthe, Vialas. Meurthe, Their decisions are submitted to the Em- Oberstenzel, Nancy,' Lixheim. Lower peror's approbation.
Meuse, Maëstricht. Mont-Tonnere, ObeingFive consistorial churches form the cir- elheim, Sprendlingen, Alzey, Oppenheim, cuit of a synod. Each synod is composed Osthosén, Hippenheim, or the vicinity of one pastor and one elder, or eminent (auprés), Freinsheim,
Frankenthal, person, Protable) of each consistorial Spire, Edenkauben, Neustadt, Kaiserscharch, and cannot assemble withont per- lautern, Rokenhausen, Obermoschel, Hom. mission of tbe government, nor continue bourg, Meabach, Deux-Ponts, Annweilits sitting more than six days. (P. 269.) ler. Moselle, Metz. Nord, Lille, Quesnoy.
It thus appears that the French Po, la Tour, Prarostino, Ville-Séche. Low: Protestant Churches as to the con- bourg, Bischweiller, Bergzabern, Billig.
er Pyrennees, Orthés. Lower Rhine, Stras. troul of government, over their inter- heim, Landau. Upper Rhine, Bienne, dal regulations, and the absence or Saint-Imier, Corgemont, Bevillard, Mol. limitation of a popular voice, assimi- hausen. Rhine et Moselle, Creutznach,
Sobernbeim, Stromberg, Simmern, Kirch. 1806, the Church of St. Denis is reberg. Roer, Stolberg, Crevelt, Odenkir- served for the burial-place of the Emchen, Meurs, Cleves. Rhone, la Croix
perors. Alas! the Imperial burialRousse, Suburb of Lyons. Mouths of place will now, to all human appearthe Rhone, Sainte-Margueritte, Suburb of
ance, be found on that remote rock Marseilles. Sarre, Sarrebruch, Conssel, which British magnanimity has asMeisenheim. Havre, Bonsecours for Rouen. Two Seures, signed for Napoleon's prison, where S. Gelais, Suburb of Niort, Chalons, Su- he who gave law to Kings and Emburb of S. Maixent, la Barriere, Suburb perors, in their capitals, must be conde la Motte S. Heraie, Bretagne, Suburb tent to receive the accommodations of of Melle, Lezay. Tarn, Castres, Maza- existence, as a princely boon met, Vabre, la Caune. Tarn et Garonne, Till all Atrides be an empty shade! Montauban, Negrepelisse. Vaucluse, Lourmarin. Vienne, Rouillé.
We never offered the homage of To each of these churches is annex
unqualified applause to the late Emed the name of the minister, whe- peror while he was seen to “ ride on ther Pasteur or President. At Paris the high places of the earth," nor will the proportion of Protestants must be
we join the vulgar herd, in court or very inconsiderable.
city, who “ watch the sign to hate,". Besides two
and would insult over his fall. Those Lutheran ministers, before mentioned, there are only three ministers of the who have been accustomed to Calvinists, M. Marron, Presideut, _drop the man in their account and Messieurs Rabaut Pomier and And vote the mantle into majesty, Monod (p. 854). There is no account cannot fail to maintain an unappeasaof any collegiate institution belonging ble quarrel with an upstart, to the Calvinists, except that the mi- bled by himself," un homme de rien, nister of Montauban, M. Froissard as Father Orleans styled Buchanun, is described as “ President and Dean though obliged to confess qu'il étoit of the Faculty of Theology" in that homme d'esprit. city.
“ There is no person more odious From the third Section, which than the man who makes himself greatplaces Jews on the same level of to. ly eminent. It is a sort of tacit reproach leration with Christians, we learn on the rest of the species: and every that
one feels his own meanness the more A central Consistory is established at sensibly, when he looks towards those Paris, and twenty-two Synagogues in the exalted geniuses, who have gained a Empire. (P. 271.)
superiority over the rest of mankind." The places where these synagogues torian of these eventful times, free
(Spense on Od. Pref.) The future hisare formed then follow, with the names of the Grand Rabbins and Lay- and possessed of documents now in
from the passions of a contemporary, Members. Such was the example of religious that odium, so justly felt by, re
accessible, will best decide how far forbearance proposed to Imperial France in this seventh Chapter, which gular governments, contributed to brought together, equally controuled
form and cement a confederacy, the indeed, yet equally protected by the result of which - has closed the public government,
life of Napoleon, probably for ever. Men of all climes that never met before
That extraordinary man such an higAnd all persuasions too :
torian will scarcely fail to represent a chapter, as little likely to be as an instance, not more remarkable, imitated as that France should become of unstable fortune, than of human again Imperial.
inconsistency; Before we finally quit this last Al
a Genius bright and base, manack, presented to the Emperor
Of tow'ring talents and terrestrial aims. and King, we cannot help noticing a Yet, amidst the inexpressible mishort passage which now only serves series, felt or feared, during the last to display the vanity of human ex- twenty years, under the pitiless dopectation. At p. 852, we are in- minion of the sword, it became the formed that “ Par Décret du 20 Fév. friends of virtue and of luman bliss to rier 1806, l'église de Saint Denis est rejoice that the ambition of a military consacrées à la sépulture des Empe- Chieftain had, on some very important reurs." By a decree of the 20th Feb. poipts, a reforming tendency. Espe.. Review.- Imperial and Royal French Almanacks.
97 cially that the spiritual wickedness in have been regulated, in forming this high places, against which our fathers compilation by the commands we prayed and argued, and the far dis- have received. tant prospect of whose fall they hailed Under such well-understood ordres with grateful rapture—that this man supérieurs these editors introduce inof sin was suddenly brought to deso- deed the Protestants in the section of lation, or at least despoiled of his Administration Générale des Cultes, unbaneful influence wherever the genius der the head of a public office for the of Napoleon prevailed.
affairs of Cultes non Catholiques ; but He is no sooner falien than the appear, in a very marked mauner to Pope re-ascends the throne of St. separate them from the Catholic Peter and calls around bim bis Je- Clergy, to whom they assign a stasuits. The beloved Ferdinand again tion immediately after the Foreign invigorates the Holy office, while the Ambassadors and before the Royal Restoration of the Bourbons is speed- Householul, under the head of “Clerge ily followed by a persecution of Freuch de l'rance." This Denxieme Partie Protestants. This persecution Louis occupies only one page, and that conappears, publicly, to disavow. Whe- tains nothing but the following Note : ther the king or his family took any
“ Le travail relatif à la nouvelle orgameasures to prevent such a catastro- nization du Clergé n'étant pas termi. phe, or whether the orders or neglects né, nous n'avons pas cru devoir donof his government were calculated to ner de détails sur cette partie.” The encourage the persecution are ques. arrangements for a new Organization tions of a serions import. But we of the Clergy not being completed, must return to M. Testu and notice we have thought it our duty to omit his Royal Almanack.
any details on this Part. (P. 38.) M. Testu is one of the children of this Thus the editors, by securing a new world, wise in his yeneration, and and more dignified station, for Clergé equally prepared to become an In- de France provide easily for the entire perial, or a Royal Editor, a Vicar of omission of that Chapter in the ImBray--whatever King shall reign. This perial Almanack, entitled, OrganiAlmanack for 1813, like the former, zation des Cultes, in which the Prohad been specially recommended and testants ranked in company with the patronized by the Emperor, but M. Catholics, as equally recognized and Testu had no inclination
respected by the government. What To fall uncourtly with a falling Court.
must l'rance understand by this omis
siou but that the eldest son of the He thus worships the rising sun in an Church forbad the further profanation Avis des Editeurs :
of Culte Cutholique by such an asso. “ The Almanack for the year 1814 was ciation ; and at the same time refused ready for publication when an ever-me. to sanction heresy by describing the morable Revolution restored to France her Clergy and Colleges of the Protestants lawful sovereign. All our labour became in a Royal Almanack? useless, and the expense incurred a total It is well known that many of the loss. We sustained a considerable injury Protestants in France, whatever might but we were consoled by the hope of bap. be their political attachments, became piness to come. That hope indulged by alarmed for their toleration soon after all good Frenchmen, is every day realizing under the paternal government of Louis the first return of Louis. They conXVIIIth. Let us be permitted here to sidered themselves as secured by the render the homage of our fidelity, our af- success of Napoleon's enterprise from fection and our profound gratitude towards Elba, and again exposed to danger the August Monarch who has granted to by his defeat at Waterlou. Had Louis, us a signal proof of lis justice and bene- indeed, returned in 1514 with sevtivolence by securing to us, for twenty years, ments of toleration, like those of his the exclusive right to the publication and Imperial predecessor, would he have sale of the Royal Almanack.” P. 2.
directed, or even suffered, the names After some details respecting the of the Protestant Ministers and an acarrangement of the work, the Avis count of their churches and institutions closes with the following significant to have been excluded from a Royal declaration : "Nous nous sommes con- Almanack, published at such a critical formés, pour sa rédaction, aux ordres juncture; while the admission of them supérieurs que nous avons reçus." We could not possibly injure the Cathu.
lics, to whose interests the King's will enable them to judge ofthe grounds devotion was sufficiently 'apparent. on which the writer thiuks“ an offiBut what display of religious tolerance cial compendium of doctrines," in other or enlightened civil policy could be words, á creed, necessary for the precxpected from one, surrounded, dur- servation of methodism. They are, ing his exile, by emigrant noblesse, Original Sin, Imputed Righteousness, martyrs to the ancient Régime, and a Justification, Faith, and Regeneration. crowd of priests, whom nothing less After stating, p. 69, that “ Original than the grossest form of popery could Sin, implying the actual propagation satisfy ? With too much truth was of a nature morally corrupt and posiit observed that, in twenty years, the tively evil, comprehending complete Bourbons had forgotten nothing and alienation from God, a prevailing bias had learned nothing. Will France and propensity to sin, a direct enmity never deserve a better order of things to the nature of holiness, and an inthan such a paternal government?
ward association with the powers of R. darkness, if not an actual participation
in a diabolical nature" is contended Art. III.-A Candid and Impartial In- for as a first principle by the Metho
quiry into the Present State of the dists, he adds
“ But although this doctrine is genelative to their doctrines and disci- rally received in the Methodist connexion, pline are discussed. By a Member yet it is important to know that this is not
universally the case. There are, both of the Society, 8vo. pp. 512. Belfast, printed; sold by Commins, cannot reconcile the popular opinions re
among preachers and people, those who Lincoln's Inn, London, 1814. specting this point, to their notions, either WHIS work contains much import of the wisdom, the goodness, the justice, of
ant information respecting the the truth of God. For denying the necesstate of opinions on some of the most sity of the continuance of a corrupt nature, leading points in theology among the transmitted through the ordinary course of Methodists in Ireland. The author generation, as a foundation of redemption, regards as an evil, the want of unifor. they contend that this redemption should mity in religious doctrine, which his operate to the extirpation of the principle
of evil from our nature in its initial state, statements prove to exist, and to shew and thereby prove its claim to the glorious itself publicly, among the minis- title it sustains, and exhibit in infants the ters of bis denomination, as well as full accomplishment of the important obamong the people. The object of his jects it is intended to attain. "And under book appears to be, to stir up his bre- these impressions, the opposers of the docthren to provide a remedy for this im- trine as above delineated say, it is incomagined evil, by forming " an official patible with the divine wisdom, to perinit compendiun," of the doctrines of the the actual propagation of sin; for, say they, Methodists, “ compiled from the vo.
if God really wills the salvation of all men,
and if holiness be essential to that salvation, luminous writings wherein they now Jie scattered, and bearing the stamp and actually unholy in the extreme, have
can the propagation of a nature positirely of legitimate authority.” P. 348.
any tendency to promote thut glorious eud? That among so numerous a body of Certainly not. On the contrary, it would Christians as the Methodists now are, be a radical, and in most cases, au effectual a diversity of opinion on a variety of opponent to the hopes of salvation.” P.70. subjects should exist, mnight naturally The author states in the following be expected; but we were not aware that inquiry had extended itself so far, who reject the doctrine of Original
the reasoning of his brethren
pages, or that what is called heterodoxy ex- Sin, assert its inconsistency with the isted to such a degree, as this writer goodness and truth of God, and mainshews to be the case among the socie- tain that neither sin nor holiness are ties in Ireland: not a few of his pages susceptible of propagation. But though are filled with the proofs of this sup
the arguments, many of which are posed departure from the truth, and strong and pointed, are given as the the discussion of the controverted language of others, he himself seems to points. A statement of the subjects take the heterodox side on this subject. on which the Methodists in Ireland are He says, divided in their opinions will not be ininteresting to our readers, and it “ As our object is not to foster preju
Review.-Inquiry into the Methodist Societies.
09 dice, but to ascertain and vindicate truth, Sentiments respecting the death of it is highly necessary in the investigation Christ, which alarm him, are enterof any point of doctrine, to turn it on every tained by some of the preachers. side, to look at it in all its bearings, and
fu The author has heard from a Methowith patience and candour to appreciate its real merit by the acknowledged criterions dist pulpit, the doctrine inculcated that the of orthodoxy. With this view let us put to
death of Christ was not essential to the sal. ourselves the questions which follow-If, vation of mankind, but that God made as is generally supposed, Original Sin, choice of that as the most eligible and adpropagated as an active principle in the vantageous mode of reconciling the world soul, be the efficient cause of the universal to himself. And lie has been told by anoprevalence of evil, will not this exonerate ther preacher, and one of very distinguishmankind from much of the responsibility ed rank and eminence in the connexion, which wonld otherwise attach to their dis- that the death of Christ was not a meritoripositions and actions, as moral agents in a ous sacrifice for the sins of the world, state of probation? For really if our na
which was a Calvinistic notion; that God ture be radically evil,
or if evil be so closely chose indeed to manifest his grace and exinterwoven with its fabric as is generally tend his mercy to men through that medium; believed, it would appear unreasonable to but that if it had so pleased him, he might expect any good fruit from so corrupt a tree. have doue the same through the death of a Yet we find God both expects and demands bullock or any similar medium.” P. 355.
Note. it.” (See Jer. ii. 2.-Isa. 4. 4.) P. 185. Note.
We are informed, p. 138. Imputed Righteousness. “Upon this most general sentiment in the Methointerestiog subject also,” says the au
dist counexiou concerning” Justificathor, “ there is a considerable diver- tion“ is, that it is perfectly synony. sity of opinion in the Methodist con
mous with the forgiveness of sins; the nexion."' P. 95. He acknowledges removal of guilt, and of the liability to " the popular feeling appears to be ra- punishment which we incur thereby; ther against it;" and though he labours
a mere exoneration from the penalties to prove it by quotations from the to which a breach of the divine law subwritings of Mr. Wesley, he is compelled jects every transgressor." To this the to admit that the founder of the Me- author objects, though it appears from thodist connexion, if in the early part his own account, that it was the sentiof his ministry he maintained, after- ment of the founder of the Methodist wards rejected, and openly opposed societies, and has been from the first the views of the subject for which he the sentiment most generally maincontends. He quotes a passage from tained in those societies. Mr. Wesley, wbich it is impossible to
He makes great complaint of the inreconcile with the notion that Christ's crease of legality among the Methorighteousness and merits are imputed dists, because they do not insist on to the sinner.
some popular doctrines which are ge
nerally termed evangelical, but con“Again; Mr. Wesley proceeds, least of tipually enforce reformation and good all does justification imply that God is de works, without directing their hearers ceived in those whom he justifies; that he to depend on the personal righteousthinks them to be in fact what they are not, that he accounts them to be otherwise than their justification, pp. 130–134; and
ness of Christ imputed to them for they are. It does by no means imply, that with all his veneration for Mr. Wesley God judges concerning ns, contrary to the he hardly acquits him of being too legal, real nature of things; that he esteems us better than we are, or believes us rightenus for God, and for the honour of the di
says, p. 278, “Mr. Wesley's zeal when we are unrighteous. Surely no. The judgment of the all-wise God is always vine law, carried him with a full tide according to truth; neither can it ever con- into the bosom of the strongest Armi. sist with his unerring wisdom to think that nianism." And adds, in a note, “We I am innocent, to judge that I am righteous may here notice an instance of Mr. or holy, because another is so. He can no Wesley's having about that time lost more in this manner confound ine with all dread of danger from the introducChrist, than with David or Abraham.” tion of legality into his system of diviP. 168.
nity. In a letter to Miss Bishop, of The author Jays the greatest stress Bath, dated November 5, 1770, he on the doctrine of Imputed Righteous- observes :-“I cannot find in my Bible ness, and laments the opposition it any such sin as legality. Truly, we meets with amongst the Methodists. have been often afraid 'where no fear