Imatges de pÓgina
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"To do something to instruct, but more to undeceive, the timid and admiring student;--
to excite him to place more confidence in his own strength, and less in the infallibility
of great names ;-to help him to emancipate his judgment from the shackles of authority;
--to teach him to distinguish between shewy language and sound sense;--to warn him
not to pay himself with words ;-to shew him, that what may tickle the ear or dazzle
the imagination, will not always inform the judgment;---to dispose him rather to fast on
ignorance than to feed himself with error."

1816.

Hor.

VOLUME XI.

JANUARY TO DECEMBER INCLUSIVE.

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1816.

Fragment on Government.

HACKNEY:

Printed for the Editor, by Ann Stower,

PUBLISHED BY SHERWOOD, NEELY AND JONES,

PATERNOSTER ROW.

0901 73799 V.11

Monthly Repository,

No. CXXI.]

&c.

JANUARY, 1815.

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.

Account of the Mutineers in the Bountỵ, 1789.

(From the Quarterly Review.)

T

1789 his Majesty's armed vessel the Bounty, while employed in conveying the bread fruit tree from Otaheite to the British colonies in the West Indies, was taken from her commander, Lieutenant William Bligh, by a part of the crew, who, headed by Fletcher Christian, a master's mate, mutinied off the island of Tofoa, put the lieutenant, with the remainder of the crew, consisting of eighteen persons, into the launch, which after a passage of 1200 leagues, providentially arrived at a Dutch settlement on the Island of Timor. The mutineers, twenty-five in number, were supposed, from some expressions which escaped them, when the launch was turned a-drift, to have made sail towards Otaheite. As soon as this circumstance was known to the Admiralty, Captain Edwards was ordered to proceed in the Pandora to that Island, and endeavour to discover and bring to Englaud the Bounty, with such of the crew as he might be able to secure. On his arrival in March, 1791, at Matavai Bay, in Otaheite, four of the mutineers came voluntarily on board the Pandora to surrender themselves; and from information given by them, ten others (the whole number alive upon the island) were, in the course of a few days taken; and with the exception of four, who perished in the wreck of the Pandora, near Endeavour Strait, conveyed to England for trial before a court martial, which adjudged six of them to suffer death, and acquitted

the other four.

From the accounts given by these men, as well as from sone documents that were preserved, it appeared that as soon as Lieutenant Bligh had been

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1688

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[Vol. XI.

driven from the ship, the twenty-five mutineers proceeded with her to Toobouai, where they proposed to settle;

little encouragement, they returned to Otaheite, and having there laid in a large supply of stock, they once more took their departure for Toobouai, carrying with them eight men, nine women and seven boys, natives of Otaheite. They commenced, on their second arrival, the building of a fort, but by divisions among themselves and quarrels with the natives, the design was abandoned. Christian, the leader, also very soon discovered that his authority over his accomplices was at an end; he therefore proposed that they should return to Otaheite; that as many as chose it should be put on shore at that island, and that the rest should proceed in the ship to any other place they might think proper. Accordingly they once more put to sea, and reached Matavai on the 20th of September, 1789.

VOL. XI.

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Here sixteen of the five and twenty desired to be landed, fourteen of whom, as already mentioned, were taken on board the Pandora; of the other two, as reported by Coleman, (the first who surrendered himself to Captain Edwards) one had been made a chief, killed his companion, and was shortly afterwards murdered himself by the natives.

Christian, with the remaining eight of the mutineers, having taken on board several of the natives of Otaheite, the greater part women, put to sea on the night between 21st and 22d September, 1789; in the morning the ship was discovered from Point Venus, steering in a north-westerly direction; and here terminate the accounts given by the mutineers who were either taken or surrendered themselves at Matayai Bay. They

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