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“Well, Cis, I want to talk to you about something substantial besides, it makes every Miss Blair."
thing pleasanter for life." “ About Miss Blair, sir?" stammered Cis looked very grave during this philosoCis, getting redder still.
phical enunciation of his father's views upon ; you ::now very well my wishes on marriage in general and his own in particular, that subject; it's high time you made the and again signified his perfect willingness, running there, you know. She's a fine girl, nay, eagerness, to marry Miss Blair for her
a and a good girl, and goes deuced well across self and her money combined. country, too—not to be compared to your Only,” he added sadly, "there's one sister, of course ; but still she goes very thing against it.
thing against it. I'm afraid she won't have straight, very straight indeed, and the pro- me. perty fits in very well; a fine property and “And shouldn't be a bit surprised if she a nice girl,—I don't know what more you wouldn't," said the old man, veering round want, Cis."
unreasonably. “Why don't you ride, and "I assure you, sir, my dearest wish, my hunt, and go about like other men, and do greatest joy would be to induce Juliet to be something to make a sensible girl proud of my wife. I love her dearer than I love my you, instead of wasting your life doing life.”
nothing?" Ha, ha, ha!” interrupted the Squire, “I haven't done badly at college, sir," rewith the most irreverent guffaw; "ha, ha!" |monstrated Cis; "and it is not my fault I don't go rehearsing the proposal to me, my am not strong enough for violent out-door dear boy. What's the good talking of love exercise. You forget I took a first in mods." and sentiment and bosh to me? That's all “What's mods 2-a parcel of Latin and humbug. What does all that signify? The Greek, and rubbish! I'd rather you'd have girl has got a pot of money and a fine pro broken your collar bone over a stiff bit of perty—you needn't say any more about it. timber ! Not strong, indeed! No wonder Go in and win if you can, and make haste you're not strong-always molly-coddling about it. I want you to do something to over the fire with a book, and never clearing the old place when I'm gone, Cis. I don't your brains out with a good gallop across suppose you'll keep the hounds. Ah, it's a country. I sent you to college to make a pity Georgie wasn't a boy! But if you man of you, sir, not to learn a pack of Latin marry Juliet Blair you'll live at Sotherne and and stuff!” have a little money to do up the old house At which novel view of University edufor your mother and the girls. It's a fine cation Cis raised his eyebrows and laughed. match for you, my boy."
“Ah, you may laugh, but you'll laugh the “I don't think of that for one moment, wrong side of your mouth when you find sir, I assure you,” said the boy rather hotly. Miss Blair won't have you. There'll be
“Well, then, you should think of it, Cis. Wattie Ellison and a dozen more after her Why, what do you suppose I married your before you—" mother for?"
“Why, Wattie Ellison is Georgie's lo-_" “Love, sir, I trust," answered Cis, gravely began Cis. and reproachfully.
“Nothing of the sort," thundered the “Not a bit of it. It was for that slip of Squire. “Don't go coupling your sister's land that dove-tailed into Cosby farm, down name with an idle young pauper like that, on the flat. I'd always coveted that land, though sure he can ride a bit. Georgie and then she had her bit of money besides, knows better. But you'll let Juliet Blair and I don't say, Cis, that I didn't like and slip through your fingers if you're not sharp. esteem her, and she's a very good woman in Go and propose, boy; don't be a fool. Girls her way; but I might have liked and always come round at last if a man keeps esteemed her ever so much, I shouldn't have on worry, worry, worry at 'em. Turn 'em married her if it hadn't been for the land round; keep their heads straight at the and the money. Lord bless you ! an eldest fence ; if they refuse the first time, turn 'em son must think of these things; there's no round and send 'em at it again,” he added particular virtue in marrying for love ; it's not unkindly. all the same in a dozen years' time whatever "I am most anxious to marry her, sir but you've married for ; only, when you've got she has refused me dozens of times ;” and.
Cis got very red and looked intensely miser- “ All right, my boy ; we'll square it off so. able.
God bless you !" and the old man gave the His father burst out laughing. "Ah ! she young one a grip of his hard old hand. He has, has she? Well, I am not surprised ; was a little touched in spite of himself; and but you were a boy then ; now you've come after Cis had left the room he sat still lookhome for good and you're a man—as much ing after him out of the window, as the boy of a man as I suppose you ever will be,” he wandered idly on to the drive in front of added, ruefully; " and I wish you to go as the house. “Well, well, I suppose he and often as you can to Sotherne and do your I don't understand each other ; he's a wellvery best to succeed. Do you understand intentioned lad too, and Juliet Blair would
improve him wonderfully ; but he's an awful “Certainly, father," answered the youth sawney. Dear, dear, dear! what a pity, with alacrity ; and then he went round to what a sad pity, Georgie wasn't the boy ! ” his father's chair and laid his hand on his. “I wish I could ride better, father ; perhaps
(To be continued.) if I marry Juliet you will forgive me that.
me, Cis ?"
EVOLUTION AND IMMORTALITY.
BY PROFESSOR J. E. WELLS, WOODSTOCK.
S that all?" we can fancy many a dis- even though it should threaten to cut from
appointed reader exclaiming as he under our feet the foundation of everything lays aside the May number of The CANA- most surely believed, and even crush out DIAN MONTHLY, after finishing Mr. Gold- beneath the ruins the last pulsations of the win Smith's article upon “The Immortality throbbing heart of faith? True, if such a of the Soul.” “ Can it be that all our fond j result were possible, and the conclusions of hopes of immortality, all our cherished con- some of the wise men of the day correct, victions that the grave is not the goal of one might query whether it were not more life—that these minds, busy with 'thoughts philosophical to hug a sweet delusion till the that wander through eternity,' are destined swift-coming end rather than, sadly wise, to have a wider scope than that afforded by to plod the weary way to darkness under a 'this bank and shoal of time,' have no crushing burden of gloomy, dismal truth. broader and surer foundation than this?” But from such a philosophy the deepest inFeeble proof shakes confidence like faint stincts of our nature recoil ; much more the praise. When one finds the whole contents instinct of a faith which enters the Unseen, of three out of four possible classes of evi- and lays hold on immortality and its dence of the soul's immortality ruthlessly Author, who is TRUTH. swept aside as worthless, and the fourth Our age is often said to be an intensely attenuated to the slender thread of a con- practical one. It is well that truth does not viction which, however “universal and in- compel us to accept the statement without eradicable,” begins in obscurity and ends in giving to the meaning of the word "pracunfathomable mystery, it is no wonder if he tical” a scope wide enough to take in all be left trembling lest his most precious faith those great questions of faith and morals be about to undergo perpetual eclipse. It which, touching as they do at every point is true proof is proof. One clear demon- the burning problems of human origin and stration is as good as fifty. But within the destiny, and so giving shape and colouring sphere of probable evidence-the only kind to all our views of life and duty, are preattainable upon such a question as that of eminently the practical questions for men the soul's immortality-to find the weight of Is there a personal author of the universe ? the argument, which is naturally and neces- Is the world in which we live under the sarily cumulative, lessened by the summary government of a living, omnipresent Will ? rejection of one kind after another, until but Is the conscious human soul a perennial a single one is left, is to have created in one's fame enkindled and sustained by the breath mind a dread, if not a presumption, that of an Eternal Source of life, or is it but a that kind, too, may be destined in the hands transient spark struck out in the play of of the next analyst to be weighed in the mysterious, but mindless, natural forces ? balance and found wanting.
What is the relation of this sensitive soul But what if it should be? Is not such a sug- to that unending future which, strive as it gestion a cowardly attempt to forestall the may, it finds itself utterly unable to do away judgment and becloud the real issue with in thought? These and the like ques
? Should not the great guiding principle in tions are surely the most intensely intersuch an investigation be, not regard to the esting, and, assuming the barest possibility exigencies of a creed, or deference to a of gaining any light upon them, the most cherished conviction, but simple loyalty to intensely practical, that can engage our attruth? What possible interest can we have tention. They are all too solemn to be in deceiving ourselves or others in such a made themes for cavil, or for the display of matter? Why fear the TRUTH, or shun it, I attempted expertness in intellectual cut and
fence. Of these truths the writer desires to credulous receptivity with which they have keep himself constantly reminded in carry- been so generally embraced, consistently ing out a purpose which has hitherto been with the theory that every such conception
a unavoidably delayed, by presenting some is but the “baseless fabric of a vision,” if difficulties which have been suggested by the such a fabric could be baseless ; that the article referred to. And in so doing, he whole vast mass of alleged "supernatural” cannot refrain from expressing his gratifica- manifestations, put into the crucible of scien. tion that Canada is at length able to sustain tific investigation, will utterly vanish, leaving a Magazine in which such questions may be no trace of any reality outside the world of fully and fearlessly discussed. The fact sense, would seem to require a credulity augurs well for her intellectual future.
even greater than that of the most enthusi* What, after all, is truth ?” The reply astic disciple of the “mediums." To show furnished by the article in question is ad- that any one of a thousand specific legends mirable. Whatever truth may be to the bears the stamp of absurdity may be easy, highest intelligence, to us it cannot be other while to account for the origin and persisthan “ that which when put before us we tence of the mythical tendency in the race, are, by the constitution of our nature, under so as to eliminate every superhuman element the necessity of believing." Belief of every from the history of the mystic foretimes, is kind must ultimately “rest upon our faith by no means so easy. in the veracity, so to speak, of our nature The same train of remark is applicable to and of the Power which we suppose to up- the objection urged against Butler's arguhold it.” We would gladly accept this, the ment, drawn from the alleged indiscerptionly sound basis for a true philosophy, as the bility of the soul as “immaterial.” That guiding principle in the following remarks. argument is manifestly worthless, because
The views presented under the head of based upon an assumption in regard to that Physical ” evidence are suggestive of one which transcends the sphere of our knowdifficulty of some magnitude. Taking the ledge, and so cannot be the subject of affirverdict of a matured judgment as the test mation or denial. But what better ground of truth, the presumption against ninety- has the “presumption that the functional nine one-hundredths of all the ghost stories activity will end when the organization is and tales of spirit rappings and table tip- dissolved ?” What logical basis can all the pings is strong enough to warrant their sum- researches of modern science furnish for mary dismissal.
But how are the existence such a presumption ? Nay, is it not in the and the almost universal prevalence of such very nature of things impossible that legitibeliefs to be accounted for, apart from the mate grounds for such a presumption can be supposition of some background, however reached ? “ The existence of a disembodied remote, of reality? What theory of deve- spirit must be supersensual, and of anything lopment can account for their origin? What supersensual it is impossible to produce senprinciple of natural selection explain their sible evidence.” Grant it, does not the survival? We take the spiritualistic absur- statement hold true negatively as well as dities of the day as but the modern repre positively? Is it not, by parity of reasoning, sentatives of a type with which, in other equally impossible to produce sensible eviforms, every age has been familiar. Granted dence of the non-existence of such a spirit ? a substratum of fact, in past, even in prime- The ready answer, that no one can be asked val history—a postulate which includes, of to prove a negative, will not apply here. The course, the existence of a spirit-world en- presumption in question is really a negative. folding the world of matter and capable of Again, the burden of proof does not neces. affecting its phenomena, and so manifesting sarily fall upon the believer in a separate itself to a kindred human spirit—and the and surviving soul, since the problem is not process by which distorted traditions of an- one in which a positive quantity is set over cient verities might become fruitful sources against zero, but against another positive of modern hoaxes and hallucinations is com- quantity. This latter quantity is the sumparatively easy to understand.
But to ac- may we not rather say the product ?- of all count, on the one hand, for the framing of those factors in “the constitution of our nasuch conceptions as those spirit apparitions | ture,” which compel us to believe that there and revelations, and, on the other, for the is that in us which will survive what we call
death. How far those factors have a de- main of science. We are still in the region terminate value, we do not now stay to in- of mystery. And so long as the most adquire ; but it may be remarked in passing, vanced physicists are constrained to admit, that an important one of them is, that“ uni- with Professor Tyndall, that versal and ineradicable” conviction to which from the physics of the brain to the corresMr. Goldwin Smith himself assigns so large ponding facts of consciousness is unthinka value in the latter part of his essay. But able,” the theory of a separate and spiritual what we wish to emphasize just here is soul, in some way—to us mysterious, but, for this. The "modern developments of embry- aught we know, to higher intelligences perology and natural history” leave the ques- fectly simple and natural—interpenetrating tion of the existence of a soul distinct from and vitalizing the mind's material organ, and surviving the bodily organs just where creating all the phenomena of thought and they find it, because it is a question entirely feeling and will, is just as consonant with beyond their reach. The sum of facts pre- all the scientific facts yet known as any sent to Butler as to Spencer is that of the other possible hypothesis. manifestations of functional activity, not A very serious difficulty in connection when, but before the organization is dis- with the remaining portion of Mr. Goldwin solved. Modern science has certainly made Smith's essay is that of ascertaining upon valuable discoveries as to the relation of the what principle of selection he proceeds in brain to the mental functions, and has thus dismissing, at a glance, the classes of evidence narrowed the field of observation, but it has labelled “Metaphysical” and “Theologichanged no essential condition of the pro- cal,” and retaining that called “Moral.” blem. Can it be shown to be even proba. The inquiry is not about names, but things. ble that the organization of the brain is not The moral evidence which alone is relied often as perfect the moment after death as upon as valid, is defined as “the universal the moment before ? Does not, then, the and ineradicable conviction that our moral fact that the functional activity in such cases. account is not closed by death.” That is, ceases before the organization is dissolved, we cannot as individuals rid ourselves of the prove that activity to be conditioned upon conviction that it will make a difference to something else, which eludes the edge of the us hereafter whether we have done good or keenest scalpel? The nature of this some evil in this life ; hence there is a strong prething, this mysterious life-principle, has sumption that we shall in some way conhitherto just as effectually baffled the quest sciously survive the physical dissolution of modern physiology as of ancient meta- which we call death. To the validity of physics.
this reasoning no one can object who asBefore leaving this point, it may not, per- sents to the philosophical principle laid haps, be presumptuous to ask whether the down. If truth is that which “we are by argument based upon the assumed impossi- the constitution of our nature under the nebility of spirit manifesting itself to sense cessity of believing," a belief so universal does not contain something very like a and persistent as the one in question comes petitio principii ? If such a thing as a human clearly within the definition. Its rejection spirit, as ordinarily conceived, exists at all, as worthless would lead logically to the reit is mainly known to us through its relations jection of all positive truth, the testimony to matter and its power of affecting it. The of the senses included, and land us in a fancied necessity for a tertium quid to bridge region of philosophic idealism, or more the chasm between the two, so as to render correctly still, nihilism. But why limit the interaction possible, was the offspring of a moral evidence to this single conviction ? purely gratuitous assumption in the meta- The argument derived from the possession physical mind. If spirit dwells in matter, by the soul of such ideas as those of Goodinterpenetrating its substance and using its ness, Truth, &c., is regarded as little better properties for its own purposes, communica- than a philosophic reverie.
“ To give it tion with spirit included,why need wesuppose any substance, we must be assured that Unithis moulding and controlling power over versal Ideas have an existence independent matter to be lost as soon as the connection of the soul which participates in them." with a particular organ is dissolved ? Clear. Yet a little further on we are told, “We ly such an assumption transcends the do have the ideas of eternity and infinity; we