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6 The benefits of daily prayer, of learning the Scriptures, and of other means of grace; the benefits of the works of my calling, and of other means of worldly blessings. I receive the assurance of these benefits, by receiving the continuance of God's favour, as I continue in my duty. But we may not hope for any of these benefits without using the means ; nor for any Good from God, without doing our best endeavours in our duty.
XVI. Q. How is the Lord's Supper a pledge to asure us of receiving the Body and Blood of Cbrift?
A. Christ's own Signs of his * Both what is then to be receiv'd, and Body broken, and his Blood what is to be receiv'd shed for us, do affure us that at other times, and by we shall receive what his Body other means : as 15 2 was broken, and his Blood Ihed
for *. XVII. Q. How often ought you to come to the Lord's Supper?
A. I must do all I can to a 1 Cor. 15. 58. abound in all the Duties of a 1 Thef. 4. 1, 9, 10.
Christian a, And then I ought b Aits 2. 42, 46. See 11 2. b. ch. 20. 7.
to endeavour to come to the 1 Cor. 11. 20. So Lord's Supper every Lord's often partaking of this Day, and other solemn feast Holy Sacrament is intimated by our Lord's Day b. consecrating the cup of wine after Supper, which was the Gracecup
usd in all the Jews feasts. For Christ's taking the bread, as they were eating, and the cup immediately after, (Matth. 26.
cup per (Luke 22. 20.
1 Cor. 11. 25.) do fhew that he then gave. no other thanks after supper, than that which he gave when he took the bread and the
cup. Therefore the cup was the gracecup after fupper.
The manner of this grace-cup was thus: The Master of the house, or some guest of better note, took a cup full of wine, and gave thanks; and then he drank a little of it, and so the cup passed round the table.
With such a cup they both began and ended their feasts; as our Saviour seems to have done Luke 22. 17.' But it was the cup after Supper, which he consecrated for the Sacrament of his Blood. ver. 20. See Godwin's Moses and Aaron, lib. 3. ch. 2.
XVIII. Q. What is required of them who come to the Lord's Supper?
A. To examine themselves i Cor. 11. 28. We whether they repent them trucannot worthily remember Christ's Dy ly of their former sins, stedfasting for us, without ly purposing to lead a new life; truly repenting of the have a lively faith in God's causes of his Death; and stedfastly purpo.. thankful remembrance of his
mercy through Christ, with a fing to keep all the Commandments of the Death:; and be in charity with New Testament Seal'd all men. with his Death; with out a lively faith in the Promises of the fame new Testament Seald with his Deaths and a most hearty thankfulness for the Infinite Mercy of his Dying for us; nor without following his Great Example of Love to all men. And here is supposed that we have a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the New Testament briefly contain'd in the Catechism, and of the Communion Service. And for a Minister to admit any one to the Holy Table, without a reasonable satisfaction that he has this knowledge and preparation, it is the greatest unkindness to the Souls of them both.
XIX. Q. Are these things requir'd only of them that come to the Lord's Supper? Luke 13. 3, 5;
A. They are requir'd of all 2 Cor. 5. 17;
Mark that come to any service of
mercy 1 Cor. 13. 1, 2, 3.
XX. Q. What is to repent you truly of your former fins, Stedfastly purposing to lead a new life?
Å. I must carefully examine myself, &c. See the Commandments, 27, 29, 30, 31
XXI. Q. What must you do, if" by your own endeavours to repent truly, you cannot, satisfy your
A. I must go to God's Mia Jam. 5. 14, 15, nifter for his advice. And if 16. Nice observati
thereby I cannot be satisfied, ons are made of these verses. But if we con
I must confess my sins to him, sider them altogether, that with the help of his pray- ,
and the use of the ers I may be healed a: And words in other places ;
that if he fees me fit for it, he they will appear to signify what they are
may give me that pardon here cited to prove,
which Christ has given him &c. The Elder, the
power to give me b. Righteous man,as Elias the Prophet, is to pray for those that confess their fins to him. The words in the original for fins and faults, do Rom.
often and always fignify the fame. And one to another, fignifies as well the finner to the Elder; as Eph. 5. 21. and 1 Pet. 5. 5, it fignifies the inferior to the fuperior. : John 5. 16. 2 Cbr. 30. 18, 19, 20.
b Mattb. 9. 6, 8. John 20. 23. XXII. Q. What pardon bas Cbrist given to his Minister's power to give ?
A. He has given to his MiThe Absolution of nisters power to assure them the Excomunicate is not here spoken of.
of pardon who truly repent a; a Luke 24. 47. 6. Jam. and to pray effectually for the 5. 14, 15, 16. 17obn
pardon of those that truly re5. 16. Numb. 6. 27. pent, and confess their sins to . Matth. 9.6, 8. Fobn them, and defire them to pray 20. 23. trust in God's mercy,
for them b; and also to foras makes them abound give the sins of those that shew in seeking it, (Mark 2.
great and undoubted proofs of 3, 4; 5) and in thew
a most earnest repentance, and ing their love of a most Merciful God. Luke a very lively faith c*
* Such a
7. 37 to the end.
This forgiveness is a Seal of the forgiveness of those, of whom the Minister is sure they are forgiven in heaven: as Chrift (Luke 7. 48) forgave the fins of the woman, of whom he had laid that she loved much, because her fins, which were many, were forgiven; as he lov'd his creditor moft, who had 500 pence forgiven him.
of this Absolution or forgiveness there are but two examples in the New Testament; the one of the woman, and the other of the fick of the palsy. And by those examples we may know to whom it is to be given; and that it is to be given, not only to comfort them in their sorrow; but also that their joy may be full. For the fick of the palfy his coming before Christ, shew'd that he came with a joyful hope. And the womans tears were
tears of love and joy (Gen. 46. 29) for having her many fins forgiven: as the debtor who had nothing to pay, both lov'd his creditor, and was glad for having, soo pence forgiven him.
It is certain it is not the Priett, but God that gives the pardon. God gave it to the Priest to give it to the penitent duly qualified for it. Matth. 9, 6, 8. John 20. 23. And God gives it to the penitent by directing the heart and mouth of the Prieft. John 20. 22, 23. God prepares the Priest's heart, and his ear hearkeneth thereto, to let the penitent have the pardon. And so this Absolution is a comfortable fure praying for the for. giveness of him who gives sure proofs of his lively repentance and faith. Christ's words John 20. 23. wbofoever fins je remit, they are remitted unto them, do imply, that the Priest's remitting, is a sure asking of God to remit: as i John 5. 16, giving life is asking life.
XXIII. Q: What is a lively faith in God's mercy through Christ?
A. When I truly repent I must believe and be fure, &c. See the Commandments 28 2.
XXIV. Q. Tell me more fully, wbat is a lively faith in God's mercy through Chrift?
A. 1. When I truly repent,
6. I must stedfastly believe a that b Mark 16. 15, 16, compar'd with” Luke God will surely forgive me all 24. 46, 47. See the my sins, for the sake of Christ's Commandments
, 282. Dying for our pardon b. i John 1. 7. 2. I must likewise stedfastly 9. Luke 11. 2 to 14. believe that God will surely We must continue praying earnestly, al- give me the grace of his Hotho God seem to deny, ly Spirit, while I earnestly us, ver. 7, 8. d Learn. ing God's Word, (P). pray for it c, and diligently
use the means of
grace 1. 2.) Confirmation,
d. the Lord's Supper, the instructions and exhortations of Ministers. Mal. 2. 7. Heb. 13. 17. As we must ask, that it may be given us: So we must by using the means seek, that we may find; and knock that it may be opened to us.
3. I must likewise believe & Matth. 13• John 15. 2. 2 Pet. that God will give me more 1. 5. to 12. and more grace, while I di
34. i 1 Pet.
ligently do my duty, as he has enabled me e.
4. That he will give me all other things that f Matth 6. are good for me, while I carefully make it my 33. ch. 7. first and greatest care to know and to please God }, and am diligent in my calling g:
8 i Tbel.
4. I1, I2. 5. That he will faithfully defend me, while Ib Mattb. faithfully obey him without fear of man b, and 10. 28 to live peaceably i.
6. And that if I continue never weary of well 3. 9 to 16. doing, I fall in due time reap everlaking life k. k Gal. 6. 1 Tit. 3. 5. m Rom.
7. I must believe that God 7, 8, 9. 3. 23. ch. 6. 23. will give me all these mercies, n Rom. 4:3,20.0 See not for any good that I can the Creed 44. 2
do l, or deserve m; but because he has promised them n for the sake of Christ's Dying for the forgiveness of our sins o.
xxy. 0. How must you have a thankful remembrance of Christ's Death?
A. I must always in my
The forgiveness of ble,' and most hearty thanks
mandments to the utmost of
my power b.
A. I must heartily pray for,