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It was probably about this time that he wrote the poem to the Earl of Peterborough, upon his accomplishment of the Duke of York's marriage with the Princess of Modena, whose charms appear to have gained a strong prevalence over his imagination, and upon whom nothing ever has been charged but imprudent piety, an intemperate and misguided zeal for the propagation of popery.
However faithful Granville might have been to the King, or however enamoured of the Queen, he has left no reason for supposing that he approved either the artifices or the violence with which the King's religion was insinuated or obtruded. He endeavoured to be true at once to the King and to the Church.
Of this regulated loyalty he has transmitted to posterity a sufficient proof, in the letter which he wrote to his father about a month before the Prince of Orange landed. “ TO THE Hon. MR. BERNARD GRANVILLE, AT THE
“EARL OF BATHE's, St. James's.
“ Mar, near Doncaster, Oct. 6, 1688.
“Your having no prospect of obtaining a commission for me, can no way alter or cool my desire at this important juncture to venture my life, in some manner or other, for my King and my country.
"I cannot bear living under the reproach of lying obscure and idle in a country retirement, when every man who has the least sense of honour should be preparing for the field.
“You may remember, Sir, with what reluctance I submitted to your commands upon Monmouth's rebellion, when no importunity could prevail with you to permit me to leave the Academy: I was too young to be hazarded; but, give me leave to say, it is glorious at any age to die for one's country, and the sooner the nobler the sacrifice.
“I am now older by three years. My uncle Bathe was not so old when he was left among the slain at the battle of Newbury; nor you yourself, Sir, when you made your escape from your tutor’s, to join your brother at the defence of Scilly.
“The same cause is now come round about again. The King has been misled; let those who have misled him be answerable for it. Nobody can deny but he is sacred in his own person, and it is every honest man's duty to defend it.
“You are pleased to say, it is yet doubtful if the Hollanders are rash enough to make such an attempt; but, be that as it will, I beg leave to insist upon it, that I may be presented to his Majesty, as one whose utmost ambition it is to devote his life to his ser. vice, and my country's, after the example of all my ancestors.
“The gentry assembled at York, to agree upon the choice of representatives for the county, have prepared an address, to assure his Majesty they are ready to sacrifice their lives and fortunes for him upon this and all other occasions; but at the same time they humbly beseech him to give them such magistrates as may be agreeable to the laws of the land; for, at present, there is no authority to which they can legally submit.
“They have been beating up for volunteers at York, and the towns adjacent, to supply the regiments at Hull; but nobody will list.
“By what I can hear, everybody wishes well to the King; but they would be glad his ministers were hanged.
“The winds continue so contrary, that no landing can be so soon as was apprehended; therefore I may hope, with your leave and assistance, to be in readiness before any action can begin. I beseech you, Sir, most humbly and most earnestly, to add this one act of indulgence more to so many other testimonies which I have constantly received of your goodness; and he pleased to believe me always with the utmost duty and submission, Sir,
“ Your most dutiful son,
Through the whole reign of King William he is supposed to have lived in literary retirement, and indeed had for some time few other pleasures but those of study in his power. He was, as the biographers observe, the younger son of a younger brother; a denomination by which our ancestors proverbially expressed the lowest state of penury and dependence. He is said, however, to have preserved himself at this time from disgrace and difficulties by economy, which
he forest or neglected in lite more adanced, and in better fortune.
About this time be became ecamgured of the Countesa of Newburgh, whom he has celeor:ei vih so much ardoar by the name of Viz He wrote verses to her before he was three-and-twenty, and may be forgiven if he regarded the face more than the mind. Poets are sometimes in too mzeh haste to praise.
In the time of his retirement it is probable that he composed his dramatic pieces, the “She-Gallants” (arted 1696), which he revised, and called “Once a Lover and always a Lover;" “The Jew of Venice," altered from Shakespeare's “Merchant of Venice” (1698); “Heroic Love,” a tragedy (1695);“The British Enchanters” (1706), a dramatic poem; and “Peleus and Thetis,” a masque, written to accompany “ The Jew of Venice."
The comedies, which he has not printed in his own edition of his works, I never saw; “Once a Lover and always a Lover,” is said to be in a great degree indecent and gross. Granville could not admire without bigotry; he copied the wrong as well as the right from his masters, and may be supposed to have learned obscenity from Wycherley, as he learned mythology from Waller,
In his “Jew of Venice,” as Rowe remarks, the character of Shylock is made comic, and we are prompted to laughter instead of detestation.
It is evident that “Heroic Love” was written, and presented on the stage, before the death of Dryden. It is a mythological tragedy, upon the love of Agamemnon and Chryseis, and therefore easily sunk into neglect, though praised in verse by Dryden, and in prose by Pope.
It is concluded by the wise Ulysses with this speech :
“Fate holds the strings, and men like children move
At the accession of Queen Anne, having his fortune improved by bequests from his father, and his uncle the Earl of Bath, he was chosen into Parliament for Fowey. He soon after engaged in a joint translation of the “Invectives against Philip,” with a design, surely weak and puerile, of turning the thunder of Demosthenes upon the head of Louis.
He afterwards (in 1706) had his estate again augmented by an inheritance from his elder brother, Sir Bevil Granville, who, as he returned from the government of Barbadoes, died at sea. He continued to serve in Parliament; and in the ninth year of Queen Anne was chosen knight of the shire for Cornwall.
At the memorable change of the ministry (1710), he was made Secretary at War, in the place of Mr. Robert Walpole.
Next year, when the violence of party made twelve peers in a day, Mr. Granville became Baron Lansdown of Bideford, by a promotion justly remarked to be not invidious, because he was the heir of a family in which two peerages, that of the Earl of Bath and Lord Granville of Potheridge had lately become extinct. Being