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For this misdemeanour they were indicted, and Sedley was fined five hundred pounds; what was the sentence of the others is not known. Sedley employed Killigrew and another to procure a remission from the King, but (mark the friendship of the dissolute !) they begged the fine for themselves, and exacted it to the
In 1665, Lord Buckhurst attended the Duke of York as a volunteer in the Dutch war, and was in the battle of June 3, when eighteen great Dutch ships were taken, fourteen others were destroyed, and Opdam the admiral, who engaged the Duke, was blown up beside him, with all his crew.
On the day before the battle, he is said to have composed the celebrated song, “To all you Ladies now at Land," with equal tranquillity of mind and promptitude of wit. Seldom any splendid story is wholly true. I have heard from the late Earl of Orrery, who was likely to have good hereditary intelligence, that Lord Buck. hurst had been a week employed upon it, and only retouched or finished it on the memorable evening. But even this, whatever it may subtract from his facility, leaves him his courage.
He was soon after made a gentleman of the bedchamber, and sent on short embassies to France.
In 1674, the estate of his uncle James Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, came to him by its owner's death, and the title was conferred on him the year after. In 1677, he became, by the death of his father, Earl of Dorset, and inherited the estate of his family.
In 1684, having buried his first wife, of the family
of Bagot, who left him no child, he married a daughter of the Earl of Northampton, celebrated both for beauty and understanding
He received some favourable notice from King James, but soon found it necessary to oppose the violence of his innovations, and with some other Lords appeared in Westminster Hall, to countenance the Bishops at their trial.
As enormities grew every day less supportable, he found it necessary to concur in the Revolution. He was one of those Lords who sat every day in council to preserve the public peace, after the King's departure; and, what is not the most illustrious action of his lise, was employed to conduct the Princess Anne to Nottingham with a guard, such as might alarm the populace as they passed, with false apprehensions of her danger. Whatever end may be designed, there is always something despicable in a trick.
He became, as may be easily supposed, a favourite of King William, who, the day after his accession, made him lord chamberlain of the household, and gave him afterwards the Garter. He happened to be among those that were tossed with the King in an open boat sixteen hours, in very rough and cold weather, on the coast of Holland. His health afterwards declined, and on January 29, 1705-6, he died at Bath.
He was a man whose elegance and judgment were universally confessed, and whose bounty to the learned and witty was generally known. To the indulgent affection of the public, Lord Rochester bore ample testimony in this remark, “I know not how it is, but
Lord Buckhurst may do what he will, yet is never in the wrong."
If such a man attempted poetry, we cannot wonder that his works were praised. Dryden, whom, if Prior tells truth, he distinguished by his beneficence, and who lavished his blandishments on those who are not known to have so well deserved them, undertaking to produce authors of our own country superior to those of antiquity says, “I would instance your Lordship in satire, and Shakspeare in tragedy.” Would it be imagined that, of this rival to antiquity, all the satires were little personal invectives, and that his longest composition was a song of eleven stanzas ?
The blame, however, of this exaggerated praise falls on the encomiast, not upon the author, whose performances are, what they pretend to be, the effusions of a man of wit, gay, vigorous, and airy. His verses to Howard shew great fertility of mind, and his “Dorinda” has been imitated by Pope.
of Prendergast in Pembrokeshire, was born at Westminster in 1663. Of his father's condition or fortune I have no account. Having received the first part of his education at Westminster, where he passed six years in the College, he went at nineteen to Cambridge, where he continued a friendship begun at school with Mr. Montague, afterwards Earl of Halifax. They came to London together, and are said to have been invited into public life by the Earl of Dorset.
His qualifications recommended him to many foreign employments, so that his time seems to have been spent in negociations. In 1692 he was sent envoy to the Elector of Brandenburgh, in 1693 to the Imperial Court, in 1694 to the Elector of Saxony, in 1696 to the Electors of Mentz and Cologne, and the Congress at Frankfort, in 1698 a second time to Brandenburgh, in 1699 to the King of Poland, in 1701 again to the Emperor, and in 1706 to the States General. In 1697 he was made one of the commissioners of trade. His life was busy, and not long. He died in 1707, and is buried in Westminster Abbey, with this epitaplı, which Jacob transcribed :
“H. S. E.
Linguæ, Styli, ac Vitæ Elegantiam,
Plurimas Legationes obiit
Gulielmi & Annæ
Haud raro superaverit.
Animam ad altiora aspirantem placide effiavit.”
Electus in Collegium
Sancti Trinitatis Cantab. 1682.
Cura commissa est 1697.
Frequentiâ, buc elatus, 1707." It is reported that the juvenile compositions of Stepney made grey authors blush. I know not whether his poems
such wonders to the present age. One cannot always easily find the reason for which the world has sometimes conspired to squander praise.