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61, 63, and 66; and in Austin, de Hæresib. ad Quodvult. c. 25, 40, 42, and 46.
Let now any impartial person judge, whether it be not probable, that the reason why these several parties and sects did so mightily esteem the Acts of Andrew, was, because they found some of their peculiar and favourite notions therein ; and, if so, then we have another argument, whereby to conclude it apocryphal, viz. that it contained assertions contrary to those which are certainly known to be true by Prop. VIII.
CHAP. VI. Other books under the name of Andrew considered: they were
the same with the Acts of Leucius. The Gospel of Andrew. The Decree of Pope Gelasius, relating to apocryphal books, produced, with its various lections: the antiquity of this
Decree. No. II. Some other apocryphal books under the name of the
apostle Andrew. I ENTITLE them other, although perhaps they may appear to have been the same with the former, because they are not mentioned expressly as the Acts of Andrew.
These are recorded, 1. By Austin, confuting the anonymous author, whom he dreæ, quæ a Nexocharide et Leo. Matthias- -or under the name nide philosophis scripta sunt- of Andrew, which were written non solum repudianda, verum et- by Nexocharides and Leonides iam noveris esse damnanda. the philosophers, are not only to
styles Adversarius Legis et Prophetarumn. Sane de apocryphis rite posuit He hath made use of testimonies testimonia, quæ sub nominibus out of some apocryphal pieces, apostolorum, Andreæ, Johannis- which were written under the que conscripta sunt; quæ, si illo- names of the apostles, Andrew rum essent, recepta essent ab ec- and John; which, if they were clesia, quæ ab illorum temporibus, truly theirs, would have been reper episcoporum successiones cer- ceived by the church, which has tissimas usque ad nostra tempora
continued under an uninterrupted perseverat.
succession of bishops from their .
time to ours.
2. By pope Innocent 1.0 Cætera autem, quæ sub nomine But the rest [of the books] which Matthiæ- -vel sub nomine An- are written under the name of
n Contra Adversar. Leg. et Prophet. • Decret. Innocent. I. Epist. iii. ad lib. i. c. 20.
Exuper. Tholos. Episcop. c. 7.
be rejected, but condemned. Whatever the subject of these books was, they appear plainly to have been spurious by the express testimony of both those who mention them. Prop. III, IV, V. I have only to add, that perhaps these books, as also the former, viz. the Acts of Andrew, were either wholly, or in part, the same with the Acts of the Apostles under the name of Leucius, which I shall particularly consider in its proper place, under the letter L. As also who the philosophers Leonides and Nexocharides (mentioned in this Decree of pope Innocent, as the authors of this book) were.
No. III. The Gospel of Andrew the apostle. THIS book is not mentioned by any, but by Gelasius in his Decreep:
His words are, Evangelium nomine Andreæ a- The Gospel under the name of postoli apocryphum.
Andrew the apostle is apocry
phal. As there are not any fragments of this Gospel extant, nor any other testimonies concerning it, it is impossible for us now to form any particular idea of it, either as to its real author or contents. It is probable, it was first forged and used by the same heretics, as the other books under that apostle's name; however, it is easy to prove, it never was reputed to be a canonical book, by Prop. IV,V,VI. I have only further to observe, after Mr. Fabritius 9, that in some copies of this famous Decree of Gelasius, there is no mention made of this Gospel under Andrew's name; and if these should happen to be the best copies, it will then follow, that there never was any such Gospel in the world.
Having occasion here, as I often shall hereafter, to make mention of this Decree of pope Gelasius, concerning the apocryphal books of the New Testament, I persuade myself it will
9 Cod. Apoc. Nov. Test. par. iii. p. 526.
p Loc. citat.
be a very excusable digression, if I give the unlearned reader a translation of the Decree itself, as far as it
books which fall within my design.
The Decree of pope Gelasius concerning apocryphal books.
1. The Travels under the name of Peter the apostle, which is also called the Eight Bookst of St. Clemens, are apocryphal.
2. The Acts under the name of Andrew the apostle are apocryphal.
3. The Acts under the name of Philip the apostle are apocryphal.
4. The Acts under the name of Peter the apostle are apocryphal s.
5. The Acts under the name of Thomas the apostle are apocryphal.
6. The Gospel under the name of Thaddæus is apocryphalt.
7. The Gospel under the name of Thomas the apostle, which the Manichees use, is apocryphal.
8. The Gospel under the name of Barnabas is apocryphal.
9. The Gospel under the name of Bartholomew the apostle is apocryphal u.
10. The Gospel under the name of Andrew the apostle is apocryphal.
11. The Gospels corrupted by Lucianus are apocryphal. 12. The Gospels corrupted by Hesychius are apocryphal.
13. The Gospel of the Infancy of our Saviour is apocryphal *
14. The book of the Nativity of our Saviour, of St. Mary, and the Midwife of our Saviour, is apocryphal.
15. The book which is called The Shepherd is apocryphal.
16. All the books which Lentitius, the disciple of the Devil, made, are apocryphal.
17. The book which is called The Acts of Thecla and Paul the apostle is apocryphal.
18. The Revelation ascribed to Thomas the apostle is apocryphal.
Other copies for eight read nine, pel of Matthias; others both Thaddæus s In some copies this is not meu- u After this, some copies bave The tioned.
Gospel of James the Less, and Peter. Other copies read here, The Gos- * This is omitted in some copies.
19. The Revelation ascribed to Paul the apostle is apocryphal.
20. The Revelation ascribed to Stephen is apocryphal. 21. The Travels, or Acts of St. Mary, are apocryphal. 22. The book called the Lots of the Apostles is apocryphal.
23. The book called The Praise of the Apostles is apocryphal.
24. The book of The Canon of the Apostles is apocryphal. 25. The Letters of Jesus to king Abgarus is apocryphal.
I may perhaps have occasion hereafter more critically to inquire into the genuine authority of this Decree of Gelasius; I shall now only observe, that it is generally agreed to be very ancient, and by most learned men, to have been formed in the council of Rome, A. C. 494. Those who have examined the manuscripts tell us, that in some of them it is ascribed to Damasus, who lived in the century before Gelasius, and in others to Hormisdas, who lived the century after: whence Baluzius seems rightly to conjecture, that pope Damasus began the Decree, Gelasius renewed and made some additions to it, and Hormisdas afterwards further enlarged and confirmed ity. It is true, bishop Pearson, in his celebrated Vindication of Ignatius's Epistles, attempts to prove, from this variety of titles, that the Decree is spurious, as also by other arguments, which are approved by Dr. Cave, and translated into his excellent work a. But it is not at all strange these learned men should reject this Decree, when we consider it as directly opposite to some notions, which they would have been much more unwilling to part with than this Decree.
CHAP. VII. The Gospel of Apelles : his age and principles. The Gospel
according to the Twelve Apostles: it was the same with the Gospel of the Hebrews.
No. IV. The Gospel of Apelles. THIS Gospel is not mentioned by any writer till Jerome,
y See Spanheim Hist. Christ. Secul. 2 Vindic. Ignat. par. 1. C. 4. p. 44, V. c. 8. juxta fin. and Dallæus de Pseudepig. Apostol. 1. 3. C. 3, 4, &c.
a Histor. Liter. in Gelas.
who places it among several other apocryphal pieces of the New Testament, whose words, because I shall frequently refer to them, I shall here transcribe at length b. Plures fuisse, qui evangelia scri- The evangelist Luke declares, pserunt, Lucas evangelista testa- that there were many who wrote tur, dicens, quoniam quidem multi, gospels, when he says, Forasmuch &c. quæ a diversis auctoribus e- as many, &c. (c. i. ver. 1.) which dita, diversarum hæresium fuere being published by various auprincipia, ut est illud juxta Æ- thors, gave birth to several heregyptios, et Thomam, et Matthi- sies; such as that according to am, et Bartholomæum, duodecim
the Egyptians, and Thomas, and quoque apostolorum, et Basilidis
Matthias, and Bartholomew, that atque Apellis, ac reliquorum, quæ of the twelve Apostles, and Baenumerare longissimum est : cum silides, and Apelles, and others, hæc tantum impræsentiarum ne- which it would be tedious to cesse sit dicere, extitisse quos- enumerate: in relation to these, dam, qui, sine spiritu et gratia it will be enough at present to Dei, conati sunt magis ordinare say, that there have been certain narrationem, quam historiæ tex- men, who endeavoured, without ere veritatem.
the Spirit and grace of God, rather to set forth some sort of account, than to publish a true
history. This Gospel is considerable, as it appears to have been received by some Christians who were the disciples of its author in the latter end of the second century. Mr. Fabritius supposes, that Apelles did not write any new distinct Gospel, but only formed one out of the true and genuine Gospels, that, as Marcion, he might be thought the author of a new Gospel : but however true this supposition may be, it is not worthy of ny great note, because it is most certain, that most of the Gospels which the heretics made use of were formed out of the true and genuine Gospels, with the addition and omission of what they thought proper. However, it is evident, it was an apocryphal piece, by Prop. IV, V, VI. and inasmuch as Jerome tells us, it was calculated to promote the heresy of its author, it must necessarily be supposed to have contained assertions contrary to those certainly known to be true, and therefore to be rejected by Prop. VIII. To confirm which
b Præfat. in Comm. in Matth.