Imatges de pÓgina
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SECTION XVII.

PARONYMOUS WORDS.

BY paronymous words are here meant such as are alike in pronunciation, but different in spelling and meaning.

The words of this class, it will be noticed, are here arranged according to the vowel element in each, however represented.*

EXERCISE

ā

Bale, pack of goods.
Bail, surety.
Ale, malt liquor.
Ail, to trouble; distress.

Sale, act of selling.
Sail, to move by sails.
Hale, sound; healthy.
Hail, frozen drops of rain.
Male, a he-animal.
Mail, letter-bag.
Fane, temple, or shrine.
Fain, gladly; willingly.
Feign, pretend.

376.

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Pale, wan; whitish.

Pail, open vessel for water, etc.
Tale, a story.
Tail, the end.
Vale, a valley.
Vail, covering for the face.
Wale,ridge; mark with wales.
Wail, lament; bemoan.
Lane, narrow way, or road.
Lain, extended; being at rest.
Vāne, weathercock.
Vain, conceited.
Vein, blood-vessel.

* For example, the regular long sound of a is represented in six or seven different ways; for a in ale, ai in mail, ei in vein, ea in break, e in fete, au in gauge, ey in prey, ay in bays, are all exactly alike in sound, though different in form from each other. In words of more than one syllable, it should be added, the point of identity, on which the arrangement is based, lies in the accented syllable.

The words in this Section, and in the next, offer numerous illustrations of the powers and uses of the vowels, Regular, Occasional, and Exceptional, and should be studied in this view particularly.

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