Imatges de pÓgina
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EXERCISE 426.

Ĭ

Mis' sile, a thing thrown.
Mis sal, prayer-book; ritual.
Pil low, cushion for the head.
Pil lar, a column.
Rig or, stiffness; severity.
Rig ger, one that rigs vessels.
Pis til, part of a flower.
Pis tol, small fire-arm.
Pis tole, a gold coin.
Ca lid'i ty, heart; warmth.
Cal lid i ty, skill; cunning.
E lic it, to draw out.
Il lic it, unlawful.

EXERCISE 427.

ŏ

?

Cŏl'lar, thing worn round the
Chol er, bile; anger. [neck.
[neck.
Profit, gain; advantage.
Prophet, one that predicts.
Con dor, a species of vulture.
Cond er, helmsman's director.
A pos' tle, messenger.
A pos til, marginal note.
De pos it a ry, a trustee
De pos it o ry, place of deposit.

Ĭ

Bin' na cle, compass-box.
Bin o cle, kind of telescope.
Lic o rice, root of sweet taste.
Lick er ish, dainty; delicate.
Lit to ral, relating to the shore.
Lit er al, pertaining to letters.
Prin ci pal, chief; main.
Prin ci ple, law, or rule.
Mil le na ry, thousand years.
Mil li ner y, bonnets, ribbons.
E lis ion, act of cutting off.
Elysian,of Elysium; happy.

บ Cull' er, one that culls. Cól or, hue; dye; tint. Suck er, that which sucks. Suc cor, aid; help. But tress, prop; support. But ter is,tool for paring hoofs. Pumice, substance thrown from volcanoes. Pom ace, crushed apples.

ŏ

Iŏn'ora ry,conferring honor. On er a ry, burdensome. Com pli ment, a civility. Com ple ment, full sum. Proph e cy, prediction. Proph e sy, to predict. Chron i cle, register of events. Chron i cal, relating to time. Pop u lous, full of people. Pop u lace, the people.

428.

EXERCISE

ŭ Sculp' tor, maker of statues. Sculpture, statuary. Fa cun' di ty, ready speech. Fc cun di ty, fruitfulness.

y Cymʼbal, musical instru

ment.

Sym bol, type; emblem.

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SECTION XIX.

ANALYSIS OF WORDS.

That part of a derivative word which contains the principal idea, is called the ROOT, or RADICAL. Thus TRACT, in the word EXTRACT, is the radical part, and means to draw.

The syllable EX, which comes before the radical, is called a PREFIX, and means out; so that the two combined signify to draw out.

If now to the word EXTRACT we add the syllable ED, which is called a SUFFIX, and means did, we shall have EX TRACT ED, which, putting the meaning of the several parts together, may be defined did draw out.

Thus the meaning of each part is disclosed, and the whole satisfactorily explained. This mode of dealing with words, in order to ascertain their full and exact signification, is called, ANALYSIS.

It should be added, that the roots or radicals, in English, are of two kinds. Some of them are entire, independent words, and may stand in a sentence without being combined with any prefix or suffix. Thus, ACT, JOIN, SOFT, are of this kind, and are hence called separable radicals.

But there are many which, like JECT, in EJECT, CLUDE, in EXCLUDE, and TEP, in TEPID, can never appear alone. These have a separate and independent meaning, like the others, and may be defined in the same manner; but, because of their always forming only a part of a word, they are called inseparable radicals.

PREFIXES.

Ab

from; away. Ad

In the Exercises following, the PREFIX, and the RADICAL, each with the proper definition underneath, occupy the first and second columns respectively. In the third column, they are put together as one word, and in the fourth, the DERIVATIVE word thus formed, is defined by bringing together the definitions previously given of the parts taken separately.

to; at; near. Ana

up; again. Ante

Circum around.

Cis

on this side. Con

with; together.

Contra

against. De

from; down.

Dis

apart; away.

Ex out; out of.

PREFIXES.

duct

lead.

join

add.

before.

Anti

against. Be

by; over; make. smear.

Bene

factor
doer.

well; good.

RADICALS.

EXERCISE

lyze

loosen.

cedent

going.

pathy

feeling.

daub

go.

flect

turn.

miss

send.

pel,
drive.

fluent
flowing.
alpine
of the Alps.
voke

call.
vene

432.

DERIVATIVES.

EXERCISE

Ab duct',

Ad join',

An' a lyze,

An te ced' ent,

An tip' a thy,

Be daub',

Ben e fac' tor,

DEFINITIONS OF DERIVATIVES.

to lead from, or away.

to join to.

to loosen up; resolve
into elements.
going before.

feeling against; ill-will.

smear over.

433.

Cir cum' flu ent, flowing around.

Cis al' pine,

Con voke',

Con tra vene',

De flect',

Dis miss',

Ex pel,

one who does good.

on this side the Alps.

to call together.

to go against; oppose.

to turn from, or aside.

to send away; let go.

drive out.

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