Imatges de pÓgina
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PREFIXES.

Sub

under

Subter

under.

Super
over; above.

Syn

with; together. Sus

up; upward.

Trans

across ; over.

Up

above; on high.

Ultra

beyond.

Un

not.

With

against; aside.

Be*

deprive of. Con

completely. De

deprive of. Dis

deprive of.

Dis

not.

Dis

entirely.

In

not.

Un

deprive of.

Un

not.

RADICALS.

side
sit; settle.
fluous

flowing.
natant
swimming.
thesis

act of putting.

tain

hold.

EXERCISE 437.

Sub side',

Sub ter' flu ous, flowing under.

Su per na' tant,

swimming above.

Syn' the sis,

a putting together.
to hold up; support.

Sus tain',

Trans port',

to carry over.

Up lift',

to lift on high.

Ultra mun'dane, beyond the worldly, or what pertains to this world. not wise; imprudent.

Un wise',

With stand',

to stand against.

port

carry.

lift

raise.

mundane
worldly.

wise

prudent.
stand
hold ground.

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DERIVATIVES.

ringlet.
current

passing.

438.

In sane,

Un curl,

Un cur' rent,

DEFINITIONS OF DERIVATIVES.

to settle under; sink.

to deprive of head; put to death.

to turn completely; renew; transform.

to deprive of character; to slander.

to deprive of arms.

not to credit; to disbelieve.

to sever entirely.

not sound in mind; deranged.

to deprive of curls; loose from ringlets. not current; not pass

ing.

* The examples in Exercise 438, are to illustrate certain special meanings of some of the Prefixes. Thus, Be, in Behead, means to deprive of, and is then said to be Privative; so De, in Defame, and Dis, in Disarm.

When a Prefix signifies not, as in dislike (not to like), it is said to be Negative. When it merely adds force to the natural meaning of the radical, as Con, in Convert, it is said to be Intensive, and may be rendered by such words, as very, completely, entirely, etc.

SECTION XX.

DIFFERENT FORMS OF SOME OF THE PREFIXES.

Some of the Prefixes have a variety of forms. Thus, AD has no less than ten, as ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, ar, as, at, a. These changes of form in the Prefixes are all made for the sake of euphony.

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EXERCISE

Forms of AD.

DERIVATIVES.

Ad duce'

Af fix,

Ag group,

Allot,

An nex,

Ap pend,

Ar range,

As sume,

At tract,

A mount,

EXERCISE

Forms of CON.

Con nect',

Cog' nate,

Col lect',

Com pact,

Cor ri' val,

Co-exce',

439.

DEFINITIONS OF DERIVATIVES.

lead to; bring forward.

fasten to; subjoin.

gather to; bring together.

assign to; distribute.

join to; adjoin.

hang to; attach.

range to; put in order.

take to, or upon one's self.

draw to; allure.

rise to; come up to.

440.

to link together.

born together; akin.

to gather together.

drive together; compress.

to compete together.

force together; compel.

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PREFIXES.

Ex

out.

Ec

out.

Ef

out.

E

out.

Anti

against.

Ant

against.

Ab

from.

Abs

from.

A

from. Contra

against.

Contro

Dis apart. Dif

apart.

Di

apart.

Super

over.

Sur

over.

Syn

together.

Syl

together. Sym together.

RADICALS.

pand

spread.

centric

against. turn.

Counter

poise weigh.

against.

central.

fulge

shine.

volve

roll.

doto

giver.

acid

sour.

solve

loose.

tain

hold.

move

stir.

dict

speak.

vert

tend
stretch.

fract

break.

verge

bend.

vene

come.

pass

step.

opsis

view.

lable

EXERCISE 444.

Forms of EX and ANTI.

a taking.
posium
a drinking.

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EXERCISE

446.

Forms of DIS, SUPER AND SYN.

Dis tend',

Dif fract,

Di verge,

Su per vene

Sur pass,

Syn op sis,

Syl' la ble.

Sym po' si um,

stretch apart, or out.

break apart, or in pieces.

bend, or tend apart; vary.

come over, or upon; happen.

step over; excel.

view together; general view.
a taking together of letters, so
as to form one sound.

a drinking together; feast.

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