Imatges de pÓgina
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EXERCISE 251.

death-bed

bulk'-head base'-ball steam'-ship
tan-yard first-born
day-star foot-hold
sound-board mile-stone
âir-built

bōw-knot

whip-lash

hide-bound

fire-work hair-cloth

căt's-päw

stär-fish chōke-peâr

EXERCISE 252.

club'-foot top'-knot ĕdge'-tool ship'-load

snow-drop

main-stay
brain-sick

sea-gull

ee

trust ee' grant ee les see

do nee

set tee

tou pee

chûrch'-yard clothes-horse

home-bred

free-will

May-pole

pack-thread bank-note

tell-tale

ȧrm-chair

bail-bond

heart-aehe
gråss-plot

bär-maid

SECTION XI.

ACCENTUATION OF CERTAIN CLASSES OF WORDS.

Words of two or more syllables, ending in ee and ose usually have the accent on the last syllable.*

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ee

ose

leg a tee'
ref er ee
as sign ee
ref u gee

ver bōse'
mor bose

titi

jo cose

mo rose
cri nose

ab sen tee
dev o tee

Ve nose

ose

cu' mu lose

ar e nose

ad i pose

op er ose côr ti cose cō ma tose

*Those ending in ose, of three syllables, however, are now by the best and most recent authorities accented on the first syllable; the last syllable being still distinguished by a sort of secondary accent.

Words ending in ic and ics usually have the accent on the last syllable but one.*

ic

he rō' ic har mon ic

la con ic bo tan ic

sa tan ic

se raph ic

sion

ex cûr' sion con fes sion

de clen sion di men sion per ver sion in ver sion

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cate and date

děp' re cate pred i cate ed u cate can di date an te date liq ui date

ic

syl lab' ic

syn od ic

pa cif ic
le thär gic

mo să ic

pro sa ic

Words ending in sion and tion have the accent on the last syllable but one.†

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EXERCISE

gate and fy děl' e gate

Words with the endings, cate, date, gate, fy, tude, and ty, preceded by a vowel, usually have the accent on the last syllable but two.

ag gre gate.
nav i gate

rar e fy
mod i fy

jus ti fy

ics

ĕth' ics

op tics stat ics me chăn ics pneū mat ics hys ter ics

2 56.

tion

ad o ra' tion
af fec ta tion

ob li ga tion

com bi na tion

con sti tu tion av o ca tion

tude and ty
lăt'i tude

am pli tude
fôr ti tude
děp u ty
lib er ty

pū ber ty

*For some exceptions to this, see Exercise 187, page 59.

For the sound of si and ti in these terminations, see page 10.

Words of more than two syllables, ending ia, iac, ial, ian, eous, and ious, have the accent on the syllable immediately before these terminations.

ia

ma'ni a sco ri a

däh li a

her ni a

re ga' li a mi li tia lō be li a

ian

guärd' i an ruf fian

ter tian

styġi an ple be' ian

me rĭd i an

co mě di an tra ge di an

acal

he li' ac al cär di ac al

ma ni ac al

the ri ac al

EXERCISE 257.

iac

Syr' i ac
sal mi ac

hē li ac

the ri ac

e lē' gi ac

de mo ni ac

sym po şi ac

zo di ac al
de mo ni' ac al
am mo ni ac al
el e gi ac al

EXERCISE 258.

eous

hid'e ous
ig ne ous

pit e ous
dú te ous

nau se ous
her ba' ceous

crus ta ceous
po ma ceous

Words ending in acal and ical have the accent on the syllable immediately before these terminations.

EXERCISE

ical měd'ic al

mag ic al
log ic al

graph ic al
com ic al
sto ic al

cu bic al

trăg ic al

ial

la' bi al

pre di al

me ni al

259.

ve ni al ge ni al côr di al sẽ ri al

ious
gra' cious
spa cious
te di ous
o di ous
con ta' gious
pre co cious
me lo di ous
fe lo ni ous

ical

mo närch' ic al

en cyc lic al

sym bol ic al

pe ri ŏd' ic al

ge o graph ic al di a bol ic al

non sens ic al syn

od ic al

Words ending in eal, ean, and eum are accented, some of them on the penult, or the last syllable but one, and some on the antepenult, or last syllable but two.

EXERCISE

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de moc' ra cy som nif er ous cir cum flu ent di ag o nal

260.

Accent on the penult.
hy men e' al

em py re an
At lan te an

261.

Accent on the antepenult.

em pyr' e al

ce ru le an

nec tā re an
pe
tro le um

hy per
bō' re an
Epi cu re an
Her cu la ne an

sub ter ra ne an

EXERCISE

Eu ro pe an

col os se um
mau so le um

Words with the following endings,* have the accent on the last syllable but two.

262.

an tĭph' o ny mi cros co py a pos tro phe a nat o my phi los o phy

mo not o ny
bel lig er ous

ig niv o mous

car niv o rous

cos mog o ny
ge og ra pher
as trol o ger
phĬ lol o gist
su per flu ous

my thol' o gy
so lil o quy
lo gom a ehy
po lym a thy
ba rom e ter
ge om e try
e con o my
o vip a rous
an tip a thy

* That is, words ending in cracy, ferous, fuent, gonal, gony, grapher, etc.

Compound words have the accent on the first, or specifying term.

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EXERCISE

hănd' spike hôrn pipe

wind mill

milk maid

Words in which a change of accent, involves a change of meaning.

ab'sent, not present.
abstract, a part; summary.
ac cent, stress of voice.
af fix, something added.
aug ment, increase.
Au gust, the eighth month.
cem ent, that which unites.
col league, partner; associate.
col lect, short prayer.
com pact, a contract.

trādes man keep sake keel man

house hold

skin flint

264.

ab sent', to keep away.
ab stract, to take away.
ac cent, to put under accent.
af fix, to add something.
aug ment, to increase.
au gust, grand; stately.
ce měnt, to unite with cement.
col league, to join with.
col lect, to gather together.
com pact, close; to pack.

EXERCISE

265.

com' plot, a plotting together.com plot', to plot together. com pound, a mixture. com pound, to mix; mingle com press, a linen pad. com press, to press together. con cert, harmony. con cert, to contrive together. con crete, united in growth. con crete, to unite, or coalesce. con duct, behavior; manners. con duct, to lead; manage. con fect, a sweatmeat. con fect, to prepare sweetmeats. con fine, a border, or limit. con fine, to limit; restrain. con flict, a contest; struggle. con flict, to strike together.

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