Imatges de pÓgina
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in clōşe'+ en cloşe

in cage

en cage in case en case

in trench

en trench

in dôrse en dorse

con vers a ble

con vers i ble



in crust'
en crust

Jin gulf'
en gulf
in trust

in gräft

en trust


en graft
Jin gôrge

in list
en list

en gorge
in grōss

en gross
in fold
en fold

in quire
en quire
in treat
en treat


(ad mit' ta ble ad mit ti ble

con fide', entrust.
con' fi dent, entrusting.
con fi dant, one entrusted.
de scend', come down.
de scend ent, descending.
descend ant, one descended.


ref' er a ble
re fer' ri ble
trans fer a ble
trans fer ri ble

in rōll'

en roll
in snâre

en snare
in süre

en sure

in thrall
en thrall
in wrap
en wrap



de pend', hang down from. J de pend ent, depending. de pend ent, a dependent. su per in tend', oversee. superintendent, overseeing. su perin tend ent, overseer.

*Of the adjectives, in English, ending in able or ible, by far the greater part end in able, while a few, as above, take either termination.

The words in this Exercise take either form of the prefix (in or en) almost indifferently.

In words of this class, it is usual to write the termination, ent, when the word is used as an adjective, and ant, when as a noun. But in the case of dependent and superintendent, usage seems well settled in favor of spelling the noun and the adjective both alike.

a' cre *

na cre lu cre


mē' ter

sa' ber fi ber

mi ter

o eher

ni ter


cen ter

mau ger
lus ter

om ber
am ber

spec ter
e lec' tre
salt pe ter
ma neu ver

bis ter

o gre

éa gre li vre chăn cre măs' sa cre

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dis guişe', pre mise sur mise re vise frăn chise crit i cise

ad ver tise

ex er cise
ex or cise

brō mide

stē a rine

tan nin

bi' ped‡
quad ru ped
cen ti ped

căl' i ber

sep ul eher
wişe a cre
the a ter

ac cou' ter

con cen ter
ren coun ter
mē' di ō cre

sur prīşe'
mis prise
com prise
de mise

chas tise

căt' e ehise

cir cum cise

dis frăn' chise en fran chise

mould (

mold er

mould er

mold y
mould y



* Of this class of words, those in which the er is preceded by c or g, (with the exception of mauger), reverse the order of the letters and end in re, as acre, lucre, etc. The same is done in the words livre and electre.

† Some of the verbs in this Exercise are not unfrequently made to conform in spolling to the class of verbs ending in ize. The best usage, however, is in favor of writing them all as above.

On polyhedron, see note, page 166; on oxide, stearine, etc., see note, page 168; on biped, centiped, etc., see note, page 163.

§ Mould and moult, with their derivatives, to be in analogy with such words as bold, bolt, etc., should be written, mold, molt, etc. The former, however, is the prevalent spelling.



One of the commonest errors in dealing with words of this class, in the school-room, is that of supposing them entirely alike in all their various meanings and applications. Hence, often, the highest advantage of the study, aside from the mere spelling, is all but lost; for the main point is to acquire the habit of discriminating between words that seem to be identical in meaning. With proper caution in this respect, few exercises will be found more interesting, as well as useful, than those presented in this Section.

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