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beration, and with the advice of so many of our Bishops as might conveniently be called together, thought fit to make this Declaration following.
That the Articles of the Church of England, (which have been allowed and authorized heretofore, and which our Clergy generally have subscribed unto,) do contain the true doctrine of the Church of England, agreeable to God's word: which We do therefore ratify and confirm, requiring all our loving Subjects to continue in the uniform profession thereof, and prohibiting the least difference from the said Articles; which to that end we command to be new printed, and this Our Declaration to be published therewith.
That We are Supreme Governor of the Church of England: and that if any difference arise about the external policy, concerning the Injunctions, Canons, and other Constitutions whatsoever thereto belonging, the Clergy in their Convocation is to order and settle them, having first obtained leave under our Broad Seal so to do; and We approving their said Ordinances and Constitutions ; providing that none be made contrary to the Laws and Customs of the land.
Thut out of our Princely care that the Churchmen may
do the work which is proper unto them, the Bishops and Clergy, from time to time in Convocation, upon their humble desire, shall have licence under our Broad Seal to deliberate of, and to do, all such things, as being made plain by them, and assented unto by Us, shall concern the settled continuance of the Doctrine and Discipline of the Church of England, now established; from which We will not endure any varying or departing in the least degree.
That for the present, though some differences have been ill raised, yet We take comfort in this, that all
. Clergymen within our Realm have always most willingly subscribed to the Articles established; which is an argument to us, that they all agree in the true, usual, literal meaning of the said Articles; and that even in those curious points, in which the present differences lie, men of all sorts take the Articles of the Church of England to be for them; which is an argument again, that none of them intend any desertion of the Articles established.
That therefore in these both curious and unhappy differences, which have for so many hundred years, in different times and places, exercised the Church of
Christ', We will that all further curious search be laid aside, and these disputes shut up in God's promises, as they be generally set forth to us in the Holy Scriptures, and the general meaning of the Articles of the Church of England, according to them. And that no hereafter shall either print, or preach, to draw the Article aside any way, but shall submit to it in the plain and full meaning thereof; and shall not put his own sense or comment to be the meaning of the Article, but shall take it in the literal and grammatical sense.
That if any public Reader in either of our Universities, or any Head or Master of a College, or any other person respectively in either of them, shall affix any new sense to any Article, or shall publicly read, determine, or hold any public disputation, or suffer any such to be held either way, in either the Universities or Colleges respectively; or if any Divine in the Universities shall preach or print any thing either way, other than is already established in Convocation with our Royal assent; he or they the offenders shall be liable to our displeasure, and the Church's censure in our Commission Ecclesiastical, as well as any other: and We will see there shall be due execution upon
See Article XVII. I. m.
ARTICLES OF RELIGION.
I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. THERE is 'but one "living and true God, 'ever
a There is one nature, or substance, or soul, or mind, or rather Divine Spirit, (for diversely have wise men, both heathen and Christian, termed God, where indeed by no words he can be properly termed,) eternal, without beginning and end, unmeasurable, uncorporal, invisible with the eyes of men, of most excellent majesty, which we call God, whom all people of the world must reverence and worship with highest honour; and in him, as the best and greatest, to settle their hope and affiance. Nowell, p.
• Thou shalt have no other Gods is from generation to generation. before me. Exod. xx. 3. The Lord Dan. iv. 34. He is the living God, (Jehovah) our God (our Elohim) is and stedfast for ever. Dan. vi. 26. one Lord (one Jehovah.) Deut. vi. c The LORD is the true God, he 4. Who is God save the Lord ? Ps. is the living God, and an everlastxviii.31. Hath not one God created ing King. The Gods that have not us? Mal. ii. 10. There is none made the heavens and the earth, other God but one. 1 Cor, viii. 4, 6 shall perish from the earth, and God is one. Gal. iii. 20. Thus saith from under the heavens. Jer. x. 10, the LORD, the King of Israel, and 11. This is life eternal, that they his Redeemer the LORD of hosts; might know thee the only true God, I am the first, and I am the last; and Jesus Christ whom thou hast and beside me there is no God. I sent. John xvii. 3. Turned to God know not any. Isa. xliv. 6, 8. Rev. from idols to serve the living and i. 8. One God and Father, who is true God. 1 Thess. i. 9. We know above all, and through all. Eph. that the Son of God is come, and iv. 6. There is one God and one hath given us an understanding, Mediator. 1 Tim. ii. 5. Thou be- that we may know him that is true, lievest there is one God, thou doest and we are in him that is true, well. James ii. 19. Thou art God even in his Son Jesus Christ. This alone. 2 Kings xix. 15. Thou art is the true God, and eternal life, LORD alone. Neh. ix. 6. Whose 1 John v. 20. name alone is Jehovah. Ps. lxxxiii. d Before the mountains were 18. I am God; there is no God brought forth, or ever thou hadst with me. Deut. xxxii. 39. Before formed the earth and the world, me there was no God formed. Isa. even from everlasting to everlastxliii. 10.
ing, thou art God. Ps. xc. 2. They b My heart and my flesh crieth shall perish, but thou shalt endure: out for the living God. Ps. Ixxxiv, yea all of them shall wax old like 2. Ye are the temple of the living a garment; as a vesture shalt thou God, 2 Cor. vi. 16. He liveth for change them, and they shall be ever, whose dominion is an ever- changed: but thou art the same, lasting dominion, and his kingdom and thy years shall have no end,
lasting, 'without body, parts, or passions ; 'of infinite power,'wisdom, and goodness, the 'Maker
i God, the most good and mighty Father, at the beginning, and of nothing, by the power of his word, that is, of Jesus Christ his Son, framed and made this whole visible world, and all things, whatsoever they be, that are contained therein, and also the uncorporal spirits, whom we call angels. Nowell,
Thou, O Lord, shalt endure for glory for ever and ever. Amen. ever; and thy remembrance unto i Tim. i. 17. all generations. Ps. cii. 26, 27, 12. h The Lord, the Lord God, merThe everlasting God, the LORD, ciful and gracious, long-suffering, the Creator of the ends of thé and abundant in goodness and earth, fainteth not, neither is wea- truth. Exod. xxxiv. 6. The goodry; there is no searching of his ness of God endureth continually. understanding. Isa. xl. 28.
Ps. lii. 1. Thou preventest with e God is a Spirit. John iv. 24. the blessings of thy goodness. Ps. What likeness will ye compare to xxi. 3. The goodness of God leadhim? Isa. xl. 18. We ought not to eth to repentance. Rom. ii.4. Good think that the Godhead is like to and upright is the Lord, therefore gold, or silver, or stone, graven by will he teach sinners in the way. art or man's device. Acts xvii. 29. Ps. xxv. 8. Thou, Lord, art good, The invisible things of him are and ready to forgive, and plenteous clearly seen, being understood by in mercy to all that call upon thee. the things that are made, even his Ps. Ixxxvi. 5. The earth is full of eternal power and Godhead. Rom. the goodness of the Lord. Ps. i. 20. Changed the glory of the in- xxxiii. 5. Truly God is good to corruptible God into an image. Rom. Israel, to such as are of a clean i. 23. God is not a man, that he heart. Ps. lxxiii. 1. My people should lie; neither the son of man, shall be satisfied with my goodness, that he should repent. Numb. xxiii. saith the Lord. Jer. xxxi. 14. O 19.
taste and see that the Lord is f With God all things are possi- good; blessed is the man that ble. Mark X. 27. Luke i. 37. He trusteth in him. Ps. xxxiv.8. The hath made the earth by his power, hand of our God is upon all them he hath established the world by for good that seek him; but his his wisdom, he hath stretched out power and his wrath is against an the heavens by his discretion. Jer. them that forsake him. Ezra viii.
12. li. 15. His divine power 22. hath given to us all things that i He that built all things is God! pertain to life and godliness. 2 Pet. Heb. iii. 4. In the beginning God i. 3. We are kept by the power created the heavens and the earth. of God through faith unto salva. Gen. i. 1. Thou hast made heaven tion. 1 Pet. i. 5.
and the heaven of heavens, with * He is perfect in knowledge. all their hosts; the earth and all Job xxxvii. 16. His understanding things that are therein; the sea, is infinite. Ps. cxlvii. 5. O the and all that is therein: and thou predepth of the riches, both of the servest them all, and the host of wisdom and knowledge of God! heaven worshippeth thee. Neh. ix. how unisearchable are his judg- 6. Thou art worthy, O Lord, to ments, and his ways past finding receive glory, and honour, and out! Rom. xi. 33. Now unto the power; for thou hast created als King eternal, immortal, invisible, things, and for thy pleasure they the only wise God, be honour and are and were created. Rev. iv. 11.
and "Preserver of all things, both visible and
* Whereas it is much more excellent to maintain and preserve things created, than to have once created them; we must certainly believe, that when he had so framed the world and all creatures, he from thenceforth hath preserved and yet preserveth them. For all things would run to ruin, and fall to nothing, unless by his virtue, and, as it were, by his hand, they were upholden. We also assuredly believe, that the whole order of nature, and changes of things, which are falsely reputed the alterations of fortune, do hang all upon God: that God guideth the course of the heaven, upholdeth the earth, tempereth the seas, and ruleth this whole world, and that all things obey his divine power, and by his divine power all things are governed : that he is the author of fair weather and of tempest, of rain and of drought, of fruitfulness and of barrenness, of health and of sickness: that of all things that belong to the sustentation and preserving of our life, and which are desired either for necessary use or honest pleasure: finally of all things that nature needeth, he hath ever given, and yet most largely giveth abun. dance and plenty with most liberal hand : to this end verily that we should so use them as becometh mindful and kind children. Nowell, p. 37.
If his especial goodness were not every where preșent, every creature should be out of order, and no creature should have his property, wherein he was first created. He is therefore invisible every where, and in every creature, and filleth both heaven and earth with his presence: in the fire to give heat; in the water to give moisture; in the earth, to give fruit; in the heart, to give his strength; yea în our bread and drink is he, to give us nourishment, where without him the bread and drink cannot give sustevance, nor the herb health : Wişd. xvi. 26, Deut. viji.
k The Lord, the most high God, made the worlds. Heb, i, 2. By the possessor of heaven and earth. the word of the Lord were the Gen. xiv. 22. To the end thou heavens made, and all the host of mayest know that I am the Lord them by the breath of his mouth. in the midst of the earth. Exod. In the beginning was the Word, viii. 22. The pillars of the earth and the Word was with God, and are the Lord's, and he hath set the the Word was God. The same was world upon them. He will keep in the beginning with God. All the feet of his saints. 1 Sam. ii. things were made by him, and with8,9. In whose hand is the soul of out him was not any thing made every living thing, and the breath that was made. John i. 1-3. of all mankind. Job xii. 10. Up- Jesus, when he was baptized, went holding all things by the word of up straightway out of the water : his power. Heb. i. 3. In the be- and, lo, the heavens were opened ginning God (Eloim) created the unto him, and he saw the Spirit of heavens and the earth. Gen, i. l. God descending like a dove and God said, Let us make man in our lighting upon him; and, lo, a voice image, after our likeness. Gen. i. from heaven, saying, This is my 26, 27. Hath not one God created beloved Son, in whom 'I am weil ys? Mal. ji, 10. God by his Son pleased. Matt. iii. 16, 17.