Imatges de pÓgina

The second is, That all things come necessarily to pass, or through * Fate or Fortune, which they call the Nativity of Men, who they say are, compelled to be what they are, and that there is no help for it ; which is a manifest Error, and condemned by Holy Mother Church, for as much as it destroys that Liberty of Will, with which God created us, leaving us in the power of our own Will, to do Good or Evil, to obey his Holy Inspirations and Internal Motions, by which he excites to Good, or to resist Evil ; so that as it depends on his Divine mercy and goodness to move us to Good, so it depends on our Free-Will, whether by his assistance we will obey those Inspirations, and will profit our felves of his Internal Motions, or of our own free Will refuse to do it ; or in a word, do Well, or Ill.; so that if we perish for doing any thing that is Ill, it is the fault of our own Free-Will; as the Catholick Faith teaches us ; and not from the fate of our Nativity,as the ignorant Heathens will have it.

The third is, of That every one may be saved in his own Law; all which are Good, and lead Men to Heaven. Now this is a manifest Heresy; there being no other Law upon earth in which Salvation is to be found, besides that of

* I am very apt to believe that Memory of his pretended Father, they are here falsely accused of in making Predestination and Face axcributing all things to Fate, for to be equally deftru&ive of huno other reason but because they mane Liberty. believed Predestination; which + This is an Error that Justin if it was so, Arch-Bishop Menezes, Martyr, Clemens Alexandrinus, and who was himself an Auftin Fryar, others of the Philosophical Fathers shew.d but little resped to the seem to have been in.


our Saviour Christ, for that he only teacheth the Truth ; so that all that live in any other Sect, are out of a state of Salvation, and shall be condemned to Hell; there being no other Name given to Men, by which we can be saved, but only the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God, who was Crucified for us: All which Errors, the Synod commandeth the Vicars and Preachers often to preach against in the hearing of the ignorant People; and all Confessors to examine their Penitents concerning them, and to teach them the Catholick Truth.

Decree V.
His Synod being informed, that there is a

dangerous Heresy, very injurious to our Lord Jesus Christ, sown and preached through this Diocess ; which is, That it is a * grievous sin so much as to think or speak of our Saviour's Holy Passion: and as there are a great many of this Opinion, so the doing of it has formerly been prohibited by impious Censures; all which is a manifest Error, and extreamly prejudicial to the Souls of all faithful Christians; and the fruit and profit of Souls, arising from such Considerations, and Discourses, which is very great,as well for that love and affection which they beget in us, for our Saviour, who suffer'd for our Salvation, as

* Grievous in.) How does the Sacrament of the Eucharift; this conlist with their having so or with their Preaching that it was many Crosses in their Churches, Christ, and not the Son of God, and Houses, as they tell us they that suffered upon the Cross. had; or with their administring


for the Example of those Vertues which were so Illustrious in his Holy Passion, and the hatred of Sin, for which he suffer'd so much, and the fear of the Divine Justice which he so rigorously satisfied, and the confidence of our Salvation by such a plenteous Redemption ; and the use of the Sacraments, to which he applyed the virtue of his Holy Passion, and other infinite benefits which are derived from thence to our Souls, which Error included another no less prejudicial, and which is also common among the Nestorians; the condemning of Holy Images ; for that if it were an Impiety to think of the Passion of our Lord Christ, it must follow that all those things are unlawful, that move or contribute thereunto; as, the Sign of the Holy Cross; and all Images of the Holy Passion ; all which is a gross and manifest Heresy : Wherefore the Synod doth recommend it to all Preachers, Confessors, and Rectors of Churches , frequently to perswade their People to the consideration of those Divine Mysteries ; and to that end, they shall advise them to the Devotion of the Rosary of our Lady the most Blessed Virgin Mary; wherein are contained all the principal Mysteries of the Life of our Lord Christ, with profitable Meditations upon them.

Decree VI. A ,

and left in the Books thereof, by the perfidiqus Nestorian Herețicks, there being several against our Lady, the most Blessed Virgin Mary,

the the Mother of God, the only Remedy of Chri

stians, the Mother of Mercy, and the Advocate · E of Sinners, the Queen of Angels. The Synod

doth therefore declare, That it is the Doctrine of the Catholick Faith, that the Holy Virgin was never at any time stained with the guilt of any actual fin ; and that it is Pious to believe, that she was also Conceived without Original Sin ; it seeming to be most agreeable to the Dignity of the Mother of God, that it should be so; tho it is true, that Holy Mother Church of has not as yet determined any thing about that matter. Furthermore, the Catholick Faith teacheth, that she was always, before, in, and after Child-birth, a most pure Virgin, and that she brought forth the Son of God, made Man, without any Pain, or Passion; having none of those things which are common to other Women after Child-birth, nor no need of any created assistance to help her to bring forth, or afterwards, there being nothing in her but what was pure, the Eternal Word, made Flesh, springing out of her Womb, the Claustrum of her pure Virginity being shut,

thas not as yet determined] illa Virgo Maria, Ila Sancta, illa It is much she has not,fince the In- elelta à primo , Originarioque peco vention of the Holy Reliques in the cato præfervata fuit, & ab omni culMountains of Granada, among på libera ; atque hæc veritas Apowhich there was a Book in Arabick stolorum Concilium eft, quam qui neof S. Cecilius,who was consecrated gaverit, maledi&tus de excommuni. Bishop of Eliberis by St. Peter and catus erit, do salutem non consequeSt. Paul at Rome, with this Title, tur, sed in æternum damnabitur : De Dono Gloria do Dono Tormenti; All which Reliques, and this Book jn which there is the following among the rest, were after a severe Definition of the Immaculate Cone and imparcial Examination, apo ceprion made by all the Apostles, proved of, and received as ge. being mer togerher to Solemnize nuine, by a late Provincial Synod the Exequics of the Biced Virgin: in Spain,


when the time, determined in the Consistory of the Holy Trinity was come, to the great Spiritual Joy and satisfaction of the said Blessed Virgin ; for which reason the ought truly to be stiled the Mother of God, and not only the Mother of Christ; and that when she departed this Life, she was immediately carried up into Heaven, where by a particular privilege due to her Merits, she enjoys God both in Body and Soul, without waiting for the general Resurrection; there being no reason why that Body, out of which there was most Holy Flesh formed, for the Son of God made Man, should as other Bodies be diffolved into Dust and Ashes, but that it should be immediately exalted and glorified, and placed bigh above all the Quires of Angels, as Holy Mother Church fings and confeffeth; concerning the whole of which matter, the Impious Nestorian Hereticks have spoke, and writ, even in the Breviaries used in this Bishoprick, a great many Blasphemies and Heresies.

Decree VII. THe Synod is with great forrow sensible of

that Heresy, and perverse Error, sown by the Schismaticks in this Diocess, to the great prejudice of Souls; which is, That there was one Law of St. Thomas, and another of St. Peter, which made * two different and distinct Churches, and

* gwo different.) By all this had nothing of Superiority or which the Synod calls Two Laws, Jurisdiction over one another; the Christians of St. Thomas meant which is a most certain and ancient only, Thac che Churches planted truth. by the Apostles in divers Regions,


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