Imatges de pÓgina
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said, but from the whole Tener of the following Synod, and of all the late Reports of the Portuguezes concerning that Church: As it does likewise, That all those Patriarchs of Babylon, who came to Rome, notwithstanding the great Noise they made in this Part of the World, were mere Impostors,never owned by the Churches they pretended to be Patriarchs of. Father Simon speaking of this in the 93 Page of his Histoire Critique, confefseth their magnifying the Pope's Power as they did, to have been a piece of gross Flattery, but withal, will have it to have been Pardonable in such poor Wretches, who would not otherwise have been suffered to have approached the Pope, to whom they came into Europe on purpose to make their Court; for, as he observes upon the same occasion, few or none of the Oriental Prelates ever applied themselves to the Pope, but for the promoting of some particular Interest, which was one reason why the reunions they pretended to make did not last long. But tho' for some time these mock Prelates being supported by the Pope, made a shift to keep the face of a Church at Charamet, none of them ever daring to go to Mosul, yet after a little time the true Chaldean Prelates obliged them to leave Charamet; from whence they retired to Zeinalback, a yet remoter Place on the borders of Persia, where from little, in a short time, they dwindled to nothing.

The Prelates of Babylon we see were anciently ftiled Bishops of Selencia, a City not far from

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Ctefiphon ly affirmed, it is plainly contradicted by the 33d Arabick Canon of the Council of Nice, which tho' not the genuine Canons of that Council, are yet very ancient. The Canon runs thus :

Canon 33. Let the See of Seleucia, which is

one of the Eastern Cities, be honoured likewise, and have the Title of Catholicon, and let the Prelate thereof, ordain Arch-Bishops as the other Patriarchs do, that so the Eastern Chriftians who live under Heathens, may not be wronged by waiting the Patriarch of Antioch's leisure, or by going to him, but may have a way opened to them to supply their own Necessities; neither will any injury be done to the Patriarch of Antioch thereby, seeing he has consented to its being, thus, upon the Synod's having desired

it of him. From which Canon it is plain, That the Church of Seleucia or Babylon was anciently subject to the Patriarch of Antioch, who of all the Patriarcbs was their nighest Neighbour. So that if the Chaldæan Bishops do own that they derived all their Authority from the Western Fathers, as is pretended they do, they must mean by the Western Fathers, the Bishops of Antioch,

And as to its being said, That the Chaldean Bishops do to this day own that they had their Ordinations from the Western Fathers, meaning the Bishops of Rome, the fallhood of that Pretence appears evidently, not only from what has been

said, but from the whole Tenor of the following Synod, and of all the late Reports of the Portugueżes concerning that Church : As it does likewise, That all those Patriarchs of Babylon, who came to Rome, notwithstanding the great Noise they made in this part of the World, were mere Impostors, never owned by the Churches they pretended to be Patriarchs of. Father Simon speaking of this in the 93 Page of his Histoire Critique, confefseth their magnifying the Pope's Power as they did, to have been a piece of gross Flattery, but withal, will have it to have been Pardonable in such poor Wretches, who would not otherwise have been suffered to have approached the Pope, to whom they came into Europe on purpose to make their Court; for, as he observes upon the same occasion, few or none of the Oriental Prelates ever applied themselves to the Pope, but for the promoting of some particular Interest, which was one reason why the reunions they pretended to make did not last long. But tho' for some time these mock Prelates being supported by the Pope, made a shift to keep the face of a Church at Charamet, none of them ever daring to go to Mosul, yet after a little time the true Chaldean Prelates obliged them to leave Charamet; from whence they retired to Zeinalback, a yet remoter Place on the borders of Persia, where from little, in a short time, they dwindled to nothing.

The Prelates of Babylon we see were anciently stiled Bilhops of Seleucia, a City not far from

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Ctefiphon Ctefiphon; from whence it was that Simon, who suffered Martyrdom under Sapor is stiled Bishop of Seleucia and Ctesiphon, of which City we meet with this following Account in Strabo. Babylon was anciently the Metropolis of Assyria, - which now Seleucia of Tigris is, near to which is a great Village called Ctesiphon, where the Kings of Parthia used to spend the Winter to Spare Seleucia, that it might not be continually oppressed with Soldiers and Scythians: but notwithstanding this Change of the Metropolis, as the Country all about is still called Babylon, Jo the Natives, tho' Born in the very City of Seleuciano are still called Babylonians from the Region, and not Seleucians.

In the Bibliotheca Patrum, there is a Treatise of Paradise translated out of Syriack into Latine, by Masius, writ by one Moses Bar Cepha, who is stiled Bishop in Bethraman and Bethleno, and Curator of the Ecclefiaftical Affairs of the Mozul or Seleucia Parthorum. This Mofes flourished in the Tenth Century.

But it is time to leave these Sham Prelates, who run so fast to Rome of their own accord, and return to the true ones, who were forc'd to

go

thither much against their Wills.

After the Cliristians of the Serra had heard of their Arch-Bishop's being fent a Prisoner to Portugal, despairing of ever seeing him again, they sent secretly to Mar Simeon, Patriarch of Babylon, defiring him to order them a new Arch-Bishop, who straightways sent them one Mar Abraham, who having gotten into the Serra in a dif

guise,

guise, notwithstanding, the great care the Portuguezes had taken to have intercepted him, he was received by the whole Church as their Bishop, with great joy. But he had not been long there, before he had the news of Mar Joseph's being returned to Goa, where having presented the Letters he had brought along with him, he was permitted to go back to his Bishoprick.

The Arch-Bishop of Goa who had writ to Portugal, that they should by no means ever suffer Mar Joseph to return to the Indies, was not without strong jealousies of his having prevaricated in all that he had promised; and what did very much confirm him therein, was, that Mar JoSeph when he desired him to take some Friars along with him to preach the Roman Doctrines in his Bishoprick, did not only deny to do it, but furthermore pretended, that it was reveal'd to him the Night before, that it was no ways convenient. The Arch-Bishoộ being netled at this pretence, told him with great heat, That he had better Revelation from the Scriptures of his not being the Pastor whom God would have to feed his Sheep, but a Wolf in Sheep's cloathing, of whom our Saviour had said, That they were to be known by their Fruits, and that their Highnesses would quickly be sensible how much they had been imposed upon by him.

Notwithstanding all this, he was permitted to go to his Bishoprick, tho'for no other reason, its like, but to give birth to a Schisin, by which means the Portuguezes hoped to be able to com

pass

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