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der, and Matrimony: All which do differ much from the Sacraments of the Old Law, which did not cause, but did only signifie the Grace that was to be given by the Passion of Christ, whereas our Sacraments do contain Grace, and give it to all those that receive thern worthily ; the first five were ordained for the Spiritual perfeeting of every Man only with relation to himself, the two last were appointed for the good Government and encrease of the Church ; by Baptism we are spiritually born again to God; by Confirmation we are advanced in Grace, fortified in the Faith, and being Regenerated and strengthened, we are supported by the Divine Food of the Eucharift, and Sacrament of the Altar; ard when wechance by Sin to fall into any distemper of Soul, we are Spiritually restored by Penitence, and both Spiritually and Corporally by Extream Unction; by the Sacrament of Ora der, the Church is governed, and Spiritually multiplied, and by Matrimony Corporally: All these Sacraments are perfected by three Causes; that is, Things as their matter, Words as their form, and the Person that is to ad ninister them with an f Intention of doing what the Church clefiaftical Anriquicy, or indeed + Intention! This Do&rine of any ocher fore of Learning; after all their calk of the neceslicy but chis was che common fate of there is of an infallible cercaincy all the Roman Doctrines aod Rites, in a!l marcers of Religion, must which they prerend to have re- make them to be very far from ceived from the Apostles, only having any such certainty of their by the way of the dark and un- being Chriftians, or of their hacertain conveyance of Oral Tra- ving either a Pricft, or a Bishop dition.

in their Church. . For as they

N.4

doth;

doth; and where any of these three Causes are wanting, they are not perfect, neither indeed is any Sacrament administer'd ; all the Ceremonies and Rites, approved and made use of by Holy Mother Church, in the administration of the Sacraments are holy, and cannot be despised, neg. lected,or* changed for others without a great Sin, notwithstanding they do not appertain to the In

cannot be infallibly certain of any As to Peoples being present ac Bishop or Pricft's Inrenrion in the Mass, that did not communicare Administration of the Sacramenes, at the same time, the fame Carso they may be certain that it is dinal faith in the 14th. Chap. of poflible that Bishops and Priests his first Book, Primi do Secundi may be so wicked as nor to intend poft Christum sæculi felicitas hec what the Church does in such fuit, cum multitudo credentium, administration, nay, to intend quorum do erat Cor unum, do anima the contrary ; for there was a una, ardentismo Dei amore fuccenParish-Priest burne. not many sa, nihil impenfius defiderabat, Years ago ar Lisbon, who confef- quàm ad hoc supercceleste convivised at his Death, that whenever un accedere, in quo anima de Deo he baptized, or consecrated, he saginatur, ut loquitur Tertullianus ; had a formed Intencion not to at propè finem Tertii ccepit fervor administer chose Sacraments. ille languescere, do numerus commu

* Changed.) This is very nicantium imminui, quam tepiditaStrange, confidering that most of tem ægrè ferentes Patres Concilii those Rites are buc new even in Iliberitani, Cap. 28. Statuerunt, the Roman Church, chat of the Episcopum non debere munera ab Elevation of the Host not excef. eo accipere qui non communicat. red : Of the Elevation of the Patres item Conc, Antioch. Can. 2. Hoft, Cardinal Bona in the 13th. Omnes qui ingrediuntur Ecclefiam, Chap. of his 2d. Book of Licur- do le à perceptione Sanite Congies, faich, Non enim liquet que munionis avertunt, ab Ecclesiâ reprima Origo fuerit in Ecclefia La- mover decreverunt : Patres de rinâ, elevandi Sacra Myfteria, sta- nique Conc. Tolet. Cap. 13. Eos abtim ac consecrata funt ; in antiquis' ftineri præceperunt, qui istrant Ecenim Sacramentorum libris, do in clefiam, non Communicant. codicibus Ordinis Romani, tam ex- What the Cardinal saich here of cufis quàm MSS, nec in priscia rio these two Practices, makes altuum Expositoribus, Alcuino, Alma- most the whole Roman Worship rio, Walfrido, Micrologo do aliis, at this time to be a meer Novelaliquod ejus vestiginm reperitur. ty, the whole of that Worship

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consisting almost now in Peoples of his first Book, he saith; Quod fi going to Mass upon Sundays and Veteres Patres, percurrere o omHoly-days, which the Church ob- nem evolvere antiquitatem libeat, liges chem co, not obliging them inveniemu proculdubio fic à tema ar the same time to communicate pore Apostolorum, do de inceps de above once a Year, and in ado- pane Euch.aristico. ovines loqui, ut ring the Hoft when the Pricft cle- non nisi de communi, do fermentato vares it. As to the Priest's puc- commodè intelligi, do explicari que. cing the Sacramenc inco the mouth ant. of the Communicanes, the same As to her giving the Sacrament Cardinal in the 1976. Chap. of his in Wafers, in the 22d. Chap. of second Book, saith; Sacra Com- the Rame Book, he faith; Vivente munis antiquo ritu, non ore excipi fo- Humberto qui floruit Anno 1245. lebat, ut hodiè fit, sed manu, quam pans consecrandus in E charistiâ ranqui susceperat, Ori reverenter admo- t& magnitudinis erat, it ex eo con. vebat. As to the Priest's speak- secrat e tot particule frangi possent ing the words of Consecracion so quot erant necessaris ad populum comlow chat no body can hear him, municandum, & panis qui tradebain his '2th. Chap of the same tur talfuit, ut deglutiri non posset, Book, be faith ; Græci do alii nisi dentibus comminurus. Orientales verba consecra'ionis ela- And as to her keeping the voce pronunciant, & populus re- consecrared Bread, or Hosts as spondet, Amen. Eundem morem ser. The calls them, after the Commuvabat olim Ecclefia Occidentalis, njon is over, he faith in the same omnes enim audiebant verba confe- Book ; Ne reliquie Sacramenti sucrationis ; poftea ftatutum est, ut pereffent, fepe decretum eft, ut tot Canon submissa vice recitaret ur ; particule consecrarentur, quot erant fic defiit ea consuetudo, Seculo deci. parati ad communis nem; & fi quid mo, ut conjicio.

residuum. foret, à sacerdote, seu MiAs to the usage of her denying niftris comine deretur ; quod fi contithe Cup to the People, in the gerit ut Ministrorum incuria putre18th. Chap. of his second Cook, Icerint, ftatuit Concilium Arelatenfe he saith, Semper enim do ubique ab apud join. X. 2. Cop. 56. ut igne Ecclesice primordiis ufj; ad feculum comburatur, do cine juxta Altare leduodecimum, sub specie panis de Vini peliätur ; idq, in ufu fuiffe docet Alin Ecclefiis coinmunicârunt fideles; gerus, Lib.2. Cap. 1. cæpitq; paulatim ejus fæculi initio Now Irake this acknowledged ujus calicis obsolescere, plerisy; Epif. change of Rices in the Adminicopis eum populo interdicentibus, do stracion of the Eucharist, to be a fic paulatim introduíta eft Commu- very greae Evidence, that there nio sub folâ specie panis ; quod à nul- has been a Change of belief about nezari poreft, qui vel leviffimâ it, and indeet to have been the rerum Ecclefiafticarum notitiâ imbu- Natural Consequence of such a ius eft.

Change, and so I believe will any And as to her making use of Un. body elle that shall connder ic leavened Bread, in the 23d. Chap. impartially.

tegrity doth; and where any of these three Causes are wanting, they are not perfect, neither indeed is any Sacrament administer'd; all the Ceremonies and Rites, approved and made use of by Holy Mother Church, in the administration of the Sacraments are holy, and cannot be despised, nego lected,or* changed for others without a great Sin, notwithstanding they do not appertain to the In

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cannot be infallibly certain of any As to Peoples being present at Bishop or Priest's Intention in the Mass, that did nor communicate Administrarion of the Sacramenes, at the same time, the same Care so they may be certain that it is dinal faith in the 14th. Chap. of possible that Bishops and Priests bis first Book, Primi do Secundi may be so wicked as not to intend post Christum sæculi felicitas hæc what the Church does in such fuit, cum multitudo credentium, administration, nay, to intend quorum do erat Cor unum, do anima the contrary; for there was a una, ardentisfimo Dei amore fuccenParish-Priest burnt not many fa, nihil impenfius defiderabat, Years ago ac Lisbon, who confes. quam ad hoc supercæleste convivised at his Death, that whenever un accedere, in quo anima de Deo he baptized, or consecrated, he saginatur, ut loquitur Tertullianus ; had a formed Intencion not to at propè finem Tertii ccepit fervor administer chose Sacraments. ille languescere, do numerus comaru

* Changed.] This is very nicantium imminui, quam tepiditastrange, considering that most of tem ægrè ferentes Patres Concilii chose Rites are but new even in Illiberitani, Cap. 24. Statuerunt, the Roman Church, that of the Episcopum non debere munera ab Elevation of the Host not excef- eo accipere qui non communicat. red i of the Elevation of the Patres item Conc, Antioch. Can. 2. Hoft, Cardinal Bona in the 13th. Onnes qui ingrediuntur Ecclefiam, Chap. of his 2d. Book of Lirur-lo se à perceptione Sanite Comgies, raich, Non enim liquet que munionis avertunt, ab Ecclefiâ reprima Origo fuerit in Ecclefiâ La- mover decreverunt : Parres derinâ, elevandi Sacra Myfteria, fta- nique Conc. Tolet. Cap 13. Eos abo tim ac consecrata funt ; in antiquis' ftineri præceperunt, qui intrant Ecenim Sacramentorum libris, do in clefiam, & non Communicans. codicibus Ordinis Romani, tam ex- What the Cardinal saich here of cusis quàm MSS, nec in priscis ri- these two Pra&ices, makes al. tuum Expositoribus, Alcuino, Alma- most the whole Roman Worship rio, Walfrido, Micrologo dos aliis, at this time to be a meer Novelaliquod ejus vefliginm reperitur. ty, the whole of that Worship

con

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consisting almost now in Peoples of his first Book, he faith; Quod fi
going to Mass upon Sundays and Veteres Patres, percurrere doom-
Holy-days, which the Church ob- nem evolvere antiquitatein libeat,
liges them co, not obliging them inveniemu proculdubio fic à tema
at the same cime to communicate pore Apostolorum, & de inceps de
above once a Year, and in ado- pane Eucharistico. onnes loqui, ut
ring the Host when the Priest ele- non nifi de communi, do fermentato
vates it. As to the Priest's puc- commodè intelligi, G explicari que-
cing che Sacrament into the mouth ant.
of the Communicanrs, the same As to her giving the Sacrament
Cardinal in the 19ıb. Chap. of his in Wafers, in the 22d. Chap. of
second Book, saith; Sacra Com- the Rame Book, he faith ; Vivente
munio antiquo ritu, non ore excipi so- Humberto qui floruit Anno 1245.
lebat, ut hodiè fit, sed manu, quam panx consecrandus in E charistiâ tan-
qui susceperat, Ori reverenter admo- magnitudinis erat, at ex eo con.
vebat. As to the Priest's speak- secrate tot purricule frangi roffent
ing the words of Consecracion so quot erant necessaris ad populum com-
low that no body can hear him, municandum, & panis qui tradeba-
in his '2th. Chap of the same tur tal« fuit, ut deglutiri non poffet,
Book, be faith ; Græci do alii misi dentibus comminutus.
Orientales verba consecrarionis ela- And as to her keeping the
voce pronunciant, do populus re- consecrared Bread, or Hosts as
Spondet, Amen. Eundem morem fer. The calls them, after the Commu-
vabat olim Ecclesia Occidentalis, njon is over, he saith in the same
omnes enim audiebant verba conse- Book ; Ne reliquis Sacramenti su-
crationis ; postea statutum est, ut peresent, sepe decretum est, ut tot
Canon submissa vice recitaret ur ; do particule consecrarentur, quot erant
fic defiit ea consuetudo, seculo deci- parati ad communionem; lo si quid
mo, ut conjicio.

refiduum foret, à facerdote, seu Mi-
As to the usage of her denying niftris cominederetur ; quod si conti-
the Cup to the People, in the gerit ut ministrorum incuria putre-
18h. Chap. of his second Book, scerint, ftatuit Concilium Arelatenfe
he faith, Semper enim do ubique ab apud Joun. X. 2. Cop. 56. ut igne
Ecclefice primordiis ufi, ad saculum comburatur, do cins juxta Altare se-
duodecimum, sub specie panis do Vini peliatur ; idq, in ufu fuisse docet Al-
in Ecclefiis coinmunicârunt fideles; gerus, Lib.2. cap. 1.
coepitq; paulatim ejus faculi initio Now I take this acknowledged
ujus calicis obsolescere, plerify; Epif. change of Rices in the Admini-
cupis eum populo interdicentibus, do stracion of the Eucharist, to be a
fic paulatim introdulla eft Commu- very great Evidence, that there
nio sub folâ specie panis ; quod à nul- has been a Change of belief about
lo nezari poteft, qui vel leviffimâ it, and indeed to have been the
rerum Ecclefiafticarum norit ja imbu- Natural Consequence of such a
tus eft.

Change, and so I believe will any And as to her making use of Un- body else that shall con der ic leavened Bread, in the 232. Chap. impartially.

tegrity

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