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Creed, and the Commandments, as well as they can be taught ; in which Matter there has been hitherto a great Neglect, commanding the Vicars to examine all such in the Faith before they Christen them, without they should happen to be in danger of Death before they have learn'd those things; in which case their making a profession of Faith, and the necessary Mysteries thereof, and signifying a desire to be Baptized, shall be sufficient : And whereas the Synod is inform'd, that great numbers of Infidels living among Christians, have long desired Baptism of them, but through the coldness of Priests and others, have had none that would be at the pains to instruct them, it doth therefore charge the Consciences of the Vicars therewith, speedily to set about instructing such, according to the fervour of those that desire it, that so they may be brought to the Sacred Font of Baptism, desiring all other Christians likewise to be diligent and zealous in that Matter.

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Decree XIV.

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He Holy Oils having hitherto not been used

in this Bishoprick in any of the Sacraments, and if any have been used, it having been without any distinction, and without being Blessed by the Bishop'; wherefore for remedy thereof, the most Illustrious Metropolitan, in his Reformation of the Affairs of this Church, having on the Thursday of the last Holy Week blessed the Oils, and furnished all the Churches therewith, instructing them in their Holy Uses and Distinctions; the Synod doth therefore command all Vicars in virtue of holy obedience to use the said Oils in Baptism, Anointing all that are Baptized therewith on the Breast, and the Sides, and after they are Baptized, anointing them with the Holy Chrism on the Head, and making the sign of the Cross thereon with their Thumb dipt in the

Holy Oils, or with a Feather kept in the Vessel for that use, wiping the Oil off afterwards with a Cloth or Towel, which shall likewise be kept in the same place : The Synod doth also command under the same Precept , That all Curates and Vicars do celebrate this Sacrament, with the Rites and Ceremonies, Exorcisms and Prayers, that are contained in the Roman Cere. monial; which the most Illustrious Metropolitan has order'd to be Translated into Syrian for the administration of all the Sacraments, and is to be kept in all Churches ; and that the Priests when they administer Baptism solemnly in the Church, shall have on a Surplice, and a Stole about their Necks, for the more decent administration of that Sacrament, and shall not perform it in their ordinary wearing Habit, as they have done hitherto.

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Decree XV.
Hereas hitherto the ancient Custom of the

Church of having Godfathers and Godmothers, has not been in use in this Bishoprick, by

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which means there has been no knowledge therein, of the Spiritual Affinity that is contraå. ed betwixt the Party Baptized, and the Parents thereof, and the Godfathers and Godmothers; therefore the Synod does command, That all that are Baptized, shall have one or two Godfathers and Godmothers, to present them in the Church, and to touch them on the Head before Baptism, and to receive them from the Holy Font: The Men must be fourteen Years of Age at least, and the Women twelve; neither shall any be admitted under those Ages. The Synod doth likewise declare, That there is such a close Spiritual Affinity betwixt the Godfathers and Godmothers, and their God-children, and the Parents of the Children, that they can never Marry with one another, without a Dispensation from the Pope, or from one empowered by him, and which is seldom granted , and never but when there is a very urgent cause for it ; and that such Marriages celebrated without a Dispensation, are void, and of no effect. The, Synod furthermore declares, That this Spiritual Affinity reacheth no further than to the one or two Godfathers, and one Godmother, but not to those that shall stand for them, tho' they touch the Heads of the Children, neither shall the Priest admit above two.

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Decree XVI.

Seeing

Eeing that by our Lord Jesus Christ, and

his Death, we are passed from the Old Law, to the New Law of Grace, it is therefore reasonable, that we should in all things be ingrafted into the same: and whereas in this Bishoprick Christians do take several of the Names of the Saints of the Old Testament, as also several of the Names of the Country, insomuch that there are but very few called by any of the Names of the Law of Grace; wherefore the Synod doth command the Priests to do all they can to have the Names of the Law of Grace given in Bap, tism, but chiefly those of the Holy Apostles, and of the Saints that are most celebrated in the Church, not intending hereby to take them from any Devotion that several among them may have for some of the Saints of the Old Testament, whose Names have been hitherto very common in the Diocess, such as Abraham, Jacob, Zacharias, and others; nevetheless from henceforward they shall not presume to take the Name of Hijo, which has been very common among them, neither shall the Priests ever give it to any, it being the most sweet * Name of JESUS, to which that Respect and + Reverence is due, that none ought to take it upon them; for that in the naming thereof, all Knees both in Heaven and Earth, and under the Earth, ought to bow themselves, and every Tongue ought to confess, that it is from that Divine Name that we desire all the good things that we enjoy on Earth; commanding all that are called by that Name, to change it for another when they come to be Con. firmed ;, and as for the common Names of the Countrey, they may still retain them, if they are such as have, been used only among Christians, but not among the Heathens, for as to those Names which the Heathens have || in common with Christians, the Synod will not have them to be given in Baptism, charging the Vicars and Priests that Baptize, to take care thereof.

* Pame of Jesus.] The to be offended with such a Name Portugueses had the least reason Emanuel being by much the of any Christians that I know of, most common Name in Portugal.

+ Reverence] Francisco Rex, and the other Jcsuits, ought to In common.) The Popes, have had their order excepted among whom we have had so here; for if the Synod's Reason many Alexanders and Julius's, why none ought to be called by have had little regard to this that Blessed Name holds good, Rule. it will reach thcir Order no less than particular Persons.

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