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pass their ends upon that Church the easier, Divide & impera, being a piece of Policy that is well understood, and has been much practised by the Roman Church. And if this was their drift in sending him back to bis Diocess, they were not out in their Policy, for Mar Joseph was not sooner in the Serra, than the whole Bishoprick was divided, some adhering to Mar Abraham, and others to Mar Joseph, as their true Prelate.

But Mar Joseph finding Mar Abraham's Party to be much the more numerous, by reason of the Coinmunication he had had with the Latins, did thereupon betake himself to the course that all distrefied People, who preferr their own Interest to that of the Publick, take, and complains to the Portuguezes of Mar Abraham, not only as an Usurper, but as a most bitter Enemy to the Roman Church.

The Viceroy, who was glad of this occasion, straight ways dispatch'dan Order to the Governour of Cochim, to have Mar. Abraham apprehended, and to send him Prisoner to Goa, in order to send him to Rome, which was executed accordingly. But the Ship whereon Mar Abraham was Embarked, being forced by stress of Weather into Mazambique, a Port belonging to the Portuguezes in the Southern Coasts of Africk, he made a shift to escape, and by the way of Melindo and Ormus, to get to the Patriarch of Babylon, from whom having received new Briefs to Fortifie his Title, he resolved to return to his Bishoprick;

but

but having afterwards considered better on the matter, and being sensible, that if he went thither without the Pope's Order,that the Portuguezes would quickly make the Serra too hot for him, he altered his Mind, and resolved to try his Fortune at Rome, and to take a Journey thither over Land ; being come to Rome, after having abjured his ancient Faith, and reconciled himself to the Church, and promised to reduce that of Malabar to its obedience, he obtained of Pius the Fourth, all such Briefs as were any ways necefsary, having also the Title of Arch-Bishop, which he and his Predecellors had enjoyed, given him therein.

But being at Venice, in his way home, the Divines there discovering, as it is said, both from the Nature of the Opinions that he had abjured, and from his own Confession, that he had never been lawfully Ordained, did oblige him to receive all Orders, from the first ionfure to the Priesthood. He was ordained Priest by the bishop of St. Salvador and Consecrated a Bishop by the Patriarch of Venice.

This Venetian Consecration, if it is not a downright Naggs-Head Story, is a Scurvy reflection upon the Pope's Infallibility, who herein was not only deceived in a matter of Fat, in giving Briefs to one, as an Arch-Bishop, who really was not at all in Holy Orders, but he must also have been deceived in a matter of Doctrine, in being Ignorant, that some of the Opinions which had been Abjured before him by Mar Abraham, were of

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such a nature as to incapacitate him for Orders.

While Mar Abraham was in this Voyage, Mar Joseph finding bimself in the quiet Poliellion of his whole Bishoprick, did not torbear to profess and teach the Doctrines he had abjured in Portugal. The Bishop of Cochim, who was his next Neighbour, having heard thereof, acquainted the Arch-Bishop of Goa therewith, and he Don Anrique, the Cardinal Infante, who at that time Governed Portugal in the Minority of his Nephew Don Sebastian, and the Cardinalinformed the Pope of the whole matter.

These repeated Tyrannies of the Portuguczes in the Indies, of dragging ancient Bishops thus out of their own Country and Diocess, and tumbling . them so about the World, I cannot but reckon among those violent Injustices for which Manuel de Faria in the very last words of his Asia Portuguesa, tells us, God has punished them so visibly. The observation is so remarkable, and to this day fo litterally true, as I have been told by several intelligent Portuguezes, that I shall set it down in the Author's own words. - Ponderacion muy “ notable ay en esto, y es, que dequanta persona

paslaran a la India ya como Governadores, ya

como Capitanes, ya como Mercadores, aunque westo ultimo siempre fue de todos : y “ destos alcançaran groesfillimas haziendas, no se “ ve oy in el Reyno de Portugal ninguna casa o “ Mayo razgo que se fundafle con ellas, o lo me" nos que sea cosa de importancia: ni tam poco

ay en la India alguna casa grande desta calidad;

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avido allá Portugueses q “ iuntaron mucho y avo algunos de a million,y de “ dos milliones y de a tres,y a unde a quatro,ye'l no & luzirse a nadie considerablemente tanta hazien“ dá como tantos iuntaron, se hade entendar, que

fue,y es,y sera pero por una de dos razones,o por « ambas, la primera porq' permetiendo Dios este « viaje solo para dilatar su nombre, y verdedero “ culto, estos navigantes trataron por la mayor

parte de lo material de la sacrilega codicia, co" metiendo muchas maldades, para hartarse, en

vez de tractar de la religion : y otra porq' lo “mas desto fue ganado por medios injustos de ticranias, robos, y toda suerte de infolencia, como " consta de muchos lugares destas Historias. It is remarkable, that among all the Persons who have gone to the Indies, whether as Governours, Captains, or Merchants, of which fort most of them ivere in truth, there has not been one that has raised a Family of any confideration out of the Goods they have got in those Parts, either there or in Portugal, tho? there have been several of them that have got there, one, two, three, or four Millions. Now, that nothing that's considerable of all these vat Treasures, should any where appear, must be for one or both of these two Reasons, first, that whereas God permitted . the Discovery of this Voyage, only for the propogation of his Name, and true Worship (but not by such barbarous Methods as the forementioned I dare say) these Travellers have, for the mot part, pursued the ends of a Sacrilegious Covetoufress, commitiing many Injustices to fill their Coffers, interid of having

you have

any regard to Religion; the other is, because the most of those Riches were gained by the unjust means of Tyrannies, Robberies, and all sort of Insolencies, of which

many Instances in the foregoing History.

Pius V. upon this Issued forth a Brief, .bear, ing date the 15th. of January 1567. directing it to Dom Jorge, Arch-Bishop of Goa, and commanding him to use all diligence to have Mar Joseph forthwith Apprehended and sent to Rome, in pursuance whereof he was seized, and sent Prisoner to Portugal, upon the first Ships that went, whence he was carried to Rome, where he died.

Neither were the Violences they made use of to Convert Infidels, any whit inferior to those they exercised upon the poor Chaldæan Christians, by which they came to provoke the Infidel Princes to that degree, that they had like to have lost all that they had in the Indies by it. For the Hidalcaon who Besieged Goa in the Year 1570. both in his Letters to the Viceroy Don Luis d'Ataide, and in the Speech he made to his Captains, when hę first communicated to them his design of driving the Portuguezes out of the Indies, gave those Violences for the chief cause of his War. Those Letters and Speech being too long to be here , Inserted, I shall only set down so much of them as relates directly to this matter.

In his first Letter to the Viceroy, after having complained of some other Grievances, he tells him, That he was certainly informed that at Ormus,

Dio,

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