Imatges de pÓgina
PDF
EPUB

Species of them, but of every sin in particular, nd as far as the Penitent is able to remember of their number; declaring withal, all the aggravating Circumstances, and all such as change he Species; in a word, all mortal sins, how lecret soever, tho' only in thoughts and wicked desires ; as also all faults committed against the two laft Commandments; Thou shalt not covet thy Neighbours Wife; Thou shalt not covet any thing that is anothers; such sins being at some tinies more dangerous for the Soul, than others that are open; all which we are commanded to do by the Divine Law; our Saviour when he ascended into Heaven, leaving the Priests for his Vicars upon Earth, and constituțing then Judges, before whom all mortal fins committed by Christians, were to be brought, that by the power of the Keys, which he committed to them to forgive or retain sins, they may pronounce Sentence, which cannot be just and Righteous, neither can the punishments they impose be equal or proportionated to the Nature of the Faults, without their having a full knowledge of the same, as of the matter that they pass Sentence upon; which knowledge cannot be had but by the Penitents confessing all and every Mortal Sin, whereon Judgment is to pass, not only in general, but in specie and number, making mention of every such Sin in particular, with all its neceslary circumstances, that so a just sentence of absolution or retention may be pronounced upon them. And as to Venial Sins which we fre

quently quently fall into, and for which we are not excladed from the Grace of God, tho' the confeffing of, and being absolved from them, is very profitable to the Soul, yet we are not under any such precise obligation of confessing them, there being other ways by which they may be pardoned, so that it is no sin not to discover them. The third part of Penitence, is, Satisfation for Sins according to the judgment of the Confessor; which satisfaction is chieħy performed by Prayer, Fasting and Alms, the Penitent being obliged to comply with the Penance imposed upon him by the Priest, who being as a judge in the place of God, ought to impose what he thinks to be necessary, not only with respect to the amendment of Sin for the future, but chief ly with respect to the Satisfaction and Penance of past Sins." The Form of this Sacrament is, I abfolve thee, to which necessary words the Church has thought fit to add the words following, from all thy Sins, in the Name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. There are also some Prayers which the Priert faith immediately after över the Penitent, which, tho' they are not efsential to the form, yet are very profitable and healthful for the Penitent. Now by pronouncing the form, not only all the Sins that are confelsed, but all those likewise which after a due diligence and Examination of the Conscience do not occurr to the Memory, so as to be discovered, all such being included in the said Confession, are all pardoned ; tho' with an obligation of

con:

S4

Species of them, but of every Gin in particular, and as far as the Penitent is able to remember of their number ; declaring withal, all the aggravating Circumstances, and all such as change the Species; in a word, all mortal fins, how le. cret foever, tho' only in thoughts and wicked desires; as also all faults committed against the two last Commandments; Thou shalt not covet thy Neighbours Wife; Thou Malt not covet any thing that is anothers; such sins being at some tinies more dangerous for the Soul, than others that are open; all which we are commanded to do by the Divine Law; our Saviour when he ascended into Heaven, leaving the Priests for his Vicars upon Earth, and constituțing them Judges, before whom all mortal fins committed by Christians, were to be brought, that by the power of the Keys, which he committed to them to forgive or retain fins, they may pronounce Sentence, which cannot be just and Righteous, neither can the punishments they impose be equal or proportionated to the Nature of the Faults, without their having a full knowledge of the sanie, as of the matter that they pass Sentence upon; which knowledge cannot be had but by the Penitents confessing all and every Mortal Sin, whereon Judgment is to pass, not only in general, but in specie and number, making mention of every such Sin in particular, with all its necessary circumstances, that so a just sentence of absolution or retention may be pronounced upon them. And as to Venial Sins which we fre,

quently

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

quently fall into, and for which we are not excladed from the Grace of God, tho' the confefsing of, and being absolved from them, is very profitable to the Soul, yet we are not under any such precise obligation of confessing them, there being other ways by which they may be pardoned, so that it is no sin not to discover them. The third part of Penitence, is, Satisfa. &tion for Sins according to the judgment of the Confesor ; which fatisfa&tion is chieħy performed by Prayer, Fasting and Alms, the Penitent being obliged to comply with the Penance imposed upon him by the Priest, who being as a judge in the place of God, ought to impose what he thinks to be necessary, not only with respect to the amendment of Sin for the future, but chief ly with respect to the Satisfaction and Penance of past Sins. The Form of this Sacrament is, I abfolve thee, to which necessary words the Church has thought fit to add the words following, from all thy Sins, in the Name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. There are also some Prayers which the Priest faith immediately after 0ver the Penitent, which, tho' they are not ersential to the form, yet are very profitable and healthful for the Penitent. Now by pronouncing the form, not only all the Sins that are confelsed, but all those likewise which after a due diligence and Examination of the Conscience do not occurr to the Memory, so as to be discovered, all such being included in the said Confeflion, are all pardoned ; tho'with an obligation of

S4

con:

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

confessing them, if they should ever after come to be remembred, sins being as it were chains to the Soul, from which it is delivered by the absolution of the Priest, which is applicable to such, as by virtue of contrition joyned with a desire of confessing, have obtained pardon of God for their Sins, which they were under an obligation to have confessed: as also to those Sins which were never confessed, because not remembred after a due diligence, and to those likewise which having been once lawfully confelied, and truly pardored, are by the Penitent of his own accord, and for the greater Penance confelled and submitted to the Keys several times. The Minister of this Sacrament is a Priest, who hath Authority to absolve, and is either the Ordinary, as the Prelates, or such as are commisioned and approved of by them. The effect of this Sacramentis, The absolution and pardon of Sins, and for that reason it is by the Doctors

properly called the Table after Shipwrack, because the Grace which was given to us in Baptism, being lost the commillion of Mortal Sin, by which we make Shipwrack thereof, and of all the other Vertues and Gifts, which together therewith were poured down upon us, there remains no other remedy or means whereby we can be saved, but only by the plank of Penance, or the Sacrament of Confession; for that without this eiiher actually received, or firmly purposed according to the command of Holy Mother Church with contrition, wherein such a purpose is al

ways

« AnteriorContinua »