Imatges de pÓgina
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| Or, thee do I wait for. Or, answer.

down greatly; I go mourning all the day long.

7 For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and there is no soundness in my flesh.

8 I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart.

9 LORD, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee.

12 They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.

13 But I, as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a dumb man that openeth not his mouth.

14 Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs.

15 For in thee, O LORD, do I hope thou wilt || hear, O LORD my God.

16 For I said, Hear me, lest other wise they should rejoice over me:

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13.-heard not; &c.] The meaning is, that he took no notice of their designs; only in a patient and humble silence commended himself to the care of God. Bp. Hall. This Psalm offers to our consideration these three things: 1. It represents to us the sentiments of a penitent sinner, hurnbled under the load of his sins, and a sense of the Divine displeasure: these sentiments are expressed in this prayer; "O Lord, rebuke me not in Thy wrath: neither chasten me in Thy hot displeasure." 2. What is said in this Psalm is very proper for the instruction and consolation of those who are afflicted with pains and diseases, or in any other manner: David teaches them by his own example to look upon the evils that befall them, how severe soever they be, as a just correction for their sins; and to ask God pardon for them. 3. If they suffer by the malice and injustice of men, they should imitate David in his humility, patience, and meekness; and wait with resignation till God, who never forsakes the innocent, is pleased to deliver them. Ostervald.

Psalm XXXIX. The foundation of this Psalm is much the same with the foregoing: the author laboured

of his pitiful case.

when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me.

17 For I am ready to halt, and Heb. for my sorrow is continually before me.

18 For I will declare mine iniquity; I will be sorry for my sin.

living, are

19 But mine enemies † are lively, Heb. being and they are strong: and they that strong. hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

20 They also that render evil for good are mine adversaries; because I follow the thing that good is.

21 Forsake me not, O LORD: O my God, be not far from me.

22 Make haste to help me, O + Heb. for LORD my salvation.

my help.


1 David's care of his thoughts. 4 The consideration of the brevity and vanity of life. 7 The reverence of God's judgments, 10 and prayer, are his bridles of impatiency. ¶To the chief Musician, even to a Je- a 1 Chron. duthun, A Psalm of David.

25. 1.

SAID, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep +my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me. 2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was † stirred.

3 My heart was hot within me,

bridle, or,

Heb. a muzzle for my mouth.

+ Heb. troubled.

under some great illness; he knew it due to his sins; he was afraid therefore to speak in the presence of the wicked, lest he might say any thing of which they might take advantage: at last, however, he could hold no longer, but burst forth into an acknowledgment of the weakness and vanity of man in the hands of God; confessing that, whatever he might think heretofore, he has now no longer any expectation but from God, whom therefore he supplicates for mercy. Mudge. This Psalm is with the utmost propriety appointed by our Church to be used at the burial of the dead, as a funeral is indeed the best comment upon it. Bp. Horne.

- Jeduthun,] Jeduthun is mentioned as a singer in 1 Chron. xxv. 3. This Psalm was perhaps composed by David to be sung by that Jeduthun. Street.

Ver. 2. I was dumb &c.] I refrained from speaking what was good; from giving God the glory with relation to my illness, by acknowledging His greatness and justice, and the nothingness and sinfulness of man.

This seems to shew that the reason why he would not speak at all before his enemies was, because he did not care to give them an occasion of triumph, as he must by acknowledging his own weakness and sin: but he could not bear this restraint; it grew worse and worse, and therefore he burst out, &c. Mudge. There is a time to keep silence, because there are men who will not hear; there are tempers savage and sensual as those of swine, before whom the treasures of heavenly wisdom are not to be cast. This consideration stirreth up fresh grief and trouble in a pious and charitable heart. Bo. Horne.

The brevity and vanity of life.

Or, what time I have here.

+ Heb.


b Ps. 62. 9.

& 144. 4.

+ Heb. an image.

+ Heb. conflict.

↑ Heb. that which is to be desired in him, to melt away.

while I was musing the fire burned:
then spake I with my tongue,

4 LORD, make me to know mine
end, and the measure of my days,
what it is; that I may know || how
frail I am.

5 Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah.




1 The benefit of confidence in God. 6 Obe-
dience is the best sacrifice. 11 The sense
of David's evils inflameth his prayer.

6 Surely every man walketh in
ta vain shew: surely they are dis-
quieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, ¶ To the chief Musician, A Psalm of
and knoweth not who shall gather


7 And now, LORD, what wait I for? my hope is in thee.

8 Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish.

9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it.

10_Remove thy stroke away from
me: I am consumed by the † blow of
thine hand.

11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth surely every man is vanity. Selah.

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The benefit of confidence in God. 12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a c Lev. 25. stranger with thee, and a sojourner, 1 Chron. 29. as all my fathers were.



13 O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.

11.-thou makest his beauty to consume away &c.] See the note on Job iv. 19.

Such as have formed themselves to feel the impressions of resignation are in proportion superiour to all difficulties. Their spirits are calm; and, instead of plunging into deeper distresses and even guilt, as the impatient do, they find their way, if any one can be found, out of every perplexity. By excluding eager hopes and high desires of earthly good, this pious principle excludes also jealous envy, keen resentment, tormenting fears, bitter disappointments, and final dislike of every thing. He that gives himself up into the hands of God, with unfeigned approbation of the Divine conduct in whatever may befall him, will act as he ought on all emergencies, with uprightness and alacrity, with

+ I

Ps. 119. 19.

Hebr. 11. 13.

1 Pet. 2. 11.

waiting I

WAITED patiently for the Heb. In LORD; and he inclined unto waited. me, and heard my cry.

2 He brought me up also out of tan horrible pit, out of the miry clay, Heb. a pit and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

of noise.

3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.

4 Blessed is that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

5 Many, O LORD my God, are

courage and honour; will suffer with a composed and even temper; will thus give testimony to the efficacy of religion, and vindicate the dispensations of Providence to mankind. Abp. Secker.

Psalm XL. In this Psalm David thankfully acknowledges God's goodness to him, in delivering him from some special and imminent danger. He then declares his resolution to serve God faithfully and cheerfully, by fulfilling His will to the utmost of his power and by teaching it to others. He commends himself to God's merciful Providence, beseeching him to finish what He had begun, by continuing to be his deliverer. The circumstance of three verses of this Psalm being quoted in the tenth chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, proves that they are a direct prophecy of Jesus Christ, who only could fulfil the will of God completely, and who came into the world for that very end; as well as to declare His righteousness to the great congregation of the whole world. This application of the Psalm makes it highly suitable to Good Friday. Travell.

Ver. 2. He brought me up &c.] David means, that God delivered him, when he was fallen into such deep distress, that he was quite unable to help himself. Bp. Patrick.

3.- shall see it,] Shall see this great deliverance. Dr. Wells.

4.- respecteth not the proud, &c.] The proud and those who incline to lies are, on one side, the haughty daring atheists, who laugh at all application to any power above; and on the other, those who put their confidence in idol superstitions, which are all lie and deceit. Mudge.

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+ Heb. forsaketh.


8 I delight to do thy will, O my + Heb. in the God: yea, thy law is † within my

midst of my bewels.


9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

6.- mine ears hast thou opened:] This phrase seems to signify, the fitting and disposing the ear to hear God's will. It is remarkable, that the Greek version, as well as the quotation from it in Heb. x. 5, instead of the phrase, “Mine ears hast Thou opened," reads, “A body hast Thou prepared Me:" intimating the great superiority of Christ's death to the sacrifices of the law. Travell, Edwards.

God's care of the poor. liver me: O LORD, make haste to help me.


14 Let them be ashamed and b Ps. 35. 4. & confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil.

burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.] That is, considered independent of that holiness of life, without which sacrifice never could have been acceptable to a holy and righteous God. Dr. Magee. 7.-Lo, I come: &c.] Lo, I come to make an offering of myself by a sincere obedience unto Thee; as Christ will also actually do, by offering up His body to be a sacrifice for the sins of the world: In the volume of the book of the law it is thus written, or required of all truly religious persons, particularly of kings, and so of me in both respects, to be careful to offer a due obedience to Thy will, as well as to legal sacrifices. Dr. Wells.

in the volume] Or "roll," of the book. See Jer. xxxvi. 2, &c. It is well known that the ancient Jewish books did not, like ours, consist of distinct

15 Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.

10 I have not hid thy righteous-1
ness within my heart; I have declared
thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I
have not concealed thy lovingkind-¶ To the chief Musician, A Psalm of
ness and thy truth from the great


11 Withhold not thou thy tender BLESSED is he that consider

mercies from me, O LORD: let thy
lovingkindness and thy truth con-
tinually preserve me.

12 For innumerable evils have
compassed me about: mine iniquities
have taken hold upon me, so that I
am not able to look up; they are more
than the hairs of mine head: there-
fore my heart + faileth me.
13 Be pleased, O LORD, to de-ness.

16 Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: let such as love thy salvation say continually, The LORD be magnified.

17 But I am poor and needy; yet the LORD thinketh upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my God.


God's care of the poor. 4 David complain-
eth of his enemies treachery. 10 He fleeth
to God for succour.

1 or, the

weak, or, sick.
+ Heb. in the

deliver him in time of trouble.
2 The LORD will preserve him, day of evil.
and keep him alive; and he shall be
blessed upon the earth: and
wilt not deliver him unto the
his enemies.

thou || Or, do not will of

thou deliver.

3 The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt

make all his bed in his sick- + Heb. turn.

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The Church, like her Redeemer, is often poor and afflicted in this world, but Jehovah thinketh upon her, and is solicitous for her support; she is weak and defenceless, but Jehovah is her help and her deliverer. With such a Father, and such a friend, poverty becometh rich, and weakness itself strong. In the mean time, let us remember, that He who once came in great humility, shall come again in glorious majesty. “Make no long tarrying, O our God." Bp. Horne.

Psalm XLI. It is not improbable that this Psalm was written by David after his sickness, when Absalom

David fleeth to God for succour.

+ Heb. evil

to me.

+ Heb. A thing of Belial.


4 I said, LORD, be merciful unto Israel from everlasting, and to ever-
me heal my soul; for I have sinned
Amen, and Amen.
against thee.


5 Mine enemies speak evil of me, When shall he die, and his name perish?

6 And if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth

|| Or, A

Psalm giving
instruction of

iniquity to itself; when he goeth AS the hart
+ panteth after the 4, &c.


abroad, he telleth

water so my brayeth.

a John 13. 18.

+ Heb.


9 Yea, tmine own familiar friend, the man of my in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath + lifted up his heel against me.

+ Heb. magnified.

10 But thou, O LORD, be merciful unto me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.

11 By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me.

12 And as for me, thou upholdest me in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face for ever.

13 Blessed be the LORD God of

conspired against him. Dr. Delaney. Our Saviour Himself has taught us to apply the ninth verse to the traitor Judas. See John xiii. 18. Travell.

7 All that hate me whisper toge-soul after thee, O God.
ther against me: against me do they
devise + my hurt.

8 An evil disease, say they,
cleaveth fast unto him: and now that
he lieth he shall rise up more.

Ver. 4. heal my soul;] Forgive my sins, and restore me to health. Dr. Wells.

6. And if he come &c.] If one of them cometh to see me, he telleth lies; his heart gathereth up falsehood against me, and when he goeth forth he immediately spreadeth it. "He telleth lies," that is, his very compliments of condolence are falsehood and lies. Green.

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8. An evil disease, &c.] That is, the punishment of some great crime hath so entirely seized upon him, that he shall not be able to escape from it. Rosen


9. Yea, mine own familiar friend, &c.] He means either Ahithophel, or some other perfidious counsellor or courtier, who was a type of Judas, as David was a type of Christ, in being thus betrayed. Poole.

hath lifted up his heel against me.] Has shewn great treachery towards me. Edwards. The figure is taken from wrestlers who endeavour to supplant each other with their feet. Rosenmüller.

His zeal to serve God in the temple.

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1 David's zeal to serve God in the temple.
5 He encourageth his soul to trust in God.
¶ To the chief Musician, || Maschil,
for the sons of Korah.


2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?

3 a My tears have been my meat a Ps. 80. 5. day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?

4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holy day.


5 Why art thou cast down, ( † Heb. bowed my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet || praise him for the help of his countenance.

Or, give

Or, his

6 O my God, my soul is cast down presence is within me: therefore will I remem

consciences, of others, shall have the bed of pain made easy unto them, by the hand of their heavenly Father. Bp. Horne. The end of the first Book of Psalms.

Psalm XLII. This Psalm was most probably composed by David, when he was driven by Absalom from Jerusalem. Dr. Wells. The author of this elegant complaint, exiled from the temple, and from the publick exercise of his religion, to the extreme parts of Judea, persecuted by his numerous enemies, and agitated by their reproaches, pours forth his soul to God in this tender and pathetick composition. The ardent feelings of a devout heart are admirably expressed, while the memory of former felicity seems to aggravate his present anguish. The extreme anxiety of a mind, depressed by the burden of sorrow, and yet at the same time impatient under it; overcome by an accumulation of evils, yet in some degree endeavouring to resist them, and admitting, through the dark cloud of affliction, a glimmering ray of hope and consolation, is finely depicted. Bp. Lowth.

- the sons of Korah.] These were probably an eminent order of singers in the house of God. See 1 Chron. ix. 19, and xxvi. 1. Poole.

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He encourageth his soul

to trust in God.


and of the Hermonites, from ||

ber thee from the land of Jordan, JUDGE me, O God, and plead
my cause against an ungodly Or,
nation: O deliver me † from the de- + Heb. from
ceitful and unjust man.


a man of deceit and

2 For thou art the God of my iniquity. strength: why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?

30 send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me; let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles.

| Or, the little hill.


| Or, killing.


7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.

8 Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life.

9 I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?

10 As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy


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10. As with a sword &c.] The reproaches of my enemies are as cutting as a sword. Bp. Patrick. 11.—the health of my countenance,] The restorer of my drooping spirits. Bp. Wilson.

In the first verse of this Psalm, the thirst, which the "hart" experienceth, when chased in sultry weather over the dusty plains, is set before us as a representation of that ardent desire after the waters of eternal comfort, which the temptations, the cares, and the troubles of the world, produce in the believing soul. Bp. Horne.

By due reverence and affection to God's worship, and to His church, we bring ourselves by degrees to that true and entire love of God Himself, to which so many pretend, and so few attain; to that high value and estimation of Him and of His presence, that we really contemn and despise all the pleasure and profit of this world, and the world itself, for interposing and obstructing our immediate resort to His heavenly mansion. Lord Clarendon.

4 Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God + my exceeding joy yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my God.


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1 The church, in memory of former favours,
7 complaineth of their present evils. 17
Professing her integrity, 24 she fervently
prayeth for succour.
To the chief Musician for the sons
of Korah, Maschil.



5 Why art thou cast down, O my a Ps. 42. 5, soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.

Psalm XLIII. This Psalm, in all probability, was composed by the same author as the former, and upon the same occasion. Bp. Patrick Nothing can be imagined more natural to a man of David's character, and under the circumstances in which he was placed, than that solemn appeal to the Divine justice, against a vile son, and a wicked people, with which this Psalm begins; or the earnest supplication for relief and restoration which follows it; or that lively expression of hope, and confidence in the Divine protection, which concludes it. Dr. Delaney. More than thirty manuscripts confirm the opinion of Bp. Lowth, that this and the preceding are one Psalm. Street.

Ver. 3. O send out &c.] In other words, O let Thy gracious favour, and the truth of Thy promises, be my sure guide to conduct me to Thy holy mountain, where Thou hast fixed Thy dwellingplace. Bp. Patrick, Travell.

We learn from this Psalm, that if the Prophet begged of God to deliver him from the malice of his enemies, it was chiefly with a view to return to the tabernacle, that he might praise God, and express his joy, love, and gratitude. And the complaints and sighs which he uttered, because he could not come into the house of God, should engage those who have the liberty to serve God in religious assemblies, gladly to improve so inestimable a blessing. Ostervald.

Psalm XLIV. This Psalm appears to have been composed at a time when the Jewish state suffered grievously from their enemies, and many were carried into captivity; though the state itself still subsisted, and the public worship of God was maintained. It is not unlikely that Hezekiah was the author of it; and that perhaps, soon after the blasphemous message of Rabshakeh, 2 Kings xviii. 13, &c. Mudge.

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