Imatges de pÓgina

So is he, being a man.

Agr. Why, Enobarbus ?

When Antony found Julius Cæsar dead,

He cried almost to roaring: and he wept,

When at Philippi he found Brutus slain.

Eno.That year, indeed, he was troubled with a rheum; What willingly he did confound, he wail'd:

Believe it, till I weep too.

Cas. No, sweet Octavia,

You shall hear from me still; the time shall not
Out-go my thinking on you.

Ant. Come, sir, come;

I'll wrestle with you in my strength of love:
Look, here I have you; thus I let you go,

And give you to the gods.

Cas. Adieu; be happy!

Lep. Let all the number of the stars give light

To thy fair way!

Cas. Farewell, farewell!

Ant. Farewell!

[Kisses OCTAVIA,

[Trumpets sound. Exeunt.


Alexandria. A Room in the Palace.



Cleo. Where is the fellow?

Alex. Half afeard to come.

Cleo. Go to, go to:-Come hither, sir.

Enter a Messenger.

Alex. Good majesty,

Herod of Jewry dare not look upon you,
But when you are well pleas'd.

Cleo. That Herod's head

I'll have: But how? when Antony is gone
Through whom I might command it. Come thou near.
Mes. Most gracious majesty,-

Cleo. Didst thou behold

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Mes. Madam, in Rome

I look'd her in the face; and saw her led

look, and being supposed to indicate an ill-temper, is of course regarded as a great blemish. STEEV.

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Between her brother and Mark Antony.

Cleo. Is she as tall as me 4

Mes. She is not, madam.

Cleo. Didst hear her speak?Is she shrill-tongu'd,or low? Mes. Madam, I heard her speak; she is low-voic'd. Cleo. That's not so good:-he cannot like her long. Char. Like her? O Isis! 'tis impossible.

Cleo. I think so, Charmian. Dull of tongue, and dwarfish!

What majesty is in her gait? Remember,
If e'er thou look'st on majesty.

Mes. She creeps;

Her motion and her station are as one :6
She shows a body rather than a life;

A statue, than a breather.

Cleo. Is this certain?

Mes. Or I have no observance.

Char. Three in Egypt

Cannot make better note.

Cleo. He's very knowing,

I do perceiv't :-There's nothing in her yet :-
The fellow has good judgment.

Char. Excellent:

Cleo. Guess at her years, I pr'ythee.
Mes. Madam,

She was a widow.

Cleo. Widow?-Charmian, hark.7

Mes. And I do think, she's thirty.

Cleo. Bear'st thou her face in mind? Is it long, or round? Mes. Round even to faultiness.

Cleo. For the most part too,

[4] This scene, says Dr Grey, is a manifest allusion to the questions put by queen Elizabeth to sir James Melvil, concerning his mistress, the queen of Scots. STEEV - see no probability that Shakspeare should here allude to a conversation that passed between Queen Elizabeth and a Scottish ambassador in 1 564, the very year in which he was born, and does not appear to have been made public for above threescore years after his death; Melvil's Memoirs not being printed tili 1683. Such enquiries, no doubt, are perfectly natural to rival females, whether queens or cinder-wenches. RITSON.

[5] It has been justly observed that the poet had probably Queen Elizabeth here in his thoughts. The description given of her by a contemporary, about twelve years after her death, strongly confirms this supposition. "She was (says the Continuator of Stowe's Chronicle) tall of stature, strong in every limb and joynt, her fingers small and long, her voyce loud and shrill." MAL. [6] Station-in this instance, means the act of standing. So, in Hamlet : "A station like the herald Mercury,"


[7] Cleopatra rejoices in this circumstance, as it sets Octavia on alevel with herself, who was no virgin when she fell to the lot of Antony. STEE.

They are foolish' that are so.-Her hair, what colour? Mes. Brown, madam : And her forehead is as low As she would wish it.

Cleo. There is gold for thee.

Thou must not take my former sharpness ill :—
I will employ thee back again; I find thee
Most fit for business: Go, make thee ready;
Our letters are prepar'd.
Char. A proper man.
Cleo. Indeed, he is so

That I so harry'd him.

[Exit Mess.

I repent me much,

Why, methinks, by him,

This creature's no such thing,

Char. O, nothing, madam.

Cleo. The man hath seen some majesty, and should know. Char. Hath he seen majesty ? Isis else defend,

And serving you so long!

Cleo. I have one thing more to ask him yet, good

Charmian —

But 'tis no master; thou shalt bring him to me
Where I will write: All may be well enough.
Char. I warrant you, madam.



Athens. A Room in ANTONY's House. Enter ANTONY and OCTAVIA.

Ant. Nay, nay, Octavia, not only that,―

That were excusable, that, and thousands more

Of semblable import,-but he hath wag'd

New wars 'gainst Pompey; made his will, and read it
To public ear;

Spoke scantly of me when perforce he could not
But pay me terms of honour, cold and sickly

He vented them; most narrow measure lent me :
When the best hint was given him, he not took't,
Or did it from his teeth,

Oct. O my good lord,

Believe not all; or, if you must believe,
Stomach not all. A more unhappy lady,
If this division chance, ne'er stood between,
Praying for both parts:

And the good gods will mock me presently,

[8] To harry, is to use roughly, harass. subdue. STEEV. To harry, is, to hunt. Hence the word harrier. King James threatened the Puritans that "he would harry them out of the land." HENLEY.

When I shall pray, 0, bless my lord and husband!
Undo that prayer, by crying out as loud,

O, bless my brother! Husband win, win brother,
Prays, and destroys the prayer; no midway
'Twixt these extremes at all.

Ant. Gentle Octavia,

Let your best love draw to that point, which seeks
Best to preserve it: If I lose mine honour,

I lose myself: better I were not yours,

Than yours so branchless. But, as you requested, Yourself shall go between us: The mean time, lady, I'll raise the preparation of a war

Shall stain your brother;9 Make your soonest haste; So your desires are yours.

Oct. Thanks to my lord.

The Jove of power make me most weak, most weak, Your reconciler! Wars 'twixt you twain would be As if the world should cleave, and that slain men Should solder up the rift.'

Ant. When it appears to you where this begins,
Turn your displeasure that way; for our faults
Can never be so equal, that your love

Can equally move with them. Provide your going;
Choose your own company, and command what cost
Your heart has mind to.


The same. Another Room in the same. Enter ENOBARBUS and EROS, meeting.

Eno. How now, friend Eros?

Eros. There's strange news come, sir.

Eno. What, man?

Eros. Cæsar and Lepidus have made wars upon Pom


Eno. This is old; What is the success?

Eros. Cæsar, having made use of him in the wars 'gainst Pompey, presently denied him rivality;2 would not let him partake in the glory of the action: and not resting here, accuses him of letters he had formerly wrote

[9] Stain, that is, shame, or disgrace him.


[1] The sense is, that war between Cæsar and Antony would engage the world between them, and that the slaughter would be great in so extensive a commotion. JOHNS. [2] Rivality-equal rank. JOHNS.

to Pompey; upon his own appeal, seizes him: 3 So the poor third is up, till death enlarge his confine.

Eno. Then, world, thou hast a pair of chaps, no more;
And throw between them all the food thou hast,
They'll grind the one the other. Where's Antony?
Eros. He's walking in the garden-thus; and spurns
The rush that lies before him: cries, Fool, Lepidus !
And threats the throat of that his officer,
That murder'd Pompey.

Eno. Our great navy's rigged.
Eros. For Italy, and Cæsar.
My lord desires you presently
I might have told hereafter,
Eno. 'Twill be naught :

More, Domitius ;4
my news

But let it be.-Bring me to Antony.
Eros. Come, sir.



Rome. A Room in CESAR's House. Enter CESAR, AGRIPPA,


Cas. Contemning Rome, he has done all this: And


In Alexandria,-here's the manner of it,-
I'the market-place, on a tribunal silver'd,
Cleopatra and himself in chairs of gold
Were publicly enthron'd at the feet, sat
Cæsarion, whom they call my father's son ;
And all the unlawful issue, that their lust
Since then hath made between them. Unto her
He gave the 'stablishment of Egypt; made her
Of Lower Syria, Cyprus, Lydia, 5

Absolute queen.

Mec. This in the public eye?

[3] To appeal in Shakspeare, is to accuse; Cæsar seized Lepidus without any other proof than Cæsar's accusation.


[4] I have something more to tell you, which I might have told at first, and delayed my news. Antony requires your presence. JOHNS.

[5] For Lydia, Mr. Upton, from Plutarch, has restored Lybia. JOHNS. In the translation from the French of Amyot, by Thomas North, in folio, 1597, will be seen at once the origin of this mistake: "First of all he did establish Cleopatra queen of Egypt, of Cyprus,of Lydia, and the lower Syria." * I find the character of this work pretty early delineated: "'Twas Greek at first, that Greek was Latin made,

That Latin French, that French to English straid:
Thus 'twixt one Plutarch there's more difference,

Than i' th' same Englishman return'd from France." FARMER.

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