Imatges de pÓgina


On the Commandments, No. 1.


What was the third thing your Godfathers and Godmothers

promised for you ? “ That I should keep God's holy will and commandments, and walk in the same all the days of my life.” Tell me how many there be ?

Ten; which are otherwise called the Law of God. They were given to Moses on Mount Sinai, written by the finger of God on two tables of stone. They contain the substance of all that is required of man, and instruct him briefly in his duty towards God, and his duty towards his neighbour. But it is not to be supposed, that the Divine commands are so fully revealed in them, as to render the rest of God's word unnecessary or unimportant. All Scripture is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; and the will of God is to be sought for throughout the whole bible. Which be they?

“ The same which God spake in the twentieth chapter of Exodus, saying, I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

God thus reminded his people of the wonders he had wrought for them, in order to display his majesty, and enforce his authority. Under what obligations were the Children of Israel to keep

the Ten Commandments ? " The Lord was their God.!' [lle said to Abram] I am the Lord that brought thee out of Ur of the

Chaldees. Gen. xv, 7. To be a God onto thee, and to thy seed after thee. Gen. xvii, 7. I will briug you unto the land concerning the which I did swear :--

I am the Lord. Exod, vi, 2, 6, 8, 29. Ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people :--and ye

shall be unto me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. Exod. xix, 5, 6.

I am the Lord thy God. Exod. xx, 2.
I am the Lord, Ye shall be holy, for I am holy. Lev. xi, 4+; xix,

2 ; xx, 7. All the first-born are mine. I am the Lord. Numb. 3, 1.3. Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God, &c. And the

Lord hath avouched thee this day to be his peculiar people, &c.

Deut. xxvi, 17--19. Defile not yourselves. I am the Lord your God. Ezek. xx, 7. Ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, and none else. Joel

ii, 27 ; iii, 17. “ He brought them out of the land of Egypt.” (Pliaraoh was induced by his interference to say,] Get you forth from

among my people.--- And they spoiled the Egyptians. Exod.

xii, 31-37. Ye shall know that the Lord hath brought you ont of the land of

Egypt. Exod. xvi, 6; xxix, 46. I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of

Egypt. Lev. xix, 36; xxvi, 13; Numb. xv, 41 ; Deut. v, 6;

xiii, 5, 10. Be not afraid--for the Lord thy God is with thee, which brought thee

ap out of the land of Egypt. Deat. xx, 1. The Lord our God, he it is, that brought us op and our fathers oat

of the land of Egypt. Josh. xxiv, 17. They forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them out

of the land of Egypt. Judges ii, 12. Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt.

Judges vi, 8. It is the Lord--that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt.

1 Sam. xii, 6. Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt;--nevertheless he

saved them for his name's sake. Ps. cvi, 7, 8. And brought out Israel from among them. Ps. cxxxvi, 11. I took them by the band, to lead them out of the land of Egypt.

Heb. viii, 9. The Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt. Jude, 5.

“ Out of the house of bondage :” for Pharaoh had made them slaves during their residence in his dominions, and treated them with the utmost cruelty, And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour.

Exod. i, 13, 11. And their cry came up onto God, by reason of the bondage. Exod.

ii, 23. And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people

which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry,---for I know their

sorrows; and I am come down to deliver them. Esod. iii, 7.-9. And Pharaoh commanded-.Ye shall no more give the people straw

to make brick, as heretofore; let them go and gather straw for

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themselves. Let there be more work laid upon the men. Exod.

v, 6-9.

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I am the Lord,---and I will rid you out of their bondage, &c. Exoil.

vi, 6, 7, 9, Remember this day, in which ye came out of the house of bondage.

Exod. xiii, 3. I am the Lord thy God, which bronght thee from the house of bon

dage, Deut. vi, 12; viii, 14. How much were they bound to serve and please God, who had done such great things for them! His claims on their gratitude on this account, are frequently adverted to. For ask now of the days that are past, &c. whether there bath been

any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it? &c. Or hath God assayed to go and take him a nation, from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes ? &c. Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord be is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else. Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee. Deut. iv, 32,

34, 39, 40. Do ye thus requite the Lord, O foolish people and unwise? Is not

he thy father that bath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and

established thee? Deut. xxxii, 6. Fear the Lord, and serve him in truth with all your heart; for con

sider how great things he bath done for you. I Sam. xii, 24. They forgat God their Saviour, who had done great things in Egypt.

Ps, cvi, *.
Are these Commandments equally binding on

Christians ?
Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets ; I am

not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Matt. v, 17. We are under unspeakably greater obligations for spiritual redemption. We have been delivered from spiritual slavery, brought out of spiritual dangers and difficulties, and admitted to a participation of spiritual blessings; of which the temporal deliverances and blessings experienced by the Israelites were but types. God has brought us out of the galling bondage of sin and Satan; has promised to guide and support us by his Spirit through the wilderness of this world ; and to

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bring us safe at last to the heavenly Canaan, which is to be the everlasting inheritance of all his chosen people.

Christ has redeemed us from the power of Satan, by his blood. He hath visited and redeemed his people. Luke i, 68. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in

Christ Jesus. Rom, iii, 24. Christ Jesus, who of God is made onto us wisdom, and righteous

ness, and sanctification, and redemption. 1 Cor. i, 30. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, Gal, iii, 13. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of

sins. Eph, i, 7; Coi. i, 14. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ

Jesus came into the world to save sinpers. 1 Tim. i, 15. Who gave bimself a ransom for all. 1 Tim. ii, 6. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity,

&c. Titus ii, 14. Having obtained eternal redemption for us. Heb. ix, 12, Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things--but with the precious

blood of Christ, 1 Pet. i, 18, 19. Thon hast redeemed us to God by thy blood. Rev. V, 9.

We were “ tied and bound by the chain of our sins;' and “ the pitifulness of his great mercy has loosed us," throwing open the prison doors, and giving liberty to the captives. Thou hast loosed my bonds. I will offer to thee the sacrifice of

thanksgiving. Ps. cxvi, 16, 17. He led captivity captive. Eph. iv, 8. That they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who

are taken captive by him at his will. 2 Tim. ii, 26. He has not only delivered us from evil,” but put us into the possession of good unspeakable, and sent his Spirit to sanctify us, and cause us to profit by all his mercies. Ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord.

Eph. v, 8. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath trans

Jated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. Col. i, 13. Christ Jesus hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immor

tality to life through the gospel. 2 Tim. i, 10. Who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous fight.

1 Pet, ii, 9. These things surely call for our highest gratitude ;a gratitude not only to be acknowledged with our lips, but felt deeply in our hearts, and shown forth in our

lives, by obeying him in all things, and by loving him supremely. Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.

1 John iv, 11. May we as much exceed the Israelites of old, in love and obedience, as we do in blessings! Go bome to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord

hath done for thee. Mark v, 19; Luke viii, 39. I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye

present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable anto

God, which is your reasonable service. Rom. xii, 1, Ye are not your own, For ye are bought with a price: therefore

glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

1 Cor. vi, 19, 20. He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three

witnesses; of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall be be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and bath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of Grace? Heb. x, 28, 29.

Under what circumstances was the Law, or the Ten Com

mandments, given? The people were sanctified, bounds were set to the mount. Exod.

xix, 10-13. There were thunders and lightnings, &c. and the mount qnaked

greatly. Exod. xix, 16--18. The people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, &c. Exod.

XX, 18.

Ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, &c. Heb.

xii, 18, 19, 21, The Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, Exod. xix, 20. And the Lord said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and

be there; and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments wbich I have written; that thou mayest teach

them. Exod. xxiv, 12. And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the

writing of God, graven upon the tables, Exod. xxxii, 16. And Moses cast the tables out of his bands, and brake them beneath

the mount. Exod, xxxii, 19. And the Lord said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone, like

unto the first; and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest-.-.-.And he wrote

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