Imatges de pàgina

astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. They endeavour

to deceive before they are able to speak. Ps. Iviii, 3. Thou shalt not raise a false report. Exod, xxiii, 1. Neither lie one to another. Lev. xix, 11. He tbat worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house; he that

telleth lies shall not tarry in my sighl. Ps. ci, 76 I hate and abhor lying; but thy law do I love. Ps, cxix, 163. Deliver my soul, O Lord, from lying lips, and from a deceitful

tongue. Ps. cxx, .. These things doth the Lord hate, yea, they are au abomination unto

him;a lying tonguean beart that deviseth wicked imagina.

tions false witness that speakerb lies. Prov. vi, 16-19. The lip of truth shall be established for ever : but a lyi:g tongue is but

for a moment. Prov. xii, 19. Lying lips are abomination to the Lord ; but they that deal truly are

his delight, Prov. xii, 24. The Jews were guilty of transgressing and lying against the Lord,

conceivicg and uttering from the heart words of falsehood, Isa,

lix, 13. Swearing and lying were among the sins, wbich should cause the

land to mourn. Hosea iv, 2. The inhabitants have spoken lies, and their tongne is deceitfut in

their mouth, therefore will I make thee sick in smiting thee.

Mic. vi, 12-13. These are the things that ye shall do, speak ye every man the truth

to his neighbour. Zech. viii, 16. Ye are of your father the Devil. When te speaketh a lie, he speak

eth of his own : for he is a liar and the father of it. John viii, 41, Ananias and Sapphira were struck dead for telling lies. Acts V,3,10, Speaking the truth in love, putting away lying, speak every man

truth with bis neighbour. Eph. iv, 15, 25. Lie not one to another. Col. iji, 9. The law is made for liars, for perjured persons, &c. 1 Tim. i, 9, 10. All liars shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and

brimstone. Rev xxi, 8. There shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither

whatsoever workeih abomination, or maketh a lie. Rev. xxi, 27. Withont is_whosnever loveth and maketh a lie. Rev. xxii, 15.

2. It forbids slandering:

Slandering is lying and evil-speaking joined together: and the common practice of mending the stories that we hear of others' characters, by making additions to them, is slander. Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off. Ps. ci,5. He that uttereth a slander is a fool. Prov.x, 18. Angels bring not railing accusation against them (dignities) before the

Lord. 2 Pet. ii, 11.

Michael, the archangel, durst not bring against hirn (Satan) a railing

accusation ; but said, The Lord rebuke thee. Jude 9. Avoid tale-bearing, and never shew a readiness to believe evil of others, or in any way encourage persons to speak evil of others. How long will ye judge unjustly? Ps. Ixxxii, %. The north wind driveth away rain: so doth an angry countenance a

backbiting tongue. Prov, sxv, 23, Charity envieth not, believeth all things, hopeth all things. 1 Cor.

xiii, 4-7. Not rendering railing for railing, but contrariwise, blessing. For

be that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain bis tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile. 1 Pet. iii. 9, 10, Much mischief and unhappiness are occasioned by the breach of this commandment. Tale bearers, liars, and slanderers, bring great trouble upon individuals, and frequently cause divisions in families and amongst friends. Be very careful how, and to whom, you repeat what you may hear. Never speak without consideration, but ask yourself, if what you are going to say is likely to do any one an injury. If you find it is, repress it. Be not great talkers, remember In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin. Prov. x, 19.

And not only restrain your lips, but keep your heart diligently ; for out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh. Do not harbour any prejudices in your mind, but try to think well of every one, on whose character you cannot positively decide. Judge of others with candour. Be tender of your neighbour's reputation, and be nut slow to vindicate him when you hear him wronged. Above all, be careful always to speak the truth, and let no profit or advantage tempt you to be guilty of a lie, or an equivocation. Pray to God to tame your tongue, and fill your mouth with wisdom. Litany. That it may please thee to forgive our eremies, persecutors,

and slanderers, and to turn their hearts. Froin envy, hatred, and malice, and all uncharitableness, Good Lord deliver us.


On the Commandments. No. 11.


What is the tenth commandment?

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his servant, vor his maid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his. What does this commandment forbid?

It forbids us covering or desiring other men's goods, that is, their property, of whatever kind. Thus it condemns all improper desires of the heart. All the other commandments, in spirit, forbid the evil desires and thoughts of the heart, but this, in the very letter of it. Covetousness is called Idolatry because it draws the heart from God, and induces men to place their dependence on something else than his favour for their happiness. Nothing can be more injurious to spirituality of mind than the indulgence of this sin. It was by this commandment St. Paul was convinced that he was a sinner. I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet,

Rom. vii, 7. The covetous, whom the Lord abhorreth. Ps, x, 3, He that haleth covetousness, shall prolong his days. Prov. xxviii, 16. For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth. Isa. Ivii, 17. They covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take

them away. Micah ii, 2. Woe to him that coveteth an evil covetonsness. Hab. ii, 9. Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, for wliere your

treasure is, there will your heart be also. Ye cannot serve God

and Mammon. Mat. vi, 19.-24. Take heed and beware of covetonsness. Luke xii, 15. I have coveted no man's silver Acts xx, 33. Thou shalt not covet. Rom. xiii, 9 If any man that is called a brother be covetous or an idolater, with

such an one no not to eat. 1 Cor. v, 11. Neither thieves nor covetous shall inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Cor, vi, 10. All uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among

you, as becometh saints. Eph. v, 3, No covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the

kingdom of Christ and of God. Eph. V, 5.

Mortify your members, &c. inordinate affection, evil concupiscence,

and covetousness, which is idolatry. Col. iii, 5. In the last times men shall be covetous, proud, having a form of

godliness, but denying the power thereof. 2 Tim. iii, 2,5. Let your conversation be without covetousness. Heb. xiii, 5. Every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust, and

enticed : Then, when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin:

and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. James i, 14, 15. If ye have bitter envying and strife in yonr bearts, glory not. James

iii, 14. The last of the Aesh, and the last of the eyes, and the pride of life,

is not of the Father, but is of the world. 1 John ii, 16. What instances have we in scripture, of the evil consequences

of indulging covetousness? Eve coveted the fruit of the tree, and then took it. Gen, iii, 0. Achan's sin began by coveting. Jos. vii, 20, 21. Saul's covetousness led him to fly on the spoil of the Amalekites, which was forbidden.

1 Sam. xv, 9. David's coveting Uriah's wife led him to adultery and murder.

2 Sam. xi, 2-4. Ahab's covetousness led him to the murder of Naboth. 1 Kings xxi,

4-16, Gehezi coveted the present, Naaman brought for bis master, and then

obtained it by a lie. 2 Kings v, 20. The young man who could not part with his possession to follow

Christ. Matt. xix, 21. Judas's covetousness led him to betray his Master. Matt. xxvi, 15. Balaam loved the wages of unrighteousness, which caused bin to go

to curse the Lord's people. 2 Pet, ii, 15. Lot is the only child of God on record in the Scripture who was

guilty of this sin. It led him to choose his residence in wicked

Sodom. Gen, xiii, 10. We ought to be content with such things as God gives as, who provides for us with fatherly care, and will withhold nothing but what would, in some way or other, be injurious to us. Neither murmur ye, as some of them also marmured, and were

destroyed of the destroyer. 1 Cor. x, 10. I bave learned, in whatsoever state I therewith to be content.

Pbil. iv, 11. Godliness, with contentment, is great gain. For we brought nothing

into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out; and having food and raiment, let us be therewitb content. But they that will be rich, fall into temptation and a snare. For the love of money is the root of all evil: which, while some coveted after,


they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through

with many sorrows. 1 Tim. vi, 6-10. Be content with such things as ye have. Heb. xiii, 5.

We are forbidden to envy the advantages of others, so as to make us dissatisfied with the mercies bestowed on ourselves, and lead us to sinful methods of procuring what may appear a more agreeable situation.

Discontent implies, that God has not chosen so well for us, as we could have done for ourselves; and, that we have not all we deserve to have : a discontented man would be so, whatever situation he was in. Do not all sins proceed from the corrupt principles of man's

heart? Yes, so our Lord teaches. From within, out of the heart of man, proceed evil thoughts, covet.

oneness, &c. Mark vii, 21, 22, They conceive mischief and bring forth iniquity. Isa. lix, 4.

Most men deceive themselves, by fancying, that, if they refrain from gross violations of the law, they are in a safe state: therefore, to strike at the root of disobedi. ence, we have this commandment.

The poorest person, who is contented with his station, is far more happy than a rich man, who covets what he does not yet possess. Thank God for what you already enjoy, and think how much less comfortable your situation would have been, if he had dealt with you after your deservings. Let not your desires wander after forbidden objects. Keep your heart with all diligence ; (Prov. iv, 23.) and pray Create in me a clean heart; (Ps. li, 10.) and Incline not my heart to covetousness. Ps. cxix, 36. Collect for St. Matthew's day.-Grant us grace to forsake all

covetons desires, and inordinale love of riches, and to follow the same thy Son Jesus Christ.

We have now explained all the commandments contained in

the two tables of the law; Do not you feel that you have broken them, and are exposed to the curse pronounced upon all transgressors?

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