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we get the condemned propositions in terms, and it may be worth while to add a few more from that of St. Augustine :-“Sancti amandi et imitandi, non colendi sunt,' ' Sancti honorandi imitatione non adoratione,'
Sancti non sunt Mediatores inter Deum et hominem,' (A simulachris cavendum,] 'Nec excusat quod non ipsa, sed quæ per illa significatur colamus,' Simulachrorum inventio multa mala attulit,' . Templa angelis non sunt construenda,' • Templa creaturis ædificare sacrilegum est. But we must not now pursue this fruitful subject ; and as it regards points offensive to the Romish See, we content ourselves for the present with noticing the petty jealousy which stooped to expunge from the fables of Laurentius Abstemius that choice tale of “a merry jesting fellow," which, we believe, to this day enlivens the solemn didactics of Daniel Fenning, and instructs that part of the rising generation who are so happy as to be prepared (as ourselves were) for active life, by the Universal Spelling Book, that in the world which they are about to enter, it is easier to obtain fair words than guineas, half-crowns, or even farthings. But the stern Inquisitor of Spain had no bowels for the young children of his Church, and sentenced them to be turned adrift without warning. “Deleatur” says the rigid censor "tota fabula 23, de viro qui ad Cardinalem nuper creatum gratulandi causa accessit, cujus initium Vir quidam facetus."
If, however, the petty jealousy of the Church of Rome was manifested in such expurgations as these, a still more despicable fear and meanness was shewn in the careful erasure not only of every thing complimentary or civil to Protestants, but even of their very dames, when mentioned in the works of either Protestants or Roman Catholics. We could fill page after page with such expurgations, and perhaps it would not be too much to say, that the single Index, to which we have more particularly alluded, contains enough on this one point to form a moderate volume. Let the following, taken at random from an infinite multitude, serve as a specimen. From Gesner's Historiæ Animalium:“In Indice Auctorum cui titulus est Clarorum virorum deque nobis in hoc opere, &c. In ipso titulo dele clarorm et que, Deinde ibi Achilles Pyrminius Gasserus, 8c. dele præstantissimus, Georgius Fabricius, &c. dele illustris, Gulielmus Turnerus, 8c. dele eximius, Hieronymus Massarius, &c. dele præclarus, Huldricus Hugualdus, g c. dele doctissimus Joan. Caius Anglus, &c. dele clarissimus, Joan. Hospinianus, &c. dele dissertissimus, Joan. Parckhurstus, &c. dele Theologus et elegantissimus, Joan. Ribittus, &-c. dele sacrarum literarum professor fidellissimus, Petrus Stuibius, &c. dele verbi minister et diacomis vigilantissimus, Theodorus Beza, &c. delo totum .”—“Præterea expurgantur quatuor epigrammata, tria priora Joannis Park et quartum Philologi cujusdam, quæ sunt in laudem operis et auctoris.” With regard to the Bibliotheca of the same author, the direction is “Ex Indice Auctorum qui operi præfigitur, expungantur nomina Hæresiarcharum, videlicet, &c.," then follows a list of seventeen names, including Beza, Bucer, Calvin, Huss, Luther, Melancthon, &c. The feeling which dictated this mode of proceeding is almost avowed in the notice of Zuinger's Theatrum Vitæ Humanæ, where the reader is informed that the work is chiefly a compilation from the writings of those who were heretics," whose names ought by no means to be publicly mentioned with respect.” This will account for such expurgations as the following, of which there are hundreds, but we take these at random :--" Teste Dor. Oldendorssio dele Dor. et quia sæpius hic autor,” (Spiegelius) citans Oldendorssium in hoc opere, præmittit ei Dor. delendum ubique elogium istud honoris Dn.” “ dele clarissimi et substitue auctoris damnati,” “ Leunclavius feliciter emendavit, dele feliciter.” Hundreds, we say, of such passages might be quoted, and indeed, in many cases, it is the chief business of the censor to weed out these obnoxious expressions. For instance, twenty-five erasures are directed in the Glossarium Græco-barbarum of Meursius, of which fifteen at least (for it does not clearly appear what some are) consist merely in expunging “Vs. Ch., eruditus," and the like, from before the names of Junius and other learned men. Nay, so far was it from being lawful to call a Protestant learned or illustrious, that it was forbidden even to call the persons pretending to holy orders theologians. We say nothing of the English Pseudoepiscopi” who figure in the Prohibitory Index,* because it is obvious that the Church of Rome always did and always must look upon our Bishops as usurping laymen; but surely there would have been no concession, and not too much civility, in allowing that Protestant divines were theologians. Yet this privilege is not allowed to De Thou, whose ninth book requires many erasures of this sort. Theologis, qui ad concilium, pro " Theologis scribe iis. Et ibi decrevisse viros bonos mittere, dele bonos.” But not to multiply instances of this petty criticism, we content ourselves with stating that the jealous critic actually follows the wandering Jew of Tudela through all his rambles, (though the translation of his narrative was published by no less a person than the profoundly orthodox expurgator B. A. Montanus) in order to blot out every kind word which poor Benjamin had uttered respecting his nation “filius Jonæ probanda memoria, dele probandæ memoriæ,“ Synagoga sacra, dele vocem sacru," " Filii Haziddai felicis memoriæ dele felicis memoriæ," and so on through a folio page.
Has it struck the reader-if it has, we may as well own it; and if it has not, we expect to gain as much by our candour as we lose by the exposure of our pedigree, for the “
quæ non fecimus ipsi" are, indeed, in this case such as we have no desire to call our own—but has it not struck the reader that these index-makers were our ancestors and the Fathers of our Craft? We will not deny it, but how are the tiines altered! A veteran author, whose name has been honourably prominent in this controversy, and who must know something of our genus from a good deal of active and passive experience, once declared that Reviewers were infallible, and we verily believe that we are as much so as the Pope of Rome, or the Inquisitor of Spain. But, alas ! this infallibility (as hard to find and to prove as the Pope's) is all that is left to us of those
: Our countrymen make a very respectable appearance in the Prohibitory Index, but it might not always occur to a hasty reader that he had fallen in with an old friend. "Parcharus" for instance, might have passed for some heretical Monk, if he had not had the addition of “Pseudo archiepiscopus Cantuariensis." As to “Reginaldųs PEROK Anglus," we are at no loss to be sure, because one naturally expects to find honourable mention of Bishop Peacock, and some notice of those works which he could not save (when he scarcely saved himself) from the flames. “PIL KINTONIUS," though it looks rather odd, is intelligible; especially with the addition of “Pseudoepiscopus Dumilmensis," which is near enough to what is right to shew that he not only was a sham Bishop, but that he presided over a See which the Church of Rome had no reason to love, a See which has lately exchanged BARRINGTON for VAN MILDERT, and which harbours such heretics as PhilPOTTS, FABER, and TOWNSEND; men whose writings plainly shew the necessity of Prohibitory Indexes, as the only weapons by which they can be successfully met. “Sandes Wigormiensis" may be forgiven, but the condem. nation of " Yonellus" would scarcely have been sufficient to prevent the reading of Jewel's Apology, if “ vel Juellus Anglus" had not been added.
It is, however, somewhat curious that all these and many more Englishmen, are not only in the prohibitory, as distinguished from the expurgatory Index, but that they are all contained in the first class of that Index; that is to say, among those authors whose works, past, present, and future..." opera edita et edenda".--are absolutely prohibited. The second class consists of specific works by known authors; and the third, of books whose authors are unknown. The first class is, of course, satisfied with mentioning . the name of the author, but the two latter condemn a multitude of Spanish, Portu. guese, French, Flemish, and German books; yet, the only English work which we have observed in either of them, and we recollect not one in the expurgatory part of this Index) is the version of Sternhold and Hopkins; at least we suppose that to be meant by “Psalmes of Dauid in Enghelsche metre.” VOL. I.
golden times. Sitting, as we do, with half a quire of outsides before us, writing perhaps what few will read and fewer will attend to, we can scarcely trust ourselves to dwell on an idea so magnificent as that of reviewing e cathedra, and excommunicating every man who should omit to read, or venture to dispute, our decisions. Nay, we have even the modesty to avow that we do not covet such exaltation, and mistrust our powers to guide the flaming car
“Dum studet insanus Phaeton cælestia fræna
Stagna Padi?" And what would become of us if we were tumbled into the mud of those Italian streams, whose navigation would puzzle plain Englishmen, and is familiar only to those “qui Thybrim Fabarinque bibunt.” We are reconciled to the loss of power, while we are free from the responsibility and trouble of watching the tottering steps of dotard Infallibility, and picking him up and scraping him clean every time he falls into the dirt. We are satisfied if, without the apparatus of Bulls and Racks, we can gain the ear of common sense; and, in fact, our reason for saying thus much on our descent from these venerable reviewers, is that we may boldly ask the reader whether our craft has not improved since their time? We ask him whether he knows or has heard of any work so mean, so base, so shameless as that class of works of which Mr. Mendham is the historian? But, on any thing which might seem to have even an indirect tendency to commend our own merit and modesty, it is obviously painful to enlarge, and the less we say on the subject the better.
We proceed to notice the means taken for giving effect to these Indexes ; but our limits require that we should defer this to another number.
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
(Continued from page 124.)
The Frands of the Romish Monks and Priests, in seven Letters from
Italy, descriptive of the Mock-Miracles, Monasteries, Confraternities, Processions, Superstitious Observances, &c. &c. of the Church of Rome. A new Edition, with an Introductory Preface.
12mo. 48. bds. The Word of God weighed against the Commandments of men, in six
Controversial Letters between the Rev. C. Otway, A. B., Curate of
and now a Roman Catholic Priest. Svo. Is. 6d. Four Dialogues on the Mass, Transubstantiation, Purgatory, Prayer to
Saints, &c. &c. chiefly taken from Leslie, and Matthew Poole,
18mo. 2s. bds. Triamoirai; or a Publication consisting of three parts: the first, addressed
to the Roman Catholics of Ireland—the second, to the Protestant Clergy of Ireland—and the third, to the King and his Ministers, upon subjects connected with the religion of the Church of Rome.
28. 6d. Tims. Controversial Pamphlets, containing all that has appeared of import
ance on the Roman Catholic Controversy. Bound. £1. 4s. Tims. A Correspondence between a Roman Catholic Priest and a Protestant
Layman, in which the former declined continuing the Controversy; and to which is subjoined an Address to Roman Catholic Readers ; also a Challenge to the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland to comé forward, if they are able, and answer the Arguments brought against them; and an Appeal to the King, his Ministers, and Protestants of every denomination, on the subject of the Idolatry of
the Church of Rome. Is. 6d. Tims. A Report of the Discussion which took place at the Argyle-Rooms,
London, on Thursday, 24th May, between the Rev. Mr. Burnet and Mr. O'Leary, both of the City of Cork, relative to the indis
criminate circulation of the Scriptures. 8vo.. ls. The Authenticated Report of the late important Discussion between the
Rev. R. T. P. Pope and the Rev. T. Maguire, on the principal points of controversv between the Protestant and Roman Catholic Churches.
Dublin. 8vo. 9s. 60.-12mo. second edit. 4s. Ellmer Castle, a Roman Catholic story of the 19th century. 18mo. 3s. 6d. Father Clement, a Roman Catholic story. 12mo. 4s. 6d. Authentic details of the Waldenses. 8vo. 12s. Longman. Le Catholicisme, on Discussion Amicale. 8vo. 143. Longman. Strictures on the Poet Laureate's “Book of the Church." By John
Merlin. 8vo. Keating. A Letter addressed to the author of the Book of the Roman Catholic
Church. By Apostolicus. 8vo. Baines. The Reformation and the Papal System. Remarks on two letters upon
these subjects in the Book of the Roman Catholic Church. 8vo.
Longman. Two Letters addressed to the author of the Book of the Roman Catholic
Church, &c. By a Lay-Member of the University of Oxford. 8vo.
Hatchard. Letter to Charles Butler, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, containing brief ob
servations upon his question, “What has England gained by the
Reformation ?" By a true Catholic. 8vo. Hatchard. The real state of Ireland, in 1827. 8vo. In the press. Murray. Authentic details of the Waldenses in Piedmont and other countries,
&c.. with original letters written during a residence among the Vaudois of Piedmont and Wirtemberg, in 1825, with 12 etchings,
8vo. 128. Hatchard. Three months in Ireland, by a Protestant. Murray. The Evidence on the state of Ireland given before the Houses of Lords
and Commons by the Irish Catholic Bishops, Mr. O'Connell and.
other witnesses. 8vo. 12s. Murray. Correspondence between Pope Pius VII. and the late King of Naples,
with an appendix of documents, &c. 8vo. 5s. Murray. Protestant principles exemplified in the Parliamentary orations of Royal
Dukes, Right Rev. Prelates, Noble Peers, and illustrious Common
ers, &c. 8vo. 15s. Murray. An authentic Narrative of the Conversion to the Protestant Faith, and
of the Death of J. A. Cadiot, late Vicar of Gurat and Vaux, in
the Department of Charante, in France. 8vo. 33. Nisbet. A Collection of Texts of Scripture, with short Notes upon them against
the principal Popish Errors, being a Summary of the Doctrines of the Church of Rome, with a plain refutation from Scripture. A new Edition, corrected and carefully revised by a clergyman. 12mo.
Curry. Analytical Examination of the principal arguments employed in sup
port of the Bill for the Suppression of the late Catholic Association, according to the Reports of the Debate in the House of Commons, February 10, 11, 14, 15, 1825. By a Member of the University of
Oxford.' 38.' Hunter. A Collection of Texts of Scripture, in which the different Tenets of
the Church of Rome are fully stated, and fairly answered, from Scripture and Comment on Scripture. 12mo. bds. 2s, 6d. Tims,
Letters from his Late Majesty to the late Lord Kenyon, on the Corona
tion Oath, with his Lordship’s Answers; and Letters of the Right Honorable Wm. Pitt to his late Majesty, on the Roman Catholics of Ireland, with his Majesty's answers ; now first published from the original MSS. with a Preface, and a Fac-simile Letter of his
Majesty Geo. III. 4to. 8s. 6d. Murray. Papal Power, being an Historical Account of the Temporal Power of the
Popes. · 2 vols. 8vo. bds. £l, Tims. The Episcopal Oath of Allegiance to the Pope in the Church of Rome,
translated into English, with some remarks upon what is called the
Persecuting Clause. 2s. . Hatchard. Taxatio PAPALIS, or an account of the Tax-Books of the United Church
and Court of Modern Roine. 2s. Hatchard. A Summary of the Principles and History of Popery. By John Birt.
8vo. As. Holdsworth. Four Sermons on the Errors of Popery. By the Rev. Dr. Bell. Svo.
2s. Tims. Bible Discussions ; being all the Reports of the Meetings which took
place to promote the circulation of the Scriptures. 8vo. £i. Is.
Tims. Secreta Monita ; or the Secret Intrigues of the Jesuits. ls. Tims. Jesuit's Intrigues. 6. Tims. Hindooism in Ireland. 3d. Tims. Letter from J. K. L. to Lord Farnham, “What that said Protestaņtism
is ;" or Brief Observations upon some occurrences at a Meeting of British Catholics, held on the 8th November, 1826. With a short Introductory Letter to R. Wilmot Horton, Esq. M. P. By Amicus
Patriæ. Cadell. The Pretensions of Modern Popery brought to the Test. Observations
on the “Declarations of the Catholic Bishops, &c." Is. Hatchard. Papal Pretensions; or the Right of the Church of Rome to Power in
Great Britain, &c. With an Appendix, containing some account
of the Society of Jesuits. By a Layman. 8vo. Rivingtons. Funeral Sermon of the late Head of the Roman Church, Pope Pius VII.
preached by the Rev. W. Cooper. The Roman Catholic Religion
is a Novelty, a Sermon preached in Carlow, by the Rev. Robert Fishbourne. Fourth edition. Is. . Tims. Rev. c. Otway's Letter to J. K. L. on his Letter to Lord Farnham. 3d.
Tims. Rev. Richard P. Pope's Letter to Rev. T. Maguire, Parish Priest of
Innismagrath. 6. Tims. Lord Farnham's Speech at Cavan Meeting. ls. Tims. The Lives of Clemens Romanus, Ignatius, and Polycarp. 2s. The Harbingers of the Reformation ; or, a Biographical Sketch of Wick
liffe, Huss, and Jerome. Life of Úlricus Zuinglius, the Swiss Reformer: with a Biographical
Sketch of John Ecolampadius. The Morning of the English Church ; or, the lives of its Early Reform
ers; containing those of Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, and Hooper. The Genius of Popery. A Discourse delivered in the Chapel of the
Molineux Asylum, Dublin : by Rev. J. C. Lloyd, A. B. Tims. Les Jesuites Modernes, &c. By the Abbé Martial Marcet de la Roche.
Arnaud. 8vo. pp. 200. Paris. 1826. The Lollards. In Numbers at 2d. each, or complete at 3s. London. The Days of Queen Mary. Ditto
Ditto. Historical Memoirs of John Knox, &c. With an Account of the Refor
mation in Scotland. 3s. 60. Edinburgh.