Imatges de pÓgina

we get the condemned propositions in terms, and it may be worth while to add a few more from that of St. Augustine :-“Sancti amandi et imitandi, non colendi sunt,' ' Sancti honorandi imitatione non adoratione,'

Sancti non sunt Mediatores inter Deum et hominem,' (A simulachris cavendum,] 'Nec excusat quod non ipsa, sed quæ per illa significatur colamus,' Simulachrorum inventio multa mala attulit,' . Templa angelis non sunt construenda,' Templa creaturis ædificare sacrilegum est. But we must not now pursue this fruitful subject ; and as it regards points offensive to the Romish See, we content ourselves for the present with noticing the petty jealousy which stooped to expunge from the fables of Laurentius Abstemius that choice tale of “a merry jesting fellow," which, we believe, to this day enlivens the solemn didactics of Daniel Fenning, and instructs that part of the rising generation who are so happy as to be prepared (as ourselves were) for active life, by the Universal Spelling Book, that in the world which they are about to enter, it is easier to obtain fair words than guineas, half-crowns, or even farthings. But the stern Inquisitor of Spain had no bowels for the young children of his Church, and sentenced them to be turned adrift without warning. “Deleatur” says the rigid censor "tota fabula 23, de viro qui ad Cardinalem nuper creatum gratulandi causa accessit, cujus initium Vir quidam facetus."

If, however, the petty jealousy of the Church of Rome was manifested in such expurgations as these, a still more despicable fear and meanness was shewn in the careful erasure not only of every thing complimentary or civil to Protestants, but even of their very dames, when mentioned in the works of either Protestants or Roman Catholics. We could fill page after page with such expurgations, and perhaps it would not be too much to say, that the single Index, to which we have more particularly alluded, contains enough on this one point to form a moderate volume. Let the following, taken at random from an infinite multitude, serve as a specimen. From Gesner's Historiæ Animalium:“In Indice Auctorum cui titulus est Clarorum virorum deque nobis in hoc opere, &c. In ipso titulo dele clarorm et que, Deinde ibi Achilles Pyrminius Gasserus, 8c. dele præstantissimus, Georgius Fabricius, &c. dele illustris, Gulielmus Turnerus, 8c. dele eximius, Hieronymus Massarius, &c. dele præclarus, Huldricus Hugualdus, g c. dele doctissimus Joan. Caius Anglus, &c. dele clarissimus, Joan. Hospinianus, &c. dele dissertissimus, Joan. Parckhurstus, &c. dele Theologus et elegantissimus, Joan. Ribittus, &-c. dele sacrarum literarum professor fidellissimus, Petrus Stuibius, &c. dele verbi minister et diacomis vigilantissimus, Theodorus Beza, &c. delo totum .”—“Præterea expurgantur quatuor epigrammata, tria priora Joannis Park et quartum Philologi cujusdam, quæ sunt in laudem operis et auctoris.” With regard to the Bibliotheca of the same author, the direction is “Ex Indice Auctorum qui operi præfigitur, expungantur nomina Hæresiarcharum, videlicet, &c.," then follows a list of seventeen names, including Beza, Bucer, Calvin, Huss, Luther, Melancthon, &c. The feeling which dictated this mode of proceeding is almost avowed in the notice of Zuinger's Theatrum Vitæ Humanæ, where the reader is informed that the work is chiefly a compilation from the writings of those who were heretics," whose names ought by no means to be publicly mentioned with respect.” This will account for such expurgations as the following, of which there are hundreds, but we take these at random :--" Teste Dor. Oldendorssio dele Dor. et quia sæpius hic autor,” (Spiegelius) citans Oldendorssium in hoc opere, præmittit ei Dor. delendum ubique elogium istud honoris Dn.“ dele clarissimi et substitue auctoris damnati,Leunclavius feliciter emendavit, dele feliciter.” Hundreds, we say, of such passages might be quoted, and indeed, in many cases, it is the chief business of the censor to weed out these obnoxious expressions. For instance, twenty-five erasures are directed in the Glossarium Græco-barbarum of Meursius, of which fifteen at least (for it does not clearly appear what some are) consist merely in expunging “Vs. Ch., eruditus," and the like, from before the names of Junius and other learned men. Nay, so far was it from being lawful to call a Protestant learned or illustrious, that it was forbidden even to call the persons pretending to holy orders theologians. We say nothing of the English Pseudoepiscopi” who figure in the Prohibitory Index,* because it is obvious that the Church of Rome always did and always must look upon our Bishops as usurping laymen; but surely there would have been no concession, and not too much civility, in allowing that Protestant divines were theologians. Yet this privilege is not allowed to De Thou, whose ninth book requires many erasures of this sort. Theologis, qui ad concilium, pro " Theologis scribe iis. Et ibi decrevisse viros bonos mittere, dele bonos.But not to multiply instances of this petty criticism, we content ourselves with stating that the jealous critic actually follows the wandering Jew of Tudela through all his rambles, (though the translation of his narrative was published by no less a person than the profoundly orthodox expurgator B. A. Montanus) in order to blot out every kind word which poor Benjamin had uttered respecting his nation “filius Jonæ probanda memoria, dele probandæ memoriæ,Synagoga sacra, dele vocem sacru," " Filii Haziddai felicis memoriæ dele felicis memoriæ," and so on through a folio page.

Has it struck the reader-if it has, we may as well own it; and if it has not, we expect to gain as much by our candour as we lose by the exposure of our pedigree, for the “

quæ non fecimus ipsi" are, indeed, in this case such as we have no desire to call our own—but has it not struck the reader that these index-makers were our ancestors and the Fathers of our Craft? We will not deny it, but how are the tiines altered! A veteran author, whose name has been honourably prominent in this controversy, and who must know something of our genus from a good deal of active and passive experience, once declared that Reviewers were infallible, and we verily believe that we are as much so as the Pope of Rome, or the Inquisitor of Spain. But, alas ! this infallibility (as hard to find and to prove as the Pope's) is all that is left to us of those

: Our countrymen make a very respectable appearance in the Prohibitory Index, but it might not always occur to a hasty reader that he had fallen in with an old friend. "Parcharus" for instance, might have passed for some heretical Monk, if he had not had the addition of “Pseudo archiepiscopus Cantuariensis." As to “Reginaldųs PEROK Anglus," we are at no loss to be sure, because one naturally expects to find honourable mention of Bishop Peacock, and some notice of those works which he could not save (when he scarcely saved himself) from the flames. “PIL KINTONIUS," though it looks rather odd, is intelligible; especially with the addition of “Pseudoepiscopus Dumilmensis," which is near enough to what is right to shew that he not only was a sham Bishop, but that he presided over a See which the Church of Rome had no reason to love, a See which has lately exchanged BARRINGTON for VAN MILDERT, and which harbours such heretics as PhilPOTTS, FABER, and TOWNSEND; men whose writings plainly shew the necessity of Prohibitory Indexes, as the only weapons by which they can be successfully met. “Sandes Wigormiensis" may be forgiven, but the condem. nation of " Yonellus" would scarcely have been sufficient to prevent the reading of Jewel's Apology, if “ vel Juellus Anglus" had not been added.

It is, however, somewhat curious that all these and many more Englishmen, are not only in the prohibitory, as distinguished from the expurgatory Index, but that they are all contained in the first class of that Index; that is to say, among those authors whose works, past, present, and future..." opera edita et edenda".--are absolutely prohibited. The second class consists of specific works by known authors; and the third, of books whose authors are unknown. The first class is, of course, satisfied with mentioning . the name of the author, but the two latter condemn a multitude of Spanish, Portu. guese, French, Flemish, and German books; yet, the only English work which we have observed in either of them, and we recollect not one in the expurgatory part of this Index) is the version of Sternhold and Hopkins; at least we suppose that to be meant by “Psalmes of Dauid in Enghelsche metre.” VOL. I.


golden times. Sitting, as we do, with half a quire of outsides before us, writing perhaps what few will read and fewer will attend to, we can scarcely trust ourselves to dwell on an idea so magnificent as that of reviewing e cathedra, and excommunicating every man who should omit to read, or venture to dispute, our decisions. Nay, we have even the modesty to avow that we do not covet such exaltation, and mistrust our powers to guide the flaming car

“Dum studet insanus Phaeton cælestia fræna
Mortali tractare manu, nonne infima pressit

Stagna Padi?" And what would become of us if we were tumbled into the mud of those Italian streams, whose navigation would puzzle plain Englishmen, and is familiar only to those qui Thybrim Fabarinque bibunt.We are reconciled to the loss of power, while we are free from the responsibility and trouble of watching the tottering steps of dotard Infallibility, and picking him up and scraping him clean every time he falls into the dirt. We are satisfied if, without the apparatus of Bulls and Racks, we can gain the ear of common sense; and, in fact, our reason for saying thus much on our descent from these venerable reviewers, is that we may boldly ask the reader whether our craft has not improved since their time? We ask him whether he knows or has heard of any work so mean, so base, so shameless as that class of works of which Mr. Mendham is the historian? But, on any thing which might seem to have even an indirect tendency to commend our own merit and modesty, it is obviously painful to enlarge, and the less we say on the subject the better.

We proceed to notice the means taken for giving effect to these Indexes ; but our limits require that we should defer this to another number.


(Continued from page 124.)

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