« AnteriorContinua »
OBJECTS OF THE SOCIETY.
sibly find room for some of the extracts of correspondence which we had marked for insertion.
The list of the Society's officers is as follows:--
bishop of Dublin. The Most Rev. His Grace the Lord Arch.
bishop of Tuam. The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Salis.
bury. The Hon. and Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop
of Lichfield and Coventry. The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Elphin. The Most Hon. the Marquis of Cholmon.
J.H. Calcraft, Esq. And all Clergymen and Dissenting Ministers who are Members of the Society shall be er. oficio Members of the Committee.
J. E. GORDON, Esq.
In their address to the public, the committee state that, from the degree of public countenance with which the Society was favored at its first formation, they feel warranted in anticipating the support of the kingdom at large. It is not their wish to interfere with the operations of other societies, but rather to second those operations, by pursuing objects which do not come within the province of existing associations. “The following statement of these objects will explain the nature of the Society's intentions, and will point out the field which it proposes to occupy.
1. To enable Clergymen, and others engaged in promoting the Reformation in Ireland, to purchase such quantities of Bibles, Testaments, and Tracts, as the increasing wants of their respective parishes and districts may require.
2. To supply individuals and associations with the means of circulating such instruction and information as may best meet the present circumstances of Ireland.
3. To enable the friends of the Reformation to defray the expences incurred by meetings for religious discussion, and by the publication of their proceedings, for which no society at present provides.
4. To collect and circulate authentic intelligence respecting the progress of the Reformation.
5. To promote such modes of instruction as are best suited to the condition of the lower orders of the Roman Catholics throughout the Empire."
“The indispensable necessity of adopting such means, under the present circumstances of Ireland,” the committee state, “is attested by those who are best acquainted with her spiritual wants, and will be admitted by all who duly consider the nature of those efforts to which, under the divine blessing, we must trace the religious privileges which we ourselves enjoy. Under a deep sense of the respousibility which attaches to the pre
fessor of the Protestant faith, the on foot in several other parts of Reformation Society proposes to
that country. occupy this important field of ex- In the first number of Quarterly ertion; and whilst its aim will be Extracts, the committeestate“ that to contrast, in every fair and open four kindred associations have alway, the doctrine and practice of ready been established. These have the Church of Rome with the re- been formed under the respective realed will of God, its committee names—the “ City of London Auxtrust that they shall be enabled to iliary,” the “St. Giles's Auxili-, discharge this duty, not less with
ary, the “Long Acre Chapel Asmeekness and affection, than with sociation, and the “ County of Christian fidelity and Christian Kent Auxiliary.” At the forma wisdom. They desire to persuade tion of the last-named Auxiliary, their Roman Catholic Brethren, a public ineeting was held in the by their conduct, as well as by Town-hall, Maidstone, at which their professions, that, in exposing the Earl of Winchelsea presided. what they deem the pernicious The sum of £100. has been reerrors of the Roman Catholic re- mitted to the Parent Society, as ligion, they are influenced solely the result of this first county meetby the interest they feel for their ing, in aid of the British Reformapresent and eternal welfare, and tion Society. by a humble desire to promote the The following changes are also glory of God.”
notified, connected with the ma“ From the above statement, nagement of the Society. Mr. the public will perceive that the Calcraft has resigned his situation British Reformation Society will as one of the Honorary Secretaries, hold out no secular inducement to and in token of their sense of his their Roman Catholic countrymen, valuable services, at the formation for the purpose of accomplishing and commencement of this Institheir objects; it will be equally tution, the committee have gladly obvious that the views of the So- placed his name upon the list of cie.y have no connection whatever Honorary Life Governors. In with politics. Their high and holy consequence of the increasing coraim is, to diffuse religious truth, respondence and general business and religious truth alone, and to of the Society, the committee leave the result in the hands of have judged it important, to secure that God who has said, “My word the constant attention of an efficishall not return unto me void.” ent member of the Society, to the For the support of an object so details of management; and they unexceptionable, and pursued by have therefore offered the situation means so simple, the Society of Secretary, with a salary of would earnestly solicit the help £200 per annum, to the Rev. of the Christian Philanthropist of Henry Owen, to which offer Mr. every Protestant denomination : Owen has kindly acceded. and they trust their appeal will The committee have likewise renot be in vain."
quested Mr. Gordon and Captain It appears that an Institution Vernon, R. N. to proceed to Ire. for the promotion of similar ob- land as representatives of the Sojects, has been formed in Dublin. ciety in that country, and with With this Institution, the com- the special object of forming Auxmittee of the British Society are iliary Institutions in those counalready in friendly correspondence,
ties and towns where their co-opeand they propose to make it the ration is desired by the friends of principal channel of communica- the Reformation Society. They tion between themselves and Ire- trust it will soon be in their power land, Associations which embrace to communicate important informany of the peculiar designs of mation with respect to the proceedthe British Society, have been set ings of this Deputation.
An expectation bad been enter- “I was summoned a few weeks tained of securing for the “ Refor- back to attend the sick bed of one mation Society " the services of of my parishioners. You may an eminent dissenting Minister as imagine my surprise at being inSecretary in conjunction with the terrupted in the performance of Rev. H. J. Owen, but the various the solemn duty in which I was and important duties of that gen- engaged by the mistress of the tleman did not permit him to ac- shouse, a Roman Catholic, who cept the situation.
came to tell me, that I must not In reference to the operations come again, for that she was deof the Society, it is observed “that termined to send for the priest in during the short period of its ex- my stead. The sick man begged istence, it has authorised the ap her to be quiet and said he would pointment of nine Scripture Read- have nothing to do with the priest. ers at a salary of £20. each; dis- I expostulated with her on the tributed in various ways upwards cruelty of her conduct, and reof 70,000 Tracts, besides a num- presented how much she would be ber of Bibles, Testaments, and hurt if the visits of a Protestant Addresses, and made other general Clergyman were forced upon her disbursements in aid of its objects. contrary to her express wish. She These efforts, which may be con- said, however, that the priest sidered as the first fruits of the In- should come for he was next to stitution, it is hoped will be a God. I asked her what she thought means of stimulating its friends to of Jesus Christ; she answered greater exertions, so that the zeal “I think nothing of him.” The and activity conspicuous at its for- priest, she said, had more power mation, in due time may produce than I had, for he could lay a spirit. an abundant harvest to the glory I asked her how she knew that; of God, and the welfare of man- she said the priest himself had kind.”
told her so. She told me also in
the course of the conversation, IGNORANCE AND BIGOTRY OF THE that she thought nothing of the LOWER ORDERS OF ROMAN CA- Bible. I found, in short, that the
priest was to her instead of Christ. We have received from the cler- I was unable to persuade her to gyman of a large and populous listen to reason, and the priest, in parish in Lancashire, the following spite of the wish which the poor account of a case which recently man expressed to be left to the occurred in the course of his mi. direction of a Protestant Clergynisterial visits.
man, visited him instead of me."
THOLICS IN LANCASHIRE.
EBRATUM....Page 152, for Dor read Dn.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c.
We have received the papers of “ Junius," and " A Clergyman ;" an Extract from
the Life of St. Martin ; and Mr. Faber's reply to Mr. Corless.
THE ARGUMENT OF THE UNCERTAINTY OF
We noticed in our last number, among the objections urged by Roman Catholic controvertists against the Holy Scriptures as the rule of faith, the argument, that the salvation of most Protestants is made to rest on the uncertain ground of fallible interpretations of the Scriptures. We shall now lay before our readers Chillingworth's retort of the argument; and we leave them to judge whether the salvation of the members of the Church of Rome, according to her own showing of what is necessary to it, can be assured by any such evidence as that which supports the faithfulness of long received and generally accredited translations of the Scriptures.-We allude to the alleged necessity of the intention of the Minister to the validity of the sacraments. The Council of Constance, according to Cardinal Brancati, declared the necessity of the intention of the Minister of the sacraments to make them effectual.-Eugenius IV. after the Council of Florence, says in the Decree of Faith prescribed to the Armenians, that the sacraments are performed by three things; by the things themselves, as the matter; by the words, as the form; and by the person of the Minister, who confers the sacraments with intention to do what the Church doth. The Council of Trent confirmed this dogma in the eleventh Canon de Sacramentis of the seventh Session :— If any one shall say that at least the intention of doing that which the Church doth, is not requisite in the
Ministers whilst they administer the sacraments, let him be anathema.”
“ This objection," viz. the making men's salvation depend on uncertainties-says Chillingworth in answer to the author of · Charity Maintained,' “ may seem to do you great service for the present, yet I fear that you will repent the time that ever you urged it against us as a fault, that we make men's salvation depend upon uncertainties, for the objection retorts upon you many ways, as first thus ;—the salvation of many millions of Papists (as they suppose and teach) depends upon their having the sacrament of penance truly administered unto them. This, again, upon the Minister's being a true Priest. That such or such a man is Priest, not himself, much less any other, can have any possible certainty, for it depends upon a great many contingent and uncertain supposals. He, that will pretend to be certain of it, must undertake for a certain all these things that follow. First, that he was baptized with due matter. Secondly, with the due form of words, which he cannot know unless he were both present and attentive. Thirdly, he must know that he was baptized with due intention, and that is, that the Minister of his baptism was not a secret Jew, nor a Moor, nor an Atheist (of all which kinds, I fear, experience gives you a just cause to fear, that Italy and Spain have Priests not a few;) but a Christian in heart as well as profession; (otherwise, believing the sacrament to be nothing, in giving it he could intend to give nothing,) nor a Samosatenian, nor an Arian, but one that was capable of having due intention, from which they that believe not the doctrine of the Trinity are excluded by you, and lastly, that he was neither drunk nor distracted at the administration of the sacrament, nor out of negligence or malice omitted his intention. Fourthly, he must undertake to know that the Bishop which ordained him Priest, ordained him compleatly with due matter, form, and intention : and, consequently, that he again was neither Jew, nor Moor, nor Atheist, nor liable to any such
exception, as is inconsistent with due intention in giving the sacrament of Orders. Fifthly, he must undertake to know, that the Bishop which made him Priest, was a Priest himself; for your rule is, Nihil dat quod non habet : and, consequently, that there was again none of the former nullities in his baptism, which might make him incapable of ordination, nor no invalidity in his ordination, but a true Priest to ordain him again, the requisite matter and form and due intention all concurring. Lastly, he must pretend to know the same of him that made him Priest, and him that made him Priest, even until he comes to the very fountain of Priesthood, For, take any one in the whole train and succession of Or.