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secundi ordinis putandi sunt, et of an uniform edition of the Fo- ante annum 1555 flourerunt, ut reign Reformers, under the title Hutteni, Ecolampadii.” &c. of Corpus Reformatorum, seu Halæ Saxon. apud Schwetochkiopera, quæ supersunt, omnia scrip- um. 8 maj. torum sec. xvi, qui de sacrorum The Editor, C. G. Bretschneider, Christianorum cmendatione optime proposes to publish the first volume meriti, pro patribus et auctoribus of Melancthon's Works in Sepecclesiæ Evangeliæ habendi sunt;
" si numerus subM. Lutheri, Phil. Melanthonis, scribentium impensis a bibliopola Huldær, Zwinglii, Jo. Calvini faciendis aliquo modo respondealiorumque, qui in hoc genere rit.”
Reformed; 280,000 Lutherans. RELIGIOUS COMMUNIOXS. Spain. 11,660,000 Romanists.In a recent French publication Portugal. 3,173,000 Romanists. is given the following estimate, Italy. 20,210,000 Romanists.said to be compiled from official
Switzerland. 1,167,000 Reformed ; documents, of the numbers which 580,000 Romanists. Germanic compose the respective religious Confederation. 6,750,000 Protestcommunions of Europe, Jews ex- ants ; 6,700,000 Romanists : cepted. The manner in which the Netherlands - 3,500,000 Romansubject is stated in reference to the ists; 1,500,000 Protestants :United Kingdom, shews that this Denmark—1,700,000 Lutherans : estimate can be taken, in most --Sroeden and Norway--3,550,000 cases at least, only as a general Lutherans. Prussia. 6,000,000 approximation to fact :
Lutherans ; 4,500,000 Romanists ; England and Wales. 6,000,000 1,000,000 Reformed, &c.-AusChurch of England; 6,000,000 tria. 14,000,000 Romanists ; Dissenters.-Scotland. 1,500,000 2,000,000 Protestants.- Hungary. Presbyterians; 500,000 other Bo- 4,200,000 Romanists; 3,646,000 dies.- Ireland. 500,000 Church Reformed, Lutherans, &c.-Rus. of England ; 380,000 Dissenters; sia in Europe. 39,000,000 Greek 5,500,000 Romanists. -- France. Church ; 8,000,000 Romanists; 30,855,000 Romanists ; 659,000 2,500,000 Protestants ; 1,804,000
Mahomedans.-Turkey in Europe. evils, return to the conflict, and 7,500,000 Mahomedans;2,500,000 the prediction proved correct. ! Greek Church, &c. i
should observe, that the High
Sheriff in the chair intimated that Roman Catholics. ... 112,878,000 the meeting would re-assemble on Protestants..
45,632,000 Thursday, and we had scarcely Greek Church.. 41,500,000 reached the platform, when our Mahomedans..
9,304,000 opponents followed us, and silent. In a German work it is stated ly resumed their former seats. that there
Germany, This we afterwards understood to 2,720,500 Protestants living un- have been the consequence of a der Roman Catholic Princes, and strong remonstrance on the part of 5,580,200 Roman Catholics living the people. The meeting at an early under Protestant Princes.
hour was filled by an organized moh, to the almost entire exclusion
of Protestants. The plan evidently IRELAND.
was to carry a resolution of oppoREFORMATION SOCIETY. sition to the principles of the sociOmagh.-A meeting of this so- ety before discussion commenced, ciety was held at Omagh, on Tues- and it was actually proposed and day, March 5th, and following
seconded by the two senior priests; days. We extract the following but such was their irresolution and account of the proceedings from confusion, that they suffered us to the letter of a correspondent :- insist on proceeding, and two
Omagh, March 7, 1828. speeches were made on each side, “The meeting on Wednesday when it came to the turn of the was, if possible, more closely person who had spoken last on the packed than on the preceding day: preceding day. Interruption had and the Priests avowed their de- been frequently given to the two termination to discuss with us preceding Protestant speakers ; but every article of Pope Pius's Creed, now it became actually deafening, seriatum, if it should occupy a and it was inanifest that a preconmonth. This deterinination on the certed plan of clamour, governed part of the Priests appeared to be and prompted by regular leaders, kept up until the last speech on acting by signs from the young our side, which produced such an Priest, had been prepared to put effect as led them to abandon their down this speaker. Having, howpurpose, and in evident confusion ever, the advantage of powerful Mr. M'Caffrey, Priest of this town, lungs, he spoke for the time aldeclared for himself and coadjutor, lowed (three quarters of an hour), that they would not again appear
and the Priests again attempting in the field. This declaration, to pass their resolution of opposicoupled with their manifest confu- tion to the society, it was resisted sion for the preceding three quar- by the Protestants, and the Priests ters of an hour, was such a palpa- consented that the meeting should ble acknowledgement of defeat, as adjourn in peace, provided we really astonished both Protestants would not on the following day and Roman Catholics ; but while take advantage of their absence by all were in amazement, the senior exposing them to the people. To Priest waving his hat in pretended this we consented, and the senior triumph, prompted a half stifled Priest, after a few words of adcheer from the inultitude, and the dress, proposed that the meeting meeting broke up. From their should peaceably adjourn, to reunequivocal acknowledgment of assemble next day, adding, that defeat, exposed as it was in the neither himself or his Reverend presence of at least a thousand of brethren would be present. The their own people, we felt convinc- vast assemblage then separated in ed that they must, as a choice of peace, and part, if not the whole of it, will meet again this day, to Catholics and Protestants, and pass the resolutions and form the 1500 were prepared. Such, howsociety.
ever was the indifference of the “The Priests were Mr. M'Caf- latter, that not more than 200 apfray, P. P. of Omagh; Mr. Kelly, plications were presented, and the his coadjutor; and Mr. M'Hugh, meeting was consequently Roman from a parish about ten miles dis- Catholic. tant. Mr. M‘Caffray and Mr. “While we were engaged in a M‘Hugh were of the six who were contest with the Priests about refixed upon to ineet the Derry gulations, Dean Blakeley came clergy last year.
forward, and addressed himself to “The impression produced, and the chair, in opposition to the sothe ferment of discussion excited, ciety. The attempt to speak in exceeds any thing I can describe, reply, was prevented by the claand I could fill a sheet with inter- mour of the mob, and the Priests esting narratives which have come finding they had the meeting cominto my possession already; I fear, pletely in their hands, proposed however, that such an inauspicious as a choice of evils, a religious commencement will be likely to discussion. Preliminaries were imrepress the movement on the part mediately arranged, and sis clerof the Priesthood, of which we gymen chosen on each side. The considered this the first step. We business commenced, and was carhad no reporter, and consequently ried on with admirable temper one of the most interesting discus- throughout the day. This mornsions of our day has been lost.” ing the meeting was, if possible,
Derry.-The following extract more closely crowded than before, from the communication of a cor- and the interest intense. The dis. respondent, contains the particu- cussion was carried on in excellent lars of the Reformation meeting order, and a really Christian spirit. at Derry :
The behaviour of the Priests has Derry, March 13th. been admirable. Some of them “The Reformation Society meet- are of the number who were proing assembled here on Tuesday posed for the Derry discussion last the 11th, and on reaching the spot, year, and they have made a fair we found the magnificent hall in display. We cannot expect that the Court-House crowded to suf- they should be able to make bricks focation, with four Priests in pos- without straw, and allowances are session of the platform. As it therefore to be made for lack of was impossible to carry on, or matter, but as orators and reaeven to enter on business in such soners, they are on a par with a scene of commotion, the meet- their opponents. It would be iming was adjourned by mutual con- possible to describe to you a more sent, until the next day, in order interesting scene than the Courtthat measures might be adopted House at this moment presents. for securing order, and preventing The number in attendance is beaccidents. The plan of admission tween 1500 and 2000; and the agreed upon was by tickets to be lower orders almost exclusively distributed equally between Roman Roman Catholics.”
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c.
“ Jesuit Missionaries in the East," No. 2, will appear in our next number.
THE several Churches of Christ are together called 'one CATHOLIC CHURCH, for one reason, because they all agree in one FAITH—“ There is one Faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all.”
We lay before our readers the following extract from an able discourse on the “ Character and Tokens of the true Catholic Church,”* in which it is shewn that a sufficient unity of faith is maintained in the principal Protestant Churches; and that a perfect unity of faith within the communion of the Church of Rome is a false pretence.
“ Agreement in one Faith is also an essential part of the Unity of the Church. So says the Roman Catholic, and so says every well-instructed Protestant. Agreement in the Faith, but not in the faith as set forth by the Church of Rome in the Decrees of the Council of Trent, or in the Creed of Pope Pius IV., but as taught in Holy Scripture, and in that alone; so that whatsoever is not contained therein, Protestants receive it not as an Article of Faith, nor regard it as essential to salvation. Roman Catholics are apt to suppose that because there are differences as to forms of worship and some matters of church discipline among Protestants, there is, therefore, no unity of Faith and Doc
• By the Rev. R. Waldo Sibthorp, B. D. Fellow of Magdalene College, Oxford
trine; and that on the other hand, because there is an exter. nal appearance of agreement in worship and discipline in their own Church, there is that entire Unity of Faith which entitles her exclusively to be considered the one true Church. Both these suppositions are erroneous.
All Protestant Churches concur in their belief of the Arti. cles of Faith, contained in the Apostles' Creed ; and that these are not unimportant, hear the testimony of the Church of Rome herself. In one of those books of instruction already quoted, is this :-Q. What are the chief things which God teaches ?, A. They are contained in the Apostles' Creed.”* Now, by the chief things which God teaches, does the Church of Rome mean things to be believed as essential to salvation or not? If she does, then all true Protestants, in believing the articles of the Apostles' Creed, believe all things essential to salvation. If she does not, then there are things essential to salvation, which are not among the chief things which God teaches. An ab. surdity which surely no Romanist will maintain. In the belief of “the chief things which God teaches," all true Protestants and true Christians, whether of England, or of Scotland, or of Germany, or of America concur. therefore, that true Protestants, in every part of the earth, have herein a unity of Faith, and just that unity, and just as much unity as the persons who compiled that and other ancient creeds agreeing therewith, required. And in all the public confessions of Faith, drawn up during the first four centuries after our Lord, all such Protestants agree. The Apostles' Creed, and indeed creeds in general, may be defined to be, “A Summary of Articles of Faith, expressing concisely and comprehensively the doctrines held to be essentially necessary to everlasting salvation. The Holy Scriptures may, in a more extended sense, be called the Creed of Christians : but as these, beside the fundamental doctrines of Christianity, comprehend also a great variety of truths of less importance; it became expedient for the Church to frame a compendium of the articles of indispensable be- lief, which might be readily learned, easily understood, and effectually retained by each of its members."t One of the most ancient of these now extant, was composed by Irenæus, the disciple of Polycarp, the disciple of St. John. 6 The Church disseminated through all the world, even unto the ends of the earth, received from the apostles and their disciples, the belief in one God, the Father Almighty, maker
• Abridgement of Christian Doctrine-p. 5.
+ See Shepherd on the Common Prayer, Vol. i. p. 209. “Of the Creed.”