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affirms; dispute, what he deter- bofom of the Father, he hath demines; appeal from his decisions, clared him.” and, even after God has given ev- When Jacob blessed the chil. idence, reject all doctrines, that dren of joseph, these were his are beyond his capacity. Enter words : “God, before whom my into thy nothingness, mortal crea- fathers, Abraham and Ifaac did ture ! What madness animates walk, the God, which fed me all thee? How darest thou pretend ; my life long unto this day, the Anthou, who art but a point ; thou, gel, which redeemed me from all whose essence is but an an atom; evil, blefs the lads." Here the to measure thyself with the Su. God of Abraham and Ifaac is expreme Being; with him, who fills pressly called the Angel. No one, beaven and earth ; with Him, it is presumed, will deny, that the whom beaven, the heaven of heavens God, here mentioned, is the same, cannot contain ? Canst thou by who appeared to Jacob, and to searching find out God? Canft thou his anceitors, and who in several find out the Almighty to perfection ? other places in Genesis is styled High as heaven, what cant thou do? both God and the Angel (or Mel: Deeper than bell, what canst thou fenger) of the Lord. To whom krow ?
are both these titles applicable ex
cept Christ, who is called the MefFor the Panoplist.
senger of the covenant: (Mal. iii. CHRIST, THE ANGEL OF GOD'S PRES
1.) “ The Lord, whom ye feck “The Angel of his presence saved shall suddenly come to his temple,
them." !sa. Ixiii. 9. even the messenger of the coveThese words are part of a paf- nant, whom ye delight in.” lage, in which the prophet recalls
When Manoah asked the name to mind the “great goodness of of the Angel of the Lord, who God toward the house of Israel," appeared to him, he replied, in their redemption and preserva. «Why askelt thou thus after my tion. They appear to be a key to name, feeing it is secret," or wonthe interpretation of the divine ap- derful; the word in the original pearances, recorded in the old being the same, that is tranflated Testament. From a careful ex- Wonderful and applied to Christ in amination of the passages of scrip- the remarkable prophecy, (Isa. ix. ture, relative to the subject, it is 6,) "Unto us a child is born, unevident that there was a glorious to us a son is given, and the gov. person, here called the angel or ernment shall be upon his thoul. messenger of God's presence, who der, and his name mall be called was the medium of the divine Wonderful,” &c. We may here manifestations. It is our design remark, that names in the Old to show, thac this glorious person Testament are chara&teriltick of was Christ, by whom all ihe af- the persons, to whom they were fairs of the church were ordered given. The answer of the Angel from the beginning, and by whom therefore implies, that he was a the revelations of God the Father wonderful, or incomprehenfible were made, according to what is person. Of whorn can this be implied John i. 18. ® No man faid with so much propriety, as of hath seen God at any time ; the our bleTed Saviour : only begotten Son, which is in the
In the vii. chap. of As, (ver. murmured against God, and a34, 38,) Stephen, speaking of Mo. gainst his servant Moses; and did fes, says, that God sent him “to he not often severely punish them be a ruler and a deliverer by the for their transgressions ? One inhand of the Angel, which appeared ftance of punishment was, when to him in the bush ;"--and that fiery serpents were fent among “this (i. e. Moses) was he, that them, and “ much people of Ilwas in the church in the wilderness rael died.” Of this event menwith the Angel, which spake to bim tion is thus made by the apostle, in the Mount Sinai.” In Exod. i Cor. x. 9. “Neither let us tempt xiii. 21, it is faid, that the Lord, Christ, as some of them also tempt. (in the original Jehovah) went be- ed and were destroyed of ferfore the Israelites “ by day in a pents.” This text certainly impillar of a cloud to lead them the plies, that it was Christ whom the way, and by night in a pillar of Israelites tempted in the wilder. fire to give them light.” In the ness. next chapter this fame glorious Light may also be thrown on Being is styled “the Angel of God the subject by considering what is which went before the camp.” added, as a farther reason, why In Exod. xxiii. 20—24, it is writ. the children of Israel should beten, “ Behold 1 send an Angel ware and not provoke the exalted before thee, to keep thee in the person, who conducted them in way, and to bring thee into the their way to the promised land. place, which I have prepared. The reason is this, " for my name Mine Angel shall go before thee.” is in him.” The name of God is If this whole passage be compared no where in scripture said to be with the passages quoted above, in men, nor in angels; but his with that in Joshua 5, 13, to 6,3, name is in Christ, in a sense in where the appearance of the glo- which it cannot be in any of his rious person, called the captain of creatures. Christ was called Im. the Lord's host, is recorded, and manuel, God with us ; and with the account of the divine ap- there is this prophecy of him, pearances to Moses in the bush and Jer. xxxiii. 5,6,“ Behold the days on mount Sinai ; it must be ac- come, faith the Lord, that I will knowledged, that it was the same raise unto David a righteous glorious Being who is mentioned branch, and a king, fhall reign in all those assages, and who is and prosper, and shall execute called in several places both the judgment and justice in the earth ;
Angel of God and JEHOVAH. Who and this is his name, the Lord (in can this exalted person be, but the original Jehovah) our RightCHRIST?
eousnes.” Our blessed Saviour The Israelites were command- has expressly declared the intied to beware of the Angel, who mate, the infeparable union, there was sent before them, to obey his is, between himself and the Faa voice, and to provoke him not ; it ther. “I and my Father are one. is added, " for he will not pardon The Father is in me and I in your transgreslions.” Did not him.” (John x. 30, 38.) the Ifraelites disobey and provoke It appears from several passagthis glorious person, when they es, that the patriarchs and Mo. were guilty of idolatry and forni- fes worshipped the glorious person cation, and when they repeatedly who appeared to them ; and we
THE DIVINITY OF
Gen. xii. 7.
are expressly told that Jolhua, fubjoin the following pertinent rewhen the captain of the Lord's marks, copied from a manufcript host appeared to him, “ fell on of the late Reverend Dr. JOSEPH his face to the earth and did wor- BELLAMY. * ship.” Does not this prove, that he was fuperangelick"? For angels refuse to receive worship, as " And the Lord appeared to appears from the following paf- Abraham, and said, Unto thy feed fages ; (Rev. xix. 10.) I [John] will I give this land : and there fell at his feet to worship him, builded he an altar unto the ånd he said unto me see thou do it Lord, who appeared unto him." not ; worship God.” Again Queft. 1. Who is this Lord that (Rev. xxii. 8, 9.) “ I John taw appeared, &c. ? these things and heard them; and Ans. Some say, it was not God, when I had heard and seen, I fell i. e. the Most High God; for no down to worship at the feet of the
man hath feen God at any time ; angel, which Ihowed me these John i. 18: But
nother things; he faith unto me, see being, inferior to the Most High thou do it not; worship God.” God, who was sent by the Most
If we compare the passages, High, to appear, to speak, to act, where the Angel of the Lord is in the name of the Most High ; to faid to be worshipped, in the Old personate him ; and who thereTestament with those, wherefore is called the Angel of the Lord. Christ is said to be worshipped in To which it may be objected. the New, we cannot easily avoid Obj. 1. That, in fact, he speaks the conclusion, that Christ was in his own name.
“Unto thy feed the glorious person, who appeared will I give this land," not anothunder the title of the Angel or er God; but I, myself, “ I will Messenger of the Lord. Beside give.” there seems to be the fame won- Obj. 2. Abram believed him to derful connexion between that glo- be in his own person, the Most rious person, who was the medic High God; for he paid that worum of the divine manifestations, ihip to him which is peculiar to and God in the Old Testament, the Most High God. “ He build that there is between Christ and ed an altar unto the Lord who apthe Father in the New. That ex- peared unto him.” But it is writalted Being was frequently called ten, Exodus xxii. 20. “ He that God; so was Chrift. He spake with facrificeth to any god, save unto authority, as God; fo did Chrilt. the Lord only, he thall be utterly He was worshipped ; and so was destroyed.” Was Abram an Chrift. If then thatglorious person idolater? Were not his facrifices were not Chrift, how shall we ac. accepted by the Lord who appeared? count for this remarkable similarity Obj. 3. This fame Jehovah of character ? On any other suppo- who appeared unto Abram, didafbition what person could he be ? terward appeared unto Mofes, say, If he were simply an angel, would ing, “Go, tell Pharaoh, Thus faith he have received religious wor. the Lord God of the Hebrews, Thip, or would he have been called Let my people go, that they may JEHOVAH ?
• See Dr. Erskine's " Sketches and Hints
of Church History, and Theological Controversy. To the foregoing the EDITORS Vol. ). No. 3.
Vol. .l. p. 293.
“ No man
ferve me;" Exod. ix. 1. And called the God of Abram, A&ts iïi. on Mount Sinai, Exod. xx. “I 13. ; for according to scripture, am” (I myself am) “the Lord there is but one God, Father, Son, thy God, who brought thee out and Holy Ghost, in whose name of the land of Egypt, out of the all christians are baptized. house of bondage. Thou shalt Exod. xxiv. 9, 10.
« Then have no other Gods before me.” went up Moses and Aaron, NaWas not this expressly to claim to be dab and Abihu, and seventy of the Most High God? even the the elders of Israel : and they saw one only true and living God ? the God of Israel." Was not this claim made expreff- Quesi. 4. If it is true, as is afo ly in his own name?
serted in Joh. i. 18. Obj. 4. This very fame God, hath feen God at any time ;' who appeared to Abram, was in what meaneth these words, “ And fact worshipped as the Most High they saw the God of Israel?” God, by Abram's posterity in all Ans. The only begotten Son succeeding generations, as is evi- appeared, exhibited the invisible dent from the gth chapter of Ne. Godhead, which no eye hath seen. hemiah, throughout, as well as He appeared then as God, affrom a thousand other texts. terward in the likeness of man,
Quest. 2. Who was the Angel Phil. ï. 6, 7. of the Lord that appeared to Mo- N. B. The God who (Gen. ses in the burning bulh ? Exod. i. 1.) in the beginning created the
heaven and the earth (a careful Ans. The very fame God who reading of the following chapters had before appeared to Abram, will convince any candid man,) is to Isaac, and to Jacob, as is ac- the same God who appeared to kaowledged by all , and even Adam, before the fall, and after the Angel of the Lord ex. the fall; to Cain, before he flew pressly declares it to be so ; Ex his brother, and after he flew his od. ix. 6-18. See also, Gen. brother ; to Noah, before the xxviii. 13--22, and xxxi. 13. flood, and after the flood ; to A
Quest. 3. If the Angel of the bram, before he came into the Lord was the Most High God, land of Canaan, and after he came who was the Lord of the Angel ? into the land of Canaan ; and
Ans. The Most High God; who appeared at all other times to for it is written, Deut. vi. 4. Ifaac, to Jacob, to Mofes, to Joih“ Hear, O Israel, the Lord our ua, &c. ; and who was known as God is one Lord. Joh. x. 30. the God and King of Ifrae!; for,
“ I and my Father are one." by the only begotten Son of God Joh. xiv. 9. “ He that hath feen were all things made that were me, hath seen the Father.” And made ; and by him hath the inbecause the Father feni the Son, visible Godhead been revealed to therefore he is called the Angel of mankind, in all the divine works, the Lord; and because God the since the creation ; and perhaps Son is God, even one God with for this reason he is called, the the Father, therefore he said, Word of God. • No man hath Thou shalt have no other Gods before seen God at any time ; the only me ; and because God the Father begotten Son, who is in the bofis God, even one God with the om of the Father, he hath revealSon, therefore God the Father is ed him.”.
1805.] The evil of attaching ludicrous ideas to passages of Scripture. 115
Gen. xiv. 22. Abram said, I ing to him texts out of the Old have lift up mine hand unto the Testament, which were originally Lord, the Moft High God, the pof- meant of the God of Israel. Com. fessor of heaven and earth. pare Gen. i. 1. with Joh. i. 1, 2,
Queft. 5. Was not this Jeho. 3, 10.; and Pfal. lxviii. 17, 18, vah, the same Jehovah who ap- with Eph, iv. 8, 9, 10. ; and Psal. peared to Abram Gen. xii. 7. xcvii. 1-7, with Heb, i. 6. ; and where we read, that he builded an Pfal. cii. 26, with Heb. i. 10. ; altar unto the Lord who appeared un- and Isai. vi. 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, with to bim? Or, did he build an altar Joh, xii. 40, 41. ; and If. xl. 3, to one Jehovah (an inferior God,) with Luke i. 76. Luke iii. 4. &c. and fware by another Jehovah, &c. who was the MOST HIGH God? Queft. 6. May I lawfully deny
N. B. If God the Son was he the OMNIPRESEnce of God, bewho appeared to Abram, and who cause I can neither understand was in fa& the God and King of nor explain it, nor folve difficul. Ifrael, the Evangelists and other ties relative to it ? inspired writers of the New Tef- Ans. By no means. tament, may be justified in apply- plication is easy.”
From the Christian Observer. granted, that a serious and a ludi. WHATEVER is injurious to pie- crous impreslion cannot be made ty, must be a proper subject of an
at the same time. This being the imadversion. "Those, indeed, who case, we can hardly imagine that a& in open hoftility to christianity, the greatest enemy to religion are not likely to be checked by could have hit upon a better exany observation, which may come pedient to promote his designs, from such a quarter ; but the than the practice here alluded to. fiend of christianity will surely not In order to perceive its full efbe offended if it is suggested to fect, we have only to suppose that him, that he may possibly have in all the most striking parts of feripjured the cause, which it is his ear. ture, had some ridiculous story nest desire to support, by counte
connected with them. dancing a practice which, though I was lately in a large company highly injurious, is not uncom- at a friend's house, when the conmon: I mean the pra&ice of tell- versation took the turn in queling anecdotes of mistakes which tion. Several clergymen were have been made in reading the present of great learning and pie. fcriptures at church. The most iy, between whom much useful solemn parts of the word of God conversation had previously parlare, by these means, connected ed. One of them happening to with some ludicrous idea ; an idea tell a story of a strange blunder, which, perhaps can never be eraf- made by a parish clerk, it was imed from the mind, and which ef- mediately followed by another, fe&ually prevents the impression till the whole company catching that these passages are calculated the contagion, almost every one to make ; for I suppose it will be had some laughable story of the