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fame fort to relate. Several that celebrated divine, the Rev. young persons were present, who ROBERT HALL, founded on Jer. seemed so much to enjoy the con- viii. 6. entitle them to diftin. versation, that I apprehend they guished notice. never will read or hear the texts “ A lax theology is the natural which were mentioned, without parent of a lax morality. The associating them with the anec. peculiar motives, accordingly, by dote that caused so much mirth. which the inspired writers enforce
I will likewise take the liberty their moral lessons, the love of of mentioning another practice, God and the Redeemer, concern which I have often witnessed, and for the honour of religion, and which, though not precisely the gratitude for the inestimable benfame, is very similar in its effects : efits of the christian redemption, I mean the talking on religious have no place in the fashionable subjects in a manner which has a systems of moral instruâion. tendency to
excite laughter. The motives almost exclufively Some persons, from their peculiar urged, are such as take their rife turn of mind, are much tempted from the present state, founded on to this. I do not mean to charge reputation, on honour, on health, them with want of reverence for or on the tendency of the things religion, but whilst they indulge recommended to promote, under themselves in this way of talking, some form or other, the acquisithey are not aware of the impref- ţion of worldly advantages. Thus fions which thcy may be making even morality itself, by dissociaton the minds of others. All such ing it from religion, is made to as have a natural tura for wit and cherish the love of the world, and humour should here be on their to bar the heart more effe&ually guard. Religion is not a gloomy, against the approaches of piety." but it is a serious thing.
P: 34, 35. The subject of this paper may, “We shall ill consult the true inperhaps, appear strange to some terests of revelation, by diftinwho have never met with any guishing its peculiarities, in hope thing of the kind : many, howev. of conciliating the approbation of er, I am convinced, will feel its infidels, and of adapting it more importance.
to their taste; a mistaken and It is imposible not to feel the dangerous policy, by which we force of O. R's animadversions. run imminent risque of catching No small portion of blame, how- their contagion, without impartever, attaches to those clergymen, ing the benefit of its truth. Let who, by their careless and incor- us not for a moment blench from rea manner of reading, furnila its mysteries : they are mysteries matter for ludicrous anecdote. of godliness ; and however much It is hoped Americans will profit they may furpass human reason, by the above remarks, to whom bear the distinct impress of a di they are as applicable, as to the * « If the reader wishes for a further English.
fatement and illuftration of those mel. ancholy facts, he may find it in Mr.
WILBERFORCE's celebrated book on reThe important and seasonable ligion, an inestimable work, which has, trutlis contained in the following rouse the infenfibility and augment the
perhaps, done more than any other to extracts from a Faf discourse of piety of the age.” p. 34. Nore.
vine hand. We rejoice that they of God, without seeking any deepare mysteries, so far from being a- er foundation for our duties, than famed of them on that account ; the will of the Supreme Being, an since the principal reason why implicit and perfect acquiescence they are, and must ever continue in which, is the highest virtue a fach, is derived from their eleva creature can attain." p. 63, 64. tion, from their unsearchable riches, @ We shall gratify our read and undefinable grandeur. In ers with some further extracts fine, let us draw our religion and from this admirable discourse in morality entirely from the word our next number.
lo fulfilment of our promise, we lay be- have been superseded. It falls to fore our readers the following inter. my lot, the surviving brother seçe. esting account of · The Society in Score retary of that gentleman, to supland for propagating Christian Knowledge.! ply his place until it shall be filled It was drawn up by the late Dr, up by a new election. Had eloKemp, their secretary, in the form of quence like his, been mine, I an Address, and by request was delive should have rejoiced to employ it ered to the company assembled at the in giving to his memory a wellCrown and Anchor Tavern in Lon- merited tribute of praise ; my taldoo, May 18, 1803, being the annients suffice for nothing more than versary Festival of this Society in the atatement of a few plain wellLondon. The Duke of Atholl in the known facts ; but the personal chair.
knowledge of many among those UT LORD AND GENTLEMEN,
whomlhavenow the honour toad. By the appointment of my con- dress, will supply my deficiencies, ftituents, “ The Society in Scetland You, gentlemen, well know the for propagating Christian Krowl genius and talents of the late Dr. edge," I wait upon you at this Hunter, the activity, and compretime, to give you their best thanks hensiveness, and benevolence of for all your former favours, of his mind. Few men ever employ, which they are impressed with the ed greater exertions or with hapgreatest sense, and to solicit the pier success in promoting the incontinuance of your patronage terest of a variety of charitable in
ftitutions. To the friends of these You have been accustomed an- charities his memory will long be nually on the day of the anniver- dear ; nor are we, of the Society in fary, to receive an account of that Scotland for propagating Christian extenfive charity, and its immedi. Knowledge, an exception : we feel ate pursuits and objects. Had it and acknowledge the obligations, pleased God to have prolonged which he laid us under. the life of him from whom you At a period when the interest were wont to hear it, my visit to of our institution had declined, London on this occasion would and was indeed at a low ebh in have been unnecessary, and would London, his vigorous and active
mind devised and executed liberal • See last No p. 78. plans for its revival, and procured
for it many zealous friends; he origin, progress, and present ob kad the happiness to leave it in a jects. mof flourishing condition.
The Society in Scotland for propaWhat his powers of eloquence gating Christian Knowledge derived were, I have no occasion to itate; its existence from the benevolence for within these walls you, gentle- of a few private gentlemen, who men, have often heard them call. in the beginning of the last centu. ed forth in behalf of the charity, ry had made themselves acquainton account of which we have this ed with the melancholy condition day assembled; and the effects af. of the inhabitants of the remote forded sufficient evidence of their districts of Scotland, and were influence.
deeply affected by the profound igBear with me, gentlemen : norance and grofs barbarism in some of you, I know, will sympa. which they were buried. They thise with me, while I moura o. found that these poor people were ver his loss, not as a publick man utterly deftitute of almost all the only, or as the benefactor of soci- means of knowledge and improveety at large, and of this fociety in ment. The few protestant minifparticular, but as a private friend, ters settled among them, were than whom never one was blest thinly scattered over an immense with a kinder heart or warmer af- surface of rugged country ; difections, more ready to enter into vided indeed into parishes, and the feelings, or with more active each provided with a protestant exertion to promote the interest of minister, but these parishes resem. every man whom he accounted a bling rather shires, or provinces of friend, and stood in need of his af- great extent. Even at this day, fistance. Not a few of you, I am when the numbers of ministers is persuaded, will concur in the sen- greatly increafed, fome of these timent, when I say, that I loved parishes which I have travelled him wbile alive, and mourn over through, are fixty miles in length by him now that he is gone.
forty in breadth. Others of them · Permit me now to attempt to contist of several islands detached fulfil that duty of the secretary of from each other by miles, and in the fociety, which Dr. Hunter was some cases, by leagues of a boilter. wont to perform
ous sea. Accounts of the society in Scot- The parishes on the main land land for propagating christian of the highlands, are for the most knowledge have been repeatedly part interfected by arms of the sea published to the world, and many reaching far into the country, orpresent are well acquainted with by rapid rivers destitute of bridges, ihe history of an institution which and in the winter generally impalhas fubfilted for near a century. sable ; many of them by high But there are probably some pres, mountains, which for months toent, and these of the highest con- gether are covered with snow lideration, who may not have had so that all intercourse is prevented an opportunity of reading these between the several parts of the publications, or having their atten- fame parish, and of course, betion particularly directed to this tween the minister and the people, inititution. I Thall be forgiven except in the district in which he. then, I hope, if in this address, I happens to reside. below a few sentences upon its The body of the people were by these means not only deprived justice of this last affertion, and of in a great measure of the benefit the then disposition of the highof the instructions of their minis- landers. ters, but were almost totally desti- It was impoflible that cultivat. tute of schools and seminaries for ed and benevolent minds could the education of their children. contemplate without commisera
Few comparatively of the par- tion, a people, and those their own ishes in the highlands and islands countrymen, in so unhappy a conat that time enjoyed the benefit of dition. The generous founders of parochial schools (there are too our society pitied them, and forme many in the same ftuation at this ed a noble plan for their relief. day), and of the few which had Their personal funds were narrow, schools, the benefit, from the cauf- but they exerted them to the utes I have already mentioned, ex- most. They made known their tended but to a small portion of intentions to the publick; they the inhabitants. Add to these un- were approved, and numbers en. fortunate circumitances, that the tered heartily into the plan which language of the people was, and they formed. The General Arfill is the Gaelic, in which there sembly of the church of Scotland, were then no books, and though by repeated a&ts in successive years, there had, they could have been recommended it to the liberality of no use, for none of the people of their people. It was made could read.
known to Queen Anne, of pious From these causes combined, it memory; her majesty's approbais certain, nor is it to be wonder- tion of it was published by a royed, that intellectual darkness, the al proclamation in the year 1708; 8. Telt and most profound, brood- and in 1709, the Queen was graed over this unhappy country, that ciously pleased to illue her letters its inhabitants were ignorant of patent, constituting the subscribers the firit principles of the christian a body corporate by the name fyftem, and that what notions and designation, which they have they had of a religious nature ever since borne. The objects of were a mixture of popish and pa- the society are defined in their gan superstition.
charter, “ --for raising a volWe may juitly add, that these untary contribution towards the poor people were as ignorant of farther promotion of christian the arts of civilized, as they were knowledge, and the increase of pi. of the principles of the religious ety and virtue within Scotland, life ; their minds were fierce, their especially in the highland manners barbarous. The feuds islands and remote corners thereof, of their clans were endless, and where idolatry, superstition, and their quarrels bloody. They were ignorance, do mostly abound by plunderers of the loyal and peace- reason of the largends of parishes ful inhabitants of the low lands of and scarcity of schools : giving Scotland ; and in general (for and granting to the society full there were exceptions) they were powers to receive subscriptions and hottile to the happy constitution of donations of money, and theregovernment eltablished at the rev. with to ere it and maintain schools olution. Succeflive rebellions to teach to read, especially the hofrom that æra to the year 1745, ly scriptures and other good and furnith melancholy proofs of the pious books į as altu to teach writing, arithmetick, and such like first beginnings of the plan adoptdegrees of knowledge."
ed by the society, foon gave to it The subscribers and first mem- celebrity, and brought a large ad. bers of the society were, many of dition to the list of its patrons and them, of the highest rank and friends. Its funds rapidly increafmost distinguished characters in ed, and in exact proportion to Scotland. Permit me to read their increase, the number of from an authentick lift published schools upon its establishment was by authority, a few of their names augmented. James, Duke of Queensbury and In the year 1738 they amountDover : John, Duke of Atholl, (the cd to an hundred and twelve. great grand father of our prelent At that time, the society, deepnoble chairman ;) David, Earl of ly regretting the idleness and igBuchan; Thomas, Earl of Had- norance of the common arts of indington; John, Earl of Lauder. dustry, which generally prevailed dale; James, Earl of Seafield ; in the highlands and islands, and David, Earl of Glasgow; Charles, being persuaded that idleness and Earl of Hopetoun ; Archibald, Earl vice commonly go hand in hand, of Islay. Beside these noblemen, resolved to do what in them lay there occur on the list the names to cure this evil. They applied of many gentlemen of rank and for, and obtained from his late fortune ; the judges of the fu- majesty king George IId, a new preme court of judicature in Scot- patent, authorizing them to erect land, all the ministers of Edin- schools of industry for teaching burgh and its vicinity, and a great the youth of both sexes, and parnumber of its most respectable cit- ticularly females, its more comizens.
mon branches. Upon this pa Four thoafund pounds were rais- of their plan, as well as upon ed, and immediately the society that of the first patent, they have began their operations as describ- ever since proceeded, and now the ed in their charter. By establish- number of their schools of indusing schools for the instruction of try amounts to above an hundred, youth, they wished to rescue their at which are taught above two as yet uncorrupted minds from the theusand young persons, chiefly ignorance and barbarism of their girls. fathers, to imbue them with the In consequence of these schools, first principles of science and relig- the women of the remote parts of ion, and to open to them the chan- the highlands and islands, who, nels of farther improvement, by as usually happens in rude counteaching them to speak and to tries, were chiefly employed in the read the English language. labours of the field, are now occu
Need I say to well-informed pied in employments befitting their men, acquainted with human na. sex, in spinning, sewing, knitting, ture, that the instruction of youth, and the like appropriate arts, is of all methods the moft effectu- while at the same time they learn al for conveying knowledge and to read the scriptures, and to unimprovement to an ignorant and derstand the firit principles of reuncivilized people ?
ligion. The success which attended the ( To be concluded in our next.)