« AnteriorContinua »
ly placed on Dr. Priestley's reprefen- ing, or speaking too loud ; to be tations, even in cases of the plain- avoided. Mumbling, or speaking eft fall."
too much to yourself ; to be corTo determine whether this fe. rected. The voice to be made vere conclusion be well founded, soft, and agreeable to the ear. let the candid inquirer carefully Never spit or hem while speaking, attend not only to these letters, of varying the voice. How to but to all which has lately been cure yourself of a monotonoustone. written on the subject ; particu. Rules for varying the voice. Too larly, to Priestley's history of early great a volubility to be avoided. opinions, and his letters to Dr. Speaking too now. To vary the Horseley, together with Dr. Horse- voice according to the subject-acley's tracts and disquisitions, and cording to the pallions. Elteem the 2d volume of Jainiefon's ex- or admiration, how to express them. cellent vindication.
Contempt, how to express it by the Th:author concludes his letters voice. A grievance complained by laying, “If I have advanced of, how to be expressed. Exordiwhat is untrue, my ignorance or um, Narration, Confutation, and my wickedness can easily be detect- Peroration, what tone to be used. ed;" and by the following val. FIGURES OF RHETORICK. uable quotation from Dr. Prielt
What tone to be used in speak. ley's letters to Dr. Horseley;
ing some of them, Exclamation, “ Above all, let TRUTH be our great Swearing, Prosopopæia, Apoftroobject. Our readers will easily perceive whether it be fo or not: we shall foon- phe, Epimone, Parrhefiæ, Climax, er deceive ourselves, than them. And Antithesis. Breath, how to manleast of all can we impose upon that age it ; long breath neceffary; how great Being, who is the God of truth, to acquire it. Clauses of a period ; who fecretiy guides all our pursuits, and how to manage them. Short pee whole excellent purposes will be an. fwered by them, with whatever views riods ; pauses after them different
from those after long ones.
Subwe may engage in them." Keiss Oxos to yedder. Eurip. fequent period lower, than the
close of the preceding one. Period The Principles of Eloquence, contain. that requires great force of voice.
ing Hints to Public Speakers, by How to manage the sentences imT. Knox. Also, Jerningham's mediately preceding. PronunciaEjay on the Eloquence of the Phul- tion. 'l'o keep your yoice up to pit in England, printed for B. the end of a sentence. and 7. Ilomans, No. 50, Marl.
ACTION. borongh Itreet, Bolton, 1805. Hints respecting action to those, David Carlile, printer, Cam. who wish to speak gracefully in briige street.
publick. How to use the hands in In the first part, or principles of action. Use no action at the beeloquence, are the following par- ginning of your speech. Never ticulars worthy the attention of clap your hands. A&tion moftly public speakers.
with the right hand : instances OF SPEAKING.
where the left alone may be used. How to make yourself heard To place the right hand on the rithout any difficulty ; how to breait : if left handed how strmigthen the voice. Faultering; manage. Action from the left to how to get rid of it. Of bellow- the right. When action advisa,
ble, to begin it when you begin to If terror and pity are the throbbing Ipeak. Motion of your hands to pulses of christ an oratory, as well as of fuit the thing spoken of. Action the drama, the powers of the former mult fuit the figures used. The unimprellive. The form of facred elo
are certainly in this country feeble, and bands feldom or never higher than quence appears fickly and inactive; the the eyes. Your arms not to be pulse at her heart beats languidly, no hretched out lideways from your expression files from her eye; and body; but a certain distance.
hier pale lip attests, that no Serapa
has touched it with the live coal from Raise your hand in swearing, ex- the altar. clamation, &c. Not to use too
Sentences as just as they are el. much action. Some actions not
The author's idea of to be attempted by the hands. When you talk for another person, collected from the following quo
molt modern fermons, may be what action to use. Person; how
tations. it ought to be managed. The head; the face ; the eyes, how to
Many splendid exceptions may be
adduced, but I should advise (the youngregulate their motion. How to draw tears from your own, as well mode of preaching.
er clergy) not to adhere to the presene as your auditor's eyes. Of lift- It is faid that when Shakespeare was ing up your eyes, or casting them born nature destroyed the mould in down. How to manage
mind was formcd.
eye. brows, mouth, lips, shoulders.
I cannot help withing that some superi
or geniu, would break the general These rules are jult, and writ- mould in which religious discourses are ten in a perspicuous and laconick cant. Kyle. A lingle example may be Nothing would sooner raise the de. fufficient.
pressed geniu, of religion, than the 10Period that requires great force of covery of our preachers from that reaso voice. How to manage the sentences oning mal.idy, which has so generally in. immediately preceding."
fected them. have a period to pronounce, that re
I am persuaded that chopping logick quires a great elevation of the tone : you
in the pulpit is not the thing, but that mult moderate and manage your voice with imagination and warmth of expresion care upon those periods, that juff precede it; are in their place there, as much as on kelt by employing the whole force of it the stage, moderated, however, and upon tboje, you exhaust yourself, and ex
chastised by the purity and gravity of press this languidly, which requires more
religion. sigor and vebemence.
The effects produced by the elAn Elay on the Eloquence of the oquence of Gregory, Nizianzen
Pulpit in England. and others are mentioned ; and This Effay, written in England, several
are suggestand adapted to the Itate of pulpit ed to give variety, and intereit, oratory in that kingdom, may per- and effect to a golpel sermon; aş haps lose some degree of its perti- an appropriate text, the introducTency and force, when read in this tion of a striking anecdote, seizcountry; but fo fimilar are the de- ing some local circumstance, an fe&ts of christian eloquence in the abrupt diversion of the discourte two countries; fo juft are the opin- to another object, clcar, concise, ions in the etsay, and so perfualive and forcible reasoning, addressed ly are they exprefled, as to render to the heart, and instances of fortiit valuable to every clergyman in tude, not stamped with the image New England. No man we trust of religion, to mark its fpurious can read the first sentences without features. being krongly impreffed.
The author wishes for one ra.
« When you
form, which we fear will by too
him into the society of the apostles ?
Shall I associate him with the army of many be thought an improper innovation. When the text is long, among the confessors ? Where
the martyrs ? Shall I allign to him a feat and adapted to roufe the imagin- hall i place our tutelary faint ? ation he would omit “ the usual
As he pronounced these words a man form" of naming the chapter and suddenly cried out, “ Rev. Father, as verse. He likewise disapproves you appear to be at a loss how to diflong introductions, and quotes if you please, in my seat, for I am gor
your saint, you may place him, Mr Gilpin.
“ This indecorous repriThough a foort opening of a text mand was of more service to the demay often be necessary, there seems no clamatory panegyrist, than the perusal occasion for a long preface. Whatever of Quintilian's institutes. appertains immediately to the discourse bad, perhaps be better introduced into
The style of this essay is not the body of the subject.
without some faults ; but is An Italian monk cured of “in. sprightly and entertaining. The filated language,” is mentioned in lovers of orthodoxy with it a humorous manner.
more distinguishing ; but it arHe began his discourse in a most er- dently recommends warm and alted Nrain. Having congratulated the pathetick preaching, which is a temple on the honour of being immedi- valuable part of the Pulpit Oraately under the patronage of fo great a
tor. The volume we doubt not faint, he proceeded with saying, he knew not where to point out ihe reti
will be useful to all publick dence of a faint of such enlarged and speakers, whose habits are complicated merit ! Shall I introduce unconquerably fixed.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. of fifty pounds, or upwards, at one time,
Ar a numerous and respectable meet- Thall be a governor for life. ing, held at the London Tavern, March “*.. Governors shall be entitled to 7, 1804, Granville Sharp, Esq. in the attend, and vote at all the meetings of chair; a fociety was formed for the fole
the committee. and exclusive purpose of prozzuting the
* 5. An executor, paying a bequest of oirculation of the Holy Scriptures in the prin- fifty pounds, shall be a member for life ; cipal living linguages. The fo'lowing is or of one hundred pounds, or more, a an outline of the plan of the fociety.
governor for life. " I. A society Mall be formed, with “ 6. Each member shall be entitled, this designation : THE BRITISH AND under the direction of the committee, FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY ; of which to purchase bibles and testaments for the the sole object shall be to encourage a
purpose of gratuitous distribution at the wider dispersion of the Holy Scriptures. society's prices, which Mall be as low as
“ 2. This society shall adá its endeav. poflible ; but no English bibles or teftaours to those employed by o.her socie- ments thall be given away in Great Brities for circulating the scriptures through tain by the society itself.” the British dominion; ; and thall also, We have great pleasure in introduce according to its ability, extend its intlu- ing this fociety to the knowledge of our ence to other countries, whether chrif. readers. And we think it must prove tian, mohammedan, or pagan.
highly confolatory to every reflecting 3. Each subscriber of one guinca mind to perceive, that while the eneannually, thall be a member.
mies of Great Britain are menacing her " 4. Each subscriber of twenty pounds, with deftruetion, such varied and strenat one time, shall be a member for life. A uous exertions are making by maLubscriber of five guineas per annum, ny of her inhabitants to diffuse over the shall be a governor ; and a subscriber earth the pure light of christian truth.
la the object proposed by this society, cers except the treasurer; have power
G. SHARP, Chairman."
M. P. effentially served the cause of religion Secretaries, Rev. John Owen, M. A. by his writings, has presented, to The Rev. Joseph Hughes, M.A. Rev. Charles Britijo and foreign Bible Society, a very val
Frederick Steinkoffpt, M.A. uable collection of the Holy Scriptures
Allistant Secretaries, Mr. Joseph Tarn, in foreign languages, which he has been
Mr. Thomas Smith. employed for inany years in forming. A committee of 36 respectable genWe trust that his example will stimulate tlemen were appointed to atlift in inanother gentlemen who may be poslefled aging the affairs of the society, among of copies of the bible in foreign lan- whom we observe the name of WM. guages to make similar dispositions ; a. WILBERFORCE, M. P. circumstance, which would tend great- Extract of a letter from a Cleygyman in Irely to facilitate the benevolent deligns of
land. This important institution.
"I am sorry to mention that there is At a subsequent general meeting, no partofthe United Kingdom in greater held at the London Tavern, May 2d, want of bibles; than the southern part of 1804, a report of the committee was Ireland. Not more than one third of the read, purporting that they had been oc
protestant families have bibles ; and the cupied in opening communications with papist families, which are at least eight to various persons of influence in dif
one, have scarce a bible among them, ferent parts of the United Kingdom and perhaps not one in 500 families; and no of the Continent, for the purpose of ob- exertions making to distribute them, extaining important intelligence, of aug; cept by a few clergymen, who do not. menting the funds of the society, and
go beyond their own parishes." otherwise promoting its interests. A plan of the society was then unanimously adopted. The chief resolutions, differing from those given above, were the following:
Tais fociety was instituted in the
year 1800, by members of the establitha “ The committee shall conlist of thir-ed church, and is conducted in strict ty fix layoien ; of whom twenty four conformity to her doctrines and disciwho shall have most frequently attend- pline. It was instituted not with the ed, shall be eligible for reelection for the delign of interfering with other socieensuing year. Six of the committee ties, embarked in the same cause, but of thall be foreigners resident in ondon cooperating with them. While, thereor its vicinity; half the remainder shall fore, the society for promoting cbriflian be members of the church of England; knowledge has confined its missionary and the other half members of other de- exertions to a part of the eastern doDominations of christians.
minions, where tliey now employ seve" Every clergyman and diffenting ral excellent Lutheran ministers'; and minister who is a member of the society, while the society for the propagation of the ihall be entitled to attend and vote at & Spel in foreign parts has extended its all meetings of the committee.
labours chielly to che British plantations “ The treasurer and secretaries for in North America, it appeared, that the time being, thall be considered as there was abundant room for the prelmembers of the committee.
ent institution, the precise object of “ No person deriving any emolument which is expressed in the title. or profit from the society, shall be en- No English clergymen having engag. titled to fit or vote in the committee. ed themselves to the society as iniffionan
• The committee shall conduct the ries, the committee opened a corresponbusiness of the society ; appoint all offi. dence with the continent, where they
Vol. I. No. 3.
SOCIETY FOR MISSIONS TO AFRICA AND
procured two young men, who, after a vine authority. This important service course of previous training, having re- has been achieved in the most satisceived ordination in the Lutheran church factory manner, by one of their highly were accepted as millionaries by the fo- respected members. ciety. Their names are Melchior Ben- The treaty of peace between the two nier, a German, and Peter Hartwig, a countries having renewed the means of Prullian.
personal intercourse, it was concluded, These millionaries resided some time that a deputation to France was of great in England, with a view of perfecting importance, not only in determining on themselves in the English language; and the best mode of printing and circulate acquiring also, by means of foine Afri- ing the New Testament and the efcan youths, educating in England, the fay, but also in procuring such informarudiments of the Sootoo language, which tion on the state of religion in that counis spoken over a considerable portion try, as would enable the fociety to form of the continent of Africa ; and in a judgment on the best means of prowhich, by the exertions of the Rev. Mr. moting the iøterests of true religion Brunton, the society has already been there. The result of this vifit is generenabled to print some uieful tracts. ally known, and has produced a hope This last mentioned circumitance, to- that the protestant cause may soon rise gether with the vicinity of the Soosoo from its ruins. The directors have country to Sierra Leone, determined now the pleasure to announce, that the the society to appoint the station of New Teltament, the eslay, the allemthese millionaries among the Sooloos : bly's catechism, and some tracts, are in April, 1804, after a suitable address printed, and now in circulation in had beea delivered to them, they em- France, and will thortly be so in Italy barked on board a vessel for Sierra Le- The neceflity of publishing the scrip. one one of them, (Mr. Hartwig) having tures in those countries is proved, from previously married with the consent of the great difficulty which the deputaihe iociety.
tion found in procuring a single copy of 'I tiu society has likewise under its them at Paris ; and they are informed protection, four other students, who are that this is equally the case in Italy. supported and educated at the expense The deputation having fully ascer. of vie society, in the millionary feinina- tained that an energetickand evangelical ry at Berlin, where they are now attend- ministry would be likely to be well ating to the study of the English, Arabick, tended and well supported in France, and Sooivo languages, and to such other they conceived that the establishment objects ai may quality them for con- of a protestant church at Paris would ducting millions.
be productive of the most beneficial effects. The Rev. Mr. Tracy, who was
then there, was requested to continue In the report of th London Million- on the spot, to superintend the publicaary Society, for, 1803, we find the lolo tions, and to make inquiries, respecting lowing interesting article of intelligence, a fuitable church. Information has which wil probably be rew to fome of been obtained, which proves the almost our readers, and which is worthy to be unlimited extent in which the scriprecorded in this pubicacion.
tures and protestant writings may be During the two past year, the society circulated." At Besencon, in the south, has manifested the commendable delire and at Arras, in the north, where till of endeavou ing to build, on the ruins lately, no protestants were to be found, of the papary in France, the divine ed applications for protestant ministers and ihce of pure christianity; and as the churches have been made, and signed most powerful mean for that purpose, by 12,000 persons at the former place, within their reach, was the circulation and nearly as many at the latter; of the Holy Scriptures, they derermined and although many churches have alto consecrate a part of their fund to ready been given to the protestants, this object. Reilecting also on the aw- 900 congregations are fill deftitute, ful effe 'ts of infidelity, they judged it both of churches and pastors. Even in might be of great wie to connect with Belgium, the same disposition appears the scriptures a vindication of their di
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.