Imatges de pàgina

TO CORRESPONDENTS. REFLECTIONS on prayer, by Asaph, are received and approved: They shall appear in subsequent numbers. In these communications we recognise the hand of a respected friend, from whom we hope frequently to hear.

We have received the remarks of Philalithes. One of his subjects would not be interesting at the present day. The other might answer a good purpose in the form of a pamphlet.

Sketches of Professor Tappan, No. 3. will appear the next month.

Christophilus should be readily gratified with the insertion of his sensible remarks, in the Panoplist, (though we cannot subscribe to the correctness of his theological sentiments,) could we be assured they would not lead on to discussions, incompatible with the design and usefulness of this publication.

Communications from Phi Beta, and from Perros shall receive due attention.

The third Letter of Corsians, came too late for this number. Our readers shall be gratified with it in our next.

Zuinglius will accept our thanks for his serious and pertinent obserrations, inserted in this number.

Crito is requested to continue his biblical criticisms.

The Anecdotes sont by Amicus were evidently collected with a very pious design, and may, in certain circumstances, be related with good effect. They are not exactly suited to the nature of the Panoplist.

We are much obliged to the friend, who sent is the account of a charitable institution in St. Christophers. We shall be happy to make so excellent an institution, as extensively known, as possible.

We thank H. for his valuable communication, which shall have an early insertion.

Puetry. “ The Widow's God,” and “ My Jesus," are under consideration.

THE Cditors, with much satisfaction, inform their patrons and the publick, that their list of subscribors is already so large and so fost increring, that they have determined to give fırty eiglie pages in futwe numbers, instead of furty, as promised in their proposals, with out adding to the price.

"DELAYS and irregularities in clelivering the numbers, complained of in some cases, have been un ivoidale. Cire will b: tikin to remedy them in future.

+4+ SUBSCRIBERS will please !0 recollcct that payment is to be made for their numbers quarterly, to ASHUR ADJS, of Charlestown, Agent for the Editors. Punctuality in the payments is respectiully suliiiced.

ERRATUM.Page 116, col. 2. 1. 30, for distinguishing, read disguising.

AGENTS FOR THE PANOPLIST. Rev. MIGHILL BLOOD, Buckstown ;-Mr. E. GOODALE, Hallowell ;THOMAS CLARK, bookseller, Portland ;-W. & D TREADWELL, do. Portsmouth ;-Tuomas & WHIPPLE, dn. Newburyport ;--Cusung & APPLETON, do. Salem ;-EDWARD COTTON, do. Boston ;-Isaiah Tomas, do. Worcester ;-WiLIAM BUTLER, do. Northampton;-WHITING, BACKUs & WHITING, do. Albany : T. & J. Swords, do. New York ;-WM. P. FARRAND, do. Philadelphia ;-Wu. WILKINSON, do. Providence ;-Isaac Bzers & Co. do. New Haven ;-0. D. Cook, do. Hartford ;--Mr. BENJAMIN CUMMINGS, Windsor, Ver.;-Mr. LEE, Bath, Me

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SKETCHES OF TAE LIFE AND CHAR: attachment to his people was so ACTER OF PROFESSOR TAPPAN. strong, and he esteemed his rela(Continua! from pige ; ]

tion to them so intimate and facred, In June, 1792, the corporation that he did not determine upon a and overseers of Harvard Univer- feparation, without long and serility harmoniously invited doctor ous reflection, and such advice, as Tappan to the office of Professor deserved his confidence. The of Divinity. This professorship question was finally submitted to was founded by Mr. Hollis, mer- a very respectable ecclefiaftical chant, of London, A. D. 1722. council, of which the late Lieut. In 1747, an addition was made Governor Phillips was a very to the fund for supporting the active member. The council uHollis Professor of Divinity, by a nanimously voted, that duty and legacy of Daniel Henchman, Esq. the general interest of religion reof Boston

The election of doc- quired his removal. On the 26th tor Tappan evidently accorded of December, 1792, he was inauwith tbe design of the generous gurated, as Hollis Professor of donors. His character was pub- Divinity in Harvard College. lickly acknowledged to be such, To say that he was very useful as their statutes required. He in that office would be only repe ata was a well known friend and ad- ing the common obse:vation. But vocate of those evangelical doc. an attempt to show, in what his trines, which constituted the faith usefulness consisted, and by what of our excellent forefathers, and means it was promoted, may not have been received, as the truths be wholly uninteresting. of God, by reformed churches in When he was introduced into general. His learning, his piety, the Profeffor's office, the religious and his aptness to teach abundant- character of the university was ly justified his appointment to uncommonly diffolute. For some that important station. To dis- time the Itudents had received no cuss the motives, which induced regular instruction in theology. him to accept the appointment, is Books, containing the poison of deemed quite unnecessary. It is deilm, were eagerly read, and the nothing unusual for a good man minds of many were corrupted. of distinguished talents to rile, in "The tide of fashionable opinion obedience to the call of Provi- began to run in the channel of indence, to a more elevated sphere fidelity. Few dared to be serious of action, than that which he first advocates for the cause of chrifa. occupied. But doctor Tappan's tian truth. The great object of

Vol. I. No. 4.



the pious founders of the college icism could discover nothing inelwas forgotten. The glory of the egant in the style ; the most metgospel was neglected, or treated aphysical mind could point out with profane ridicule. The fab- nothing unfair or inconclusive in bath was generally devoted to the argument ; the warmelt piescience, to vanity, or to indolence. iy was sensible of nothing indeImmorality and disorder, in vari. vout ; and the coldest philosophy ous shapes, had become prevalent, could bring no charge of weakand mocked the power of persua- nefs or enthulia[m. fion and the arm of authority. It must not be omitted, that Such was the moral and religious doctor Tappan's evangelical fenitate of the university, when doc. timents and puritan morals were tor Tappan entered on the duties directly conducive to his religious of his office. The great object, influence. How opposite foever which he pursued in his publick the gospel of Christ is to the na:and private lectures, was to defend ural talte of men ; it is a truth, the principles of natural and re-confirmed by scripture and expevealed religion, and to lead the rience, that a strict adherence to students to the knowledge of their gospel doctrines and precepts will Maker and Redeemer. He uni. render a christian teacher the most formly appeared to be deeply con- respectable in the view of mancerned for the religious interests kind at large, and give him the of the university. His whole offi- greatest moral influence over their cial conduct was calculated to con- ininds. The remark has been ciliate affection, to excite serious frequently made by the most enregard to religious truth, and to lightened and judicious men in impress the importance of religious the commonwealth, that, in point duty. He had a just conception of sentiment and manners, doctor of the movements of the juvenile Tappan was that, which the in. mind. Not expecting youth to over- terest of the university required. look their plealure in their love of Now it is well known, that his improvement, he aimed, in his pub- views of the most important fublick lectures, to unite entertainment jects, such as Christ's character with information. He happily com- and atonement, God's eternal bined brevity with fulness, and an. scheme and all-directing proviimation with exactness. He was di. dence, depravity and regenera. dactick, yet persuasive; profound, tion, the distinguishing nature of and yet pathetick. It was impof- religion, and future retribution,

, fible for young men of liberal were conformed to the views, minds to hear his publick lectures which the founders of the college with the well adapted and servent and the fathers of New England prayers, which introduced and entertained. They were such, as followed them, without a convic- are exhibited in the renowned Ar. tion, that religious truth could be fembly's Catechism, which, for vindicated by argument, and that the sake of distinction, has been chriltian piety ennobled the foul generally called the orthodox or and yielded the best enjoyments. calvinistick scheme. Such a theSo fingular was the affemblage of ological character in the Profetior excellent qualities, which appear- was fitted to produce the best efed in his publick performances at fects on the moral and religious the university, that the nicelt crit. Itate of the institution. Had the


students, fo generally unsettled in ted their fons to its care with fattheir religious principles, discov- isfaction. The religious publick ered in him, who was fcated in extensively manifested a growing the divinity chair, a laxness of attachment to that most important Sentiment, and a freedom of man- literary institution, and cherished ners, which did not forbid diflipa- the pleafing hope, that the youth, tion ; how injurious would have educated there, would not only be been the effect? It is easy to con- instru&ed in human science, but ceive that such a character, in- guarded against irreligious opinstead of checking, would have in- ions, and initiated into the true creased existing evils. It would principles of the oracles of God. have fill more unhinged the re. The high esteem and ardent ligious principles of the ftudents. love, which he commanded, added It would have annihilated in their much to his falutary influence on view the importance of christian the internal state of the university. truth, and confounded the differ. So much of the father appeared in ence between religion and impie- him, and so remarkably inoffenty. Had a Profesor been intro. live was he in all his intercourse duced, bearing the stamp of mod. with the members of college, that ern liberality, it would have alien- a stigma would have been fixed ated from our university the af. upon any one, who should have fe&tion of a great part of the cler- reproached him. To' reproach gy and people of New England, him would have been a rude arand the confidence of our most re- fault upon that sacred affection, {pe&able and exemplary churches. with which he was cherished and Serious, promising young men, honoured at the university. seeking an education with a view It is with regret, that any cirto the gospel ministry, would have cumstance is mentioned, which frequently, if not generally, pie. leffened his usefulness. But the ferred some other college, nrore reader must not expect to see in favourable to their ultimate ob- these pages the portrait of a man, ject. These, and other evils, so free from imperfection. For the carnestly deprecated by every writer to draw such a portrait, friend of the university and the even in the present case, would christian cause, were in a good not be consistent with integrity. measure prevented by the influence And for any to suppose that the of doctor Tappan. Among the cause of God would be served by students infidelity was gradually the suppression of truth would not confounded, profanity and dissipa- favour of wisdom. tion were awed and restrained, It was an order of Mr. Hollis, open irreligion was put to shame, whose generosity founded the proand the science of God was studi- fessorship, and who had an uned with more seriousness and de- questionable right to prescribe its light. In the course of a few duties, “ That the Professor set ayears the triumphant air of infi- part two or three hours ont afterdelity disappeared, and it became noon in the week, to answer fuch cultomary in all publick perform- questions of the students, who shall ances, to speak of christianity in apply to him, as refer to the systerms of respect and veneration. tem or controversies of religion, Christian parents, feeling confi- or cases of conscience, or the feemder.ce in the University, commit. ing contradictions in fcripture.”


Sketches of the Life and Character of Professor Tappan. [Sept. Phe great utility of such a prác- expe&ed, that young men, who rice would show the wisdom of contemplate that profession, will the appointment. It would ex- readily obtain a due comprehencite attention in the students, and fion of its facred nature and valt engage them to afliJuity in their importance. It is not reasonable inquiries after divine truth.

It to expect, that they will sufficient. would form in them habits of free ly consider the indescribable adconverlation, and of profound, vantage of method in their Atuconnected reasoning on the most dies, or be able, without allistance, important subjects. Such an op- to adopt the method, which expeportunity, modeitly and diligent- rience has proved to be the best. ly employed, would introduce Through inattention to the nature them to some parts of knowledge, and importance of the ministry, to which they can have access in and to the proper method of Ituno other way, and furnith them dy, many have precipitately enwith some qualifications for the tered upon it without the moral, minitry better, than any other or without the literary and theomode of initruction. It would logical qualifications, which are lead them to that candid and thos. requisite. They who ought to ough investigation of every sub. magnify the facred office, freject, which is neceffary to the full quently show by their practice, discovery of truth, and to the ex- that they judge it the meanest of posure and confusion of errour. In all professions. A long course of this way the Profeffor would ob. Itudy, and much exactness and tain a clear insight into the relig- readiness are deemed necessary to ious as well, as the intellectual the professions of law and phyfick. ftate of the Itudents, and thus be Nay, "every mechanical art reunder advantages to give them the quires a course of many years, bemoit u'erul inltruction and advice. fore one can be master in it." For what reason the judicious or. But the noblest and most imporder of Mr. Hollis, abovemention- tant of all professions, that which ed, was difregarded during doctor comes from heaven, and leads Tappan's profefforship, we know thither again, that which is emnot. It admits no doubt, that a ployed in the sublimest exercises, divine, poilelling his extensive ac- and is most highly honoured by quaintance with theological fub- God, is esteemed so low a thing jects, his readiness of conception in the eyes of many, that they and utterance, his candid judg- think they can reach it with much ment and condescending dispoii- less previous study and preparation, might in that way have con- tion, than are necessary for the trib:red exceedingly in the im- molt fordid of all trades. * Even provement of the students, and they, who have time and inclinaultimately to the edification of tion for preparatory Audies, have our ch'irches.

often made fuch an injudicious A Professor of his abilities and choice of books, have obterved fo popularity had advantages to be, little order in their studies, have in many refpects, peculiarly useful been so superficial in their inquirto students in divinitv. it be- ies, and to partial in their investi. longed to his office to direct their gations, that their time has been htudies, and aid their preparation for the miniitry. It is not to be • See Burnet’s Pastoral Care, chap. &.

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