Imatges de pàgina


the first Lord Orrery, who flourish- ment, and told him if he would ed under the reign of Charles the come back to the Roman church, first. The extract is taken from he would certainly procure forhim • The state letters and memoirs of a Cardinal's cap. But Calvin was the right Hon. Roger Boyle,' not to be moved by such an offer. page 4, 5.

Eckius then asked him what reve• Eckius being sent by the pope, nue he had ? he told the Cardinal legate into France, upon his return he had that house and garden, and resolved to take Geneva in his way fifty livres per annum, beside an on purpose to fee Calvin ; and if annual pretent of iome wine and occafion were, to attempt reducing corn ; on which he lived very conhim to the Roman church. There- tentedly. Eckius told him, that a fore, when Eckius was come with- man of his parts deserved a greatin a league of Geneva, he left his er revenue ; and then renewed his retinue there, and went, accompa- invitation to come over to the Ronied but with one man, to the city, mish church, promising him a betin the forencen. Setting up his ter stipend if he would. But Calhorses at an inn, he inquired where vin giving him thanks assured him Calvin lived, whose house being he was well satisfied with his conshown him, he knocked at the door dition. About this time dinner and Calvin himself came to open was ready, when he entertained it to him. Eckius inquiring for his guest as well as he could, excurMr. Calvin, he was told he was the ed the defects of it, and paid him perfon. Eckius acquainted him, great respect. Eckius after dinner that he was a stranger; and hav- desired to know, if he might not ing heard much of his fame, was be admitted to see the church, come to wait upon him. Calvin which anciently was the cathedral invited him to come in, and he en- of that city. Calvin very readily tered the house with him ; where answered that he might ; accorddiscourfing of many things con- ingly, he fent to the officers to be cerning religion, Eckius perceived ready with the keys, and desired Calvin to be an ingenuous learned fome of the syndicts to be there man, and desired to know if Ire had present, not acquainting them who not a garden to walkin. To which the stranger was. As soon thereCalvin replying he had, they both fore as it was convenient, they went into it; and there Eckius be- both went towards the church, and gan to inquire of him why he left as Eckius was coming out of Calthe Roman church, and offered vin's house, he drew out a purse, him fome arguments to perfuade with about one hundred pistoles, him to return; but Calvin could and presented it to Calvin. But by no means be inclined to think Calvin defired to be excused; Eck. of it. At lult, Eckius told him, ius told him, he gave it him to buy that he would put his life in his books, as well as to express his rehands; and then said he was Eck- spect for him. Calvin with much ius the Pope's legate. At this dif- regret took the purse, and they covery, Calvin was not a little fur- proceeded to the church, where the prised, and beggeci his pardon that iyndicts and officers waited upon he had not treated him with that them ; at the fight of whom Eckirespect which was due to his quals us thought he had been betrayed, ity. Eckius returned the compli- and whispered his thoughts in Cal

vin's ear ; but Calvin assured him charity and modesty of Calvin. to the contrary. Thereupon they When they were come out of the went into the church ; and Ecki- church, Calvin invited Eckius aus, having seen all, told Calvin he gain to his house,but he replied that did not expect to find things in fo he must depart ; fo thanking him decent an order, having been told for all his civilities, offered to take to the contrary. After having his leave. But Calvin waited upon taken a full view of every thing, him to the inn, and walked with him Eckius was returning out of the a mile out of the territories of Genechurch ; but Calvin stopped him va, where with great compliments, a little, and calling the syndiets they took a farewell of each other.' and officers together, took out the Eckius was a very learned dipurse of gold which Eckius had vine, professor in the university of given him, telling them that he Ingolstadt, memorable for his ophad received that gold from this polition to Luther, Melanéthon, worthy stranger, and that now he and other reformers in Germany. gave it to the poor, and fo put it all He died in 1543, aged 57. Sce into the poor box that was kept Hoffmanni Lexicon, Tom. 2, page there. The fyndicts thanked the 130, or Encyclopedia Britannica, stranger, and Eckius admired the vol. 6th, p. 296. Af. Mif. Mag.

Revicw of New Publications.


The Doctrine of Predestinatior uno feelings. With reverence and im

Life, explained and vii dicated in partiality then we shall notice Four Sermons, preached to the these productions of one of the facburch of Christ, meeting in Brat- thers of our Boston churches, tle Street, and published at their whose memory is yet held in great general de fire : wito fome addi- veneration. tional pasages and quotations. By

Thefe Sermons were fir pubWILLIAM COOPER: one of the lished in Boston, in the year 1740, paitors of said Church. With a were reprinted in London, in the Preface by the Senior Pastors of year 1765, and the Second Boston the town of Bolton. Second edition appeared during the last Edition. Boston. E. Lincoln, year. Water Street, 1804.

The Sermons are introduced by

a preface, written by the finir palMANY, after reading the title tors of the town of Boilon, the venpage, prefixed co this little volume erable contemporaries of the auof fermons, would shrink from the thor. This preface is a specimen perusal of its contents. With the of their brotherly love to the ausubject of the discourses under re- thor, their attachment to the docview fome have connected an idea trines contained in his fermons,and of horrour, while to others the title their fervent zeal in the cause of itself is a fufficient recommenda- Christ. It breathes a spirit of pietion.

ty as well, as of firm, unshaken Reviewers of controversial pub. faith, and strongly recommends lications, whether religious, or po

the discourses to the reader's atlitical, ought, as much as possible, tention. to divelt themelves of sectarian At the present day, when many

pious christians are accused of each.

teaching for doctrines the command decry and reproach it, asunworthy ments of men, when faith in doctrines of God and religion; and of those above our comprehenfion is deem- who speak of it, as among those ed superstition, the following obser. mysterious, controversial, and vations, contained in the preface, speculative points, which it is best may be seasonable and appropriate. not to meddle with.”

The doctrine of Predestination “is The author, who appears to embraced by us, because we find it in have had correct ideas of the huour Bible. This it is, that makes us

man heart, anticipates much oppo. Predestinarians and Calvinists : For Calvin, nor Augustine, nor any names what

sition from the prejudices of men, ever, are any thing to us, but as they in treating so unpopular a subject. speak from the Hly Scriptures. These The modest and humble manner are our only oracles. What we find in which he solicits the attention of there, we believe and profess, though his audience, is worthy of notice. incoinprehensible to our weak and shallow minds, which are by no means the As the direction, given to the hearmeasure of truth, And we think we

ers, deserves the attention of every act a perfectly rational part, as well as serious and candid inquirer after reverent before the high God, the infi- truth, we transcribe the author's uite Intelligence, in bowing our understandings to his revelations respecting

words with pleasure. truth and duty, even where we cannot

“And now, my hearers, let me crave, answer every scruple or objection, for

and, as I speak in the name of Christ, reconciling seeming oppositions."

I may demand your reverent and seriThe words which Mr. Cooper lay aside prejudices, if you have enter

ous attention. Let me entreat you to has selected, as a text for his dis- tained any, against this doctrine, and courses, are contained in the epis- to receive with meekness the ingrafte! tle to the Romans, viii. 29, 30. In word, which is able to save your souls. the first sermon, after noticing the let me desire you to stop all censures,

till I have finished the subject, if, chapter preceding the one from

through the good hand of our God upwhich his subject is taken, our au. on us, I may be allowed to do so. thor observes, that the “ words” of And let me further ask you, before his text “ are commonly called the ! procecd, to lift up your heart to God golden chain of salvation,” and di. "Lord! if this doctrine be according

in some such secret petition as this, vides it into four parts; Foreknowl. to thy mind and will, suffer not my edge and Predestination, Election, mind to be prejudiced against it; but Justification, and Glorification. help me to receive it in the love of it, After having made a few obferva. and to improve it to all those holy, sav? tions on each of these important vealed it in thy word.' If any will not

ing purposes, for which thou hast re. subjects in their order, he observes, do thus, let me tell them, their minds

“It is not my intention to speak of are not rightly disposed to hear, nor all these privileges in the order, in can they be looked upon to be sincere which they stand connected in our inquirers after truth's text; and I have but lately discoursed In the first discourse the author concerning two of them, effectual call- describes the doctrine of election in ing and justification. My present pur- the terms of the 17th article of the pse theretire is, to treat only of that, viich is the grind of them all, and church of England ; which article from which the result, namely, Elec. he observes, agrees with the assem. tion, or Predtattior unto Life.bly's catechism. There he calls

He then proceeds to expatiate on the publick standards," and the the importance and excellence of truths contained in them he underthe doctrine, and to vindicate it takes to explain in eight distinct from the objections of those, “who propositions. Upon subjects fo


disputed as those propositions the author endeavours to state involve, we can only say, that some of the absurd consequences, the writer has treated them with which follow upon the denial of perspicuity, and has been very the doctrine ; such as making the happy in his corroborative quota- will of God dependent on a creations from scripture.

ture, the uncertainty of human Before he enters on the second salvation, and that the salvation head of his subject, he makes a few of every particular man origi practical remarks, which tend to nates with himself. prove that the doctrine of election The discourses are then conclude « is not so discouraging as some ed with Thewing the importance would represent it."

of the doctrine, and the place it In the second discourse, the point holds in the scheme of christianito be established is this, “That a ty, with a few practical remarks.

“ certain great and glorious number The extracts, already made from were elected by God, in his eternal the discourses, will serve as a specicounsel and purpose from the rest men of the author's style, which is of fallen mankind, to be in time plain and perspicuous, and forms a effectually called and justified, in Äriking contrast with many of the order to their being finally brought polished sermons of the present day. to eternal life and glory; and this We must do the author the jusout of his mere good pleasure, and tice to observe, that a spirit of piefor the praise of his glorious ty, and christian zeal pervades the grace.” To confirm this point, whole work; and that his discourfthe author brings many striking es are exempt from any severity, or passages from the New Testament, invective against the opposers of which appear to us strong and for his sentiments. To use his own cible, and oblige us to conclude words, he appears to have taken with him, that the doctrine treated “this subject in hand, not from a of, “ is no scattered, single, or in- love of controversy or fondness to dependent article, but runs along oppose the schemes of others, but with the stream of the bible.” from a sincere desire to fulfil the

The object of the third discourse ministry of the Lord Jesus.” N. is to attempt to clear the doctrine of misrepresentations and objec- Sermons : by WILLIAM JAY, 8vo. tions. The subject of this discourse pp. 478. Bolton, printed for must be highly interesting to every B. and J. Homans, by David one ; for where is the mind, which Carlisle. First American, from is at any time employed on serious the second London Edition. fubje&ts, that is not defirous of hav

1805. ing its objections removed, and of From the multitude of books, being confirmed with regard to the which are continually issuing from truth or absurdity of the above, the presses in Great Britain, it were mentioned doctrines? How far to be wished, that our American Mr. C. has succeeded in removing booksellers were always as judiobje&tions, or confirming the truth cious in their selections for reprintof his subject, we must refer our ing in this country, as the publishreaders to the work to judge for ers of this volume. With much themselves.

fatisfa&tion we introduce to the AIn the fourth and last fermon, merican publick, a work in ne Yol. I. No. I.

common degree interesting and in- añother extreme, and to draw an unstructive. It consists of twenty warrantable conclusion respecting the

state of religion, and the number of its four fermons on the following sub

adherents; and even wise men, and jects: Mistakes concerning the num- good men, are liable to this.

" Wot ber of the righ:eous ; The triumphs ye not what the scripture saith of Eliof patience ; Vows called to remem- as ? how he maketh intercession to God brance ;, the nature of genuine relig- against Israel, saying, Lord, they have

killed thy prophets, and digged down ion; The young admonished; The thine altars; and I am left alone, and gospel demands, and deserves atten- they seek my life. But what saith the tion ; The fufferings of our Saviour answer of God unto him? I have renécessary; The condemnation of felf- served to myself seven thousand men,

who have not bowed the knee to the will ; The secure alarmed; On prog- image of Baal.” p. 9, 10. ress in religion ; Tbe privileges of the

Our author then undertakes “to righteous The conditions of chrif examine the opinion that reduces tians in the world ; Concupiscence the number of the righteous ;” to punished ; Hope ; The parable of the “lay open thevarious sources from true fons ; Chriftian diligence; The which it proceeds,” that “ by difabuse of divine forbearance ; Alur. covering the cause,” he might the ance ; Domestick happiness ; Happi- more successfully “ prescribe the nefs in death ; Service done for God

cure.” This opinion fometimes rewarded; The disappointments of

grows out of the peculiar state life ; Neutrality in religion exposed; of our own minds," sometimes it. The family of our Lord. From the discourses on these im- plied instances of false profession,"

originates from“ observing multiportant fubjects, we shall felect such but more frequently it is derived passages as shall at once exhibit from the righteous themselves." fair fpecimen of the sentiments and Five things, he conceives, “ have manner of the author, and furnish influence in producing it: The obrich entertainment to our readers. The first discourse is on the dence of their dispositions; the man

The first discokrle is on the scurity of their stations; the diffiMistakes cor.cerning the number of

ner of their conversion; the diversity the righteous ;” which is thus hap- of their opinions ; and the imperfecpily introduced

tions of their character.We feWho can understand his errours?

lect his illustration of the fourth of How numerous, how various, how op- these topicks, as a specimen of the posite to each other, are the mistakes of mankind! The lives and the tanguage christian candour of our author. of many seem to imply a full persuasion, The difference of opinion which pre. that there is very little evil in sin ; that vails among christians, has frequently the difficulties of religion are by no occasioned a diminution of their nuin. mcans great ; that it is an easy thing ber. Indeed, the readiest way in the to be a christian ; that if there be a world to thin heaven, and replenish the hell, few are wicked enough to be turn- legions of hell, is to call in the spirit of ed into it ; and that the generality of bigotry. This will immediately ar. our fellow creatures are in a fair way raign, and condemn, and execute all fóf heaven. This persuasion is as false that do not bow down and worship the as it is fatal. "Enter ye in at the image of our idolatry. Possessing exstrait gute : for wide is the gate, and clusive prerogative, it rejects every broad is the way which leadeth to de- other claim; “ stand by, I am 'soundstruction, and many there be which goer than thou.” “The temple of the in thereat : because strait is the gate, Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temand narrow is the way that leadeth ple of the Lord are we !” How many unto life, and few there be that find it.” of the dead has this intolerance sen

It is possible, howerer, to fall into tenced to eternal misery, who will

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