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This ministerial labours. At the age that the revelation of mediatorial of twenty one he was ordained the mercy is the chosen instrument of pastor of that flock. In that place saving a ruined world ; that he he continued about eighteen years. was divinely commissioned to pub
DoctorTappan chose the sacred lish and enforce it for this end; office from principle. It was his and that its final completion will deliberate judgment, that the gos- embrace the order, perfection, and pel ministry is, of all professions, happiness of the moral world, and the most important to mankind. the highest glory of its Author ; The design of that work, involving he dwelt upon the sublime subject the best interests of the universe, with eager and profound contemperfectly accorded with his ex- plation." Those doctrines, which panded benevolence. There is are the groundwork of revelation, reason to believe that he early im- were the groundwork of hispreach. bibed the excellent spirit of chris- ing. Scarcely a sermon came tianity. After much anxious con- from his lips, in which some of the cern respecting his everlasting peculiarities of evangelical truth welfare, and deep conviction of sin, were not found. Frequently, and he was, in the judgment of charity, in many different ways, he inculrenewed by grace. Embracing the cated the doctrines of man's fallen, allsufficient Saviourand submitting ruined state, the redeeming love of to his will, he cherished the hopes God, the atonement of Christ, jusand consolations of the gospel. tification by grace, and the efficacy And he made it the delightful bu- of the divine Spirit in renewing siness of his life to recommend to sinners and preparing them for others that Saviour, whose pre- glory. The doctrine of redemption ciousness and glory had been re- by a crucified Saviour constituted, vealed to him. He had the pecu- in his view, the basis of the gospel, liaradvantage, which belongs to all the faith and glory of the christministers who are called of God, ian church. To neglect this docthat whenever he preached the un- trine in its various connections he searchable riches of Christ, he considered, as neglecting the very spake what he knew, and testified essence of the gospel. what he had seen. To this un- He was 'not only a doctrinal, but doubtedly must be ascribed, in a
a very practical preacher. Every great measure, his impressive gospel doctrine, he insisted, lras its manner of preaching. He spoke corresponding precept and duty. _from the fulness of his heart. He Speaking of the doctrines of huwas sincere and in earnest. No man depravity, and salvation by hearer could doubt, that he felt the the mercy of God, the atonement reality and eternal importance of of Christ, and the sanctification of the truths he delivered.
the Spirit, he says ; “ from these As a preacher, he was decidedly doctrines immediately result the evangelical. The peculiar contents duties of evangelical repentance of the gospel were the principal and humility, faith and hope, gratisubjects of his discourses. He de- tude and love, obedience and joy." termined to know nothing, save Jc- Agreeably, when he preached the sus Christ and him crucified. The doctrine of human depravity and gospel, as a revelation of grace to misery, his aim was, to show sinsinners, was the great subject, ners their dependence on God's which he studied and explained. mercy and their need of redemp"To use his own words; "sensible tion through the blood of atone ment, and to lead them, with rather proclaiming the abundant thankfulness and joy to accept grace of Christ, and, from a heart proffered salvation. When he captivated with his divine beauty, preached the allsufficient atone- crying out, unto him, who hath love ment, he was careful to show its ed us, and washed us from our sins infuence on the violated law of in his blood, be honour and glory for God, and on the guilty, deplorable ever. At the same time he took condition of man. In his hand it much pains to show, that such afwas the terror of the obstinate reb- fection to Christ is not only the el, but the hope and consolation of surest evidence of an upright humble, contrite souls. The doc- heart, but the inost efficacious motrine of divine influence he aimed tive to a pious and useful life. to exhibit in such a light, as at But as a more particular display of once to bumble the proud, and en- Doctor Tappan's theological sencourage the lowly in heart. Jus- timents is contemplated, it is not, tification by faith without the deeds in this place, necessary to enlarge. of the law he represented, as insep- Doctor TAPPAN was a plain and arably connected with a godly life; distinguishing preacher. Knowyea, as the spring of true gospeling the gospel to be of everlasting obedience. He gave it as his importance to mankind, he enjudgment, “that christian fåety and deavoured to preachi it in the most morality must rise or fall, as the doc: intelligible manner. He was haptines of grace, which support and py in commanding a style, which eralt them, are regarded or neglect- had charms for all. While the ed." By these sentiments he reg. refined hearer enjoyed its flowing ulated his preaching. Whenever elegance, the unrefined was edified be inculcated the duties of christ- with its plainness. Ile judged a ianity, whether the duties of re. close, distinguishing mode of pentance and faith, which immedi- preaching of vast consequence. ately respect men as sinners, or Deeply impressed himself with the the general duties of piety to God, necessity and worth of true religand benevolence to man; he failed ion, he laboured to describe it cornot to inculcate them chiefly by rectly, and to discriminate its savevangelical motives. And let it being exercises and fruits from every added, whenever he undertook to deceitful imitation. To this work describe a good man, he described his mind was early directed by the him as a character formed upon perusal of Edwards’_treatise on gospel principles; as a redeemed Religious Affections. By what he sinner, pardoned through Christ, wrote in the book when young, he regenerated by the Holy Spirit, a emphatically expressed his opinion penitent, a believer. He repre- of its inestimable value ; an opinsented his inward exercises and ion which, it is well known, he his whole practice, as having a con- never altered. It was often the stant respect to the great scheme drift of his discourses to point out of mediatorial grace. In his paint. the essential and eternal difference ing of virtue and religion you between the sanctified affections of would not see the image of Seneca the believer, and the best exercises or Plato, but that of saint Paul. of the unrenewed heart. Under The christian of his describing you his most discriminating sermons, would not hear descanting, in cold, conscience could hardly sleep; uninteresting language, on the the sinner could not, without a beauty and dignity of virtue ; but great effort, deceive himself; and
the humble believer could scarcely in his preaching. It was his opin, fail of obtaining consolation. To ion, that a minister's usefulness is introduce again his own words ; it greatly abridged by confining himwas his serious endeavour “ to lay self within a small circle of favour. open the human heart to the view ite speculations. He reasoned of mankind ; to trace its windings, thus,“ that as christian divinity is its disguises, its corruptions ; to one regular and immense whole, expand all its latent seeds of abom- so each part has its claim on the ination ; to pluck off its mask of evangelical instructor.; that by apparent virtue ; to unfold the se- duly attending 10 any one branch, cret principles of human conduct, he really befriends and enforces all and distinguish appearances from the rest, as connected with it ; realities ; to detect the various bé that he cannot do justice even to asses of selflove and selfdeceit ; to the doctrinal part without largely delineate every shape and form, explaining and urging its correswhich the unsanctified heart in va- ponding precepts ;" and that, conrious circumstances will assume; sidering the unlimited variety of so that every sinner might see and christian subjects, it is altogether recognize himself in the draught, absurd to expect that the preacher and all classes of natural men, will interweave them all with evefrom the careless and profane to ry sermon. Accordingly he took the deeply convicted and distress, an extensive range, and aimed to ed, might so perceive their moral introduce that pleasing yariety of diseases, as immediately to look topics, which the scriptures surout for a suitable remedy." nish ; though, after all, it was
He a very affectiona'e manifest, that he made evangelicpreacher. When addressing his al religion the sum and centre of fellow immortals, his heart was his preaching. The variety in his often enlarged with benerolence, discourses was increased and renand melted in tenderness. In him dered still more agreeable, by his there appeared nothing overbear- method of adapting his performing, harsh, or uncivil. His coun- ances to particular occasions. In tenance, his voice, hisgestures had this he discovered a remarkable all t'e natural marks of kind con- facility and pertinence. By the sern. His hearers, however re- ivstantaneous operation of a disprored and alarmed, were convinc- cerning taste, he readily entered ed that he spoke from love ; that into the spirit of every occasion, the mortifying reproof and the and said what was suitable and painful alarm he gave them, were impressive. Beside his appropri, meant for their good. They saw, ate performances on sacramental they felt, that the preacher was an
and funeral occasions, he frequentardent friend to their souls, and ly noticed the great events of Prov. that he did not inflict the wound, idence in the natural, civil, and rewhich faithfulness required him to ligious world, and made use of inflict, without reluctanceandgricí. them to elucidate some interestThis procurer him free accessing truth, or enforce some importo their consciences and hearts. tant duty. It gave him liberty to
With a view to give his preachgreat freedom and plainness of ing a diversified air, and to make speech, with a prospect of the it more popular and impressive, he most desirable effects.
sometimes adopted an expedient, Doctor TAPPAN studied variety which is thought liabletocriticism.
The expedient intended is what left by William Maxwell, Esquire, people commonly call, spiritualize of Preston, a gentleman of considing scripture ; that is, ingrafting erable fortune in Dumfrieshire. the great truths of religion upon a The eldest was married to the Earl historical factor ancient ceremony, of Sutherland; the youngest, of which has no real or discernible whom we treat, to John Lord connection with such sublime Viscount Glenorchy, only son of truths. If, for example, from the Earl of Breadalbane. these words, “ I am Joseph," a Lady Glenorchy was formed by preacher should take occasion, by Providence for a superior place in instituting a parallel between Jo- society. Her understanding was seph and Jesus Christ, to declare naturally strong and capacious, and the whole gospel, and, in particu- her memory retentive. Her mind lar, to describe the sinner, first was polished by a liberal education, convinced, then penitent, then di- and richly furnished with ideas by vinely taught the glory of Christ extensive reading and observation, .. and receiving him by faith ; he' Her person was agreeable, her would undoubtedly gain the admi- manner engaging, her fancy brils ration of the multitude; he might liant, and attended-by a constant edify all, and might purchase for flow of spirits and good humour. himself the honour of an inventive Born to wealth, and allied to a rich fancy. But the best rules for the and noble house, she was fitted to. right interpretation of scripture, make a distinguished figure among would be violated, and too much the great, and to shine in courts. done to foster a whimsical taste in But as Moses, when he was come the hearers.
In this mode of to years, refused to be called the preaching Doctor Tappan's lively son of Pharaoh's daughter, choosimagination enabled him to excel. ing rather to suffer aMiction with
But his mind was too enlightened, the people of God, than to enjoy solid, and judicious, and his taste the pleasures of sin for a season, too correct to lead him often upon esteeming the reproach of Christ such fairy ground.
greater riches than the treasures The remarks here made do not of Egypt : In like manner, she, in by any means constitute an adeo all the bloom of youth, with all quate description of Doctor TAP- worldly pleasures at her command, PaN, as a preacher. They are de- laid herself, her fortune, her honsigned only to preserve the re- ours and her talents, at the foot of membrance of his characteristick the cross of Jesus. views and talents, and to exhibit
About the 23d year of her age those excellencies of his preach- she was visited with sickness : ing, which peculiarly deserve the in recovering from which, her serious and devout consideration thoughts were involuntarily turned of others. (To be continued.)
to the first question and answer of
that form of sound words which is HEMOIRS OF THE VISCOUNTESS GLE.
given in the Assembly's Cate
chism : “ What is the chief end (From a Supplement to Dr. Gillies' Historical Collections.]
of man ? It is to glorify God, and A MONG the friends and orna- to enjoy him for ever." Musing ments of religion, WILHELMINA on these words, they arrested her MAZWELL, Lady GLENORCHY, attention, and naturally led her to holds a conspicuous place. She put to herself the important que. was the
of two daughters ries : Have I answered the design
of my being ? Þave I glorified publick worship. Well acquaintGod? Shall I enjoy him for ever? ed with men and things, her con
Reviewing her life of thoughtless versation was full of good sense gaiety, she found there was no con- and information : it was often nection between such conduct and much enlivened by goodhumoured glorifying and enjoying God; and pleasantry ; but it always was pithat consequently, hitherto, she ous and spiritual, always expreshad not answered the chief end of sive of the high sense she had of her existence. Her conscience the exellence and importance ofrewas awakened ; and, for a consid- ligion, and of her anxiety for its erable time, she laboured under promotion. With peculiar pleas, that anxiety and fear, which usu- ure she always spoke of the person ally attend such a state of mind. or place in which it appeared to
But, on reading the 5th chap- flourish; and with evident pain, of ter of the epistle to the Romans, those in which it was otherwise. she discovered the way whereby The sincerity of her religious prin- . the great God could be just, and ciples was established by her acyet the justifier of the believer in tions. She was not of those, “ who Jesus. She believed; her under- say, but do not." She built some standing was enlightened ; her places of publick worship at very conscience relieved, and her mind considerable expense. In Edinrestored to peace. The fruits of burgh, she erected a large handher faith soon gave the most une- some chapel, which will hold two quivocal evidence of the truth of thousand people, and which has, that happy change wbich had tak- for many years, been attended by a en place in ber mind. For some numerous congregation, and which time she endeavoured to avoid the has now two clergymen, ministers • ridicule which attends true relig- in communion with the church of ion, by concealing it, and mingling Scotland, as its pastors. To this in the society and amusements to chapel is added a free school, which which she had been accustomed ; she endowed, to teach reading, but she soon found it impossible to writing, and arithmetick. The support the spirit and practice of chapel and school together, has not religion, and at the same time be cost less than five or six thousand conformed to the manners of the pounds. She erected and endowed world. She therefore openly a- also a church at Strathfillan, in the vowed her religion and renounced parish of Killin, on the estate of the sinful enjoyments of the world. Lord Breadalbane : and she had
: From this time her whole life was purchased ground, in conjunction one continued course of devotion : with the late Lady Henrietta Hope, her closet was a little sanctuary for building a place of worship at for God, to which she habitually the Hot-wells, Bristol ; and which
; retired with avidity and pleasure. by her directions, has been execut, In her family there was always an
edby herexecutrix since her death, altar for God, and from which,
by a very neat and commodious with the morning and the evening, house being bụilt there, called regularly ascended social prayer Hope Chapel. In order to intro: and praise. She loved the house duce and support the gospel, she of God; and the most painful cir- purchased a very neat chapel at cumstance of her frequent ill Matlock, in Derbyshire ; one health, in the last years of her life,
meetinghouse at Carlisle, another was, her being detained by it from
at Workington, in Cumberland,