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find them crowned with success. might attend his refusal of a chalI shall not enlarge upon a subject lenge. which has been so amply detailed About a fortnight after this in my former narrative, and occurrence, Theophilus was prewhich describes Theophilus as sent at a numerous meeting of he now is; but I have learned the gentlemen of the county, a one anecdote, of his conduct, few of whom had adopted strong which so strongly marks his prin- prejudices against him on no ciples and good sense, that I other grounds than because the cannot deny myself the pleasure invariable rectitude of his conof relating it. There never was a duct furnished a perpetual conperiod in which it was trast to their irregularities. He necessary to enforce the exam- remarked, what he had been preple which it inculcates.
pared to expect, a cold formality A short time before the death and reserve in their reception of of his pious instructor, a recruit- him, little short of incivility. ing party took up its quarters in After a moment's deliberation, a small town at no great distance he requested their attention, from the residence of Theophic explained all the circumstances lus. The commanding officer, a of the transaction, which had led young man of family and fash- to a correspondence with the ion, had contrived a plan for se- officer, and addressed them in ducing the daughter of a farmer, terins to the following purport: a tenant of Theophilus, who was “ I have been given to underapprised of the scheme just in stand, what it would pain me time to prevent the ruin of the much to believe, that my refusal girl. On this occasion he wrote of a challenge has depreciated a letter of expostulation to the of, my character in the estimation of ficer, which the other resented as some to whom I have the honour an insult, and brutally challenged to speak. I know that, even by him. Theophilus declined the the laws of honour, I was not defiance without hesitation, and bound to meet my challenger ; addressed a second letter of re, but I dare not take refuge from monstrance and admonition to reproach in such a plea. No, the officer, which produced an in- gentlemen, I am called upon sulting and abusive reply. The publicly to avow, that in declinreport of this transaction was ing the challenge sent to me, I circulated much to the preju- acted from a superior motive, dice of my friend, and, as usu- from obedience to the law of ally happens in such cases, with God, which admits of no commany circumstances which were promise with the rules of honwholly unfounded, and which our. The Master whom I pro. remained for a time uncontra- fess to serve, not only requires dicted; for Theophilus, satisfied my obedience, but the avowal of with having performed his duty, my allegiance, and disclaims the was silent on what had passed, hypocritical service of a disciple, from a principle of Christian who is ashamed of the name of forbearance to the officer who his Lord. I shall not expatiate had insulted him, although he on the absurdity, barbarity, and was, at the same time, fully illegality of duelling : to a beaware of the consequences that liever in the doctrines of Chrise tianity, it is sufficient that the stances, all were bound to imi. practice is condemned by the tate, at the hazard of their im. positive command of the Al mortal souls. mighty—“Thou shalt do no I now revert to myself. The murder," and that it is opposed period of my residence with not only by the letter, but by the Theophilus is nearly expired, whole spirit of our holy religion, and in a few days I must leave the essence of which is love to my invaluable friend and beneGod and man. These are the factor, and return once more to principles upon which I have act- the mixed society of the world. ed, and to which, by God's assist- I am too well acquainted with ance, I am determined ever to the power of long established adhere, through honour and dis- habit not to feel some apprehenhonour, through evil report and sion of danger from the temptagood report. Eternity is of too
tions to which I may be expos. serious importance to be staked ed, on revisiting the scenes of against the opinion of the world; my former dissipation. Of all and professing to fear him who my life, I can only reckon the can destroy both body and soul last six months as in any degree forever, I dare not offend him devoted to God, and to the care by the deliberate commission of of my own soul, and I feel there. a crime, which may send me or a fore my want of constant aid from fellow-creature uncalled into his the society, encouragement, and presence, with the dreadful con- example of those, who live hy the sciousness of wilful sin, which rules of the gospel. This aid I cannot be repented of."
am not to expect from my old This address, of which I am friends and associates. My enabled only to give you an im- newly acquired principles are, I perfect sketch, was heard with trust, too firmly fixed, to be shagreat surprise, but with an effect ken by ridicule or sarcasm ; on much to the credit of those to this account I have no alarms; whom it was offered. It was but what I most dread is the well known, that at no very dis- contagious influence of the sotant period, Theophilus would ciety of those, who though not not have declined a challenge, professed infidels, and and those who were disposed to nominal Christians, live without attribute his new principles to a God in the world. The danger methodistical bias, could not re- of such a society is the greater fuse their applause to his manly because it is not as much sus avowal of them, whilst all con- pected as it ought to be, and curred in approving that conduct there is a natural tendency to which had exposed him to the accommodate ourselves to the insult of an unprincipled libero dispositions and conversations of tine. Some of the company did those with whom we associate, not hesitate to express an un particularly when we are not disqualified approbation of his beha- gusted by open profaneness, viour, and an old and respectable immorality, or indelicacy. Our divine spoke with enthusiasm in principles are thus gradually favour of it, as affording an exam- undermined, for want of due care ple which, under similar circum- to invigorate and confirm them,
for the daily recurrence of frivo- paragraph ; “ Irenzus is also lous and worldly conversation said to have been for some time naturally tends to produce idle the scholar of Papias, the Bishhabits of thinking, and in time, op of Hieropolis, a man of un. if not counteracted, to annihilate questionable piety, but of a weak the very power of serious reflec- judgment and narrow undertion and meditation.
standing, which, leading him to I have explained my appre- misunderstand some of the more hensions to Theophilus, who is abstruse parts of scripture, prov.. pleased to find that I entertained the occasion of great errors them; he tells me to be strong in many who followed him, and in the Lord, and in the power revered his memory ; errors, of his might, praying always the contagion of which, Irenæus with all prayer and supplication himself did not wholly escape." in the spirit, for the support of
It would be doing justice to divine grace. He has promised the memory of those pious and to write to me frequently, and to ancient fathers, to notice what introduce me to the acquaintance has been said and published, on of a most respectable clergyman the other hand, by those who in London, as well as of another have made it much the business friend of his, with an assurance of a long life, to search into anthat I may depend on their as- tiquity, and to inquire what was sistance and advice, in whatever accounted orthodox doctrine in relates to my spiritual concerns. the early ages of the church, I shall leave him with unseigned To answer such a purpose,
the regret, but with this consolatory following extract from the above hope, that a few months will ena. mentioned venerable author, is ble me to finish the business submitted to the judgment of the which calls me to the metrop- editors of the Panoplist. olis, and that I may then return Mr. Hartley, in citing the tes. to his society; for the benefit I timony of the primitive fathers have already derived from which for a future triumphant state of I most devoutly return thanks to the church, under a visible reign God.
of Christ on earth ; after introEDWARD ASIATICUS. ducing the plain testimony of
Justin Martyr, which is to be found in his dialogue with Try
pho the Jew, proceeds as follows. PAPIÀS AND IRENÆUS VINDICA- « Irenæus, Bishop of Lions,
TED, RESPECTING THE MIL- was another father of chief note LEXARIAN TENET,
in the early days of the church,
having been a disciple of Poly(Selected from a work of the Rev. Tho
carn, as Polycarp was of St. ma: Hartley, entitled, Paradise Re. stor'd; or a Testimony to the Doce
John. Very honourable mention trine of the blessed Millennium.]
is made of him, by the fathers of
the following ages, and by thosc Ix the Panoplist for August, who rejected the doctrine of the page 92, in the Life of St. Ire- Millennium, as Eusebius, Theodo, nzus, given from the Christian ret, and St. Austin, styling him Observer, we find the following an apostolical man, admirable,
and the light of the western a weak man, when he had no less churches. Jerome in his com- advantage than that of conversmentaries on Isaiah and Ezekiel, ing with those, who had conand Eusebius in the third book versed with the apostles, and was of his ecclesiastical history, af- himself a disciple of Polycarp, firm, that he believed in the who was instructed by St. John thousand years reign of Christ the divine ? Besides, it appears on earth, according to the letter from the confession of Jerome of the Revelations ; which, by himself* (who had taken up as the way, is one very probable strong prejudices against this reason, why all his writings, in doctrine as Eusebius) that Papias which he professedly treats that was also a disciple of St. John ; subject, have been suppressed, and Eusebius owns that Irenæus and that only one of his many called him so, and the compan. volumes (that on heresy) is come ion of Polycarp; and surely down to us, recovered and pub- these connexions well qualified lished by Erasmus, in which, him for a witness to their docthough the matter of the work trine.' If Papias was a plain leads not to this point of doc- man, he was the less likely trine, yet there is enough to to impose upon others ; nor confirm what Eusebius and Je- could it require much learning rome have affirmed of him as to to know whether his master, Stthis matter. In particular, he John, explained his prophecy of delivers it as an article in the the Millennium in a literal sense symbol or creed of the churches or not. Whether Pafias was a in his time, that Christ should man of learning or not, is nothcome to restore all things : Anding to the purpose ; he was an in Book v. chap. 28. and 30. that honest man, charged by no auat the end of six thousand years, thor of credit with holding would be the Sabbath of rest, heretical notions, and so great a when the Lord will destroy the veneration had he for the aposreign of anti-christ, put the just tles, that he was a diligent colin possession of the kingdom, lector of all remarkable particuand restore the promised inheri- lars concerning them, and even tance to Abraham. Eusebius, of their sayings. What his who was no friend to this doc- credit in the church was, aptrine (nor yet to one of still pears by his being made Bishop greater importance) makes Pa- of Hieropolis by the immediate pias to be the first author of it, successors of the apostles ; and and endeavours to discredit his the dignity of his office in those authority, by calling him a plain, days of the church, may be alilliterate man; and yet asserts lowed a good presumptive arguthat he led Irenæus into this er- ment of the sufficiency of his ror. But if Iren dis was a man qualifications for the discharge of such ability and Icarning, as of it, or else we must say, that he is represented, and does ap- all things went wrong apace in pear by what we have left of his the church, even in the first cenworks, how came he to suffer himself to be imposed upon in a
Hieronym. Ep. 29. matter of such consequence, by $ Euseb. Eccl. Hist. Lib. 3.
tury ; and then there is an end in greater clearness, and fuller of all ecclesiastical authority. measure than has been hitherto, But the truth of the matter lies and that not in the way of huhere ; the tide of prejudice and man learning and criticism, but opposition ran so strong against by larger communications of the the millennial doctrine, after the Spirit of Wisdom from the Fa. second century downwards, that ther of Lights in the hearts of no arts of calumny and misrep- the simple and unlearned, both resentation were spared in oro men and women ; and that as der to sink it, insomuch that even well to humble the pride of men good men were, by education on account of their natural and and the authority of the learned, acquired endowments, as to make prepossessed against it, and this manifest that the excellency of has been so much the case in wisdom is 'not of man, but of general for now more than four- God. That the full understand. teen centuries, joined to the ing of the scriptures has not yet wicked practice of corrupting, been given, will readily be grantcurtailing, and suppressing the ed ; and that they shall be unworks of the first fathers on this derstood in perfection cannot be subject that it is next to a won- denied, since to that end they der that we have any of their were given. Now, we know testimonies to it left.
that it is according to the pur“ It is likewise to be observed, pose of God, to conceal his sethat together with the opposition crets from the great and wise of to the doctrine of the Millenni- the earth, and to reveal them unum, sprang up in the church a to babes,* persons of an humble fondness for that critical and mind, and of a resigned and simcontentious kind of theology, plified understanding ; and that which teaches men to doubt of thus it shall be in the last days, every thing, and dispute against when he will pour out his Spirit every thing; insomuch that there upon the servants and upon the are few of the canonical books handmaids,s and all his children of scripture, which did not meet shall be taught of the Lord.”I with some oppugners to their The worthy author, from divine authority, about that time. whose work the preceding exe But the God of truth hath set his tract is taken, was Rector of seal upon the Sacred Writings, Winwick in Northamptonshire ; and his providence hath preserv- a clergyman much esteemed by ed them to us ; and so long as men of learning and piety for his We are possessed of this blessing, warm attachment to the truths so long will this doctrine be sup- and duties of our holy religion, ported by an authority, against aiming in all his discourses, to which the gates of hell shall not promote the spirit and power of prevail ; and fully assured we religion in its professors, and to may be, that the time when the win souls to Christ.
He was a knowledge of the scriptures, true follower of the Lamb.; and both as to the mysteries of our holy faith, and the interpreta- Math. xi. 25. Joel ii. 29, tion of prophecy, will be given Isaiah liv. 13. Vol. I. No. 8.