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After this I showed them the great vited me to come and see your fire Bible with the plates it contains, and place in this town, and if I should gave them a short history of mankind like it, you would take me by the from the creation of the world to the hand, and all my women and chil. time of our Saviour's death. To all dren, and lead me with all my sub. which they gave good attention, and stance to this place ; accordingly we appeared to be much pleased. came up and viewed it; and it pleas

Oct.7. A council was held, call- ed us well; the more so because the ed by the Delawares from New Jer. gospel was preached here, and a sey, particularly to manifest their school kept for the instruction of brotherly gratitude to the Stock- children ; so that all might come to bridge Indians för adinitting them the knowledge of the Saviour ; but into their tribe. The Oneidas and by reason of some difficulties we did Tuskaroras were invited to be pre- not arrive till of late. Now accord.

ing to your promise you have receiv. Capt. Hendrick, a Stockbridge ed us your own grandfather, and we Chief, addressed the Oneidas in the have all the privileges you enjoy following words : “ Brothers, when I equal with you. Now I thank the look upon you, I see you are weeping great, good Spirit, that he has put it on account of your friends, whom you in your heart to have compassion on expect soon to leave you (meaning

the your old grandfather, and receive Tuscaroras, who propose moving to him cordially to partake of all the the Seneca country] your tears are good things contained in your dish.” running down your cheeks. Now I Here a belt of wampum was de. stretch my hand and wipe your tears, livered. The speaker marked with that you may see clear, and unstop two persons standing and a tree be. your ears and set your hearts right as tween them, to represent the council formerly.”

fire place established by the Mahhu. Four strings of wampum were de- kunnuk tribe. livered.

Nov. 27. On this day about 12 After this the Delaware speaker Christian women by invitation made addressed the Stockbridge Indians as us a visit, as we commonly practise follows : “ Grandchildren attend, I every year. They, in broken Engthank the great Spirit, that through lish, spent a few hours in conversation his goodness we are allowed to meet with Mrs. Sergeant and the children. this day in order to brighten our A supper was prepared for them, friendship, that subsisted between our after which an elderly woman in the forefathers and you.

Indian language addressed Mrs. Ser. “When I look upon you I see your geant in the following manner, and head is hanging down, and your tears desired me to communicate the same. running down, and your heart upset : “ We are very thankful for the no. therefore remembering the custom of tice you have taken of us to invite us our forefathers, I stretch my hand, and to come and see you. You have wipe your eyes, that you may see been very kind to us poor Indians. your grandfather clearly, and unstop We are very sensible you have been your ears, that you may hear, and set very kind to us in times of sickness your tongue and heart right that you and distress ; at all times ready to mav understand right, and make your administer advice and medicine for bed good, that you may rest yourself. the relief of the sick. We rejoice I sweep clean the path before your that you have such courage to live face.”

among such a poor people. It is our Six strings of wampum were then earnest prayer to God that the health delivered the Mahhukunnuk nation. and happiness of yourself and chil

“Grandchildren attend, a few years dren may be continued for many ago I saw you at Kawalipehtutquok[an days, and at last spend a happy eter. Tadian town in New Jersey] you in. nity with our common Redeemer.”

COMMENCED

WITH

FOREIGN.

of any supernatural power. They

admit nothing in the Bible, that does STATE OF RELIGION IN GER

not accord to the dictates of reason, MANY.

which they represent as the only com

petent tribunal. This party, which EXTRACTED FROM THE ECLECTIC

is neither inconsiderable in numbers, REVIEW, A WORK OF MUCH MER- nor destitute of able and learned ad. IT, WHICH

vocates, affects what they call a supeTHE YEAR 1805.

rior criticism ; attempting, by a per. We have been favoured, ( say the Edic version of Oriental languages, of his.

tors) by a learned and pious Corres- tory and antiquity, of ancient and pondent, with a very interesting ac- modern philosophy, to destroy the count of the literary contest which foundation of a Christian's faith and has for a considerable time past, been hope, and to establish their own sysmaintained in Germany, between the tems. In these, however, they wide

friends and the opposers of Christian- ly vary; and frequently oppose ity. The importance of the subject, each other in the most severe and and the very imperfect knowledge sarcastic style. There are some, which hitherte has been obtained of it who have even publicly abjured Chris, in our country, induce us to present tianity, and incline toward atheistical this statement to our readers, in the principles. This is evident from a form in which we received it ; pledg- recent work, entitled, What is Reliing our own credit on the gener ac. gion? and what alone can it be? curacy of the representation. qe Zerbst, 1803. Another which con

tains a most shameful attack on all I APPREHEND, there has bardly been a period since the first estab. revealed religion, entitled, “ Cæles. lishment of Christianity, in which tion, or substance and value of natural such a multitude of different and op- religion of the Bible.”

religion compared with the revealed

Wolfenbutposite opinions, on matters of religion in general, and on the Christian sys. tle, 1803 : and Mr. Fichte, one of the tem in particular, has existed, as in

most celebrated modern philosophers, this portentous age, It is true, er

has thus expressed himself : “ Deum rors have prevailed, more or less, in non esse ipasapevov aliquod, seu subevery period of the Church ; yet, i stantiam, sed intelligendum esse eo noam inclined to think, that our day ex

mine ordinem mundi moralem ; cujus ceeds them all. Often I am forcibly non sit, quod rationem aut causam ali. struck by that passage in the cxixth quam quæras, Deumque adeo non esse, Psalm, “It is time for thee, Lord, nisi in conscientia nostra morali ;” i.e. to work, for they have made void thy “That God is not any iQusapiyor, (es. law." Though there is a vast differ. istence) or substance, but that the ence among those, who seem to pur- moral order of the world is to be unsue the same in the main road, yet derstood by that name ; and that no the modern philosophers and divines, reason or cause of this order need be in Germany, and in other parts of the sought for : therefore, that God is Continent, apparently divide into not, except in our moral conscious. three principal classes.

ness." The same philosopher bas 1. There is a party that rejects all ventured, in his “ Appeal to the revelation, and regards the religion of Public,” to call the God of the Chris. the Bible as a system of ignorance, tians an idol, because he is regarded fanaticism, and fraud. Writers of as the Creator and Governor of the this class treat the Prophets, the world. There are even some profes. Apostles, and our blessed Lord him- sors of divinity, who have advanced self, as enthusiasts, or as wilful de- pretty far in similar assertions. The ceivers ; they reject all the signs and Rev. D. Paulus, Professor of Theol. wonders of the Old Testament, the ogy, in the newly established protes. miracles of our Saviour, and even the tant university in Wurtzburg, (Bava. historical facts of his resurrection, rian Electorate,) began a short time, ascension, &c. as mere fables ; or, at since to publish a Commentary on the least, they deny them to be the effects New Testament, in which he exerts

Vol. I. No. 8.

Z 2

himself to the utmost to reduce eve. men, but as it is in truth, the word ry miracle, performed by our Lord of God. Writers of this descripand his Apostles, to merely natural tion consider the Holy Scriptures as circumstances. Another modern wri. the only standard and criterion of ter of this kind is Doctor Thiess, sound doctrine and practice ; and Theological Professor in the univer. they contend for the faith, as deliversity of Kiel, who, while he expresses ed unto them by the prophets and some respect for the character and apostles, and sealed by the blood of beneficent actions of Christ, openly so many thousand martyrs. They denies all the distinguishing doctrines have written, and continue to write, of Christianity, and endeavours to

many excellent works, both learned prove, that Christ did not expire on ind popular, in defence of Chris. the cross, but merely fainted, and tianity; and, by a chain of solid therefore could not be raised from and demonstrative arguments, prove the dead ; that neither did lie ascend the supreme divinity of our adorable to heaven, but secretly withdrew Lord and Master. They treat with himself from the sight of his disci. reverence the great and mysterious ples, and privately died in some re- work of redemption, wrought by his tired place. Many similar things are perfect obedience, and meritorious brought forward in his famous work, suffcrings and death upon the cross. entitled, i devotional Treatise for en- Deeply sensible of the frailty, weaklightened Christians! (Leipzig and ness and depravity of human nature, Gira, 1797, 2 vols.)

they rejoice in Him, who is the way, There is a second party, that allows and the truth, and the life ; they reof revealed religion ; often, however, ceive Himn as of God made unto us taking the term Revelation in a sense wisdom, and righteousness, and sancdifferent from that, in which it has tification and redeinption ; they firm. usually been accepted ; representing ly hold the doctrine of justification the Christian system as far preferable by faith, but as strongly insist upon to all other systems, that have made the necessity of good works, as fruits pretensions to Revelation ; speaking and evidences of a living faith ; and, of Christ in the highest terms of generally speaking, they are cordial. praise, and applauding the moral ex. ly attached to, and acquiesce in, those cellency of his doctrine, and the sue doctrines and articles, laid down and perior worth of his character ; but solemnly professed by the Protestant asserting on the other hand, that Reformers ; though they are far from Christ, as well as his Apostles, bars anxiously adhering to erery single ing frequently accommocluted them. expression or exposition of theirs, selves to the erroneous views and but liberally adopt the real improveopinions of that age and people, their ments, which have been made since doctrine ought to be purified from their time in different branches of such errors. of the grand and fun. theological learning. damental principles of the Divinity of [After giving the names and works our blesseri Lord, bis atonement, and of a few very respectable divines of the operations of the Spirit of God ; this latter description, our corresponthey either affirm that these are not dent concludes,] contained in the Bible, as hitherto I could name many excellent char. has been supposed ; or, if they allow acters of similar principles ; but let them to be found in the scriptures, these suffice to show, that though they consider them as notions, which, there be numbers, who oppose the being in contradiction to reason, biblical system, yet it is still embracought not to be approved. Opinions ed, supported, and defended, by men to this effect, and others of a similar of eminent talents, learning and nature, may be met with in many rank. doctrinal and expository writings, as well as in the reviews of the present day.

INTELLIGENCE FROM KARASS. But there remains also a large party, which most conscientiously re- A LETTER from a respectable veres the Bible as a divine Rerela correspondent in Edinburgh, to one tion, receiving it, not as the word of of the Editors, dated Nov. 1, 1805, says "We had lately very comfort. number of individuals and families to able accounts from our missionaries whom a Bible is a most welcome at Karass in Russian Tartary. They present, I first put down such characwere well last August. Beside Eu- ters as are most active in promoting ropeans their family consisted of 19 the Redeemer's kingdom, and in donatives, old and young. All of them, ing good to the bodies and souls of who are grown up, excepting one old their fellow-men. man, have renounced Mahommedan- 1. The first Bille shall be given as ism; two have been publicly baptiz. a present to Sophia Bernard, who is ed; and some of the young people, one of the most excellent , women I beside speaking the Tartar and Ka. know, and indeed, an ornament to my bar dian language, can read and speak parish. While unmarried, sho unEnglish."

dertook, with the consent of her par, ents, the support and education of

three helpless boys, wliom their wick, In our last number we gave some very ed father had often trampled nnder

interesting extracts from the appendix his feet, and treated in a manner too to the report of the British and For. shocking to relate, when nearly starveign Bible Society, taken from the ing with fanger they dared to cry CHRISTIAN OBSERVER. Since our out for food. Soon afterwards, she last, we have received from our cor- proved the happy means of saving respondent in London a copy of this the lives of four Roman Catholic report, and we are happy in gratifying children, who, without her assistance, our readers with further extracts from would have fallen a prey to want and this rich publication.

famine. Thus she had the manage.

ment of seven children, to whom sev. The following is a translation of a let: eral inore were added, belonging to ter, to the Society, from a respectable members of three several dengmclergyman in Alsace, dated Nov. 3, inations : she now hired a house and a 1804.

servant girl, and supported the whole

of the family entirely with her own Accept, my dearest friend, our work, and the little money she got, most unfeigned thanks for the sum of from the industry of the children, 301. which you have transmitted to us, whom she taught to spin cotton. At as a kind present from some English the same time, she proved the great, friends, for the purpose of purchas- est blessing to the whole village where ing and distributing French and Ger- she lived. For it is impossible to be man Bibles among the poor inhabi- more industrious, frugal, clean, cheertants of our and the neighbouring ful, edifying by her whole walk and Fillages, where four different relig- conversation ; more ready for every ious denominations are to be met good word and work ; more mild and with, namely, Roman Catholics, Lu- affectionate, more firm and resolute therans, Reformed, and Baptists. in dangers, than she was : Satan so May God, for Christ's sake, inpart enraged some of her enemies, that his blessing to this act of Christian they threatened to destroy her old benevolence, in order that his name tottering cottage, but God was gra.' may be glorified, and his kingdom ciously pleased to preserve her. A come.

fine youth, of a noble mind, made, You will be glad to learn some par- her an offer of his hand. She first ticulars, respecting the use which I refused, but he declared he would intend to make of this money. wait for her even ten years. When

I have ordered, and soon expect to she replied, that she could never conget 50 copies of the French Protest- sent to part her poor orphans, he no. ant Bible, printed at Basil. Though bly answered, “Whoever takes the the type is rather too small for coun- mother, takes the children too." So try people, yet we have infinite rea. he did and all these children were son to bless God for being enabled to brought up by them in the most care. procure even these. In the mean. ful and excellent manner. Lately, while, I have made a list of such they have taken in some other orpersons as I consider most deserving phans, whom they are training up in puf such a present. Ainong the large the fear and love of God. Thoug!:

ance.

these excellent people pass rather for ger of having it taken away by some rich, yet their income is so limited, Blind popish priests ; but if it is only and their benevolence so extensive, lent to them, they generally are perthat sometimes they hardly know how mitted to return it. to furnish a new suit of necessary Finally, farewel! May God be with clothes. To them I intend to give a you, with your congregation, and Bible, considering that their own is with all those kind friends who have very often lent out in different Roman so nobly come forward to our assistCatholic villages.

2. A second Bible I intend to give to an excellent woman, Maria Schepler, who lives at the opposite end of Extract of a letter from the Society my extensive parish, where the cold Pro Fide et Christianismo," at is more severe, and the ground un- Stockholm, addressed to the Red. G. fruitful, so that nearly all the house

BRUNMARK, Chaplain to the Sweholders are poor people, who must dish Embassy at the Court of St. Jend their clothes to each other when

James's. Dated Stockholm, May they intend to go to the Lord's sup- 31, 1804. per. This poor woman is also a very distinguished character, in

Rev. SIR, whose praise I could say much were I to enter into particulars. Though in behalf of the British and Foreign

In answer to your question, made distressed and afflicted in her own

Bible Society, “ Whether the inhabi. person and circumstances, yet she is

tants of Sweden in general, and the a mother, benefactress, and teacher Laplanders in particular, are suffi. to the whole village where she lives, ciently well provided with Bibles," and to some neighbouring districts

we do with heartfelt satisfaction in. too. She takes the most lively inter- form you, that, owing to the gracious est in all which relates to the Re.

and paternal care of the government deemer's kingdom upon earth, and

of our country, as well as from the often groans under a sense of all the inroads made by the powers of dark. gospel light and real which have

generally spread among individuals, ness. She also has brought up sev

no want exists at present of this Hoc eral orphans without receiving the

ly Book, which contains in it the smallest reward, keeps a free school

fountain of all knowledge, bringing for females, and makes it a practice salvation, and producing good-will to lend her Bible to such as are en

among men ; and moreover, that Bi. tirely deprived of it.

bles in the Finland and Lapland lan. 3. A third Bible-present I intend to make to an excellent widow woman,

guages are now currently printed at

this place, and distributed either graCatharine Scheiddegger, who is like tis, or at very reduced prices, by So. the former, a mother to orphans, and cieties formed for that 'benevolent keeps a free-school ; as also does

purpose. another young woman, who instructs little children in a neighbouring vil. communicate this intelligence to that

You will be pleased, Rev. Sir, to lage, in such knowledge as may ren

most noble British Institution; and at der them useful members of human the same time, express to them the and Christian society.

intimate share which the Society, Pro I might easily enumerate many Fide et Christianismo, take in senti. more characters of a similar descrip- ments and operations so honourable tion, whose eyes will overflow with and useful." Wishing sincerely that grateful tears if they are favoured the Lord God may hless and give furwith the present of a Bible. Let me, therance to their benevolent views however, only add this one remark, and labours, which tend so eminently that it is necessary in our parts, to to give the light of salvation to be. have a number of Bibles in readiness nighted or heathen nations, to lend them out in the neighbouring districts, where all the people are Ro. We remain, &c. man Catholics. For if they possess a Bible of their own, they are in dan- Signed] O. LINDERHOLX

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