Imatges de pÓgina

of the thing, reaching from Chi- things. This answers to the na in the east, to Britain and Kather, (virtue) the Cochma, America, in the west.” Aris. (wisdom) and Binah, (intellitotle says that he and others of- gence) of the Hebrews. Plufered a threefold sacrifice in ac- tarch, though he himself rejectknowledgment of the threefolded the doctrine of the Trinity, perfections in the Gods.

informs us, that Zoroaster is Calcidius, a disciple of Plato, said to have made a threefold distinguished the divine nature distribution of things. He asinto the Father, and the Son, signed the highest rank to who created the world, and the Oromasdes, who is called the Spirit, who enlivens. The first Father, the middle to Mithras, arranging, the second command. who is called the second mind, ing, and the third actuating all and the lowest to Ahrimenes. things. Plotinus, another an- That the doctrine of the Trincient philosopher, asserts, that ity is of the highest antiquity, has the doctrine of the Trinity was been inferred from the carvings an ancient opinion before the in the temple of Elephanta, an time of Plato, and delivered island five miles from Bombay. down from the Pythagoreans to These carvings have been reckthe Platonists.

oned among the most inexplicaMr. Maurice, in his Indian An- ble wonders of the world. So tiquities, assures us, that one of many ages have they defied the the most prominent features in mouldering hand of time, so rethe Indian theology, is the doc- mote is their antiquity, that no trine of a Trinity. Brakma, history records their design; no Veeshnu, and Seeva constitute annals of other times relate the the grand Hindoo triad of Deity. era in which they were formed ; He says this doctrine is found in no tradition tells the names of the nearly all the systems of oriental artists by whom they were exe. theology. In the Geeta of India cuted. The doctrine of the the doctrine of a Trinity was Trinity explains the mystery. written fifteen hundred years be- In the most conspicuous part of fore the birth of Plato.

the oldest temple, perhaps, in In the oracles of Zoroaster, the world, the traveller beholds who by some is considered the with surprise and amazement a grandson of Ham, and by others bust of the presiding God. The the son or grandson of Noah, bust formed from the solid rock are the following remarkable ex- is twenty feet in breadth, and pressions ; " Where the pater- eighteen in height, having three nal monad is, that paternal mo- heads, and adorned with all the nad amplifies itself

, and gene- symbols of the most ancient the, rates a duality : for a triad of ology of India. This is a sacred Deity shines forth through the and venerable witness, giving his whole world, of which a monad testimony to the solemn fact, that is the head.” In a succecding in the remotest ages of the world passage, the three persons of the the inhabitants of India adored a Trinity are named. “And there triune God. Though it be not appeared in this triad, virtue, attempted to explain, nor fully to wisdom, and truth, that know all illustrate the modal existence of

The very

Deity, yet perhaps no conception ferent sources these waters of of man could be more happy, or strife flow; but they are all bit. more satisfy the inquisitive mind, ter to the taste. The uneasiness than this image in the island of occasioned by rivals is one Elephanta. There we see a rep- trouble common to the aspiring resentation of three intelligences, of every class. And it seems and one being

peculiarly unfortunate, that this The very names of the ancient trouble increases in direct proheathen gods, as well as their portion, as the man advances in triple form, often expressed a the path of renown. trinity of persons. Mercury was thing aimed at, is superiority to called Triceps ; Bacchus, Triam. others; or the possession of unbus ; and Hecate, Tergimini. In common, or singular qualities. Europe, Diana was called Trifor. The more competitors, theremis, triple, or threefold, and was fore, the ambitious man leaves represented with three heads. behind him, the more will he be Proserpine, another Roman dei- exasperated that any should rety, according to Porphyry and main. But rivals will always exEusebius, gives this account of ist, even in the opinion of the herself: “I am called,” says she, blindest self-conceit. “ of a threefold nature, and also Persons eminent in any walk three headed. Three are my of life cannot but know, that othsymbols ; I bear three simili- ers have riches, beauty, wit, tudes or images."*

learning, eloquence, honour, or The Vandals had a god, called whatever they may make their Triglaf; one of them was found boast, as well as themselves. at Herlungerberg, near Branden- Ahithophel and Haman are not berg. He was represented with the only statesmen, who have exthree heads. This was doubt hibited extreme mortification at less the trinity of European pa- the influence of others. In evegans. Trium deat, or Lord in ry community there are many trinity, was worshipped in a mag- instances of the same principle nificent temple in Sweden, with causing the same unhappiness in human sacrifices.

kind, is not in degree. But if

Philo. rivals are not at hand, they will (To be continued.)

be sought after till they are found. What does it avail a man

to be the first in this or that litFAME

tle territory, while he has many An un orthy Object of Pursuit.

equals or superiors within hi

knowledge? if not to be found (Concluded from p. 352.)

in the same nation or age, the

annals of history will be search.. One evil of no small magni- ed, and foreign countries trartude in the pursuit of fame is, ersed, to find a person, with that success invariably brings whom disadvantageous compariwith it perplexities unknown be- sons can be made. The victo. fore. From various and far dif- rious Corsican, though his eye

should meet no object now in beParkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon. ing, which he would dignify with


the name of a rival, may yet find vibrating to every modulation of another tomb of Achilles, at the voice, and prepared to exewhich to express his discontent cute every inandate of the eye. and vexation,

But to be an orator is a far differ. Another prominent evil at- ent thing. It is easy for fancy tending every kind of ambition, to personate the leader of a great is the probability, which borders and victorious army, a leader, by on certainty, that the pursuer whose wisdom in council, and will never obtain even the exter. whose prowess in the field, the nal object, in the pursuit of interests of a mighty kingdom which he is so earnestly engag- have been favourably decided ; ed. Few, very few of those, with enemies humbled, and suewho desire it, can be poets, ora- ing for peace, with rivals comtors, ministers of state, Presi- pelled to lay aside their jealousy, dents, Consuls, or Emperors. and unitedly presenting the Many of those, who set out in meed of superior merit ; emuthe career of glory, scarcely lated by officers, as the model of leave the goal, before they per- military greatness, venerated by ceive the utter hopelessness of soldiers, as a delivering angel, maintaining the struggle ; and It is easy to pursue the illusion small indeed is the number of farther, and see himself enter those, whose courage, or perse. the capital cities of a nation save verance, or ability does not failed from danger by his arm, them, long before they approach drawn in a triumphal car by an the end of the race. Among the enraptured populace, hearing the highest, few are as high as they revival of commerce, the renew. could wish, and thousands are to- al of industry, the return of tally disappointed, to one, who in peace, ascribed to his achieveany measure succeeds. Of all

ments, and hailed as the saviour dreams, none are so easily en- of his country.

Many such couraged, as those of fame ; dreams have young men, but while none are more vain and they do not all make a general. shadowy. It is easy to imagine To be a poet, the possession of one's self a poet, surpassing Ho- such mental powers, as

fall mer, Shakespeare, and Milton; scarcely to one in ten thousand, and crowned with chaplets of and the blessings of friends, eduRowers, by wondering cotempo- cation, health, and industry, raries, as well as read and admir- which mẽet almost as rarely, ed by succeeding ages. But, must be enjoyed ; to be an oraalas! this makes not a poet. It tor, the labour of profound invesiš is easy in imagination to place tigation and wearisome study, one's self at the head of elo- the noise and exercise of the foquence ; heard at the bar, or on rum, and the heat of earnest dethe bench as an oracle ; rever- bate, must be added to many othenced and followed by the sen- er things of difficult attainment ; ate ; adored by the people, as the to be a general, the fatigue of defender of their rights, and the many campaigns must be endurbulwark of their liberties ; rul- ed ; and knowledge must be objog every audience with absolute tained, not in the morning walk »way, the hearts of the hearers

or the evening shade, but amid

the clashing of swords, and the immortality, be permitted to visonset of battle ; many a com- it the world, and see every thing panion in arms must lie low in that is preserved about them, the dust by his side ; and haply they would find little to fatter he himself will lie low in the their pride. Fuimus Troes, et dust, long before he ride in the fuit llium, is the substance of chariot of victory.

what is written concerning the There is also no less disap- once mighty city of Troy and its pointment as to the real good of mighty men, and is the genethe object obtained. He, who ral inscription on the tombs of does not awake from his dream, those, who have best succeeded till he has mounted the height, in the career of renown. It was which he has been labouring to once a thing of great emulation ascend, will then see how emply to be a Senator at Rome ; but it a phantom he has been pursuing. is now as impossible to tell, who It is impossible for a man to per. composed that Senate, as, who suade himself that he is happy in

were the city scavengers. the possession of any object, Where are the great men, who when he does not find those composed the court of Cyrus ; things in the enjoyment, which who offered him counsel, and he expected; and these, no am- fought by his side? Who can tell bitious man will ever find. It is the long line of monarchs in the true he may change one scheme Persian dynasty ? Who knows for another, and may enter upon the names of those, who have fillnew projects with fresh eager. ed the throne in China and Hin

But this only proves how dostan? What is become of the insufficient that is, which he be. Emperors of Mexico, or the Infore hoped would be solid and cas of Peru ? In those regions, permanent.

who have been the inventers of We shall do well to remember arts, the professors of learning, also, that the personal enjoy- the poets, the statesmen, the ment of fame must necessarily warriors ? With respect to these be short. While it is confined things oblivion envelopes the to human life, “a tale that is whole. How few of the human told,” it cannot be otherwise. race are acquainted even with Man begins to approach the ob- the name of Cicero, much less ject of his desires, just as he with his character and writings? must leave the world. He must Nearer our own times, how few quickly exchange the laurels on know any thing more than his brow, for a napkin ; his pur- the names of Constantine or ple and fine linen, for a shroud; Charlemagne, of Lewis XIV, his audience room, gilded, and or Peter the Great ? Their courbung with tapestry, for a coffin ; tiers and panegyrists, their sub-' the ensigns of imperial sway, for jects and themselves, have fallen the badges of the king of ter into the mass of undistinguished rors ; his turreted mansion for a ruin. As a man really ambitious grave.

sets no bounds to his desires, one But could the souls of depart- would imagine he must be far ed heroes, or others, who have from happy, when he considers fed themselves with the hope of how utterly impossible it is, that



he should possess an influence or a ruler is beautifully compared to a name, at all commensurate “the light of the morning when with his inclinations. Alexan- the sun riseth, even a morning der might have spared bimself without clouds." the trouble of weeping for more I am aware that it is urged in worlds to conquer ; he had sub- favour of ambition, that it is just dued scarcely, a tenth part of such an active principle, as is this. And since his day not one wanted to engage men in the perman in a hundred has ever heard formance of great and useful serof his exploits, or that a fellow vices; that without it, they would worm of that name ever lived in relapse into listless insensibiliMacedonia.

ty, and sottish barbarism ; and Above all, when it is consider- that no other principle is of suffied, that the love of glory is a cient efficacy to supply its place. sanctuary under which every Nor can any one be ignorant, that thing base and malignant takes under the name of emulation, shelter ; when it is considered laudable ambition, or some other to what enormities this passion soft appellative, it is often made prompts, how it destroys every the grand stimulus to improve. desirable affection of the heart; ment and eminence, in the school with what a resistless influence and the college, in the army and it tyrannizes over the whole the senate. man ; how it delights in commo- If it can be shown, however, that tion, rebellion, massacre and there is a principle more noble, blood ; with what diabolical cru- more amiable,equally active, more elty it perpetrates assassination efficacious, and infinitely more and parricide ; with what cool de- promotive of good, there can be liberation it murders not indivica no sound reason why it should not uais only, but whole cities, ar- take the place of ambition. Such mies, nations; we cannot but be a principle is Christian benevoconvinced, that its votaries “ 809 lence. Instead, therefore, of in. the wind, and rear the whirlwind.flating a youth with absurd and

Let me not be thought to insin- gigantic wishes, instead of exaltuate, that every great man is a ing him by invidious comparisons bad man. An Alfred, or a Wash- with his associates, how much ington may be directed by the more reasonable is it, to urge him justest principles, and influenced by such motives as love and obe. by the purest motives. There is dience to his parents, usefulness not a more noble object to the to his country, and gratitude to contemplation of a benevolent his Maker? Instead of forming mind, than a man truly elevated, the statesman by the sordid mowho, if learned, directs the whole tives of personal success, would force of his genius to the instruc- it not be wiser to educate him so tion and amendment of his fellow- that the good of others should be men ; or, if in authority, thinks the unvarying standard of his not of his own gratification, but conduct ? Nothing appears more applies himseif faithfully to the derogatory to the honour of a rudischarge of his duty, always re- ler, than his inquiring, in every membering his subjection to the conjuncture of his public life, great and only Potentate. Such how this and that measure will af

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