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ried some of their number to In- the plan, which has been laid before dia. He is frequently mentioned by them, for translating the holy scripthem with the greatest tender- tures into several languages of the ness and respect. His arrival at Cal- East, and for spreading them through cutta is often noticed with satisfac. a large portion of the heathen world. tion. They speak of his bringing They recommend the object to the money and books to them from Phila. ministers and churches of the Comdelphia. These circumstances must monwealth, and hope that contributions have enabled him to obtain the most or some other mode will be adopted correct information. Mr. Ralston, for aiding this interesting design. who is referred to in Capt. Wickes' That the object deserves the attenletter is an elder of Dr. Green's
tion and exertions of the Christian church. As some intercourse has public, will be acknowledged, they subsisted between Philadelphia and conceive, by all, who consider the the missionaries, and as Capt. Wickes' scriptures as the best gift of God to acquaintance with India must facili- mankind, and who possess the benertate communication, it appears that olence, which the scriptures are deno objection can arise from the diffi- signed to inspire. culty of transmitting aid to the
John LATEROP, by order. translators.
From their journals, it is very evi- Subscriptions will be opened in this dent that the translators are Calvinis- town, and the monies raised for this tic Baptists, and like all other mis- purpose will be committed to the care sionaries, they extend their peculiar of the Rev. Dr. Stillman, Rev. Dr. sentiments in connexion with the Eckley, Deacon S. Salisbury, Henry scriptures. But they act on the great Hill, Esq. and Hon. John Daris. Protestant principle, that the scrip. These gentlemen will receive and tures are the only rule of faith and transmit whatever money may be practice. They circulate the Bible raised in the country for this object. as the standard by which their own sentiments are to be tried. In their journals they appear to be so much impressed with the importance of a
FOREIGN. translation of the scriptures, and so much engaged in the work, that there
The following letters are selected seems no reason to fear, that the con
from a number of others sent to the tributions of the Christian public will be Religious Tract Society in London. diverted to any other purpose. Inim
They afford some pleasing proofs of proving the zeal of these missionaries
the important services rendered by for the diffusion of the scriptures, we that Society to the Redeemer's cafise, shall at once impart the richest blessing, which we enjoy, and give the
and we hope will encourage others to
go and do likewise.” heathen the best means for distinguishing between religious truth and
A Commander of one of his MajesWith respect to the relative im- ty's ships of war having requested portance of this object, we conceive, some Tracts, for the use of his that it promises as much, at least, as ship's company, thus acknowledges any scheme with which we are ac- the receipt of a parcel of Tracts quainted for the propagation of the sent to him by the Committee. gospel amongst the heathen, and we beg leave to report on the ground I beg to acknowledge the receipt above stated, that we consider it wor- of your Letter and the parcel of thy the recommendation of the Asso- Tracts, and return my thanks for the ciation. Joux LATHROP, by order. It has been my practice, whenever
the weather would admit, to perform The preceding report being made divine service, and read a sermon of to the Association, it was unanimous- my own, suited to the occurrences of ly accepted. The Association do ac- the week, every Sabbath : and I have cordingly express their approbation of often regretted when particular cir
cumstances have prevented my fulfill- Persons send for miles round to get a ing this duty, that I had not in my few, and even Papists (who are nume. possession some small religions works rous in those parts) are so highly de which might afford instruction to a lighted with them as to send repeatwell-disposed seaman. The Tracts edly for them. now furnished me, will, I trust, an. swer that end, and be the means of promoting the rise of religion in the Extract of a letter from the Danish minds of those, whose consciences Secretary for spreading the gospel, are not awakened to a proper sense
dated Faabourg, June 1, 1804. of their guilt.
It is a matter of no small pleasure Last year we had many opportu. to me to know, that through divine nities of dispersing several thousand grace, some of my endeavours have Tracts of a smaller and larger size, been instrumental to the awakening and thereby of spreading the knowl. several men who were plunged into edge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus the most depraved state of wickedness. Christ among our countrymen in And as a tribute to that excellent good Denmark and Norway. We had the man, Dr. Doddridge, I cannot for- satisfaction to hear from different bear to mention, that when I was a parts concerning the good effects al. lieutenant, an unfortunate seaman, ready resulting therefrom. Should under sentence of death for mutiny, the Lord be pleased to open us a door was placed near my cabin. He was of usefulness in Greenland, and more insensible to his situation, and ap- especially in Iceland, we shall not fail peared hardened in sin. Although to inform you in some future letter. he was a Catholic, I prevailed on him All accounts concur to state, that to allow me to read to him, “ The Iceland is at present in the very Rise and Progress of Religion in the greatest want of the gospel light, Soul," and it pleased God to enlight- which deplorable situation loudly calls en his mind, that I have every reason
for our help. to suppose, he died seeking for pardon and eternal life through the obe. dience and death of the Saviour Jesus Extract of a letter from Professor Christ.
Young of Heidelburgh, dated Nov.
19, 1804. Extract of a letter from another Officer I HAVE the pleasure to inform you, in the Navy.
that I have succeeded in establishing
à Religious Tract Society here in Your supply of Religious Tracts Germany, similar to that of yours in has been distributed in the most fa. London. The 301. which we receiv. vourable channels, and they have not ed from the kindness of our well. been thrown away, for I have witness. wishers in England, have been exed their good effect in restraining pended in the publication of a religthe abandoned in their accustomed ious pamphlet, entitled “ The Chris. vicious habits. Many of the aged tian Philanthropist,” of which 2000 seamen read the tracts with great at copies have already been gratuitous. tention, then put them into their bo- ly distributed throughout Germany, soms, and poured upon me a thousand and as we are informed, proved the benedictions for them.
means of much blessing of this work, the second number is in the press, and as we have again collected
about 300 florins from our friends in Extract of a letter from Brewood, in Germany, we intend to print off and Stafforilshire.
distribute as large an impression of The demand for Tracts is so great, that also. We hope, in the course of that I have nearly distributed all time, to be able to do more in this those that I brought down with me. way.
Literary, Philosophical and Geographical In:
courses and distances taken on his We have received a Message of the passage up it, corrected by fre. President of the United States, (Feb. quent observations of longitude and 19, 1806) communicating “ Discov- latitude ; and to add to the actual süreries made in exploring the Missouri, vey of this portion of the river, a Red River and washita, by Cap: general map of the country between tains Lewis and Clark, Dr. Sibley, the Missisippi and Pacific, from the and Mr. Dunbar, with a statistical 34th to the 54th degrees of latitude. account of the countries adjacent." These additions are from information
The two letters which follow, from collected from Indians with whom he Mr. Jefferson, and Captain Lewis, had opportunities of communicating, contain satisfactory information con- during his journey and residence cerning the objects of this expedition, with them. Copies of this map are and a condensed account of the pro- now presented to both houses of congress, which has ali eady been made gress. With these I communicate toward their accomplishment. Inter- also a statistical view, procured and esting extracts from this valuable forwarded by him, of the Indian nacommunication will appear in future tions inhabiting the territory of Louisnumbers of the Panoplist.
iana, and the countries adjacent to
its northern and western borders; of To the Senate and House of Represen- their commerce, and of other inter
tatives of the United States. esting circumstances respecting them. Ex pursuance of a measure propos- In order to render the statement as cd to Congress by a message of complete as may be, of the Indians January 18th, 1803, and sanctioned inhabiting the country west of the by their appropriation for carrying it Missisippi, I add doctor Sibley's acinto execution, captain Meriwether count of those residing in and adjaLewis, of the first regiment of infan- cent to the territory of Orleans. try, was appointed, with a party of I communicate also, from the same men, to explore the river Missouri, person, an acco-t of the Red river, from its mouth to its source, and, according to the best information le crossing the highlands by the short had been able to collect. est portage, to seek the best water Having been disappointed, after communication thence to the Pacific considerable preparation, in the purocean; and lieutenant Clarke was pose of sending an exploring party up appointed second in command. They that river, in the summer of 1804, it were to enter into conference with was thought best to employ the au. the Indiun nations on their route, tumn of that year in procuring a with a view to the establishment of knowledge of an interesting branch of commerce with them. Thev entered the river called the Washita. This the Missouri May 14th, 1894, and was undertaken under the direction on the first of November took up of Mr. Dunbar, of Natchez, a citizen their winter quarters near the Man- of distinguished science, who had aiddan towns, 1609 miles above the ed, and continues to aid us, with his mouth of the river, in latitude 47 deg. disinterested and valuable services in 21 min. 47 sec. north, and longitude 99 the prosecution of these enterprizes. deg. 24 min. 45 sec. west from Green. He ascended the river to the remarka. wich. On the 8th of April, 1805, they ble hot springs near it, in latitude proceeded up the river in pursuance of 34 deg. 31 min. 4 sec. 16, longitude the objects prescribed to them. A let. 92. deg. 50 min. 45 sec. west from ter of the preceding day, April 7, from Greenwich, taking its courses and captain Lewis, is herewith communi- distances, and correcting them by frecated. During his stay among the quent celestial observations. Es. Mandans, he had been able to lay tracts from his observations, and co. down the Missouri, according to pies of his map of the river, from its mouth to the hot springs, make part I have transmitted to the secretary of the present communications. The at war, every information relative to examination of the Red river itself, is the geography of the country which but now commencing.
we possess, together with a view of TH: JEFFERSON. the Indian nations, containing infor. February 19, 1806.
mation relative to them, on those points with which I conceived it
important that the government should Extract of a letter from Captain Meri. be informed. wether Lewis to the President of the
By reference to the muster rolls United States, dated
forwarded to the war department, you
will see the state of the party; in FORT Mandan, April 17th, 1805. addition to which we have two interDear Sir,
preters, one negro man, servant to HEREWITH enclosed you will re- capt. Clarke; one Indian woman, wife ceive an invoice of certain articles, to one of the interpreters, and a which I have forwarded to you from Mandan man, whom we take with a this place. Among other articles you view to restore peace between the will observe, by reference to the in- Snake Indians, and those in this voice, 67 specimens of earths, salts neighbourhood, amounting in total and minerals, and 60 specimens of with ourselves to 33. persons. By plants; these are accompanied by means of the interpreters and In. their respective labels, expressing the dians, we shall be enabled to converse days on which obtained, places with all the Indians that we shall where found, and also their virtues probably meet with on the Missouri. and properties, when known. By I have forwarded to the secretary means of these labels, reference may at war my public accounts, rendered be made to the chart of the Missouri, up to the present day. They have forwarded to the secretary of war, on been much longer delayed than I had which the encampment of each day any idea they would have been, when has been carefully marked: thus the we departed from the Illinois.; but places at which these specimens have this delay, under the circumstances been obtained, may be easily pointed in which I was compelled to act, has out, or again found, should any of been unavoidable. The provision them prove valuable to the communi- peroque and her crew, could not ty on further investigation.
have been dismissed in time to have You will also receive herewith en- returned to St. Louis last fall, with closed, a part of capt. Clark's private out evidently, in my opinion, hazardjournal ; the other part you will find ing the fate of the enterprize in which enclosed in a separate tin box. This lam engaged; and I therefore did journal will serve to give you the dai. not hesitate to prefer the censure that ly details of our progress and transac. I may have incurred by the detention tions.
of these papers, to that of risking in I shall dispatch a canoe with three, any degree the success of the expediperhaps four persons from the ex. tion. To me the detention of these treme navigable point of the Mis. papers has formed a serious source of souri, or the portage between this ri. disquiet and anxiety; and the recol. ver and the Columbia river, as either lection of your particular charge to me may first happen. By the return of on this subject, has made it still more this canoe, I shall send you my jour- poignant. I am fully aware of the nal, and some one or two of the best inconvenience which must have a. of those kept by my men. I have risen to the war department, from sent a journal kept by one of the ser. the want of these vouchers, previous geants, to captain Stoddard, iny agent to the last session of Congress, but at St. Louis, in order as much as how to avert it was out of my power possible to multiply the chances of to devise. saving something- We have en From this place we shall send the couraged our men to keep journals, barge and crew early to-morrow and seven of them do, to whoin in this morning, with orders to proceed as respect we give every assistance in expeditiously as possible to St. Louaur power.
is, by her we send our dispatches, which I trust will get safe to hand. we had intended for the more difficult Her crew consists of ten able-bodied parts of our voyage. If Indian informcn, well armed and provided with a mation can be credited, the vast quansufficient stock of provision to last tity of game with which the country them to St. Louis. I have but little abounds through which we are to doubt but they will be fired on by the pass, leaves us but little to apprehend Siouxs ; but they have pledged them from the want of food. selves to us that they will not yield We do not calculate on completing while there is a man of them living. our voyage within the present year, Our baggage is all embarked on but expect to reach the Pacific ocean, board six small canoes, and two pe- and return as far as the head of the roques ; we shall set out at the same Missouri, or perhaps to this place, moment that we dispatch the barge. before winter. You may therefore One, or perhaps both of these pe- expect me to meet you at Monticello roques, we shall leave at the falls of in September, 1806. On our return the Missouri, from whence we intend we shall probably pass down the Yelcontinuing our voyage in the canoes, low Stone river, which, from Indian and a peroque of skins, the frame of information, waters one of the fairest which was prepared at Harper's fer. portions of this continent. ry. This peroque is now in a situa- I can see no material or probable tion which will enable us to prepare
obstruction to our progress, and enit in the course of a few hours. As tertain, therefore, the most sanguine our vessels are now small, and the hopes of complete success. As to current of the river much more mod. myself, individually, I never enjoyed erate, we calculate upon travelling at a more perfect state of good health the rate of 20 or 25 miles per day, as than I have since we commenced our far as the falls of the Missouri. Be- voyage. My inestimable friend and yond this point or the first range of companion, captain Clarke, has also rocky mountains, situated about 100 enjoyed good health generally. At miles further, any calculation with this moment every individual of the respect to our daily progress, can be party is in good health and excellent little more than bare conjecture. The spirits, zealously attached to the en. circumstance of the Snake Indians terprize, and anxious to proceed i possessing large quantities of horses, not a whisper of discontent or nuris much in our favour, as by means of mur is to be heard among them ; but horses the transportation of our hag- all in unison act with the most pergage will be rendered easy and expe- fect harmony. With such men I have ditious over land, from the Missouri every thing to hope, and but little to to the Columbia river. Should this fear. river not prove navigable where we Be so good as to present my mast first meet with it, our present inten. affectionate regard to all my friends, tion is to continue our march by land and be assured of the sincere and undown the river, until it becomes so, alterable attachment of or to the Pacific ocean.
Your most obedient servant, which has been forwarded to the sec.
MERIWETHER LEWIS, retary of war, will give you the idea Captain of 1st U. S.regiment of infantry. we entertain of the connexion of these TH: JEFFERSON, rivers, which has been formed from the President of the United States. corresponding testimony of a number of Indians, who have visited that Messrs. Poyntell and Co. from their country, and who have been separate. Classical Press in Philadelphia, have ly and carefully examined on that just issued, in their neat and correct subject, and we therefore think it ene style, the first American edition of titled to some degree of confidence. Xenophon's Gyropedia, in eight books. Since our arrival at this place, we The American editors copied from have subsisted principally on meat, Hutchinson's London edition, and anwith which our guns have supplied nounce that under the critical inspection us amply, and have thus been ena of Mr. John Watts, they have correctbled to reserve the parched meal, ed many errors of the London edition. portable soup, and a considerable It is highly honourary to our country proportion of pork and four, which that the Greek and Latin classics are