Imatges de pàgina



" Jul, as when Jove mid the high heavens worshipped at Memphis, Heliopo

displays « His bow mysterious for a lasting siga." lis, and other places. For the The sacred ship of Egypt was

same reason the cow or heifer was called Baris, another name for the worshipped at Chusa and other ark; but signified a covenant, cities, The worship of calves This was also the name, by which among the Israelites is known 10 Ararat was sometimes known as

all. These creatures were made well, as the temple of the ark on

to represent, not only the person, that mountain,

or persons, who had been such The poet Nonnus has a remark- bene factors ; but the vessel in able allusion to the deluge in the which they had been preserved. character of Beroe ;

This vessel was described, as a

crescent, and called Theba, Baris, * Lost in the gloom of night sarl Beroe lay,

Argus. * Bot soon sbok off her sud, chotick veil.

In consequence these « And rose again to light. She first anbarrid terms, and the name of an ox or * Pet friendly wind» to the auspicious bull became synonimous. The "Returning from the sea."

Syrians venerated the cow. The As all the events of old were etymologists, who have commentrepresented by bieroglyphicks, ited on their works, say, “ The sais not strange that different em- cred heifer of the Syrians was no blems were employed by different other, than Theba, the ark.The nations for the same thing. The ark among the Syrians is styled boark was described by various sym- us, a cow,” or ox. Among the sigbols. In a fragment of the Or- nifications of bous or bos, the ox, phic poetry it is called a hive. Hesychius mentions Baris and « Let us celebrate the hive of Ve Argos, which are two names of nus, which rose from the sea, that the ark. According to Eustathihire of many names; the mighty us, the Tauric nations were so fountain, whence all kings are de- called from Taurus, a bull, the scended ; whence all the winged emblem of the great busbandman and immortal loves were again Osiris, which is a name of Noah. produced.”

Kircher has given a plate of a PamNot only ships, but cups in philian obelisk with the Egyptian form of boats, were esteemed as Apis, his hornes in the form of the sacred, introduced only at festivals moon, and on his back the mystick and solemn occasions. It was clove, its wings low expanded. said, that Hercules traversed the The city Tours in France is said Orran in such a cup or skiff. to have been named from Taurus, Hence these cups were referred a buil, which was an emblem of a to Hercules. It is said by Q. Cur- ship. O:her instances of ancient tius, that Alexander, at the feast sculpture, referring to the same of Thessalus, before he had finish- subject, are found in Europe, in er the cup or scyphus Herculeus India, in China, in Japan, and groaned, as if pierced with a dart, Easter Island in the Pacifick (). and was carried out half dead. cean. Dago and Taurio are the

It is said in Genesis, that Noah names of two carved stones in this became a husbandman. This island. character is religiously preserved

Near the base of mount Libain all the ancient histories of E. nus stood the city Arka ; on the gypt. Hence probably the ox, so summit was a temple of Venus essential to husbandry, became a Architis ; the religious rites were symbol of the patriarch, and was introduced by a people called .ir. kites ; and, as the ark was some- sented in hieroglyphick symbols, times called Libanah, it is proha- In the history of the Sparti are ble. t'at mount Libanus received constant allusions to the deluge. its name froin the aik. The ar. In China we have the history kite memorials passed from E- of Noah in their Sin Num and fypt and Syria to Phrygia and Sin Noo.

He was

a husband Pontus, and thence to Thrace, man, and taught mankind agricul. and the cities of Greece. They ture. His picture is highly es. were received in Europe by the teemed by the Chinese. In Japleizuria, Celtæ, and Suevi. Tac

an are numerous memorials of the itus says this people worshipped food in their religious rites. lis, an ark or ship, being the The sacred cow or steer is veners chief object of their devotion. ated ; the deity, as in the arkite The arkite rites, it appears from worship of many other nations, is Bryant, prevailed in Britain, in represented on a lotus, and upon the island of Mona, and in the a tortoise, and sometimes proHebrides. Perhaps the ark of the ceeding from a fish. covenani, so sacred among the Is- The whole of these facts, in a raelites, might have a primary new and satisfactory manner, bring reference to the covenant of Noah, evidence from remotest ages and As the stone tables of the law were most distant countries, to which we kept in this ark, so the Chinese have access, to support the Mosa. kept their books of divination in a ick history of a universal deluge. sacred ark. The Islanders of O. This great event is universally tahcite have a sacred ark, pre known, and though the memorials cisely of the same dimensions have been abused, traditions have with the ark of the covenant, in been preserved with great reverwhich is preserved a bundle of ence in all the rites and ceremofeathers, and a sacred Teraphim, nies of the gentile world; and the without which their chief priest further we go back, the more vivid says he could do nothing.

and exact is the history, especialMention has been made of the ly in the countries near the resi: eigh original gods of Egypt, the dence of Noah. Were the story number of persons, saved in the a fable, the reverse of this would ark; they were described in a be the fact : the more ancient our boat. Alike remarkable refer- inquiries, and the nearer the ence to the number eight is ex- scene we approached, the less hibited in tho history of Mount light we should discover, till enArwat ; it was called Thamanim, tire darkness would terminate the auda town near the foot of the search. Nor could there have minuntain was called by the same been such likeness and harmony nane.

Thamn signified eight. in the traditions of different ages 1.16 Cuthites, the posterity ofChus and countries, wide as the world and Han, worshipped Noah under apart, unless they had been foundthe name of Nusos and Dionu. ed in truth, Certain therefore

The worship of the dove it is, that God did bring a food and other circumstances relating of waters, and all the, high hills, to the deluge, interwoven with all that were under the whole heave the ceremonies of the eastern en, were covered.

PHILO. world, were in Babylonia repre- (To be continued.)


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For the Panoplist. Greek, as from the ignorance and LETTER II.

cruelty of barbarians ON THE IMMUTABILITY OF RELIGION. It is fondly imagined by fome, Beloved Brother,

that those passages of inspiration, * It would be a great omiffion, which contain the most finished in one, who undertakes to prove description of human depravity, the immutability of evangelical relig. are peculiar to the idolatrous, ion, not to consider the fameness of abandoned heathen, and, with a the human character. The natur- few lamented exceptions, are inal chara&er of mankind is indeed applicable to the chriftianized capable of an astonishing variety world. But, my brother, I hope of visible forms.' But it is not you will not adopt this construcdifficult to show that all these visi. tion of scripture without much ble forms belong to characters, careful inquiry. What, then, is which are in reality alike.' I shall the language which the gospel exemplify this remark in one par- utters to every child

of Adam ? ticular inftance. Avarice may Repent, and believe. Thus all men be the ruling paffion of men, are confidered, as on a level ; as whose visible conduct is exceeding- finners, needing repentance, and ly various. One may pursue his dependent for falvation on the obje& by open dishonesty. An- Lord Jesus Christ. With persons other. having more discernment, of a different description the golmay conceal his villany, and pur. pel has no concern. sue his object by secret dishonesty. Attend carefully to the treatAnother, whose heart is equally ment, which the gospel has recovetous, attending to the max. ceived from mankind. Where im, that konefty is the best policy, has it found the most infurmountmay seek to gratify his criminal able obstacles? By whom has it paflion by fair and honourable been opposed with the greatest vi. means. This example is design- olence, and trampled upon with ed to guard you against suppor- the molt malignant scorn? Has it ing, that the human character not often been by men of science, really varies according to its va. and of decent and polished exteriried exterior form. To prevail. or ? Have not such evinced by, ing falhion, to popular opinion, at last flighting the gospel, that and to outward culture, in con- they possess the same spirit with nection with the power of the self. the openly vicious ; the same ifh affections, may be ascribed all character with unbelieveing Jews the diversity, which marks the and gentile idolaters ? character of unrenewed men. In But, my dear brother, there is what was the polished Greek re- no need of amplifying. For it is ally better than the rudest barba- to be presumed, that mankind, in rians ? Did all his wisdom, all his all ages and circumstances, have Tefinement bring him any nearer, the fame character, unless there is than they were, to the confines of evidence of the contrary ; unless true goodness ? Let facts decide. some adequate cause of difference When the gospel, which is the can be afligned. What is that furest telt of character, was cause ? Does the blood of corpreached by the apostles, did it rupt human nature become puri. not meet as stubborn resistance fied, by passing through the veins from the boalted wisdom of the of many generations? Does the

moral disease of man exhaust its Now who would suppose, that a own force and cure itlelf by the vi- moral disease can be cured by an olence of its efforts ? Or do men intellectual application ? Who learn to be good from the increas- would suppose that the distemper ing multitude of bad examples of sin can find any remedy in the This, surely, is not the lesson of exten live discoveries made of the experience. What, then is the secret virtues of plants and minerprecise cause of the meliorated als, or the many successful researchtemper of the unrenewed beart? es into the regions of antiquity ? What is the reason, that mankind Why, then, is it imagined, at this day are supposed to be less that mankind, in these scientifick depraved, and to need a less ex- and polithed ages, need a less contenlive renovation, than in former fiderable change, than they did and more uncultivated ages ? in all the times of Christ and his You speak of improvements in apostles? Then it was deemed philosophy in all the arts and sci- necessary for a man to be born ences in the state of society, in again in order to enter into the the sentibilities and manners of kingdom of heaven, Then it people. But what efficacy have might be said of believers, that such improvements to mend the they were what they were, by the heart? The cause alligned mulţ grace of God; that in them old be adequate to the supposed effect. things had passed away, and all The remedy muit be adapted to things become new. The same lan- . the nature of the disease.

guage was common among the It is granted, that the improve faithful race, who first peopled ments of these last ages are very val. New England. But by many it uable. But let it be remembered is now elteemed unmeaning cant, they are not improvements in spirit. the obsolete diale& of fuperftition, ual things; they are not improve ignorance, and enthusiasm. It is ments in the religious temper and confidently believed and asserted, practice of men. How can it be that men may become virtuous conceived that the refinements of and religious without such a great science and taste have power to and remarkable change, and that eradicate evil paffions, or purify there is not at this day such an the soul from the detelted leprosy immediate and entire dependence of fin ? Intellectual improvements on the efficacious Spirit and grace have an influence on our intel- of God, as was felt at the first ef. lectual character, but not on our tablishment of christianity. Men moral state. To understand bet- are now less indebted to God for ter than the unconverted Corin- salvation, and more indebted to thians, did, the law of gravitation, the power of reason and correct and the principles of chymistry talte, in short, more indebted to and electricity does not render themselves, than the faints were our spiritual condition less crim- anciently. Accordingly, it is inal and hazardous, than theirs with less propriety and emphasis, was ; unless it can be made to that they can now adopt scripture appear, that some chymical pro- phraseology, and literally ascribe cels or electrical experiment can conversion and falvation to God. reform the depraved heart, and God had a great harvelt of glory render men obedient and pious. in the salvation of thote, who were taken from the regions of idolatry I live by the faith of the Son of and ignorance. But now the af- God, who loved me, and gave fairs of religion proceed more ac- himself for me." This, my dear cording to the principles of hu- brother, was the spirit of primitive man nature, and the common christianity. This is the fpirit of laws, which regulate the moral true christianity now, and at all world. This, my brother, is the times. spirit of modern liberality. But Dear brother, I use this unreif, upon impartial examination, served freedom, because I wish to it appear, that the natural char. Thield you from danger, and to acter of men is at all times the promote your endlets felicity. lame, that sinners are as deprav. Your everlafting interest lies near ed, as criminal, as helpless in these my heart. No earthly pleafde ages of literary improvement, as can be compared with the tenthey were in times of former igno. der, grateful, exulting joy I rance ; we must conclude they need thould feel in your alvation. a moral change of the same great. For this, my hope is in God. ness and extent. The foundation This subject is of the first impore of saving religion must fill be laid tance to you and to me. Let in regeneration by divine power. me then requelt you to take it Sinners how fair foever their visi careful survey of primitive chrisble character, must be created in tianity. Behold its distinguish. Christ Jesus unto good works ; ing, its celestial features. Then must be washed, must be justified, survey, the prevailing, fashionable must be fanctified in the name of religion of nominal christians at the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit this day of boasted improvement. of their God. By the same kind Beside the empty name, what reof repentance, as primitive con- semblance do you find ? Have verts exercised, they must turn not the bulk of those, who profess from fin to God. With the same to believe the Bible, loft sight of humility, self abhorrence and sub-, their pattern and guide, and turnmillion they must come to Christ, ed to follow the God of this and with the same love and con- world. If apoftolick religion is the fidence receive him in all his of- standard ; did not our beloved fices. After conversion, they parents, did not our forefathers, mult maintain the same holy can. Though not to be accounted pero test with the inveterate corrup- fect, far excel the latitudinariants Lions of the heart. They must be of the age ? And is not our led by the same spirit ; and wide departure from the puritan through that Spirit they must religion of New England a lamortify unholy affections, and mentable and hazardous experia gain a victory over fin. In thort, ment? they must be able to adopt the Hoping, my dear brother, foon modeft, felfabasing, and yet trium- to hear from you, I bid you adicu, phant languageof apoltolick piety, Receive in kindnets what was * I am crucified with Christ ; prompied by the tender and fautsnevertheless I live ; yet not I, ful affection of your brother. bat Christ liveth in me ; and the

CONSTANS. life which I now live in the fieih,

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