Imatges de pÓgina

argument, historical or philosophical, for denying a trustworthy authority in religion. To deny a trustworthy authority in morals would probably too much alarm the age. But Sir James Stephen justly observes upon the great progress of disintegration in religious thought during the twenty-eight years which have passed since Lewis published in 1849. In twenty-eight more years, perhaps, those of us who

may be alive will have nerve to look in the face the proposal that the unreal theory, which separates religious doctrine and practice, shall be allowed to go the way of all flesh; and that the doctrine of a trustworthy authority in morals shall be abandoned, as well as that of a trustworthy authority in religion.

Using his happy faculty of illustration, Sir James Stephen closes with two parables.43 In the latter, one of two seeing men lays claim to a superior kind of sight, called “intueing,' and not possessed by all, which discloses to him what is passing in sun, moon, and stars. Such a parallel emphatically convicts pretenders to a transcendental faculty. But against those who take their stand, in good faith, on the general constitution, which God has given to His human creatures, it is really a pointless dart. There are some philosophies, which maim this constitution by declining to take account of some of its most important offices and organs. He who argues against the Hedonist, that there is such a thing discerned or discernible by men as good apart from pleasure, asserts nothing for himself which he does not assert for humanity at large. All or most faculties may indeed enlarge, multiply, and vary their powers by vigorous and judicious exercise; or may stunt and finally lose them by disuse. But the starting-point is the same if the goal is not, and the race is run along level ground on even terms. By intuition I only mean mental sight, the faculty common to us all. I do not ask how far it is an original power, or how far it is one trained or reached by the exercise of other powers.

How we know God, this is hardly the place to inquire. But it may be the place to say I cannot assert any method of knowing Him otherwise than by operations in strict conformity with the general laws of our nature. I agree with the deceased Mr. Dalgairns, that my knowledge of God is as real as my knowledge of man;' and bold, or more than bold, is he who affirms that his knowledge of man is limited to what his senses can discern in man,

The disintegration of belief, to which Sir James Stephen refers, is, I believe, very largely exaggerated in the estimates of some of those who have suffered it; but is yet in itself both remarkable and ominous. Among the special causes which bave promoted or favoured it has probably, I admit, been that unusual rapidity of material progress, to stimulating which a great portion of my own life and efforts, in the line of my public duty, have been directed. In extremely kind terms, Sir James Stephen challenges me on this subject. I do INDE

43 P. 297.

The titles



not deny the fact, nor my own relation to it. I plead, however, first,
that whatever zeal I had in the cause was inspired by the hope, not
of our increasing the wealth or weight of the wealthy, but of our
bringing millions upon millions out of a depressing poverty into a
capacity at least of tolerable comfort; and that, in acting otherwise,
I should have been like a physician refusing to use the appropriate
means for bringing back to health a patient of questionable habits,
lest he should misuse the blessing when attained. There can be
little doubt that, with this abnormal rapidity in the creation of masses
of wealth, there has come a shock to moral and mental equilibrium,
and a perceptible overweight of material objects and pursuits. But
on the other hand it may be allowed us at least to hope that the
effect of such a shock may pass away, like an atmospheric dis-
turbance, when it has produced its proper amount either of discom-
fort or of mischief. But here again we stand at the door of a large
subject, which it would be especially unsuitable to prosecute at the
end of a paper already carried to an extent that may well have ex-
hausted the patience of the most willing reader. I shall close with
a single remark on the celebrated dictum of Vincentius, quod semper,
quod ubique, quod ab omnibus ; on which Lewis has offered critical
observations that, in the letter, it would be difficult to dispute. My
remarks shall be not on its positive but on its negative value. It
supplies, or ought to supply, an useful safeguard against the mental
panic to which some give way when they perceive, or think they
perceive, some violent rush of popular opinion. It is a good antidote
against the sentiment which has not yet assumed the form of a
counter-adage, but which may be fairly expressed in the words quod
nunc, quod hic, quod a paucis. It may supply some fresh securities
for our mental freedom against the hurried and crowded, and yet
rather too imperious, demands of our own day and place; and may
remind us that the promises and purposes of the Creator are not for
an age but for the ages, and not for a tribe but for mankind.

Air-bladder, functions
(Moreau), 172
Amblystoma evolved out of t

American Political Crisis, by

Wilson, 198–220
Arctic regions, change of elim

Argyll (Duke of), A Modern S

351-353 Arnold (Arthur), The Ahu

Landed Gentry, 458-478, Arnold (Matthew), Falkland Authority, origin of the word

Opinion, by the Rt. Il

- On the Influence of, in

Gladstone, 2-22 - Mr. Gladstone and Sü G

on, by Sir James Fitzjan

270_297 - Rejoinder on Authority i

Opinion, by the Rt. II

Gladstone, 902-926 Axolotl, experiments on the




ASTIAN'S (Dr.) expe

spontaneous generation Becket Thomas), Life and

J. A. Froude, 545-562,8 Becquerel (Famond) on the

region of the solar spectrup Benefices, sale of, 58, 438 Beryliam or glucinum, 15% Bishops, appointment of, ca: Blanford (II. F.), age of

bearing series of India, jl Board of Trade and Pailma


NOTE.-In an article on The Abuses of a Landed Gentry, which appeared in the May number of this Review, a Public Drainage Loan is mentioned, and the question is put: 'What did the landed gentry do with it? Mr. Caird tells us that they borrowed at 6} per cent. from the Government, and lent at 7} per cent. to their tenants.' We are requested by Mr. Caird to state that he has been erroneously quoted as the authority for that general statement, which, though it may be true in some few exceptional and unimportant cases, is to his knowledge inapplicable and unjust to the landed gentry as a whole.'-ED.

Bohemian coal-fields, stra

Feistmantel), 5417
Bolingbroke on the success
Bourke's (Mr.) speech on

Question, 868
Bowring (Fagar A., Sout).


ism, 150



The titles of articles are printed in italics.




Brassey (Thomas), Round the World in

the Sunbeam,' 774–789
Britain, Greater or Lesser, by Sir

Julius Vogel, 809–831
Brown (Rev. J. Baldwin), Is the Pulpit

Losing its Power ? 97-112
Buchanan (J. Y.), specific gravity of

sea-water, 510
Budd's (Dr. William) observation of

typhoid fever, 386
Burials Bill, Duke of Richmond's, 456

Air-bladder, functions of the
(Moreau), 172
Amblystoma evolved out of the axolotl,

American Political Crisis, by E. D. J.

Wilson, 198–220
Arctic regions, change of climate in the,

Argyll (Duke of), A Modern Symposium,

Arnold (Arthur), The Abuses of a

Landed Gentry, 458–478, 926
Arnold (Matthew), Falkland, 141-155
Authority, origin of the word, 3

On the Influence of, in Matters of
Opinion, by the Rt. Hon. W. E.
Gladstone, 2-22
- Mr. Gladstone and Sir George Lewis
on, by Sir James Fitzjames Stephen,

- Rejoinder on Authority in Matters of

Opinion, by the Rt. IIon. W. .

Gladstone, 902-926
Axolotl, experiments on the (Chauvin),


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YAROLINA,' a deserted vessel, 785

ASTIAN'S (Dr.) experiments on

spontaneous generation, 517
Becket (Thomas), Life and Times of, by

J. A. Froude, 548–562, 843–856
Becquerel (Edmond) on the ultra-red

region of the solar spectrum,
Benefices, sale of, 58, 438
Beryllium or glucinum, 158
Bishops, appointment of, 693
Blanford (H. F.), age of the plant-

bearing series of India, 508
Board of Trade and Railway accidents,

Bohemian coal-fields, strata in the

(Feistmantel), 507
Boling broke on the success of Puritan-

ism, 150
Bourke's (Mr.) speech on the Eastern

Question, 868
Bowring (Edgar A.), South Kensington,

Carpenter (Dr. W. B.), The Ra-
diometer and its Lessons, 242-256
Carter (Rev. Canon T. T.), The Present

Crisis in the Church of England, 417–

• Challenger,' specific gravity of sea-

water determined during the voyage

of the (Buchanan), 510
Chauvin (Marie von), experiments on

the axolotl, 174
Child-murder, punishment of, 583–595
China, cost of wars with, 42
Christianity, argument of authority on

behalf of, 14, 271, 909
Church (Dean), A Modern Symposium,

Church and Dissent, relations between,

and State, relations between, 427,
- of Christ, what is the, 686

of England, condition of, in the
twelfth century, 551

Present and Future, by the
Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol,

the Present Crisis in the, by the
Rev. Canon Carter, 417-435

Disestablishment of the, 436-

Disestablishment and Disen-
dowment, by the Rev. A. H. Macko-
nochie, 686-706

effects of the Ridsdale Judg-
ment upon, 753





Dudevant (Madame) = George Sand,

Duff (M. E. Grant), Russia, Part I. 72–
96. Part II. 298–314
The Five Nights' Debate, 857–878

Future Life, 623, 832
Fyffe (C. A.), The Punishment

ticide, 583-595

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GALLIUM, discovery of

metal (Lecoq de Bois

at, 890

Clarendon's opinion of Falkland, 141
Clergy, growth of an exclusive spirit

among the, 62, 439
Clifford (Prof.), A Modern Symposium,

College at Constantinople, 740
College of Surgeons, women applicants

for the license in midwifery, 896
Colonies, policy of Great Britain to-

wards her, 38
– self-government of the, 809

relations between the mother country
and the, 816

pröposed confederation of, 817
Constantinople as the head of a revived

Byzantine Empire, 870, 876
Contagious diseases, 380
Convocation, constitution of, 693

the living voice of the Church, 769
Coprolites, preparation of, by sulphuric

acid, 317
Copyright and patent law, distinction

between the working of, 318
Council of Trent, history of the, 130
Crimean war, 747
Crookes (William),

Another Lesson from
the Radiometer, 879–887
Crookes's radiometer, 242-256
Cross's (Mr.) speech on the Eastern

Question, 665
Crystallography, new German journal

of, 515
Cunning system, or Khitraya Mekhanika,

Cygnus, discovery of a new star in, 162

Garrett-Anderson (Mrs.), her

medicine, 889
George Sand, by F. W. H. My

Germs, experiments on, 516-5
Gladstone (Rt. Hon. W. E.

Influence of Authority in
Opinion (Review of Si-

Cornewall Lewis's Essay),
- Rejoinder on Authority in

Opinion, 902-926
- and Sir George Levis on

TARTH'S axis, on possible displace-

ments of the
Eastern Question, 95, 307, 360, 665,

707,729, 857
Edinburgh University, medical women
Egypt, importance of, to England, 717,

865, 876
- proposed occupation of, by England,

Electric conductivity of water, 513
Electrical condition of the fruit of Mo-

mordica elaterium (Yule), 169
Ellicott (Bishop), The Church of Eng-
land, Present and Future, 50–71

The Ridsdale Judgment and its
Results, 753-773
Ellis's (A. J.) improved alphabet, 638
England, policy of, towards Turkey,
714. See Great Britain

and Wales, ancient monuments
in, 267
Evans (John) on displacement of the

earth's axis, 505
Exhibition of 1851, Commissioners of

the, 563
Experience and knowledge, question of

the relation of, 113

by Sir James Fitzjames
- Montenegro, a Sketch, 360-

Resolutions on the Eastern
Glass, changes in, 512

- iridescence of, 512
Gloucester and Bristol (Bisho

Church of England, Pr

Future, 60-71
- The Ridsdale Judgment and

Glucinum, on the atomic we

Emerson Reynolds), 158-1
Goptchevitch (S.), Monteneg

Montenegriner revieved, 73


Gore House Estate, 563
Great Britain, On the Impe

of, by Sir John Lubbock,
Greater or Lesser Britain, by

Vogel, 803-831
Groth's Journal of Crystallog


HAMLET and Ophelia, boy
Hampden somewhat of a Phil
Harrison (Frederic), A Mode

sium, 345–349

FALKLAND, by Matthew Arnold,

Feistmantel (Ottokar) on passage-

beds' in Bohemia, 507
age of the Indian coal-bearing beds,

Fiji Islands, cost of the, to Great

Britain, 41
Fishes, amphibious, 172
Five (The) Nights' Debate, by M. E.

Grant Duff, 857–878
Foraminifera, researches on, 170-171
Forbes's (David) views on volcanic

action, 165
Foreign Office, need of a better know-

ledge of Turkey at the, 874
Fowler (John), Railway Accidents, 616-

Free Church in a free State,' an absurd

expression, 773
Fremy and Clémandot on iridescence

of glass, 512
Frilley (G.) and J. Wlahoviti, Le Mon-

ténégro Contemporain reviewed, 360
Froude (J. A.), Life and Times of

Thomas Becket, 548-562, 843-856
-, views on the uses of a landed gentry,


--- The Soul and Future Life,

ALLINGER’S (Rev. W. H.) ex-

periments on germs, 516
Danilo (Prince) of Montenegro, 371-373
Darwin (George H.) on the earth’s axis

of rotation, 506
Day on amphibious fishes, 172
Dead Sea, geology of the (Lartet), 163-

Death the one inevitable law of life, 834
Denudation, effects of, 165
Dicey (Edward), Our Route to India,

Disestablishment of the Church of

England, prospects of, 64
- dangers of, 434

Social Aspects of, by the Rev. J. G.
Rogers, 436-457

and Disendowment, by the Rev.
A. H. Mackonochie, 686-670
Dissent, relations between Church and,

Dissenters, attitude of, towards the

Church, 55
no distinction to be drawn between

religious and political, 446
Domesday (New) Book. 459
Drama, the acted, 011

Hartington's (Lord) Speech

Eastern Question, 870
Heaven a conscious annihilati
Heer (Professor) ou climati

Henry II. of England an

Becket, 559, 843
Hertwig, researches on the fo
Hervey's (Lord Francis


ancient monumente, 203
Home's (Mr.) psychic powers
Hope (George), of Fenton -
ment of, by his landlord, 4



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Future Life, 623, 832

Horticultural Society at South Ken-
Fyffe (C. A.), The Punishment of Infan- sington, 578
ticide, 583-595

Hugo (Victor), by Alfred Tennyson,

YALLIUM, discovery of the new

Hutton (R. H.), A Modern Symposium,

metal (Lecoq de Boisbaudron),

Huxley (Prof.), Recent Science, 156–176,
Garrett-Anderson (Mrs.), her study of

medicine, 889

- A Modern Symposium, 536–539
George Sand, by F. W. H. Myers, 221-

Germs, experiments on, 516-520

Gladstone (Rt. Hon. W. E.), On the

growth of the doctrine, 184
Influence of Authority in Matters of

Imperial Policy of Great Britain, by
Opinion (Review of Sir George

Sir John Lubbock, 37-49
Cornewall Lewis's Essay), 2–22

India, Great Britain's policy towards, 42
· Rejoinder on Authority in Matters of

Our Route to, by Edward Dicey,

Opinion, 902–926
- and Sir George Lewis on Authority,

Indian coal-bearing beds (Feistmantel),

by Sir James Fitzjames Stephen,

Induction coil, Mr. Spottiswoode's large,

Montenegro, a Sketch, 360–379
- Resolutions on the Eastern Question,

Infallibility of the Roman Pontiff, 182,

485, 590, 790-808
Glass, changes in, 512

Infanticide, the Punishment of, by C. A.
iridescence of, 512

Fyffe, 583-595
Gloucester and Bristol (Bishop of), The

"Intue,' use of the word, 297, 925
Church of England, Present and

Ireland, ancient monuments in, 269
Future, 50-71

England's policy towards, 45
- The Ridsdale Judgment and its Results,

Irving (Henry), Shakespearian Notes,

No. I., 327-330; No. II., 524–530
Glucinum, on the atomic weight of (J.

Emerson Reynolds), 158-160
Goptchevitch (S.), Montenegro und die JANUS work published in Germany,
Gore House Estate, 563

Council, 189, 602
Great Britain, On the Imperial Policy

Jelly fish, on the nervous system of
of, by Sir John Lubbock, 37-49

(Romanes), 171-172
Greater Lesser Britain, by Sir Julius

Jex-Blake (Miss), at the University of

Edinburgh, 888
Vogel, 809-831
Groth's Journal of Crystallography, 513

Judd's (Prof.) Contributions to the

Study of Volcanoes, 166-168

Judicial Committee of the Privy Coun-
HAMLET and Ophelia, by H. Irving, cil (Ridsdale Judgment), 757

Hampden somewhat of a Philistine, 154
Harrison (Frederic), A Modern Sympa KENSINGTON (SOUTH); by
sium, 345–349

Edgar A. Bowring, 563-582
The Soul and Future Life, 623-636, Khrabry Voin, or Valiant Warrior, 409

Knowledge, How we come by our, by
Hartington's (Lord) Speech on the Prof. G. Croom Robertson, 113-121
Eastern Question, 870*

Kohlrausch (F.), Electric Conductivity
Heaven a conscious annihilation, 842 of Water, 513
Heer (Professor) on climatic change, Koran no longer the exact mirror of

Islamism, 731
Henry II. of England and Thomas Kühne, researches on sight-purple, 521

Becket, 559, 843
Hertwig, researches on the foraminifera,

Hervey's (Lord Francis) opinion of LAINGS (Mr.) speech on the Eastern

, 866
ancient monuments, 263

Lakes, origin of salt, 163–165
Home's (Mr.) psychic powers, 251, 884 Land, rights of the people in the, 463
Hope (George), of Fenton Barns, treat- Landed Gentry, the Abuses of a, by
ment of, by his landlord, 465

Arthur Arnold, 458–478, 926

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