Imatges de pÓgina
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kind, it is pride; and in this respect, this is the captaia ria, the most general and univerfal fia in all the world. Vobelief may have chat oame, and be well called our mar. ter fin in respect of jofification; but the chief fin, which is our greatest moral vice, and carries continually the greatelt power with it in respect of faoctification, it is the lio of pride. All other fins do a kind of homage to pride, as to their king and lord. Other fios that we (Speaking from feeliog) do call our maller fins, are made use of by God to humble bis faines, and to eat out this on, and therefore this fin of pride is in that respect also the chictes fia. As we see in trees there is a master root, so in origical fin the master root is pride; and therefore God who resists all other fins, is said elpecially to relift this fio afar off, Pfal. cxxxvii. 6. he cannot abide the right of it.

Now Satan that knows this fuil well, labours with might and main to provoke all men to this fin; it was his owa

fin, the very fin that made him of a blessed angel a cursed devil

, and therefore he chiefly labours to derive this fin to all the fons of men; and indeed be so far prevailed on our first parents by telling them, Ye fball be as gods, Geo. iii. 5. that ever Gnce this lin hath claimed a kind of regency in the hearts of all: as we are finful, so we are all proud, all would be fattered to an eftem of themselves, Ye Joall be as gods, is a temptation to all sorts of meo. Hence we say pride is a weed that grows in every ground, yea, on humility itself. Do we not fee men pretend to humility for their greater rise in the world? What self.debial and hardship will men and women endure for this ve. ry fin? Witness naked breasts, and caked arms, and oak. ed shoulders, we all hold of Adam in capite ; pride was the first and great fin in Adam, and so it is in all his feed; We had this luft from him, and he had this luft from the angels : 0 the pride of angels! it gives them their fall; and the pride of Adam! it gave him his fall; and the pride that is in us! and therefore without repentance we may also perilh by this epidemical fin.

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SECT. XI. Of cur Wrestling with Satan to overconte this Sin in jomas

particulars. HAT by God's grace we may be able to wrelle

with Satan and this fio; we may do well to ob. serve some things in particular, and then deal with it is general.

1. In particular. Pride is either converfapt about carpal objects, as pride of beauty, strength, riches, apparel, doc. or abont spiritual objects, as pride of gifts, graces, privileges. I shall speak to both these.

1. For the former, as the objects are several, fo is respect of them feverally, consider thus,

1. For beauty. Consider thy beauty is but skin deep; and never was aay fo beauriful, but the flowers of the field, such as the rose and lily, do io beauty of colours ga beyond them. This made the wise man fay, Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vanity, but a woman that feareth the Lord, jbe sball be praised, Prov. xxxi, 30. that is the true comeliness and best beauty which a picture candot express. Art thou fair and beautiful, faith Chryioitom, why, this is the glory of daws and not of men; thou art Dot fairer than the peacock or the swan: Do we not fee harlots and effeminate men have a great share in this glory? , Besides, what lothsome matter lieth hid under this fair skin? What filthy excrements are they that issue out of the nose, eyes, and ears, and pores, and other pallages ? It the fountain within were but viewed whence all these come, how might this humble thee? I may add this ill of beau. ty, it is used most frequedtly by the devil most ordinarily for a bait to sin, it is a shining flame to fet men's hearts of fire with unlawfollufts. But if there were nothing else, alas! to what purpose art thou proud of a thing so mutabie, a little scratch impaireth it, and a greater wound doth quite deform it; a day's sickness doth much abate it, or if it be but of a week's continuance, it doth quite deface it; yea, fo fading is it, that a little sun-fhipe robbeth us of it; or if it be preserved from the violence of extraordipary accidents, yet time will by little and little steal it away. When old age cometh, it ploughs deep furrows in the

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most beautiful visage, it changeth the colour, and when death comes, the most amiable countenance will be de. formed, that they who most admired it will then loath it. Oh that thou would turn the edge of thy affections from this earthly trash to spiritual and heavenly beauty! Oh that thou wouldst mind the beanty of the mind, wbich confifts in virtae, and the fanctifying graces of God's Spi rit! Old age shall never make any wrinkles in the face of this, sickness shall never hurt this, violence shall pever deface this, grief and forrow Thall not impair this, death it self shall not blemish or disgrace this, but rather it Chall crown this beauty of grace with the beauty of glory.

2. For strength. Copsider this is common to men and beasts; how vaio is it therefore that any should be proud of fuch bale vanities ? Art thou strong, faith Chryfoftom, and art thou therefore proud ? Why the lion is hardier than thou, and the boar is stronger than thou; yea, robbers, thieves, ruffians, and thy own fervants excel thee herein, and dost thou think this is a thing praise worthy ? Thou art strong, but can this deliver thee from those innumerable dangers voto which this frail life is daily subject? The king is not saved by the multitude of an hoft, neither is the mighty man delivered by his great strength, Psal. xxxiii. 16. It can neither defend thee from the judgments of God, nor from the assaults of the devil; it can neither deliver thee from sicknels por death. Oh that thou wouldst be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might, Eph. vi. 10, 11. Oh that thou wouldst put on the whole armour of God, that thou mightest be able to stand against the wiles of the devil, Phil. iv. 13. Why, this is strength

O purpose, hereby thou mightest be able to do all things thro' Christ that forengthoeth thee, hereby thou mightest stand manfully in the day of battle against all the assaults of thy fpiritual enemics; bodily strength without this is little worth: Oh what will become of thee in the day of trial?

3. For riches; consider thy riches will not avail in the day of the Lord's fierce wrath; what is a fat portion to a leap foul? Outward things never mend us, but often worsep us, for a man to be proud of riches, it as if an

horse

horse should be proud of his trappings, thy riches are but thoras, which unless a man hold warily, he is sure to be pricked: Hence are fo many epithets of riches in fcripture, that they may wean our aff ctions from priding in them, as the mammon of unrighteousness, the riches of tbe world, the deceitfulness of riches, Luke xvi. 6. 1 Tim. vi. 17. Mat. xiii. 22. Augustine adds, that they are an evil master, a treacherous servant, fathers of Aattery, sons of grief, a cause of fear to those that have them, and a cause of forrow 10 those that want them. Oh that men, Christians, profelfors of religion, hould ever be choaked with these thorns, or intangled with these soares, or especially Qvértaken with pride, of fuch sordid, carnal, worldiy things.

4. For apparel; consider, that this was the effect of fin; had our first parents continued in their state of innocency, they had remained glorious in themselves, but fa brought shame, and this hame they would corer by the help of garments: What then is our apparels but a daily monitor to call our fin and shame to remembrance? Oh that men should vaunt themselves in this vanity! As if a thief being adjudged to wear an halter for his crimes, should make him one of silk, ar golden ewift, and because i: glitters, should presently grow proud of that, which indeed should humble him: Why, our apparel is the very siga of our fin, and shall we convert that which is givin us to hide our sin, into sia itself? Before Adam ligned, the most glorious garment would have been to him but as a cloud to the sun, and after Adam sinned (to put him in mind of his lin and shane) God clothed him not with silks or velvets, curiously embroidred with gold and filver, but with beasts-kins, surely this was to humble him, and not to puff him up with pride; this was to mind himn of his brutih condition, yea of his frailty and mortality, seeing the creatures for his fake, were already subject to death

and vanity. On that thou wouldst mind the word, which bids thee array thyself with shamefacedness and modefty, not with broidered hair, or gold, or pearls

, or cotly apparel, 1 Tim. ii. 9. I Pet, iii. 3. Oh that thou wouldīt consider thyfelf a pilgrim upon the earth, and

tocrefore

therefore thou shouldst oot go as a citizen, or courtier of this world! Oh! that as a nobleman would be ashamed to borrow cloths of a beggar, fo thou wouldst rather be ashamed than glory in the ornaments which thou borrowest from inferior creatures, as froin one his fleece, and from another his skin, and from another his feathers, and from another his bones, and from another his entrails, excre. meats, what not? Why alas, beasts, and birds, and filly worms, have the first title, and most natural interest to all thou wearest, and thou comelt to it only by conqueft, violence and force of aros? Oh that thou wouldst remem ber, that thy gay apparel doth not make thee more religi. ous, humble, just, and temperate, it doth not abate thy pride, but rather encre feth it, it doth not extinguish the heat of lust, but rather infames it; it doth aot warm thy heart with charity, nor expel the force of Satan's darts, but rather causeth thy love to freeze, and lays open thy soul to Satan's blows! A vicious, mao adorned with glori. ous garments, is like a dead corps stuck with Aowers, or like the fately temples of Egypt, which had the outward courts, porches, walls, and roofs richly adorned with gold and silver, and curious carving and engraving, but if a mad went into the iomolt parts to see the idol which was there worshipped, instead of lome stately image set out according to the rest of the bravery and pomp, he.could find Dothing but the base picture or resemblance of some cat, or crocodile, or ugly serpent: These men who load them. selves with costly apparel, if this outward glory were but removed, and they more narrowly searched into the inmost temple of their hearts, instead of God's image shining in its spiritual graces, we should find perhaps crocodiles and serpents, lusts and pride, and wantonpess immodelty, and kuch like sios. O that men professing mortification should ever be thus vain !

2. For the other objects of pride, as they are more {piritual, so it concerns Christians to be more heedful: A meer natural man is proud of his beauty, strength, riches, apparel, or the like; but a Christian is chiefly prone to be puff:d up with higher and more raised perfections, as being more suitable to his Christian calling Now as these

objects

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