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reprinting of scarce and valuable tracts inconsiderable, and that of late years, by former writers, and to the publica- instead of extending, it has been gration of original works by living au- dually on the decrease. thors. The Country Societies, having The Society, taking these circumsmaller funds and more limited means stances into consideration, has, at its of distribution, purchased their books late Quarterly Meetings for business, of the Parent Society; and though been deliberating upon the necessity some change has taken place by the of taking some steps to give, if possiCountry Societies printing some works ble, new life and vigour and efficacy for theinselves, yet the former prac- to its proceedings, and to endeavour tice has to a great extent continued to interest the Unitarian public, espeto the present time.
cially in London, on its behalf. At a The multiplication of books on the meeting held on the 11th of NovemUnitarian doctrines by writers of abi. ber, a Special Committee was aplity and reputation, has tempted the pointed to inquire into the present managers of the London Society to state of the Society, and consider the give novelty and variety to their Cata- best means of promoting its renovalogue by the occasional insertion of tion and more extensive usefulness. some of these. The same plan was The Committee made its Report to adopted by the Provincial Societies; a Special Quarterly Meeting held on and the London Society had in con- the 9th of December, which was then sequence to supply the latter not only unanimously adopted; and it was with its own books, but also with again resumed and confirmed at a such copies of the other publications regular Quarterly Meeting held on the as they required for their subscribers. 13th of January instant. The consequence has been, that its In conformity with the suggestions funds have been in a very great mea- and recommendations of the Commitsure diverted from their original pur- tee in this Report, the Society has pose of printing, to that of buying resolved, that in its future circulation the books of others for the accom- of books, particular regard shall be modation of the Country Institutions, paid to the distribution of its own which could not otherwise so ily works. With a view to the disposal obtain them. The Committee has, of the present stock, and the wider on this account, been able for some dissemination of its publications, it years to print but few new works, and has been determined to form two sets has been obliged to suffer some valu- of Unitarian tracts from the books able tracts which were once in their which are its own property--the one Catalogue to remain out of print. in octavo, which will extend to about
The London Society, when first ten voluines, and the other in duodeestablished, being the only association cimo, which will comprise about thirof the kind then in existence, derived teen volumes, and these are to be support from subscribers from every extensively advertised. It has also part of the kingdom. It possesses been resolved, that in future the castill a considerable proportion of coun- pital of the Society shall be applied try members: but the rise of the Pro- to the reprinting of scarce and valuvincial Societies has prevented its able Unitarian books and tracts, and acquiring a progressive increase to its especially of such as may be approved funds from contributors of this class, of those which have already been adand they have operated in many in- mitted into the Society's Catalogue, stances to lessen them by withdrawing and to the publication and the pursome to whom it was more convenient chase of such useful and approved to pay their money to, and receive books and tracts as could not othertheir books from, the local associa- wise be printed, or so extensively tions.
circulated. It is also to be remarked, and the As an increased capital will, in the fact may be received as some im- first instance, be necessary, in consepeachment of the zeal of Unitarians, quence of the exhausted state of its that the efficient support the Society funds, for carrying this plan into exhas derived from the metropolis, con- ecution, the Society has determined sidering the great number of Unita- to make an appeal to the Unitarian rians which it contains, has been very public, to solicit that pecuniary assistance which is requisite, if not for excepting that which furnishes schothe continuance of its existence, cer- lars with tracts for perusal, but which, tainly for rendering its utility com- ! conceive, cannot fail to produce mensurate with the importance of its beneficial effects. objects, and the extent of the field I have not very sanguine expectawhich is now open for its labours. tions of much good resulting from the The gentleinen by whom the preceding common routine of a mere catecheresolutions were unanimously passed tical system of education, which, withconfidently trust, that to those who out bringing the reasoning powers of set a due value upon their principles, the pupil into action, simply exercises and are properly alive to the impor- the meinory. Information, learned by tance of their universal dissemination, rote, and too often considered a task, this appeal will not be made in vain, is generally soon forgotten, or at least and that it will have the desired effect does not store the mind with useful of augmenting the Society's available knowledge in the degree which might funds, both by donations and by an be anticipated. addition of life and of annual sub- Convinced of the efficacy of systems scribers.* The Society fixes no sum which, providing for the examination as the maximum of its wants, because of scholars, require the expression of it has opportunities of usefulness fully their ideas as much as possible in their equal to any amount that may be own language, I feel gratified in being placed at its disposal.
able to inform your readers and M. S. By the present rule of the Society, that a well-wisher to the cause of eduthe Committee is composed of such cation amongst the poor, and an adSubscribers as intimate to the Secre- mirer of Sunday Schools, has been tary their wish to be summoned to its lately engaged in the arrangement of Meetings. It has been thought that a small work compiled upon this this rule might now be advantageously principle, and intended for the use of changed, by deputing the manage Sunday Schools, particularly Unitarian ment of its affairs to a committee of ones ; and that, provided he was intwelve gentlemen, chosen annually at demnified from the expense of pubthe Meeting in March. A resolution lishing, he would immediately send it to this effect has been passed, and the to the press. Its plan agrees with the Secretary has been directed to sum- suggestion of your Correspondent, in mon a Meeting to be held on Thurs- furnishing a series of “copies containday, the 10th of March next, of all ing iporal and religious truths.” Only the Subscribers resident within the the best writers in the school to be delivery of the threepenny post, to allowed to copy these selections: thus, approve or rescind this resolution, and by instituting an honorary privilege, to transact other business.
inciting emulation. The work would Communications relative to the So- be divided into two parts; the first, a ciety may be addressed either to the selection of scriptural passages, formTreasurer, Thomas Gibson, Esq., No. ing a regular system of religious 1, Milk Street, Cheapside, or to me, truth; the second, a series of moral at No. 2, Kennington Green. precepts, calculated to imbue the mind THOMAS REES,
with a fund of useful and practical Secretary
knowledge. To each copy would be annexed questions, the answer to which
must be furnished by the pupil from SIR,
the copy he has written. These quesT is with great pleasure that I read tions, it is hoped, would not only 730] on Sunday Schools. The just of the scholars, but would also be of ness of his remarks I can fully cor- use, by exercising the abilities of the roborate, having observed the good pupil
, from the necessity he would be effects of the plans he has laid down, under of perfectly understanding what
he transcribed before he could frame
corresponding answers. The payment of ten guineas at one
Conceiving such a work would be time, makes a Life Subscriber, and a
of no little service in the cause of yearly subscription of one guinea, an An- education, and of great use in Sunday nual Member
Schools, and as it would be likewise VOL. XX.
cheap, (not exceeding one shilling in than to the brethren, to gain an ac. price,) I consider it deserving of sup- quaintance with the Christian Scripport by the Unitarian body. S. tures in their original tongue. That
is a labour they will never repent of: Sir,
and, moreover, to study that tongue THE remarks on the use of the agreeably to the ancient and genuine
little which appeared in the Repository additional trouble, and several imporsome time ago, under the signature tant advantages, will give birth to of Hellenistes, (Vol. XVIII. pp. 205– that characteristic feature of Unitari207,) may perhaps be remembered by anism which it seems desirable that it some of your readers, or at any rate should possess. Sincerely hoping that appear to ine worthy of being so. this plan may be adopted by many, I The idea of cementing our union by shall proceed to make a few remarks using, more or less, among ourselves, on the inode of pronouncing Greek to a language in some sense our own, which we have alluded. has something in it ingenious and In various learned works, the true pleasing, and, in the scheme proposed pronunciation of the Greek letters is by Hellenistes, seems not only free elaborately detailed and evinced by from all objection on the score of ill suitable proofs; and this is a subject consequences, but really calculated to which does not present much diffeyield no inconsiderable benefits to our rence of opinion. I may refer the body. An engaging token of united reader to Matthiæ's Greek Grammar, brotherhood would be provided, while the Port-Royal Greek Grammar, and the general scholarship of Unitarians a tract appended to Scapula's Lexiin an important and appropriate branch con. One mode of pronouncing the of learning would be much promoted. vowels has prevailed in almost all lanBut if I judge rightly, the cardinal guages, ancient and modern, except point of the plan is not the use of the English; and the ancient Greek Greek in the common way, but the utterance was analogous to this. In adopting a peculiar, that is, the origi- a word, the Greek yowels a, ", , are nal, mode of pronunciation in speaking to be sounded like a, e, i, in French that tongue, so that even a few Greek or Italian, or as they are in the Enwords spoken or read, ey tosc Telelos, glish words papa, fête, profile. I is would afford at once a characteristic to be sounded as the French u, a sound pledge of the sentiments of the speak- which our language does not present.
Hence it appears that, to give The dipthongs ov, el, are to be sounded effect to the plan, there is not required as ou, ei, in our words soup, receive ; any profound or unusual acquaintance the dipthong av, as our ou in round. with the language, but that a very Among the consonants, we need moderate one would answer the end only remark, that is to be sounded very fairly. This I say to obviate an liks ds, and that %, ch, has a peculiar apprehension which may be felt, that guttural sound, such as is heard in a laborious course of study is required Welsh and German, but not in French by the proposal, such as few would or English. be able or willing to bestow. No These are the principal points to be pains, in my judgment, will be ill- attended to in the pronunciation of employed which are spent in acquir- the letters. To the syllables belong ing a deep and critical acquaintance time and tone-in other words, quanwith Hellenic lore; but as far as re- tity and accent; both requiring congards the present purpose, it would siderable attention in the ancient lanbe sufficient to become well acquaint- guages, but not to be discussed in this ed with the Greek of the New Testa- place. It is a part, however, of the ment, an acquirement in itself of so proposed plan to pronounce the Greek great value, that this or any other agreeably to the ancient written accent, plan which shall furnish an additional which we all know has been entirely stimulus to the pursuit of it, might abandoned in modern schools, and the on that ground only be deemed of Latin accent substituted in its place; very laudable tendency. Let us then so that a schoolboy who shall read consider it as recommended to all Greek with the accent which was Unitarians whatever, who have it in given it by Demosthenes and Plato, their power, nor less to the sisters is severely castigated. For ekki, Bass
deùs, ova putos, our masters teach us egotism. I may say I was born and to say, éket, Bácsheus, ay pumos, cum bred in the centre of theological and multis aliis. In this attention to the ecclesiastical controversy. A Sermon true accent consists one of the prin- of Mr. Bryant, minister of the parish, cipal peculiarities of the proposed who lived on the spot now a part of method, and one of its essential fea- the farm on which I live, occasioned tures. Some difficulty occurs, in cer- the controversy between him and Mr. tain cases, in maintaining a due ob- Miles, Mr. Porter, Mr. Bass, and many servance of the quantity or time of others; it broke out like the eruption the syllables: for instance, an En- of a volcano, and blazed with portenglishman laying the accent of the first tous aspect for many years. The death syllable of ávitutos, is apt to shorten of Dr. Miller, the Episcopal minister the second, and pronounce the word of this town, produced the controversy as if it were written ávat portos; but between Dr. Mayhew and Mr. Apthis is not necessary, and may be thorp, who were both so connected avoided by a little time and pains. with the town, that they might almost The word 'áv patros should be sounded be considered inhabitants of it. I may pretty much like the English word say that my eyes opened upon books schoolmistress. A fuller explanation of controversy between the parties of of this matter has been already given Mr. Buckminster and Mr. Miller: I in the Repository for August 1823, became acqnainted with Dyer, Doopp. 442-450.
little and Baldwin, three notable disThe proposal of Hellenistes will, putants. Mr. M'Carty, though a after all, by many of your readers be Calvinist, was not a bigot; but the deemed whimsical and useless. Let town of Worcester was a scene of them not, however, condemn it with- disputes all the time I was there. out consideration, for perhaps its When I left, I entered into a scene general adoption among us might of other disputations at the bar, and impart a new charm and interest to not long afterwards, disputations of our society, and be the parent of very another kind, in politics. In later happy consequences.
T. F. B. times, I have lived with Atheists,
Deists, Sceptics ; with cardinals, archLetter from John Adams, Ex-Presi- bishops, monks, friars of the Roman
dent of the United States, to Dr. Catholic persuasion ; with archbishBancroft, of Worcester (Mass.). ops, bishops, deans and priests, of
the Church of England ; with Farmer, [The first number of a religious Price, Priestley, Kippis
, Rees, Dernewspaper at New York, entitled “The ing (?) and Jebb; with the English and Christian Inquirer,” published so lately Scottish clergy in Holland, and espeas Jan. I, 1825, has been sent to us by the kindness of a friend. We per. I have conversed freely with most of
cially with Dr. Maclean, at the Hague. ceive with pleasure that use is made the sects in America, and bave not in it of The Monthly Repository, and been wholly inattentive to the writings in return we take from it the following and reasonings of all these denominaletter, which is a pleasing example of tions of Christians and philosophers, the way in which the statesmen of You may well suppose, then, that I America employ their retirement.]
have had controversy enough : but,
Quincy, after all, I declare to you, that your DEAR SIR,
January 1, 1823. twenty-nine Sermons have expressed THANK you
kind letter the result of all my reading, experiall, for the gift of a precious volume. satisfactory to me than I could have It is a chain of diamonds set in a link done in the best
days of my strength. of gold. I have never read or heard The most afflictive circumstances a volume of Sermons better calculated that I have witnessed in the lot of or adapted to the age and country in humanity, are the narrow views, the which it was written. How different unsocial humours, the fastidious scorn from the sermons I heard and read in and repulsive temper, of all denomithe town of Worcester, from the year nations, excepting one. 1755 to 1758! As my destiny in life I cannot conclude this letter withhas been somewhat uncommon, I must out adding an anecdote. One of the beg pardon for indulging in a little zealous mendicants for the contribus
OF GENERAL READING,
tions to the funds of Missionary Soci.
No. CCCCXIV. eties, called on a gentleman in Haver. Conduct of Christians u Stumblinghili and requested his charity. The
block to Pagans. gentleman declined subscribing, but
We sometimes wonder that all the added, that “there are in and about world does not become Christian, forthe town of --, nine clergymnen; getting that Heathen nations see our ministers of nine congregations, not religion for the first time in connexion one of whom lives on terms of civility with the character of Christians by with any other, will admit none other profession, who exhibit all the vices into his pulpit, nor be permitted to and crimes incident to human nature. go into the pulpit of any other. Now, The truth is thus hindered by our unif you will raise a fund to concert righteousness, and the name of God these nine clergymen to Christianity, is spoken ill of, or at least his revealed I will contribute as much as any other will is disparaged, by the Gentiles. man."
This reflection is forced upon us by I am, with great esteem, your friend,
a passage in the Quarterly Review, JOHN ADAMS.
compiled from two works upon the
North-American Indians, one by the GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS
celebrated Mr. John Hunter, who was REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE brought up amongst them, and the
other by Mr. Buehanan, a resident in
Canada, who in an account of the No. CCCCXIII.
Indians has inserted a description of The Chinese.
their religion from the pen of Mr. In a sensible “ Memoir concerning Heckewelder, a Moravian missionary, the Chinese,” by John Francis Davis, long conversant with this people. The Esq., F.R.S., M. R. A. S., inserted in doubts of our “red brethren" are the the " Transactions of the Royal Asiatic artless expressions of strong and honest Society," Vol. I., the author states it minds, and their want of faith may as his opinion, that a careful examina-excite pity, but not resentment or tion of the authentic annals of China, despair of their eternal condition. undertaken with a proper degree of scepticism towards the misrepresen
“ The Indians, says Heckewelder, be. tations of national vanity, will esta- wickedness of the white men, found it
lieve that the Great Spirit, knowing the blish the following facts : " that the necessary to give them a great book, and antiquity of China as an Empire, has taught them how to read it, that they might been greatly exaggerated, and that it know and observe what he wished them cannot be dated earlier than the reign to do and to abstain from. But they, the of Chi-hoang-ti, about B. C. 200; Indians, have no need of any such book that it was then confined almost to let them know the will of their Maker; entirely to that half of modern China, they find it engraved on their own hearts; which lies between the great river
they have had sufficient discernment given Keang, and the confines of Tartary;
them to distinguish good from evil, and that it was subsequently split into by following that guide they are sure not several independent nations, which,
to err."-" The white men told us a after various contests and revolutions,
great many things which they said were were formed into two Empires, the to believe it all. We would probably
written in the good book, and wanted us Northern and Southern, and became have done so, if we had seen them pracfinally united under one head, about tise what they pretended to believe, and A. D. 585; that China has been the act according to the good words they told theatre of as bloody and continued us. But no! while they held their big wars, as have ravaged most of the book in one hand, in the other they had other countries of the globe; that it murderous weapons, guns and swords to bas twice, and at no very distant
kill us poor Indians! Ah! and they did riods of time, been completely con
so too ; they killed those who believed in
their book as well as those who did not. quered by foreign barbarians; and
They made no distinction !"_" When the that its last conquerors exercise over it, at this day, an imperious, and by serves Hunter, " they say, The white men
Indians converse on these subjects," obno means impartial sway, but one in tell Indian be honest : Indian have no pri. which the precedence and the trust son; Indian have no gaol for unfortunate are, in most cases, conferred on the debtors; Indian have no lock on his door." Tartar."