Imatges de pÓgina

not, for ourselves, allow that in the Version have been rigorously weighed epistolary writings of the New Testa- by friends, as the pages of the Monthly ment really inconclusive reasoning has Repository can attest: that Version, been discovered.

without assuming to be faultless, fears It is of vast importance, that con- not sound criticism from foes; it troversial authors, and those especially requires only." a clear stage, and no against whom almost every man's favour,”* and deprecates nothing but hand is armed, do not overstate their to be condemned without being tried, positions, but enunciate them in as and to be rendered the object of invecclear, precise and correct terms as tive, and not of argument. possible. Mr. Wellbeloved owns and

“ Permit me,” says Mr. Wellbeloved, laments that some of our most distin

to ask, in what respect the title is guished writers have occasionally given fantastical? Is the authorized English to their opinions, which yet will bear version so perfect that whatever professes the most rigid examination, a form to be an improvement of it, must be that unnecessarily renders them obnox- pronounced fantastical ? Why then did ious and repulsive: and he has a right the late Professor Symouds collect, with to make the complaint, because he

so much pains, the numerous passages cannot incur the censure; because his in that version which require to be amendown practice is exactly the reverse,

ed? Why did the Venerable Primate of because he is at once honest in avowal his talents, and industry, to the accom:

Ireland devote his great biblical learning, and judicious and deliberate in state. plishment of a New Translation?. .If, ment. A willing adversary fastens instead of An Attempt towards revising without a pause on unweighed lan- &c., he had entitled his excellent work guage; and the phrase outlives any An Improved Version, I cannot think you explanation of the innocence, any would have condemned that title as fane proof of the accuracy, of the ideas, tastical. Much less, then, should this conte which it was employed to convey.

demnation fall on the work of the UnitaArchdeacon Wrangham having spe

rian Editors, which is, in many respects, cifically assailed the Improved

Version think i

an improvement of the Primate's. i of the New Testament, the writer of think I may assert, without justly expothe “ Three Letters" undertakes the

sing myself to the charge of presumption, vindication of it, and wins fresh laurels Improved Version than yourself; who, as

that I am better acquainted with this in the conflict.-Pp. 56–74.

far as I can judge, know little or nothing The dignitary condescends, after of it, but what you have collected from Magee, and the late Mr. Rennell, the pages of Laurence, Nares, Magee, and many others, to quarrel with the and Renuell; and I hesitate not to protitle: he speaks of what has been nounce it a real and manifest improvefantastically styled by its editors the ment upon the Authorized Version." IMPROVED Version of the New Testa- The writer of the “Three Letters" ment. No objection can well be more proceeds to defend the Improved Verpuerile and trifling. What pretensions sion, which, however, he acknowledges could this or any other version of the to be capable of emendation, from Christian Scriptures offer to public certain other accusations reiterated by regard, if, upon the whole, it were the Archdeacon of Cleveland, whom, not an improved version? The work in reference to one of those charges, in question even claims to be an im- he thus rebukes : provement of Archbishop Newcome's

“That the Improved Version deviates in “attempt toward revising our English almost every page from the Archbishop's, translation of the Greek Scriptures :" will be allowed; but that it widely devi. and the sole inquiry, among men of ates from it, is an assertion which you learning, sense and unaffected candour, are not authorized to make : and I am should be, are these claims established inclined to hope that you would not have Is not the text, and, taken altogether, made it, had you, instead of trusting to is not the translation, in a supe- representations of others, compared for rior degree, correct and faithful? yourself the two versions, or even read We do not appeal, on such subjects, that Review by a Unitarian writer to the to.. men who pronounce judgineni testimony of which you refer. Dr. Car. without examination, but to those peuter, whom you rightly name as the who will read and reflect for themselves. The merits of the Iinproved

Spectator, No. 436.


author of that Review, has indeed fur- tion," in a way that shall leave them nished Dr. Nares with the fact, which guiltless of the charge of inconsistency, you might not otherwise have known, or of something worse. that in the first edition of the Improved

As a specimen of no moderate Version, there were many deviations from Newcome's translation; but he has garbling,” this gentleman refers to been far from warranting you to assert,

the expulsion of nearly the first two that these deviations were generally of chapters both of Matthew and Luke any importance. When censuring the from the canon of the New TestaEditors of the Improved Versiou, for ment. And he goes on to state, what using the name of the Archbishop, in the Editors of the Improved Version order to mislead the unwary, you ought have themselves candidly told their to have been particularly careful not to readers, that these passages are found expose yourself to a similar censure, by in all MSS. and in all ancient vera disingenuous use of the name of a sions. “But,” adds Mr. Wellbeloved, Unitarian reviewer. The note upon the pote in page 57, is certainly calculated, ticity is disputed, are not expelled,

“these passages, though their authenmislead your readers, by making them They are found in the Improved believe that the whole of your assertion Version, nearly word for word as they is supported by the authority of Dr. appear in the Version of the Primate. Carpenter, I will endeavour to disabu They are indeed printed in Italics, them, by citing his words on this sub- an intimation, say the Editors, ject."

that they are of doubtful authority.”

Archdeacon Wrangham had either Mr. Wellbeloved, accordingly, makes an extract from the Monthly Reposi- sion. If he had seen it, how could he

seen or not seen, the Improved Vertory, IV. p. 216, and another from Dr. permit himself to speak thus of the Carpenter's Reply to Magee, p: 306; expulsion of these chapters? Or if he both which quotations completely dis- had not seen it, why did he venture to prove the statement of Archdeacon affirm what he had not and could not Wrangbam.

have verified ? This dignitary further censures the

Mr. Wellbeloved proceeds to remind Improved Version for its professing to his opponent that Dr. Durell and the be by a Society for promoting Chris- late Bishop Stock would have expunged tian Knowledge, and thus attempting from the canon of the Jewish Scripto impose upon the unwary the authority of the Venerable Society, &c. tures, the one a whole book, the other The objection is borrowed from Ma- dence.-P. 64.

a long passage, solely on internal evi. gee; but, come from whom it may, nothing of the sort can well be more

Dr., now Archbishop, Laurence had

accused the Editors, &c. of having trifling or more uncandid :

altered the text by critical conjecture, “ Is the definite article,” asks Mr. in two very important passages, Johın Wellbeloved, “ of such mighty efficacy i. 1, and Rom. ix. 5. How stands the in the Greek language, as by its presence fact? The Editors have not in a or its absence in given circumstances, to single instance admitted conjectural prove the Deity of Christ ; and is it of criticism into the text. Yet Archdeasuch insignificance in English, as not to be distinguishable from the indefinite ? evidence, insinuates the same charge!

con Wrangham, without and against Are the terms a society and the society

By another of his oracles, Dr. Nares, equivalent ? If they be, as your accusation of the Improved Version seems to

our dignitary is woefully misled. His

words are : soppose, on what ground have Archbishop Magee, Dr. Moysey and others so severely “So again as to the decisive compel. censured the Editors of the Improved lation of Thomas to his Saviour, (John Version, as amongst their numerous arti- xx. 28,) we are to conceive it only an fices, making free with the article, sub- irreverent expression of surprise! Beza stituting a Son for the Son of God, more truly says, ' Verba sunt von tanium whenever they find it convenient to do admirantis Thomæ, &c. And yet the so ?”

Editors of the Improved Version refer to

Beza !" These are searching questions : nor can they be ansivered by the Arch

Our readers will mark Mr. Welldeacon of Cleveland, and by his beloved's answer : colleagues in "the work of crimina- “ It is Archbishop Newcome who refers

before catapos ; though, like the trans- THERE are some persons yet liv.

to Beza; and the head and front of the Pereunt Hypanisque Dymasque
offending of the Editors, is their having Confixi a sociis."
too implicitly followed their guide. The

“As to the various reading of Griesbach,
remark is not their own. It is wholly which has called forth from you the echo
and literally copied from the Archbishop's of Nares' remark, Griesbach's only va-
Version; and his name is afixed to it. rious reading is the omission of rat,
Not referring either to the Improved which would make the case stronger, it
Version, or to that of the Primate, but is supported by no authority ; for the tes-
relying op Dr. Nares, no wonder that timony of Facundus carries little weight,
you were deceived ; for he has most and every biblical scholar knows, that
disingenuously represented the matter.
Is it fair and honourable thus to repeat witness, omits the conjunction, whenever

the Æthiopic translator, the only other serious charges against authors, without he regards it as exegetical. I graut that being at the pains to examine their works, be so understood this passage." and to ascertain whether they are well founded ?

[To be continued.) “But Unitarians seem to be considered as out of the protection of the usual laws Art. II. - Menoir of the late Mrs. of controversy; and given over to be

Henrietta Fordyce, Relict of James silenced and destroyed by any means

Fordyce, D.D.; containing Origihowever foul."*

nal Letters, Anecdotes, and Pieces The Archdeacon of Cleveland quar- of Poetry. To which is added, a rels with the following example of Sketch of the Life of James For. punctuation in the Improved Version: dyce, D.D. 12mo. pp. 139. Hurst, in Tit. ii. 13, 14, it inserts a comma Robinson and Co. 1823. after ev, and repeats the particle of

Twells' reprobating criticism, in Pet. of the eloquence of Dr. James Fordyce,

. 20, (where only Kupios, not eos, is,
concerned,) they omit both. But the gation in Monkwell Street. The mere

reader of his Sermons wonders at his
single various reading of Griesbach
omnits the xas, and thus makes the great popularity. As a serinon-writer,
identity of person, if possible, still ingenuity is the highest praise that

can now be awarded to him. There is stronger.

With Mr. Wellbeloved's most satisfactory answer to this head little depth in his thoughts, and his of accusation, we shall take our leave, style is finical and altogether artificial. for the present, of his first “ Three tropolis depends mainly upon voice,

A preacher's popularity in the MeLetters."

figure and manner. These distinctions “ In placing the comma after @cov, it cannot be expressed in print. Hence, (the I. V.) follows the common English soine popular divines have been pruVersion, (see especially the Oxford ed. dently cautious of publishing their of 1739,) and for repeating the particle discourses. The late Mr. Worthingof before owTmpos, it has the authority of ton would probably have lost his af, that high Diguitary of the Established tractions had he frequently appealed Church, whose excellent translation it takes for its basis. And in omitting buih

to the public through the press; and in 2. Pet. ii. 20, it agrees again with the Mr. Irving, the bright pulpit-star of Authorized Version, and with that of the the present day, would, in our judgArchbishop; only with the latter instead ment, have stood a better chance of of the Lord, reading our Lord. While being always gazed at by the crowd, aiming a blow therefore at the Improved if he had not made up his Orations Version, you have smitten both that into a dull and unintelligible book. which is held in revereuce by your own church, and that which proceeded from he could. His usefulness, not to ad

Every preacher would be popular if one of its most eininent members.

vert to less honourable caleulations,

is measured by the degree in which * Archdeacou Wrangham, if he be ac.

he can captivate the public ear. The quainted with the Calm Enquiry, &c. (j). majority of preachers must yet be. 219, 1st Ed.,) might have known that Mr. contented with being merely acceptBelsham has expressly cited Beza, for the able; and the history of popular diorthodox interpretation of John sx. 28.– vines, the arts and accidents by which See that work,

they rise, and the manner in which

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they sivk and are forgotten, may be don; and on Lady Buchan's return to used by their less gifted brethren as Scotland, her first visit was to Balcarras. reasons for being satisfied with useful “The two Countesses had been closetmediocrity.

ted for a considerable time, and on their The heroine of the work before us re-appearance, Miss Cummyng thought was distinguished only beyond the she could perceive a something momencircle of her friends as “the Relict tous, in which she was concerned, im

pending. of James Fordyce, D.D.It must still be allowed that she had a charac- clave sat in the drawing-room of Bal

“ On this important occasion, the conter, and the "Memoir” contains in

carras : Lord and Lady Balcarras, Lady cidents and descriptions which will Dalrymple the Countess's mother, Lady interest even the general reader. Buchan, the two young ladies, with one

Mrs. HENRIETTA FORDYCE was de or two members more of their respective scended of the ancient and honourable families, with Miss Cummyng herself, Scottish family of Cummyng. She

were all assembled. It was then forlost her father during her infancy; mally, and with much gravity, announced her mother was left with scanty means, to Miss,' that her Majesty had most and, while she lived, took charge of graciously vouchsafed to command her her daughter's education, to which attendance at Court, when the appoint

ment of governess to the Royal children she was fully competent.

would be conferred upon her. Bewildered « Mrs. Fordyce has often been heard in her own ideas and feelings, and struck to say, that she never was taught, only as with suddeu dumbness, she could only allowed to learn: with tasks she was un look from one to another till she had acquainted ; and information was given gone through the whole circle : she also to her as a reward. In her mother's sys- stole a peep at herself in a large mirror tem of education there was no theory, which happened to be opposite. all was practice. She was never praised; A governess! She doubted the evi. any attainment or acquirement was so dence of her own senses, and again, managed as to be made its own reward. mute as ever, gazed around her. Those From infancy to age she never said assembled betrayed no emotion : no sign prayers; she prayed, and then she was of jesting appeared; all was composed with God, and God with her.P. 5. and sober-seeming truth. The silence By the death of her excellent mo

was somewhat appalling; yet it appalled ther when she was ten years of age, in a minute after, to the consternation of

not the damsel so highly honoured, who Mrs. Fordyce was left an orphan. the wbole assembly, burst forth into a The maternal duties were now dis

most uncontroulable fit of laughing; and charged by an accomplished relative, when she could laugh no longer, drawing Mrs. Baron Muir, “whose connexions one long breath, cried, 'A governess ! were all in the first circle.” She, me a governess ! dear me, I cannot gotoo, was soon called away from this vern myself. You speak truly, Miss world, and her protegée now became, Cummyng,' said Lady Balcarras gravely; by invitation, a resident in the family and if you continue to treat your friends of the Countess of Balcarras. An with ridicule who wish to promote your accident made the young lady known interests, you never will properly govern, at court. She worked an embroidered yourself.'

“ The severe rebuke from one whose dress, as a birth-day present for Lady Buchan, which, being worn at St. whose indulgence had rendered her the

every look had been approbation, and James's, attracted the notice and ad- petted pet of the family, deeply affected miration of the Queen. Her Majesty her. Tears of swelling emotion gushed learned the history of the fair artisan, from her eyes, and she cried, ' If you and received the highest commenda- make me leave you, I will go, but never, tions of her from General Græm, who never will I part with my self-dependence. was allied to the families of Balcarras I can work, but I will never serve.' and Buchan. This incident was report

“ This was pride, it must be confessed; ed in Scotland, and the young lady but it was the pride of principle

; and it expressed her gratitude for the royal pleased God so to order her destiny, that condescension by the present of two

the envied possession, independence, was

her own to the latest hour of her exisembroidered groups of flowers on

tence. She was often to experience how white satin, for fire-screens.

much more blessed it is to give than to “ The offering had been sent to Lon- receive, and never knew the pang which


the decent pride of better days has to the wise ones, with hearts of a chicken abide, when obliged to let the spirit drop and claws of a corbie, that I would be a submissive at the foot of upstart wealth. man or a mouse; and this night, this

“ Independence! fair heritage of the very night, the die is cast, and I amhappier of their kind, mayst thou ever be possessed as deservedly as by the sainted “• What, what !' cried Lady Margaret being whose memory many will delight in alarm, and grasping his arm. to honour!

“A man! Bring champaign; and, A most dutiful and humble answer Butler, Burgundy below! Let to-night was made to the Queen, and many causes live for ever! Champaigu above, Burassigned for the offered distinction being gundy below! The gods shall celebrate declined; when, in fact, there existed this night, for Alexander is a man!' no cause, except what originated in her “ Never did the wild hero of his name own imagination. Still a very unexpect. appear struck with greater frenzy. Dr. ed honour awaited her from Royalty: Fordyce, who was present, viewed his The Queen had most graciously accepted brother with compassion : some appre. the two pieces of embroidery, and as a hension passed over his thoughts; but mark of her royal approbation, sent her the mind without suspicion 'thinketh no a brilliant diamond ring of considerable evil': be, with his Henrietta, saluted value, accompanied with a letter written poor Lady Margaret and retired. by her own hand, in which her Majesty “ Early next morning, and before Lady condescended to express a regret that any Margaret or Mr. Fordyce had appeared, circunstances should have deprived the Dr. and Mrs. Fordyce left the splendid Priucesses of the advantages such an in- mansion of their brother, and returned structress would have conferred.”—Pp. 10 their own peaceful home: there they 20–23.

found Sir William waiting their arrival. Dr. Fordyce and his two brothers, In as gentle terms as the intelligence Sir William (a physician) and Alex- could be communicated, he disclosed the ander, were intimate with the Earl painful tidings. The blow was struck, and Countess of Balcarras. Alexan- the bubble burst ; the speculation so re

plete with ruin had failed, altogether ander, a London banker, of great re

failed : Alexander Fordyce was a bankputed opulence, married one of their rupt and a beggar ; and the honourably daughters, Lady Margaret Lindsay ; acquired fortunes of his brothers irrecoand the Doctor solicited and obtained verably sunk in the vortex, and lost for the hand of their young friend, Miss ever!—Pp. 53–55. Cummyng. The introduction of the

A brief Memoir of Dr. Fordyce is lady of the foriner to a city life, and extracted (pp. 11–15) from the Futhe marriage of the latter, are de- neral Sermon by the late Dr. Lindsay, scribed with no

mean effect. We suspect a little romance in the tales. Fordyce to the same gentleman, con

and a very pathetic letter from Mrs. The author thus relates the explosion tains a narrative of the circumstances which brought ruin on the Fordyce of her busband's death (pp. 67—72). family:

Dr. Fordyce was a successful au“ They (the Doctor and Mrs. Fordyce) thor, having received from ten to were on a visit to Roehampton. Alex- eleven thousand pounds for the copyander Fordyce, as usual, came home in right of his works.-P. 61. the evening; but he appeared to be in a The creed of Dr. Fordyce was what hurried agitation of spirits, and uttered is called moderate orthodoxy. From his commands with impatience and rapi- the following passage, it would appear dity, very unlike his usual calm, dictato. rial manner. His cheeks were flushed,

that he approached to Sabellianisin : and his eyes bad an expression which left “ In reading the sacred writings, the you in doubt whether what was passing Doctor drew a wide line between the inwithin indicated weal or woe. At supper spired commandments, and the mere he ate with avidity, and tossed off repeat. human opinions of the apostles; and, ed bumpers of Madeira. Lady Margaret speaking of the primitive Christians, he gazed on him, and, almost affrighted, at said, they did not worship the man Jesus, last said, “Mr. Fordyce, you are very they worshiped the God who dwelt in the

or very queer. Something ails you man.—' There is no sentence in holy -what is it? What are you?' • What writ,' he used to say, ' but what will bear am I? he cried, bursting into laughter, an argument; yet the unwise should and violently ringing the bell, “I am a avoid controversy, and read the Scriptures man. I always told the wary ones, and as intended rather to reveal what God is


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