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(22) 459. [399. T.] The Prelate's tion. It is not easy to see,” adds note in this place, is evidently dictated Dr. T., “ where his Lordship found by kis overweening attachment to his Mr. Neal's commendation of this bill: theory of Alliance: neither the sub- the editor can discern a bare state of ject nor the illustration of it calls for the proceedings only. And, by what our regard at present.
law, or by wbat principle of the con(23) 464. (404. T.] Neal is again stitution is the offering of a bill and charged with being partial and in- the representation of grievances to the consistent: his supposed delinquency House an act of mutiny?" consists, according to Warburton, in To this question I will subjoin anoreckoning the Bishop of Litchfield's ther. When the Prelate speaks of the conduct to be agreeable to law, be- conduct of the Puritans as mutinous, cause in favour of the Puritans, though does he not lose sight of their civil he had before represented the Arch- privileges as subjects of England, anıl bishop's publishing articles without intimate that their obedience was to the great seal as illegal, because be implicit ? against the Puritans. Dr. Toulmin's (27) 482. [421. T.] Neal simply answer is complete: the articles, in records Ballard's language, but is not one case, are very different from the responsible for its justness. object of the judicatory, in the other ; (28) 483. [422. T.] Relief the nor does Mr. Neal decide on the le. Puritans certainly needed: that they gality of the measure in either in- wished for a separate establishment, stance.
does not appear. (24) 466. [407. T.] The “quaint (29) 488. [427. T.] Whatever trash" of which the Bishop now com. Bishop W. might think or say, it is plains, will be found in Isaac Walton's clear that the Puritans did not attempt Life of Hooker, but perhaps was bor- to enlist the populace on their side, rowed from Dr. Gauden, who had but subunitted their alleged grievances also“ lately written and published” to “the powers that were.” Not that a memoir of that famous man. Which the language and deportment of men of these authors Warburton meant to of either party could in all respects designate as a “ fantastic life-writer," be vindicated. I know not. But where is Neal's dis- (30) 491. [429. T.] When the ingenuousness? He cites the words Puritans declared that they assumed as they were delivered : and he must no authority to themselves, they perbe a hasty reader, who does not per- haps meant to reflect on the authority ceive their import; and he a captious exercised against them. I agree, howannotator who is offended at the intro. ever, with Dr. T., that there was, as duction of them. Is not Calvinism Bishop Warburton hints, some imintended by Geneva, and Arminianisin propriety in the disclaimer. by Canterbury? This language re- (31) 495. [433. T.] Could Warflects not personally on either Hooker burton with equity or candour supor the Archbishop.
pose that Neal must answer for the (25) 470. [413. T.] The Prelate conclusiveness of the arguments which highly eulogizes Hooker's answer to it became his duty to record ? Mr. Travers' supplication. I am not (32) 496. [433. T.] The Prelate's concerned to question the propriety note refers to Dr. Reynolds' letter, at of the eulogium, but sball inerely the foot of the page. Whether Reyobserve that it has no reference to nolds be right or wrong, is a consideNeal.
ration quite immaterial to the defence (26) 481. [418. T.] I copy a part of Neal. of Toulmin's note, and am sorry that (33) 493. [434. T.] I may allow, I have not room for the whole of it. at least for argument's sake, that War
Bishop Warburton,” says the edi. burton is correct in his estimate of tor,
“ condemns the offering of the the nature and effect of Hooker's Ecbill, (for a further reformation,) as clesiastical Polity. But, here again, such a mutinous action in the Puritan his opinion has no bearing on his ininisters, that be wonders 'a writer charges against the historian of the of Mr. Neal's good sense could men- Puritans. tion them without censure, much more (34) 508. [444. T.] "Among that he should do it with commenda. the divines,” says Neal, ir that suffer.
ed death for certain libels, was the Now I ask every individual, who Rev. Mr. Udal.” The historian pro- has sense and feeling, whether he was ceeds to relate the case of this indivi- not justly regarded as a martyr to dual, who died in goal, as the conse- those liberties, and whether such exquence of his long and close iinprison- pressions were “ unworthy of candid ment. Warburton is pleased to be and honest men”? extremely severe on Neal for using By the answer let Neal in this inthis language, which the Prelate cen- stance stand or fall : his faithfulness
unworthy a candid historian and integrity endure even the present or an honest man.
:” “But,” observes accusation ; upon which I have dwelt Dr. Toulmin, “hen Udal died quite the longer, because it is by far the heart-broken with sorrow and grief most serious and plausible of the through imprisonment and the severe charges framed against him by the treatment he met with on account of Prelate, and because it needs only the libels, his death was as much the to be investigated, in order to be reconsequence of the prosecution com- futed. menced against him, as if it had been
JOHN KENTISH. inflicted by the executioner.” At most there was only an inaccuracy in the expression.-In illustration of the edi- Fragments of the History of Retitor's plea for his author, I may be
gious Denominations in Dukinfield permitted to make a few remarks. during the last and to the middle of The late Bishop Percy having occa
the preceding Century. sion to mention the death of the fourth Earl of Northumberland adds, “ who
N ancient Episcopal Chapel is AN
yet remaining in this place, now fell a victim to the avarice of Henry much dilapidated; the architecture of the VIIth.” Are we then to conclude which shews it to have been erected from these words that the Earl had as early as Henry the VII.'s reign. been put to death by this monarch? Not long after this period it became The truth is, the nobleman was slain attached, as a domestic place of worin a popular insurrection produced by ship, to the mansion-house of the his attempt to carry the royal designs Dukinfield family, as the gabled front into execution. But is Bishop Percy's and the frogged pinnacles of the hallt language “unworthy a candid or an denote it to be a structure of the suchonest man"? More accurate, it, ceeding reign, and a part of the roof assuredly, might have been.
of which rests upon the western end In 1629, Sir John Elliot was ille- of the chapel. After the reformation gally committed to prison for his par- of the church it probably never had liamentary opposition to the measures its episcopal jurisdiction renewed, the of the court : and Hume informs us Dukinfields then using it for family (VII. 277), that “ because Sir J. Elliot devotion, and appointing their own happened to die while in custody—he chaplains to officiate therein. In 1649, was universally regarded as a martyr Colonel Dukinfield was Governor of to the liberties of England.”
Chester and High Sheriff of the coun
* Reliques of Ancient Poetry, (5th ed.,) Vol. I. p. 97.
Here where oft met the Sabbath multitude
ty. Previous to this he had become ideal susceptibility of supernatural imacquainted with Samuel Eaton, a ce- pressions. Hence any extraordinary lebrated preacher in the city of Ches- occurrence connected with the maniter, to whom he offered sufficient in- festation of such pretensions was sure ducement to settle him in Dukinfield. to fix his attention. In this view, In 1650, Mr. Eaton published a work somewhere in this neighbourhood, he in 2 vols., entitled, “The Mystery of was induced to visit a woman who God Incarnate, or the Word_made pretended to a longer fast than hers Flesh, cleared up. By Samuel Eaton, of Tutbury, but the imposture of Teacher of the Church of Christ at whose character, as he himself relates, Dukinfield.” This book he addressed he soon detected. His early opponents “ To the faithful and dearly beloved describe him as first emerging from saints of Jesus Christ in and about obscurity at Manchester. The author Chester, especially to all such who of the “ Snake in the Grass,” in the have known the doctrine, read the pa. preface to his “ Essay concerning the pers of Mr. John Knowles, and who Divine Right of Tythe," describes him have been his familiar hearers and as a journeyman to a shoemaker in followers." Mr. Eaton's congregation, Manchester, “who, from going on it appears, chose Mr. Knowles as his foot, and often barefoot, mounted by successor at Chester, for which situa. his preaching trade on horseback, with tion the latter gentleman quitted his man carrying his cloak before him, Gloucester, where he had been previ- to act the gentleman, and leaving ously stationed. His great sin was £1000 behind him for printing his that of Arianism, and against the in- books." So it appears he first drew fuence of his opinions on that subject attention as a sectary, in that age of Mr. Eaton's work is principally di- sectarian fecundity at Manchester. rected.
Dukinfield being only seven miles from The celebrity of character, and Mr. that town, and being mentioned by Eaton's ability as a divine, were, most himself, in connexion with it, he is likely, the temptation which induced most likely to have first tried those the founder of Quakerism, the cele- talents here, the force of which every brated George Fox, to visit Dukinfield, part of the kingdom afterwards beas early in his life as the year 1617. came acquainted with. The house is He, in his Diary, Vol. I. p. 97, makes yet standing in which the Friends' the following statement: "Passing on, ineetings were first held, but we have I went among the professors at Du- now no members of that persuasion kinfield aud Manchester, where I staid resident in the place. awhile, and declared truth anong From this time, and during the Prothem.” From the ambiguity of Fox's tectorate, and to the termination of language, it is a point yet unascer. the Stuart dynasty, opposition to tained at what place he first became a episcopal authority, appears to have preacher. Tradition has recorded this bad much influence in the religious as the first village in which he essayed principles and conduct of the inhabihis dormant powers, and points out tants of this neighbourhood. the place where, mounted on the The accession of William and Mary stocks, lie delivered his first public to the throne brought with it toleraexhortation. Several communications tion to Dissenters, and the history of appeared about two years ago in the Dukinfield Chapel, and the succession Monthly Magazine, on the subject of of its ministers, which appeared in the Fox's early preaching; but as it is Monthly Repository, XVIII. p. 681, not a point of much importance, no brings the Presbyterian establishment one ther claimed that distinction for in this village down to the present Dukinfield. There is, however, great period. probability in this being the case, as The United Brethren, or Moravians, it is evident from Fox's own account in the year 1743, formed a small soof his early life, that his intention in ciety here, which was supplied with travelling from place to place, was to labourers (preachers) from Smithconverse with those men most eminent House and Fulnec, in Yorkshire; but for their piety and superior sanctity of the present meeting-house was not character. His mind likewise appears completed until 1751, and the choir to have been early imbued with the houses in 1757. The chapel having
been built at the sole expense of Mr. prevalence, may be traced to that firm Williain Walker, he procured it to be and enlightened spirit by which our licensed as a place of worship, and a ancestors became the defenders, the donation, amounting to half the ex- victims and the conquerors of Chrispense of the original cost of the build- tian liberty in the great struggle of ing, being afterwards made by Mr. Nonconformity. Barham, Mr. Walker gave the con
W. HAMPSON. gregation immediate possession of the whole. This building, in the lapse of Memoirs of Samuel Pepys, Esq. time, became too small for the audi. tors who attended it, anıl an addition
(Continued from p. 154.) of nearly one half more room was VE new monarchical court was no made to it in 1774 by Mr. Walker, sooner established than it became and with his usual generosity devoted a mart of corruption, women being no to the society. In 1785, this congre. less industrious than men in the bro. gation removed to Fairfield, a neat kerage of iniquity. village, built by them on a plan of the June 22nd, 1660.-—" Mr. Hill (who utmost regularity, about half way froin for these two or three days hath conthis place to Manchester. The esta- stantly attended my Lord) told ine of blishment there has become one of an offer of £500, for a Baronet's dig. the most conspicuous belonging to the nity, which I told my Lord of in the Brethren in the kingdom.
balcone of this gallery, and he said he Of other sects this township is not would think of it. Thence to my altogether unfruitful. A Calvinist Lord's and had the great coach to chapel was erected here in the year Brigham's, who told me how my Lady 1806; one for the Methodists, near Monk deals with him and others for Stayley Bridge, in 1812; and one for their places, asking him £500, though the Roman Catholics is now lately he was formerly the King's coachroofed in.
maker, and sworn to it.-230.-To Difference of opinion being the re- my Lord's lodgings, where Tom Guy sult of a very imperfect state of know- came to ine, and there staid to see the ledge, while the imperfection of the King touch people for the king's evil. one continues, uniforinity in the other But he did not come at all, it rayned must not be expected. But surely s0; and the poor people were forced the time is not far distant when Chris. to stand all the morning in the rain in tians will more perfectly agree to dif. the garden. Afterward be touched fer. We no longer contend about the them in the banquetting house. With use of the surplice, or the gown, the my Lord, to my Lord Frezendorfes," band or the velvet cap, as requisites (Swedish Embassador,) " where he for the decoration of a preacher. The dined to-day. He told me that lie had attitudes of knceling, standing or sit- obtained a promise of the Clerke of ting at the communion table, have no the Acts' place for me, at which I was longer volumes devoted to ascertain glad.—25th. Thence to the Admithe propriety of each as superior to ralty, where I met Mr. Turner, of the the other. Could we say so inuch for the forty and five baptismal shades of
* Feb. 12th, Pepys calls this " lady" distinction, by which some Christians
simply " Monk's wife;" pionarchy was choose to designate themselves, the not then set up. Lord Braybrooke thus press would be freed from much su. annotates upon Pepys's text when he calls perfluous matter. But this conclusion her “Duchesse of Albemarle," I. 97. is unquestionable — while the great “ Anne Clarges, daughter of a blacksmith Head of the Church permits lois fol- and bred a milliner; mistress and afterlowers to indulge such variety of sen. wards wife of General Monk, orer whom timent on subjects of religion, all have she possessed the greatest influence." an equal claim and title to assemble This lady appears again and again in the together for the purpose of instructing the first personage at feasts. The Diarist
Diary, as the patron of learned men and one another. Hence the propriety of speaks of her, notwithstanding, in plain places of worship being set apart for
English. that purpose, and if this neighbour. † For an account of this disgusting hood has a greater variety of such imposition on popular credulity, see Mon. places than others can boast of, their Repos. VIII, 93-96, and XIV. 22.
Navy Office, who did look after the coat with silver buttons, he goes on to place of Clerke of the Acts. He was say that the King and Parliament were very civil to ine and I to him, and entertained by the city with great shall be so. There come a letter from pomp, but alas! it was a wet day, and my Lady Monk to my Lord about it many a fine suit of clothes was spoiled. this evening, but he refused to come How it fared with the above-mentionto her, but ineeting in Whitehall with ed juckunapes coat we are left to conSir Thomas Clarges, her brother, my jecture, but there Pepys was, and he Lord returned answer, that he could describes his humble entertainment, not desist in my business, and that and the notable project of a knavisk he believed that General Monk would fellow-secretary. * Met with Mr. take it ill if my Lord should name the Cooling, my Lord Chamberlain's Seofficers in his army; and therefore he cretary, who took me to dinner ainong desired to have the naming of one the gentlemen waiters, and after dinofficer in the fleete.-26th.—To Backe- ner into the wine celler. He told me well, the Goldsmith's, and there we how he had a project for all us Secrechose 1001. worth of plate for my taries to join together, and get mouey Lord to give Secretary Nicholas.” I. by bringing all business into our 59, 60.
I. 63. Pepys relates (June 29, 1660), that Mr. Pepys always kept his eye upen. he got his warrant from the Duke to his interests at Court. The employbe Clerk of the Acts, but that he ment of his Sundays may be put in heard with sadness that Mr. Barlow, evidence. Not only did he on these his predecessor in the office, was yet days slew himself off in some new and living, and coming up to town to look fine article of apparel, but he also after his place. This he told “his contrived frequently to worship with Lord” of, who bade him get possession grcat, men. (We should not be very of his patent, and “he would do all uncandid if we were to strike out the that could be done to keep him out.” word with from the conclusion of this Next day, he had a letter from one last sentence.) His memorandum for Turner, offering him 1501. to be joined July 3, 1660, for example, is "Lord's with him in his patent, and to advise Day. To White Hall Chapel, where him how to improve the advantage of I got in with ease by going before the his place, and to “ keep off Barlow." Lord Chancellor, with Mr. Kipps. After many fears and some negocia- Here I heard very good musique, the tions, Pepys bought Barlow's interest, first time that erer. I remember to have by agreeing to give him 50l. per ann., heard the organs, aut singing men in if the salary were not increased, and surplices, in my life." He adds, with 1001. per. ann., in case it were 3501. a better feeling than he sometimes This was no bad bargain, as the former shers, “ The Bishop of Chichester possessor was an old consumptive (king) preached before the King, and man,” and the place was worth by made a great flattering sermon, which Pepys's confession 10001. This is a 1 diel not like that thic clergy should specimen of the way in which the meddle with matters of state." 1. 64. court forgot old loyalty and rewarded Again, on the 29th of July, Pepys
was at Whitehall Chapel, and his reThe entry of July 1st shows that cord of the day proves that the hierarthe Diarist got on faster with his finerychy was steadily growing. “I heard than the Church of England did with a cold sermon of the Bishop of Salishers :
bury's, Duppa's, and the ceremonies “ This morning came home my did not please me, they do sa vrerdu fine camlett cloak, with gold buttons, them.” 1. 68, 69. and a silk suit, which cost ine much The Presbyterians were not yet money, and I pray God to make me thrown off by the Court.
Aug. 12. able to pay for it. In the afternoon Mr. Calamy preached at Whitehall, to the Abbey, where a good sermon and made, Pepys says, a good sermon. by a stranger, but no Common Prayer He says also of the old Nonconforyet.” 1. 62.
mist, He was very officious with his After relating (July 5) that his bro- three reverences to the king, as others ther Tom brought him his jackanapes do.” 1.71.