« AnteriorContinua »
They that know the history of 52 years, dying 1721, 2.-Some of Charles II. only as a man of pleasure, Pepys's party, of whom Jere. White may be surprised at learning, as is was one," fell to handy-cappe, a sport stated by Pepys, that he was an early that he "never knew before." 1. 75. riser, in which character, the Diarist How far back we seein to be thrown adds, he tired all the people about when we read, Sept. 25th, I did send him. I. 72.
for a cup of tee, (a China drink,) of The “old clergy," that is, those which I never had drank before"! I. that were before the Civil War, and 76. did not conform to the Common- Pepys was, Oct. 4th, at Westmin. wealth, are mightily praised by com- ster Abbey, and saw Dr. Frewen mon-place writers : let Pepys relate translated to the Archbishoprick of a contemporary opinion of them :- York." There were besides 5 bishops, “ Aug. 21st. I met Mr. Crewe and all in their habits.” “But, Lord !” dined with him, where there dined one exclaims this Church-of-England man, Mr. Hickeman, an Oxford man, who at their going out, how people did spoke very much against the height of most of them look upon them as the now old clergy, for putting out strange creatures, and feu rith any many of the religious fellows of col- kind of love or respect." This is one leges, and inveighing against them" of unnumbered proofs that the English (the old clergy) “ for being drunk.” people were well-nigh weaned of su1b.
perstition by the popular government The following entry justifies soine of the last twelve years, and that the of the papers of the Spectator that Restoration carried them back to appear to be badinage :-"Aug. 30th. mental childhood. This the first day that ever I saw my The curiosity of Pepys led him to wife wear black patches since we were witness the execution of some of the inarried.” 1. 73.
Regicides, brought We sometimes find Pepys in com- to the unjnst tribunals, under change pany that we did not expect, and see of Times, him and his companions oddly engaged. And condemuation of the ingrateful mulFor example, Sept. 18th, he was at titude. the Mitre Tavern in Wood-street, (a He does not exult in these butcheries, house of the greatest note in London,) but, on the contrary, does justice to where he met “ Mr. White, forinerly the victims of Monk's treachery, The chaplain to the Lady Protectress and mob, probably under some excitement still so." Jere. White was the author from the creatures of the Court, of one of the first English books on shewed themselves on these occasions Universal Restoration, a learned and right royal" and sanguinary. liberal divine. Pepys goes on to say
I went out to Charing that report stated that White was Cross, to see Major-General Harrison
likely to get my Lady Francesse” hanged, drain and quartered; which (the daughter of the Protector) " for was done there, he looking as cheerful his wife." This at variance with a as any man could do in that condition. story told by Noble, (Memoirs of He was presently cut down, and his the Cromwell Family, I. 143, &c.,) head and heart shewn to the people, from Oldmixon, of White's paying at which there was great shouts of joy. liis addresses to this lady, and on It is said, that he said that he was being discovered by the Protector in
sure to come shortly at the right hand her apartinents, pretending that he of Christ to judge them that now had was entreating her intercession on his judged him; and that his wife do exbehalf with her waiting-maid ; where. pect his coming again. Thus it was upon Oliver had bin immediately, and my chance to see the King belieaded on the spot, married to the astonished at White Hall, and to see the first girl. The story is, that the couple so blood shed in revenge for the King at strangely brought together lived in Charing Cross." 1.°78, 79. comfort for fifty years. Lady Frances It was probably on the recollection was married first to Robt. Rich, of of some such passage as this that a the Warwick family, and afterwards to patriot-poet threw off the following Sir John Russell, whom she survived indignant lines :.
Curse on the shouts of that licentious during divine service: “ 14th. To throng,
White Hall chappell, where one Dr. Whose merriment (more brutal than the Crofts made an indifferent sermon, and song
after it an anthem, ill sung, which Of mad Agave, when wild Hæmus o'er
made the King laugh.--Here I also Her Pentheus' mangled liinbs the mother
observed, how the Duke of York and bore)
Mrs. Palmer did tulk to one another Proclaims the fall of Liberty :-ye shades Of mighty chiefs, from your Elysian
very wantonly through the hangings glades
that parts the King's closet, and the Look down benign, avert the dire pre.
closet where the ladies sit.” I. 79. sage,
The sight of parts of the dismem. Nor with two Charles's brand one sinful bered patriots, Oct. 20th, would seem age.
to have affected Pepys properly: “This 0, my poor country! what capricious afternoon going through London, and tide
calling at Crowe's the Upholsterer's, of Fortune swells the Tyrant's motley in Saint Bartholomew's, I saw limbs
pride! Around his brows yon servile prelates Aldersgate, which was a sad sight to
of some of our new traitors set upon twine The stale and blasted wreath of Rightsee; and a bloody week this and the Divine;
last have been, there being ten hanged, While harlots, like the Coan Venus fair
drawn and quartered.” I. 80. The Move their light feet to each lascivious next passage shews that this observer air.
was not overcome by his humanity Hence with your orgies ! Righteons Hea- the last words are a singular instance ven ordains
of sang froid : “21st. George Vines A purer worship, less audacious strains. carried nie up to the top of his turret, When falls by William's sword, (as soon
where there is Cook's head set up for it must,)
& traytor, and Harrison's set up on the This edifice of bigotry and lust,
other side of Westminster Hall. Here The Muse shall start from her inglorious I could see them plainly, as also a very trance,
fair prospect about London." Ib. And give to satire's grasp her vengeful
Pepys relates that, Nov. Ist, he paid lance, At 'Truth's historic shrine shall victims celebrated Quaker) to Sir W. Batten's,
a visit with Sir W. Penn (father of the smoke, And a fresh Stuart bleed at every stroke.
at whose table he met an old friend Thine too, perfidious Albemarle, (whose who reminded him of his carly ansteel,
ti-royal predilections. “Here dined Drawn to protect, embroil'd Britannia's with us two or three more country weal,
gentlemen; among the rest Mr. ChristShrunk from thy coward arm, consign'd mas, my old school-fellow, with whom the reius
I had much talk. He did remember Of power to Charles, and forged a na
that I was a great roundhead when I tion's chains,)
was a boy, and I was much afraid that Compar'd with nobler villanies of old,
he would have remembered the words High deeds, on plates of adamant en
that I said the day the King was berollid, Slall meet the felon's undistinguish'd headed, (that were I to preach upon fate,
him, my text should be, Sure of contempt, upworthy of our hate.. mory of the wicked shall rot,"') but I
found afterwards that he did go away “ Our most religious King,". as Charles II. was first styled in the from school before that time." 1.82.
This shrewd observer relates the Common Prayer, was next day at
arrival next day of the Queen Dowa. Church, where, no doubt, thanks were Stuart faction to murder and mangle fires in the city, noi above three in all given to the Alinighty for allowing the ger, widow of Charles I., and remarks,
I observed this night very few bonsome of the best men of the nation, London, for the Queen's coming ; and Pepys tells us how this and another angust worshiper were employed before her coming do please but very
whereby I guess that (as I believed
few." I. 83. • Wodhull's Equality of Mankind, in
Under the same date is an entry Pearch's Collection of Poems, IV. 246,7. which might have lessened Lord Bray
brooke's surprise (Memoir, passim) from constitutional carelessness, than at Pepys being suspected of Popery: from humanity. * In Paul's church-yard" (Paul's be- “ 19th. I went with the Treasurer trays the “ Roundhead") “I called at in his coach to White Hall, and in our Kirton's, and there they had got a way, in discourse, do find bin a very masse-book for me, which I bought, good-natured man; and talking of and cost me 128.; and, when I come those men, who now stand condeinned home, sat up late and read in it with for murdering the King, he says that great pleasure to my wife, to hear he believes, that if the lawy would give that she was long ago acquainted with leave, the King is a man of so great it.” I. 83.
compassion that he would wholly acThe following passage under Nov. quit thein." I. 85. 4, discovers how slowly the people re- Pepys cannot record the brutal deturned to Church-of-Englandism. The cree of the Parliament with regard to concluding sentence shews Mr. Pepys the bodies of Cromwell, &c., without a little uxorious. We cannot stay in disapprobation. inquire into the consistency of this mi- Plots now begin to thicken, sham nute relating to the “black patch," plots and plots real. One was never with that already quoted on the same wanting when the object was to take subject.
up or to take off an old friend or a " 4th. Lord's Day. In the morn- suspected enemy. There was an ining to our own church when Mr. surrection of the 5th monarchy men, Mills * did begin to nibble at the but there was probably some Castles Common Prayer, by saying, “ Glory or Oliver at the bottom. Pepys thus be to the Father,' &c, `after he had relates this mad attempt—ve give his read the two Psalms; but the people narrative mixed up with his other had been so little used to it, that they matters. could not tell what to answer. This “ 1660, 61. Jan. 7. This morning, declaration of the King's do give the news was brought to me to my bedPresbyterians some satisfaction, and a side, that there had been a great stir pretence to read the Common Prayer in the city this night by the Fanawhich they would not do before, be- tiques, who had been up and killed cause of their former preaching against six or seven men, but all are fled.
After dinner to Westminster, My Lord Mayor, and the whole city where I went to my Lord's, and, have had been in arms, above forty thouing spoke with him, I went to the sand. Tom and I and my wife to the Abbey, where the first time that I theatre, and there saw The Silent ever heard the organs in a cathedral. Woman. Among other things here, My wife seemed very pretty to-day, it Kinaston the boy had the good turn to being the first time I had given her appear in three slapes: first as a poor leave to weare a black patch.” Ib. woman in ordinary clothes to please
The tragedies that were now acting Morose; then in fine clothes, as a at Charing Cross were less of the gallant, and in them was clearly the King's devising than of the Parlia- prettiest woman in the whole house : ment's, in which were many apostates and lastly as a man; and then likewho were afraid of their former com- wise did appear the handsomest man rades, should any turn of affairs give in the house. In our way home we them power, and apprehensive that if were in many places strictly examined, they lived they inight tell inconvenient more than in the worst of times, there tales. Charles would probably, as being great fears of these Fanatiques the following passage intimates, have rising again : for the present I do not let the King's Judges alone, but more
hear that any of them are taken.
8th. Soine talk to-day of a head
of Fanatiques that do appear about, “ Daniel Mills, D.D., thirty-two but I do not believe it
. However, years rector of St. Olave's, Hart Street, my Lord Mayor, Sir Richard Browne, and buried there October 1689, aged hath carried himself very honourably, sixty-three. In 1667, Sir Robert Brooks and hath caused one of their meetingpresented him to the rectory of Wan- houses in London to be pulled down. stead, which he also enjoyed till his “9th. Waked in the morning about death."
six o'clock, by people running up and
down in Mr. Davis's house, talking tors. To my Lady Batten's ; where that the Fanatiques were up in armes my wife and she are lately come back in the city. And so I rose and went from being abroad, and seeing of forth; where in the street I found Cromwell, Ireton, and Bradshaw, every body in armes at the doors. So hanged and buried at Tyburne.” I returned and got my sword and The turn of the election in the city pistol, which hoivever I had no pow. of London, 1660, 1, shews that the der to charge, and went to the door Nonconformists were yet the prevailwhere I found Sir R. Ford, and with ing and in one sense popular party. him I walked up and down as far as “ March 20th. The great talk of the Exchange, and there I left him. the towne is the strange election that In our way the streets full of train the city of London made yesterday for bands and great stir. What mischief Parliament.men; viz. Fowke, Love, these rogues have done ! and I think Jones, and
. men, near a dozen had been killed this that, so far froin being episcopall, are inorning on both sides. The shops thought to be Anabaptists, and chosen shut and all things in tronble. with a great deal of zeale, in spite of
“ 10th. After dinner Will comes to the other party that thought themtell me that he had presented my piece selves so strong, calling out in the of plate to Mr. Coventry, who takes Hall, No Bishops! No Lord Biit very kindly, and sends me a very shops ! It do make people to fear kind letter and the plate back again, it may come to worse by being an of which my heart is very glad. Mr. example to the country to do the Davis told us the particular esamina- same. And indeed the Bishops are tions of these Fanatiques that are so high, that very few do love them.” taken; and in short it is this these I. 98. Fanatiques that have routed all the The next extract relates to a Pres. train bands that they met with, put byterian minister, well known by his the King's life-guards to the run, killed writings, Zach. Crofton, ejected from about twenty men, broke through the St. Botolpli's, Aldgate. He had been city gates tivice, and all this in the zealous for the King's Restoration, day time, when all the city was in but falling into controversy with Biarmes, are not in all above thirty-one. shop Gauden upon the obligation of Whereas we did believe them, because the Solemn League and Covenant, they were seen up and down in every he gave such high displeasure to the place almost in the city, and had been ruling party, that he was sent to the in Highgate two or three days and in Tower. Here he lay a long time, several other places, to be at least afraid to sue his Habeas Corpus, lest 500. · A thing that never was heard of his life, which was threatened, should that so few men should dare and do be taken away. With difficulty he at so much mischief. Their word was, length obtained his liberty, and with “ The King Jesus and their heads a wife and seven children removed upon the gates." Few of them would into Cheshire, where he was again iinreceive any quarter, but such as were prisoned. Once more procuring his taken by force and kept alive, ex- release, lie set up a grocer's shop; pecting Jesus to come here and reign then took a farm at Little Barford, in the world presently, and will not Beds.; and finally kept a large school believe yet. The King this day come in the parish of Aldgate. to towne." I. 90, 91.
“ 1660, 1, March 23rd. Met my We have, I. 93, a notice of the first uncle Wight, and with him Lieutenant 30th of January service; following Colonel "Baron, who told us how which is a record of Mrs. Pepys's em- Crofton, the great Presbyterian minisployment of this day, not altogether ter that had preached so highly against agreeable to feminine usage: Bishops, is clapped up this day in the
“ 30th, Fast-day. The first time Tower. Which do please some, and that this day hath been yet observed : displease others exceedingly.” I. 99. and Mr. Mills made a most excellent Pepys distinguishes between the serinon upon Lord, forgive us our Presbyterians and the Fanatics, meanformer iniquities ;' speaking excel. ing apparently by the latter all the lently of the justice of God in punish- Nonconformists not Presbyterians. ing men for the sins of their ances- “ April 7th. To White Hall, and there I met with Dr. Fuller, of Twick- dry sermon. And I am afraid my enham, newly come from Ireland, former high esteem of his preaching and took him to my Lord's, where he was more out of opinion than judg. and I dined ; and he did give my Lord ment. Met with Mr. Creed, with and me a good account of the condi- whom I went and walked in Gray'stion of Ireland, and how it came to Inn-walks, and from thence to Islingpass, through the joyning of the Fa- ton, and there eat and drank at the natiques and the Presbyterians, that house my father and we were wont of the latter and the former are in their old to go to; and after that walked declaration put together under the homeward, and parted in Smithfield: names of Fanatiques.” Ib.
and so I home, much wondering to On the 13th of this inonth Pepys see how things are altered with Mr. witnessed the notable piece of king- Creed, who, twelvemonths ago, might craft, which he had before attempted have been got to hang himself almost in vain to see: he felt but little re- as soon as to go to a drinking-house verence for the royal miracle-monger. on a Sunday.” 1. 106.
“ Metiny Lord with the Duke, It is well-known that the Puritans and after a little talk with him, I went and their immediate descendants inade to the Banquet-house, and there saw conscience of not drinking healths. the King heale, the first time that ever The scruple it seems actuated one of I saw hin do it; which he did with the most accomplished and polite of great gravity, and it seemed to me to the Presbyterian ministers, " the silbe an ugly office, and a simple one.” ver-tongued Bates.". I. 100.
" May 23rd. Dinner at my Lord Pepys gives a very detailed account Mayor's with a great deal of honouraof the Coronation of Charles : the ble company, and great entertainment. spectacle delighted him not a little. At table I had very good discourse He records with satisfaction an acci- with Mr. Ashmole, wherein he did dent which befel Serjt. Glynne, one of assure me that frogs and many insects the legal Proteuses of the day. do often fall from the sky, ready form
1660, 1, April 23. Thus did the ed. Dr. Bates's singularity in not day end with joy every where; and, rising up nor drinking the King's nor blessed be God, I have not heard of other healthis at the table, was very any mischance to any body through it much observed.” I. 103. all, but only to Serjt. Glynne, * whose From another minute, relating to horse fell upon hiin yesterday, and is the same period, we learn that other like to kill hiin, which people do please religious scruples were yet somewhat themselves to see how just God is to respected : punish the rogue at such tirne as this : “May 26th. Sir W. Batten tok! he being now one of the King's Sere me how Mr. Prin (among the two or geants, and rode in the cavalcade with three that did refuse to-day to receive Klaynard, to whom people wish the the sacrament upon their knees) was same fortune." I. 105.
offered by a mistake the drinke afterAnother of Pepys's “ Lord's-day” wards, which he did receive, being entries relates to a popular preacher, denied the drink by Dr. Gunning, unand to a Nonconformist, who began less he would take it on his knees; to give way, and to use the “Lord's- and after that by another the bread day" for his pleasure.
was brought him, and he did take it May 12th. At the Savoy heard sitting, which is thought very preposDr. Fuller preach upon David's words, terous." Ib. * I will wait with patience all the days Mr. Pryon, whose singularity is deof my appointed time untill my change scribed in the last extract, was yet a comes ;' but methought it was a poor thorn in the sides of the bishops :
“ May 30th. This day, I hear the # " He had been Recorder of London ;
Parliament have ordered a bill to be and during the Protectorate was made brought in for restoring the bishops, Chief Justice of the Upper Beuch. Ne to the House of Lords; which they vertheless he did Charles llud great ser- had not done so soon but to spite Mr. vice, and was in consequence knighted Prin, who is every day so bitter against and appointed King's Serjeant, and his them in his discourse in the House." son created a Baronet. Ob. 1666.". 1. 109.