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The following passages shew, what time, may I be permitted to make a ve have always suspected, and have repark or two upon a passage which hefore intimated in this account of it were to be desired that the worthy Pepys's book, that for some tiine after author had rendered a little more full the Restoration, it was doubtful whe- and complete than it appears to be in ther the Church of England would be its present state? Dr. Channing has able to stand.
done well for the cause of truth and July 26th. Mr. Hill, of Cainthe ministers of truth in pressing upon bridge, tells me, that yesterday put a the latter the duty of keeping pace change to the whole state of England with the spirit of the age, of enlightas to the Church; for the King now ening their own minds as far as poswould be forced to favour Presbytery, sible, and ennobling and enriching or that the city would leave him: but their statements of doctrine by the I heed not what he says, though upon united strength of tasteful language inquiry I do find that things in the and cnergetic sentiment. In all this I Parliainent are in great disorder. cordially acquiesce. But perhaps Dr. Aug. 3rd.
At Cambridge, Mr. C. goes rather too far in his estimate Pechell,* Sanchy, and others, tell me of the advantages to be derived from how high the old doctors are in the this high state of mental cultivation; University over those they found there, or rather, in his anxiety to fix his though a great deal better scholars standard of excellence high enough, than themselves; for which I am very hie a little depreciates the power of sorry, and, above all, Dr. Gunning. sinple truth. "It is true he does enAt night I took horse, and rode with deavour to slew that there is no such Roger Pepys and his two brothers to thing as simple or “naked truth." Impington.
“ Truth,” says he, “is always hu*4th. To Church, and had a good manized in passing through a human plain sermon. At our coming in the mind." This is, no doubt, philosocountry people all rose with so inuch phically true. Yet surely there is a reverence; and when the parson be. practical incorrectness in the inference gins, he begins, Right worshipfull which Dr. Channing would have us and dearly beloved, to us. To Church draw, if he does not allow that the again, and after supper, to talk about majority of hearers are fully able to publique matters, wherein Roger Pepys separate the human from the divine told me how basely things have been in the word spoken to them. And carried in Parliament by the young that the test to which, ostensibly at men, that did labour to oppose all least, preaching is brought by Christhings that were inoved by serious tian hearers, is, as it ought to be, the men. That they are the most pro- word of God. “Who does not know,” phane, swearing fellows that ever he asks Dr. C., “ that the sublimest heard in his life, which makes him doctrines lose in some hands all their think that they will spoil all, and bring grandeur, and the loveliest all their things into a warr again if they can." attractiveness?” Now he is not speak1, 112, 113.
ing in this place of false doctrine-he
is speaking of truth-the whole teSir,
nour of the argument seems to bear THE unfortunate note appended to me out in this assertion. Assuming Ordination of Mr. Gannett, has been must be, that the sublimest, the most the subject of much discussion, both true, the most attractive doctrines, in this country and in America. It is may lose all their power simply by not my wish to revive this discussion; being conveyed in an unpleasant manbut deeply impressed by the powerful ner." This is a discouraging doctrine eloquence of the discourse itself, and to the “ brother of low degree,” but the original manner in which it treats it is comforting to feel the persuasion a subject of high importance, I cannot that it is not warranted by experience. but lope it will be extensively read Practically, I am persuaded that the and duly appreciated. At the same most important truths of the gospel
are received with more reverence, " John Pechell, made Master of nore lasting good consequences, and Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1679." more universally salutary effects, when they owe their influence over the mind admiration of the character of Jesus, less to the power of a striking preach- that model of each and every virtue, er than when they are acquired under This strong previous sense of religion circumstances of less excitement. I will alone lift the mind above the would not at all dispute the fact, that Auctuations which take place in the talent united with right views of piety of many individuals when under Christian truth is to be highly appre. the ministrations of a preacher more ciated. I would go farther, and say or less judicious, more or less at. that it is every preacher's duty to tractive. Do not fear that your child labour at the attainment of every kind will lose the power of discriminating of excellence-only let it be conceded, between the good and bad. If he has and it is a consideration that should early been taught to understand the both cheer the humble and check the chief doctrines of Christianity and proud, that converts to all that is of their application, he will prefer what supreme importance in Christian truth accords best with his previous knoirhave been inade and are still make ledge, and the style of preaching he ing by preachers of very subordinate will least like will be that which apmental powers and attainments. I pears most remote from scriptural have often felt it to be an unfortunate iruth; but beware lest in your estithing for a congregation, when the mate of the importance of publie reverence and admiration which are worship, you attach an undue value to due to religion, are so transferred to PREACHING." a particular preacher, that it becomes Having said thus much on what a matter of difficulty to relish the appears to me an objectionable pas. same truths when presented in a less sage in Dr. Channing's Serinon, I attractive dress. I should not fear must again express my cordial admi. that any ill effects will be produced ration of the manner and matter of on minds of long-established piety by the greater part of that beautiful proattendance on the ministrations of a duction. Our ministers are largely very captivating preacher, but I doubt indebted to him for the excellent adwhether young people will be mate. vice he offers, and which they have rially strengthened either in knowledge shewn themselves not slow to accept. of or regard to religion by such at- May every new light which genius, tendance, unless accompanied by that taste and talent can bring to the cause earnest and careful home-instruction of religion be freely brought, and may which may lead them to estimate truth a supreme love of truth consecrate far inore highly than the form under these gifts ! which it may happen to be spoken 10 them.
Were I competent to offer advice at all to a religious parent, there is The Religious Opinions of Napoleon none, perhaps, which would more fre
Bonaparte in his lust Illness and quently rise to my lips than this :
just previous to his Dissolution. If you wish your child's religious No farther scek his merits to disclose, principles to wear well, see that they Nor draw his frailties from their dread stand not on the uncertain foundation
abode; of ordinances, or individual teaching. There they alike in trembling hope reLead him to the Bible, fix in his heart
pose, the affecting lessons it teaches; make
The bosom of his Father and his God!
GRAY. him practically and habitually a religious being by leading liim to prayer,
Islington, and form his dispositions by all those
August 27, 1825. kind and gentle practices which may
sent you a paper at the and praiseworthy. Make him feel (pp. 1-7,) on the Infidelity, or rather that these things are perfectly distinct Scepticism of Lord Byron, which I from the exercise of talent; that men- have understood was acceptable to tal powers are valuable only when ac- your readers, I am tempted to com. companied by the fear of God and the municate what I have ascertained conlove of our fellow-creatures. Espe- cerning the religious opinions of Nacially win his heart to the love and poleon Bonaparte. He was the most
extraordinary character of the age. ing with L., and congratulating him Any thing respecting such a man, upon a new work he had just pubespecially on the important topic of lished. I asked him how it happened religion, must be gratifying to the that the name of God, so often used curiosity.
in the works of Lagrange, had never Dr. O'Meara, in his interesting work, once occurred in his.'
• It is,' anA Voice from St. Helena, has several swered he, because I have not found paragraphs on the subject. But I it necessary to have recourse to that shall draw my information from a hypothesis !'” more recent source-- The Last Days Thus it appears that Bonaparte had of the Emperor Napoleon, by Dr. an ill opinion of the creed of medical 7. Antommarchi, his Physician. This men. Few of them, indeed, are Athegentleman attended him after Dr. ists, but more Deists, though many O'Meara had left himn, was with him have written excellent treatises in in his last illness, and witnessed his behalf of revealed religion. Of this dissolution. He went over to him fact Cheyne and various others might from Italy, and has returned with a be adduced. The avocations of the pension, for his attendance on the il. faculty are against their attendance on lustrious exile, whose sufferings he public worship, and hence their low mitigated, whilst his work may be repute for any sort of piety. pronounced a monumental tribute of What Bonaparte thought of the regard to his memory.
providence of God does not exactly The paragraphs I shall transcribe appear; but he often refers to his shall be taken chronologically. Na- destiny; and of human life he imapoleon died May 5th, 1821. He had gined that a linnit was assigned it, been long ill, of a liver complaint, beyond which it could not be protractbrought on by the climate of St. He- ed. His physician one day proposing lena, which allows few of its inhabis medicine, to which he had an insupeCants to exceed forly years of age, rable aversion, he replied, “Doctor, and is awfully fatal to visitants from no physicking. We are, as I have any country.
often already told you, a machine Dr. Antominarcbi, on his arrival at made to live. We are organized for St. Helena, found Bonaparte (about that purpose, and such is our nature. nine months previous to his dissolu- Do not counteract the living principle. tion) much worse for want of exercise, Let it alone; leave it the liberty to and forced him into his garden. “One defend itself; it will do better than day,” (says Dr. A.,) as Bonaparte your drugs! Our body is a watch was arranging a bed of French beans that is intended to go a given time. he perceived some small roots, and The watchmaker cannot open it, and began a dissertation upon the pheno- must, in handling it, grope his way mena of vegetation. He analyzed and blindfold and at randoin.' For once descanted upon them with his usual that he assists and relieves it, by dint sagacity, drawing from them the con- of tormenting it with his crooked inclusion of the existence of the Supreme struments, he injures it ten times, and Being, who presides over the wonders at last destroys it !" of nature ! * You do not believe in Not following the advice of his all that, Doctor-you physicians are physician, either as to medicine or above those weaknesses. Tell me, you exercise in that dreadful climate, the who are so well acquainted with the Emperor became worse and worse. human frame, who have searched it On March 19, 1820, he addressed Dr. in all its turnings and windings; have A. in the following affecting manner : you ever met with the soul under your Doctor, what a delightful thing rest scalpel? In what organ?' I hesi- is! The bed is become for me a place tated to answer. Coine, be sincere: of luxury. I would not exchange it there is not a physician that believes for all the thrones in the world. What in God, is there?' 'No, Sire; they are an alteration-how fallen am I! I, seduced by Mathematicians.' How whose activity was boundless, whose so? Mathematicians are generally re- mind never slumbered, am now plunligious. However, your recrimination ged in a lethargic stupor, and must reminds me of a singular expression make an effort to raise iny eyelids ! used by one of them." I was convers. I sometimes dictated upon different VOL. XX.
subjects to four or five secretaries, see their relations again, others their who wrote as fast as words could be friends, and I shall join my brave uttered; but then I was Napoleon; companions in the Elysian fields ! now I am no longer any thing : my Yes,”. (added le, raising his voice,) strength, my faculties forsake me. í
“ Kleber, Dessaix, Bessieres, Duroc, do not live, í merely exist!"
Ney, Murat, Massena and Berthier, His sister Eliza dying also at this will all come to meet me; they will time, he was much dejected, and be speak to me of what we have done togan to think seriously of his own lat, gether, and I will relate to them the ter end. His remarks are too striking last events of my life! On seeing me to be onnitted on this occasion. “The again they will all become once more Emperor rose, leant upon my arm, and mad with enthusiasm and glory, and looking steadfastly at me, said, 'You we will talk of our wars with the see, Doctor, Eliza has just shewn us Scipios, Hannibal, Cæsar, Frederic ! the way. Death, which seemed to There will be pleasure in that, unless," have overlooked my family, now be added he, laughing, “it should create gins to strike it; my turn cannot be an alarm in the next world to see so far distant—what think you?' 'Your many warriors assembled together!" Majesty is not yet near the term of This sally of the imagination was, no your existence; you are still destined doubt, suggested by the recollection for some glorious enterprise ! 'Ah! of a fine passage in the sixth book of Doctor, your are young, full of health; Virgil, where the poet thus delineates but I-I have no longer any strength, a similar congress of warriors in the activity or energy left. I am no long- Elysian fields : er Napoleon. You endeavour in vain · Here Teucer's ancient race the Prince to revive hope, to recall life on the
surveys, point of escaping. Your care is with. The race of heroes born in happier days; out avail against fate; its decrees are Ilus, Assaracus, in arms revered, immutable, its decision without ap. And Troy's great founder, Dardanus, appeal. The first person of our family pear'd; who will follow Eliza to the grave is Before him stalk'd the tall majestic that great Napoleon who here drags
train, on a miserable existence, who sinks And pitch'd their idle lances on the under its weight, but who, however, their arms and airy chariots he bebeld;
plain ; still keeps Europe in a state of alarm! The steeds, unharness'd, grazed the flowIt is thus, Doctor, that I consider my
ery field; present situation. Young as you are, Those pleasing cares the heroes felt alive, you have a long career before you, . For chariots, steeds and arms, in death but for me, all is over; and I repeat, survive! that my days will soon end on this Others beneath a laurell’d grove were iniserable rock!"
laid, On the 19th of April, 1821, the And joyful feasted in the fragrant shade! Emperor rallied, after severe paroxyms However, this seems to have been of suffering; when Dr. A. tells us, the last effort of Napoleon to affect “ The Emperor rose at two P. m., and pleasantry in his deplorable condition. seated himself in his arm chair; he soon after we find him (two days only) was in good spirits, finding himself sending for bis priest, Viguali. When much better than usual, and asked to he came, “'Abbé,' said he,“ do you be read to. Seeing that General Mon. know what chambre-ardente (a room tholon rejoiced in that arnelioration of in which dead bodies lie in state) is ?' health, and that I also, without being Yes, Sire.' ' Have you ever officiaable to assign any cause for it, as I ted in one?' 'Never, Sire.' 'You did not entertain any more hope than shall officiate in mine!'
. He then before, gave way to the same feeling; entered into the most minute detail he looked at us with a placid smile, on the subject, and gave the priest his and said, “ My friends, you are not instructions at considerable length. mistaken; I am better to-day; but I His face was animated and convulsive, feel nevertheless that my end is ap- and I was following with uneasiness proaching! After any death every one the contraction of his features, when of you will have the consolation of he observed in mine, I know not what, returning to Europe, some of you will which displeased him. 'You are above those weaknesses,' said he; man and Dissenter, laying aside their
but what is to be done? I am nei. most repulsive peculiarities, to live ther a philosopher nor a physician. I together in peace, love and Christian believe in God, and am of the religion charity. of my father. It is not every body And now approaches the last awful who can be an Atheist.' Then turn- scene. Two days previous to his death ing again to the priest, ‘I was born a Vignali, the priest, administered the Calholic, and will fulfil the duties pre. Viaticum to the Emperor, who, on scribed by the Catholic religion, and the 5th of May, 1821, thus affectingly receive the assistance it administers. breathed his last. “ Head army! were You will say mass every day in the the final words he uttered; he was in chapel, and will expose the holy sa- a state of delirium and insensibility. crament during forty hours! After At eleven A. M., icy coldness of the my death you will place your altar extremities, and in a short time of the at my head in the room in which I whole body, eye fixed, lips closed and shall lie in state; you will continue to contracted, breathing slow, deep sighs, say mass, and perforin all the custo- piteous moans, convulsive movements, mary ceremonies, and will not cease to which ended by a loud and dismal do so, until I ain under ground.'” Dr. shriek! I placed a blister on his chest A. then adds, “ The Abbé withdrew, and on each thigh, applied two large and I remained alone with Napoleon, sinapisms on the soles of the feet, and who censured my supposed incredi- fomentations on the abdomen, with lity.. · How can you carry it so far?' a bottle filled with hot water. "I also said he. 'Can you not believe in a God, endeavoured to refresh the Emperor's whose existence every thing proclaims, lips and mouth, by constantly moistand in whom the greatest miuds have ening them with a mixture of combelieved ?' 'But, Sire, I have never mon water, orange-flower water and doubled it. I was following the pul- sugar, but the passage was spasmodisations of the fever, and your Majestycally closed; nothing was swallowed; thought you perceived in my features all was in vain ! The intermittent an expression which they had not. breathing and mournful sound con
You are a physician, he replied, tinued, accompanied by a violent agilaughing; and then added, in an under tation of the abdominal muscles; the tone, “Those people have only to do eye-lids remaining fixed, the eyes with matter; they never believe any moved and fell back under the upper
lids; the pulse sunk and rallied again. Not long after, Dr. A. inforins us, It was eleven minutes before six that one day
Napoleon spoke of o'clock-Napoleon was about to breath religious dissensions, and of the plan his last—a slight froth covered his lips he had forined in order to reconcile all -he was no more! Such is the end seets. Our reverses occurred too soon of all human glory.” to allow him to carry that plan into Dr. A. proceeds to tell us, that execution ; but he had at least re-“ having finished the melancholy opeestablished religion, and that was a ration of dissection, I detached the service, the results of which were in- heart and stomach, and put them into calculable.” To reconcile all sects in a silver vase, filled with spirits and France, or in any other part of Chris- wine. I afterwards connected the setendom, is an · Herculean task, of parate parts by a suture, washed the which the Emperor was not apprized. body, and made room for the valet de Perhaps no man except bimself would chambre, who dressed it, as the Emhave thought of such a thing, and as- peror was usually dressed during his suredly no other man would have been life :-Drawers, white kerseymere emboldened to attempt its accom- breeches, white waistcoat, white craplishment. That happy event must vat, and over that a black one, fastened be reserved for better times. It is, behind with a buckle; the ribbon of indeed, no inconsiderable portion of the Grand Cross of the Legion of Ho.. what divines have denominated, the nour, the uniform of Colonel of the Millenial glory! In the mean time, Chasseurs de la Garde, decorated with it will be both the duty and felicity of the Orders of the Legion of Honour, Catholic and Protestant, of Church- and of the Iron Crown ; long boots, à