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lécuir, with small spurs, and, lastly of that throne, which, founded on the a cocked hat ! Thus dressed, Na- suffrages of a free people, may well poleon, at a quarter before six, was afford to be generous to fallen tyremoved from the drawing room, into ranny.” which the crowd immediately entered. From the preceding account it apThe sheet and linen that had been pears that NAPOLEON BONAPARTE was used in the dissection of the body, neither Atheist nor Deist, but a Ca. were carried away, torn and distri- tholic, living and dying in the religion buted :
: they were stained with his was born and educated. His creed blood, and every one wished, there- he took upon trust, having never exafore, to have a fragment of them! It mined it." In this respect he bore a had not been possible to embalm the resemblance to the great najority body, the whiteness of which was real- (noble and ignoble) of the Christian ly extraordinary. It was deposited world. One praise he had, nor must upon one of the small tent beds, fur- it be withheld from him. However, nished with white curtains, as funeral he may have sioned against civil lihangings ! The cloak of blue cloth berty, he never violated the fair forin which Napoleon had worn at the bat- of religious freedom. He had even tle of Marengo served to cover him. planned the reconcilintion of the The feet and hands were exposed to sects"! And could he have achieved view, at his right side was his sword, it, he would have deserved more glory and on his chest a crucifix! At some than he ever acquired, though that is distance froin his body was the silver confessedly greater than has fallen to vase in which I had been obliged to the lot of the monarchs either of andeposit his heart and stomach. Be- cient or modern times. It would have hind his head was an altar, at which been a moral triumph, an unparalleled the priest, habited in his surplice and victory. stole, recited prayers! All the per- This truly great man reverenced the sons of his suite, officers and servants, rights of conscience. Unlike his predressed in mourning, were standing decessors on the throne of France, he on his left. Dr. Arnott watched over never wore the blood-stained garb of the corpse, which had been placed un- persecution. In his situation this is der his responsibility.”
so unusual a thing that it should be The Emperor was interred with mi. lauded to its utmost extent. It is his litary poinp, near a favourite fountain, redeeming quality., And by the righagreeably to his own request, and the teous and merciful Judge of all the weeping willow overshadows his grave! earth, it will not be forgotten in the This was stripped high as the hand day of retribution. The Stuarts and could reach by the populace, iminedi- Bourbons have nothing of this kind to ately after his interment; such was impart relief to the darkness that their regard for his memory.
broods over their memory! Man is Nor will it be irrelevant to mention, at best a mixed character. We must that in the course of the last month, take our fellow-creatures as we find according to the public prints, George them. Even Hannah More remarks, the Fourth planted, or permitted to be in her recently-published work, the planted, in Kew Gardens, a slip of the Spirit of Prayer, “Let us not look willow that overshadows the grave of to any superior virtue, to any native Bonaparte! This may prove the great strength of our own, but let us look est vegetable curiosity in that far- with a lively gratitude to that mercy famed botanical repository. It is a of God which has preserved us froin slender memorial of a man who once temptations to which others have made kings tremble on their thrones, yielded. Above all, let us look to and scattered disınay throughout the that preserving and restraining grace earth! Our gracious Monarch is of which is withheld from none who ask too noble a disposition to war with it. Without this all-powerful grace, the dead. He had already erected at Latimer might have led Bonner to the Rome a tomb to the memory of the stake ; with it, Bonner might have Stuarts ; for it has been well said, ascended the scaffold a martyr to true “ The existence of such a monument religion! Without this grace, Luther diminishes nothing from the diguity might have fattened on the sale of
his imagination, and revelled amidst i Armay be curious to know by what
indulgences, and with it Leo the Tenth conformists; on what it is founded, might have accomplished the blessed however, I am at a loss to conjecture. work of the Reformation."
Can it be that this noisy music in any With the political character of the place but a consecrated church-tower Emperor of France I have no concern. might be indicted as a nuisance? Yet On this topic individuals of the first I have heard that one or more of the discernineni have been, and ever will Dissenting chapels in the North have be, divided. No doubt he was an in- a bell; and if one, why not two or strument in the hands of the Supreme more, if the worshipers fancied the Being to accomplish much good, and, jangle? Perhaps some one of your that good once effected, he fell like correspondents learned in the law will a star from the heavens to rise no inform us, once for all, how the inatmore! The sins or aberrations of his ter stands? I am no lawyer, but I public life were severely visited e'er he apprehend that every Dissenting conquitted this sublunary scene. Of the gregation is empowered by the Toleinjustice and cruelty of his captivity ration Act to use every privilege in rehe incessantly complained. Indeed, lation to buildings, music and worship the mortifications he experienced, and which is exercised by any Church of the bodily pains he endured on the the Establishment. Why, indeed, rock of St. Helena were beyond con- should bells be interdicted to us any ception. If aught of suffering on earth more than organs or bass viols or can expiate offences, his were ex- trumpets or even the pitch-pipe ? piated ! But the mighty mind was A LOVER OF CONCORD. not to be subdued. His passion of ruling amid a blaze of military glory, Sir, It
I can pretend to meet the shattered fibres of his broken heart. the overwhelming evidence against the He pursued the phantom till “the genuineness of the celebrated controlast gaudy colour died !"
verted text, the Three Heavenly WitThe invasion of Spain, and the ex
These arguments are compedition to Russia, were the proxi- prehended in the object with which mate causes of his destruction. Sam- John wrote the verse, and in the sense son-like, he in his wrath tore down the which, if the sentiments of the impospillars which upheld the vast fabric of tors against whom he composed it be his ambition, and perished beneath its considered, it bears by an easy and ruins. Death alone, the universal obvious interpretation. This object conqueror, humbled its victim to the and this sense, if ascertained and ad. dust! His life, checquered beyond all mitted, render the forgery of the example in the annals of biography, passage morally impossible, account inculcates weighty lessons, whilst his for the defect in its external evidence, dissolution, awfully terrific to those and dissipate into air the objections who witnessed it, sealed the tranquil. made by Porson, Griesbach and others lity of nations, and perpetuated the against its authenticity: I address repose of the world.
the pamphlet in Three Letters to the J. EVANS. Editor of the Quarterly Review, be
cause of the decided part which that SIR,
Sept. 5, 1825. Journal took in reviewing Dr. Bur. I
OBSERVE in the notice to Cor- gess's Vindication. The critic having
respondents in the Christian Ob- expressed bis curiosity to know what server for August, that the Editor new proofs the Bishop could produce, considers that the Dissenters of this and his opinion that the verse was gecountry are not allowed to have nerally deemed spurious, is thus adSteeples and Bells.” With regard to dressed by me: “I believe, Sir, no steeples he is certainly incorrect, for publication has contributed more to there is no law to controul any deno- diffuse and establish a general conmination in the form of their religious viction of the spuriousness of the verse structures. Steeple or no steeple is than the Quarterly Review; not merea question purely of taste and eco- ly on account of the vast influence it nomy. But there is a general persua- has on public opinion, but because of sion that bells are prohibited to Non- the superior force and clearness with
which you analyzed the controversy, these Letters and come forward if conand, if the grounds on which you pro- vinced of their error publicly to acceeded were adınitted, the justness of knowledge it. If they should still your decision. My object is to shew continue of the same opinion, let them that this ground is entirely mistaken; state their objections, and I engage and to open a new path of inquiry either to remove them, or, if I be unwhich shall inevitably lead to the re- able to triumph, candidly to own the establishment of the verse in the validity of their reasonings whenever hearts and conviction of mankind. they have any weight. Truth is our Important and curious as the ques. common object, and as I expect courtion of its authenticity is in itself, it tesy and candour from them, they has a far higher claim on your atten. may depend on the exercise of the tion and that of the public, on ac- same Christian spirit from me. count of the consequences it involves. In discussing the question, my If I prove the genuineness of this text, thoughts were necessarily directed to the orthodox faith, whether established Porson's Letters against Travis. I felt by power or by prejudice, will receive an instinctive desire to single out this a shock which shall shatter its very classical champion of England as most foundations, and bring it at no distant worthy of my lance ; and I flatter period completely to the ground; myself that in every rencontre, I while on the other hand, additional have brought him, like Goliath by the strength and lustre will be given to sling of David, prostrate to the ground. the evidences of Christianity, as it Mr. Frend was in habits of intercourse came from the hands of Christ and with him at the time he wrote his his apostles. This consideration more celebrated Letters; and as that genthan mere curiosity, must, if founded tleman is not unacquainted with the on truth, inevitably engage you again state of the controversy, he may think in the controversy, and induce you to fit to meet me in the Repository, and employ your powerful pen in refuting attempt to justify the views of his late my views. I then, Sir, summon you illustrious friend. a second time to the field; and I pray
BEN DAVID. God that you may come in the exercise of that Christian spirit of which
Clapton, you have given me and others a fine Sir,
August 21, 1825.
original the tion. "Mistake me not : this summons is an invitation, not a challenge. in the very valuable collection of auWhatever confidence I have in my tographs, belonging to Mr. Upcot, of cause, I have none in myself that the London Institution, who obligingly would warrant me in defying your permitted me to transcribe it. hostility. I wish you to come forth, The date and place were, no doubt, not that I might combat you, but that at the beginning of the letter, which I might enlist under your banners; has been lost, as well as the direction. that if in the main I am right, I might Dr. Toulmin resided at Taunton from receive your assistance—if otherwise, 1765 to 1804, when he removed to your opposition, to come at a final Birmingham, and the date must have decision, and through you, give the been before 1777, when he published nation an opportunity to know the his Memoirs of Socinus, for which he issue of a discussion which, if taken was, evidently, now collecting main all its bearings, is one of the most terials. momentous and interesting that has By a passage in the letter it appears ever engaged the attention of the to have been addressed to Dr. Calder, Christian world.”
who died a few years since, and of The Unitarians have ever been the whom there are some notices in your most strenuous adversaries of the voluine for 1816 (XI. 345). Of Dr. verse. Mr. Belsbam, Dr. Carpenter, Jeffries who died in 1784, I gave an Mr. Kenrick and Mr. Fox have done account in your XIIIth Volume, (p. all they can, to fasten on the public 752,) taken from Dr. Toulmin's Memind a conviction of its forgery. These moir of his friend in the Protestant gentlemen will feel it their duty to Dissenters' Magazine (VI. 3-5). attend to the new views unfolded in The "translation" of " the Life of Socinus," mentioned in the letter, Socinus himself,” he thus concludes : was by Biddle, and entitled " The “ Though thou beest not thereby Life of that incomparable Man, Faus- convinced that all which Socinus tus Socinus Senensis, described by a taught is true, (for neither am I myPolonian Knight. London, Printed self of that belief, as having dicovered for Richard Moure, at the seven stars that, in some lesser things, Socinus, in Paul's Church-yard, near the great as a man, went awry, however, in the North-doore. 1653.” This publica- main, he hit the truth,) yet for so tion, and several of the same ten- much of Christ as thou must needs dency, were the natural consequen- confess appeareth in him, begin to ces of that toleration, which, to the have more favourable thoughts of him disgrace of the Long Parliament, was and his followers." a good effect of their lawless ex- I have the original of Przipcovius pulsion by Cromwell. Those incon- in a very small volume entitled Vita sistent asserters of freedom appear, F. Socini Senensis, descripta ab Equite indeed, with a few illustrious excep- Polono, 1656. It is, I believe, also tions, to have been profoundly igno- prefixed to the works of Socinus, rant of the great truth, that religious among the Fratres Poloni. liberty is the most important among It is to be regretted that the Bibliocivil rights.
theca Antitrinitariorum of Sandius, is To this translation is prefixed a not yet brought before the English short address “ to the Reader,” signed reader, though it appears to have J. B., which thus commences: “The been, probably for several years, in Life of Socinus is here exposed to thy another modern tongue. That service, view, that, by the perusal thereof thou especially to Unitarians, was, I bemaist receive certain information con- lieve, expected some years since from cerning the man, whom ministers and the very competent pen which has others traduce by custome, having (for done so much justice to the Racovian the most part) never heard any thing Catechism, as your readers may be of his conversation, nor seen any of reminded by referring to the Review his works, or if they have, they were of that work in several parts of your either unable or unwilling to make a XVth Volume. thorow scrutiny into thein, and so no
J. T. RUTT. marvel, if they speak evil of him.” The translator proceeds to say of So- “I have by me Bibliotheca Antitricinus “ that the vertues of his will nitariorum á Sandio, lent me by Mr. were not inferior unto those of his Merivale, in which there is an abridged understanding, he being every way history of the Socinians. I suppose furnished to the work of the Lord; the French is a translation of this, that he opened the right way to bring and want to number either that or Christians to the unity of the faith the original amongst my books. The and acknowledgment of the Son of Unitarian Tracts were sent me by the God; that he took the same course same gentleman. I find these books to propagate the gospel that Christ difficult to be procured, as they are and the apostles had done before him, very scarce. forsaking his estate and his nearest ** I have received the Life of Socinus, relations, and undergoing all manner with which you have indulged me. of labours and hazards, to draw men It is a translation of Przipcovius's Life to the knowledge of the truth; that of this great man. Since your book he had no other end of all his under- came to hand, I have been so fortutakings, than the glory of God and nate as to meet with the Racovian Christ, and the salvation of himself Catechism in Latin, a neat copy and and others, it being impossible for good edition. I think it would inake calumny itself with any colour to as- a useful publication by itself, and has perse himn with the least suspicion of no immediate connexion with the Life worldly interest; that he of all inter- of Socinus. It would, in my opinion, preters explaineth the precepts of prove a very serviceable: manual of Christ in the strictest manner, and polemical divinity to comı oon readers; windeth up the lives of men to the if printed so, as to be sold and dishighest strain of holiness.” Then, persed at a low price. I could prepare referring his reader to “ the works of an edition for the press : joon, whilst my other work stood still, to which, my own part I am convinced that this I would wish to give time. I have change has been altogether for the requested Dr. Jeffries to take yours worse, and very detrimental to the and Dr. Kippis's sentiments on this Unitarian cause; I shall therefore head. Yours, indeed, I hope to have take the liberty of stating some obfrom your own pen. You can also jections, insuperable as they appear to direct'me, where I can meet with the me, to this Socinian explication. Soclearest and justest account of Sabel- cinus was indeed its author, and lianisın.
claims it as his own; a circunstance “But it is time to release you from in itself not a little suspicious. For this long scroll, and these tedious what likelihood is there that the true questions. In my situation, there are sense of so notable a passage of Scripfew with whom I can converse on ture should have occurred to no one these points, or froin whom I can till the middle of the sixteenth cenreceive much intelligence. This makes tury? Whereas the sense approved ine more desirous to engage the as-, by Lardner and Priestley was, in the sistance and benefit of Dr. Calder's main, coincident with that of the extensive enquiries and communicative early fathers in general, men who temper: and more so, as your friend- used the language of the New Testaship here flatters my vanity: my pridement as their vernacular tongue. is gratified by the connexion. And I The interpretation of Socinus has hope the indulgence is not so vicious, however been adopted by the editors but you may contribute to it.
of the Improved Version, and has in "'I am with great esteem for your my humble opinion nearly destroyed character and learning, and with the value of that work. The ancient warmest wishes that Divine Providence Unitarian interpretation has always may assist and succeed all your useful been treated by the orthodox with relabours,
spect, as being ingenious and subtle Dear Sir,
at least if not sound; but the other I Your affectionate Friend and Brother, have always observed to be regarded! and obliged humble Servant, by them with unmingled scorn and JOSHUA TOULMIN.” disgust. When, therefore, a Trinita
rian takes up the Improved Version,
Penzance. and turning, as he naturally does, to SCR *CRIPTURE criticisın is one of the this place, perceives the rendering al
most valuable departments of your luded to, he closes the book with Repository, and one which I doubt contempt, and thinks he has seen not you are desirous to see filled. I enough to lay the question al rest for shall therefore make no apology for ever. But let us now examine the sending you a few remarks on the first passage ourselves. verses of John's Gospel. Nothing We have first a gratuitous and unnow indeed can be expected on a to- necessary transposition of the words. pic so vastly hackneyed as this, but for, Ex epxiñvo nayos, we read " the old and obvious reflections are often Word was in the beginning." This allowed to lie by neglected, and need inversion of the order gives a strained to be brought forth to light and no- and inelegant effect to the passage, tice almost as much as if they were and what end it answers is best known new discoveries. I ain led to this to thosc that made it ; but let that remark by observing that that inter- pass. “And the Word was with God, pretation of the celebrated passage and the Word was a God.” A God! alluded to which was einbraced by the Of course therefore there are more fathers of English Unitarianism, Lard- Gods than one, and the God mentionner, Priestley and Lindsey, and which ed in the first clause of this verse is a they themselves had derived from an different God from that mentioned in intimate acquaintance with Christian the latter clause. An awkward diantiquity, has been nearly supplanted, lemma this for a Unitarian. The in the works of the more recent ad- repugnance which this rendering at vocates of the cause, by one which once excites will, I believe, be too they had deliberately rejected, and great to be increased by argument; which can pretend to no higher anti- but it will, notwithstanding, be proper quity than the days of Socinus. For to notice what is alleged in its de